Lesson 2 Kingdoms and Empires  What was the name of the area where  the first major civilizations developed    and why did...
Where Do People Live and Why?
Aksum• Located in East Africa, 1000 BCE• African and Arab traders began settling along  the coasts of the Red Sea  – Over ...
Aksum• Trade network that stretched from the  Mediterranean to India  – Ideas traveled as well  – Many people in Aksum bec...
Aksum’s Decline• As Aksum declined West African kingdoms  rose up on the other side of the continent  – Power based on tra...
Ghana• Located between Senegal and Niger Rivers• Controlled trade in West Africa• Ghanas kings gained wealth by taxing goo...
Mali• Rose in the mid 1200s in the upper Niger Rive  Valley  – “Where the king lives”     • Controlled gold and salt mines...
Mali• Laws based on the Quran, holy book of Islam  – Islam had been spread through Northern Africa by    the Arab traders ...
Songhai• Mansa Musa died in 1332 AD• Mali was declining and eventually was  destroyed by the next kingdom, Songhai  – Song...
East African City-States• Trade also helped East Africa  – Sailed to Indian and China to bring back goods  – Were also exp...
Kali• Powerful city-state  – Rich from trade  – Traders paid large taxes  – 1500s conquered by Portugal so they could buil...
Zimbabwe• Another great trading civilization• “Stone dwelling”  – Peak in 1300 AD  – Upon seeing the ruins in the 1800s, t...
Period   Time   LocationGhanaMaliSonghaiKilwaZimbabwe
Exit CardWhat made the kingdoms and city-states in           Africa so powerful?
Create Your Own Trade Map• Using the map template, make a historical  map• Label the locations of past civilization• Draw ...
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Lesson 2 Kingdoms and Empires

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Lesson 2 Kingdoms and Empires

  1. 1. Lesson 2 Kingdoms and Empires What was the name of the area where the first major civilizations developed and why did they develop there?
  2. 2. Where Do People Live and Why?
  3. 3. Aksum• Located in East Africa, 1000 BCE• African and Arab traders began settling along the coasts of the Red Sea – Over time, Aksum came to control trade in the Red Sea – Came to power after Nubia fell
  4. 4. Aksum• Trade network that stretched from the Mediterranean to India – Ideas traveled as well – Many people in Aksum became Christian• Aksum began to decline in the 600s AD and the Arabs took control of the regions trade
  5. 5. Aksum’s Decline• As Aksum declined West African kingdoms rose up on the other side of the continent – Power based on trade of salt and gold • North Africa had salt, West Africa had gold = trade • Power and riches to the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai
  6. 6. Ghana• Located between Senegal and Niger Rivers• Controlled trade in West Africa• Ghanas kings gained wealth by taxing goods which were traded throughout the area – Lost control of trade routes and a new kingdom rose up
  7. 7. Mali• Rose in the mid 1200s in the upper Niger Rive Valley – “Where the king lives” • Controlled gold and salt mines – Malis most famous king was Mansa Musa • 1312 AD, 25-year peaceful reign
  8. 8. Mali• Laws based on the Quran, holy book of Islam – Islam had been spread through Northern Africa by the Arab traders – Muslim make a yearly pilgrimage, a religious journey, to Mecca • Mecca is a holy city for Muslims (Islam prophet Muhammad was born there) • Mansa Musa brought a large tribute of gold to Mecca – Displayed Malis wealth – Interested Europe
  9. 9. Songhai• Mansa Musa died in 1332 AD• Mali was declining and eventually was destroyed by the next kingdom, Songhai – Songhai became West Africas most powerful kingdom – Wealthy trading cities
  10. 10. East African City-States• Trade also helped East Africa – Sailed to Indian and China to bring back goods – Were also exposed to Islam • Also integrated Arab words into their language • Grew into powerful city-states
  11. 11. Kali• Powerful city-state – Rich from trade – Traders paid large taxes – 1500s conquered by Portugal so they could build their own trade empire
  12. 12. Zimbabwe• Another great trading civilization• “Stone dwelling” – Peak in 1300 AD – Upon seeing the ruins in the 1800s, the European explorers did not think Africans could be responsible for such feats
  13. 13. Period Time LocationGhanaMaliSonghaiKilwaZimbabwe
  14. 14. Exit CardWhat made the kingdoms and city-states in Africa so powerful?
  15. 15. Create Your Own Trade Map• Using the map template, make a historical map• Label the locations of past civilization• Draw arrows to explain how goods, ideas, and people moved

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