Empire Of Mali


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This slide show aims to draw connections between the empire of Mali at the height of its power under Mansa Musa, and modern day Mali. There are several topics presented, and there is room from inquiry throughout the slide show. I used photos from my travels throughout Mali and to Timbuktu. The slides also correspond with the Mansa Musa Readers Theatre, but it is not essential for you to have this in order to find the slide show accessible.

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Empire Of Mali

  1. 1. Empire of Mali Sundiata, Mansa Musa, Timbuktu
  2. 2. Sundiata & Mansa Musa <ul><li>Sundiata : of Mande ppl. Founder of Mali Empire- - Griots have been telling the Epic of Sundiata for over 900 years (mix of history & legend) </li></ul><ul><li>- He took RG & political power from local leaders, mansa’s, and took the name with it </li></ul><ul><li>Mansa Musa : most famous ruler who brought wealth, fame, and power to the kingdom of Ghana </li></ul><ul><li>- Grandson of one of Sundiata’s sisters (matrilineal tradition) </li></ul>
  3. 4. Scene I: 2 pillars <ul><li>Trade : Conquered nearby kingdoms (weakened Ghana, Timbuktu, Gao,Djenne) took over S & G trade, use of Niger </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture : Improved and introduced new crops; cotton used for clothing & trade </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves from conquered areas worked the land, soldiers worked alongside them to clear farm land </li></ul><ul><li>Sundiata first est. this system and Mansa Musa continued its prosperity </li></ul>
  4. 5. Salt slabs on the shores of the Niger river- outskirts of modern Timbuktu
  5. 6. Scene II: Spread of Islam- The Hajj <ul><li>Mansa Musa: 1 st devout Muslim ruler in West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Islam spread and several people from Mali made the Hajj to Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>Est. 60,000-80,000 people accompanied Mansa on his journey to Mecca/Medina in 1324 </li></ul><ul><li>PICTURE THIS!!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>12,000 servants to king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>500 servants to his wife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>14,000 slaves wearing silk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>500 carrying staffs </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Celebration of Eid ul-Fitr on the last day of Ramadan Dogon Country-modern day Mali
  7. 9. Scene III: Outside Views of Mali <ul><li>As recently as 1963, a famous British historian Hugh Trevor-Roper said: &quot;Perhaps in the future, there will be some African history to teach. But at present there is none. There is only the history of Europeans in Africa. The rest is darkness.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Do you agree with this? </li></ul><ul><li>Mansa Musa’s elaborate journey sparked interest in Mali and many people from Asia, Egypt, and other parts of Africa visited=more trade= more wealth for empire </li></ul><ul><li>By 1375 Mali appeared on a European map of West Africa </li></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Map from 1375 </li></ul><ul><li>shows King Mansa Musa enthroned in the kingdom of Mali. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Scene IV: Mosques & Universities <ul><li>Sent scholars o study in Morocco and set up school in Mali studying the Qur’an </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted Muslims to read/write in Arabic </li></ul><ul><li>Arabic as main language in RG study, government, & trade </li></ul><ul><li>Hired architects from other Muslim countries to build mosques throughout his empire : Timbuktu & Djenne </li></ul>
  10. 12. Market Day in Djenne Founded in 300 CE by Bozo ppl. -Never part of Mali Empire, yet rivaled Timbuktu as a center for Trans-Saharan trade
  11. 13. Mosques in Djenne
  12. 14. Scene V: African Explorers? <ul><li>Some historians suggest that West Africans traveled to South/Central America and the Caribbean Islands prior to Columbus. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Timbuktu: The Legendary city of Gold….. <ul><li>Tuareg nomads from Sahara first est. Timbuktu in 11 th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Once conquered by Mali became an important location as a link between N. and W. Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Important center for trade: salt, gold, cloth, sugar, kola nuts, glass beads, and shells, slaves, books… </li></ul><ul><li>Several mosques were built by Mansa Musa & later rulers=center of Islamic learning </li></ul>
  14. 16. Mosques in Timbuktu Sankore Mosque- former University & center of learning. Built in 989 C.E. <ul><li>Timbuktu Manuscripts </li></ul>
  15. 17. Iron welders make tools and knives for sale in the market
  16. 18. Tuareg Nomads The first settlers of Mali are still there today….
  17. 19. <ul><li>A monument to the war that ended in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>between the </li></ul><ul><li>Tuareg nomads </li></ul><ul><li>and the Muslims </li></ul><ul><li>within Mali. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Without a home….
  19. 21. Fall of Empire <ul><li>Weak leadership: Maghan took over after Mansa Musa’s death, could not stop raiders who set fire to Timbuktu’s great schools & mosques </li></ul><ul><li>Mali grew too large for gov’t to control, parts began to break away and declare independence </li></ul><ul><li>Invaders: Tuareg nomads seized Timbuktu in 1431 </li></ul><ul><li>By 1500’s Mali empire was dismantled </li></ul>