2 2 west african kingdoms

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2 2 west african kingdoms

  1. 1. CHAPTER 2 : Civilizations of Africa SECTION 2 : West African Kingdoms
  2. 2. Trading Kingdoms of West Africa <ul><li>West African Kingdoms economies based on trade </li></ul><ul><li>Trade based on two items: </li></ul><ul><li>#1 = Salt: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to flavor food and preserve meat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mined in the Sahara Desert </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Sahara Salt
  4. 4. Trading Kingdoms of West Africa <ul><li>#2 = Gold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare and valuable metal used for decoration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mined in the tropical forest region </li></ul></ul>Continued
  5. 5. Trading Kingdoms of West Africa Continued <ul><li>Salt mines, gold mines, and cities connected through trading routes (Map page 51) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trading Kingdoms of West Africa Continued <ul><li>Whoever could control these trading routes could charge taxes and become very rich </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Kingdom of Ghana <ul><li>400 AD – People of Ghana were the first to take control of the trade routes (Map Page 35) </li></ul><ul><li>800 AD – Kingdom of Ghana was rich and powerful </li></ul>
  8. 8. Map of the Kingdom of Ghana
  9. 9. <ul><li>Capital of Ghana Empire was city of Kumbi Saleh </li></ul><ul><li>1200 AD – Ghana was invaded from the north by the Berbers and became weak </li></ul>The Kingdom of Ghana Continued
  10. 10. Map of the Kingdom of Ghana Berbers
  11. 11. The Kingdom of Mali <ul><li>1230 AD - People of Mali take control of the trade routes (Map Page 35) </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Sundiata </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of Mali becomes rich and powerful </li></ul>
  12. 12. Map of the Kingdom of Mali
  13. 13. The Kingdom of Mali Continued <ul><li>1312 AD – Mansa Musa becomes ruler of Mali </li></ul><ul><li>Mansa Musa converts to Islam and then makes Islam the official religion of the empire </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Kingdom of Mali Continued <ul><li>1324 AD – Mansa Musa goes on his pilgrimage to Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>Takes with him: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>60,000 people dressed in gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of horses and camels dressed in gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This impresses the other Muslim empires in the Middle East </li></ul>
  15. 15. Mansa Musa’s Pilgrimage to Mecca
  16. 16. The Kingdom of Mali Continued <ul><li>Mansa Musa rules for 25 years </li></ul><ul><li>When he dies, the empire begins to weaken </li></ul><ul><li>Invaders attack and Kingdom of Mali falls </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Kingdom of Songhai <ul><li>1400’s - People of Songhai take control of the trade routes next (Map page 35) </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom of Songhai grows large and wealthy </li></ul>
  18. 18. Map of the Kingdom of Songhai
  19. 19. The Kingdom of Songhai Continued <ul><li>Askia the Great was a powerful ruler </li></ul><ul><li>1468 AD – Songhai Empire conquered rich trading city of Tombouctou </li></ul><ul><li>However, less than 100 years later, the Songhai Empire collapses from attack </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Three West African Trading Kingdoms
  21. 21. The Kingdoms of the Rain Forest <ul><li>Gold trade makes these kingdoms wealthy </li></ul><ul><li>Were not Islamic Kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>People worshipped many gods </li></ul>
  22. 22. The City of Ile-Ife <ul><li>1000 AD – Ile-Ife became a major trading and cultural center (Map page 35) </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders were called Onis </li></ul><ul><li>Very little is known about these people and their kingdom </li></ul>
  23. 23. The City of Ile-Ife
  24. 24. The Kingdom of Benin <ul><li>1200 AD – Benin became a major trading and cultural center (Map page 35) </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders were called Obas </li></ul>
  25. 25. The Kingdom of Benin

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