Workshop: Value Chains - Zambia case study

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  • subsistence famers value chain, Zambia, showing upstream linkages with essential input providers and downstream linkages with consumers.
  • Figure 1. Small enterprise value chain, Zambia, showing upstream linkages with essential input providers and downstream linkages private and public hatcheries and subsistence and enterprises oriented producers. Darkened box for large traders indicates some export of fish.
  • Medium Enterprise value chain, Zambia, showing upstream linkages with essential input providers, and downstream linkages with users, including private and public hatcheries and subsistence and enterprises oriented producers. Darkened box for large traders indicates some exportation of fish.
  • Large Enterprise value chain, Zambia, showing upstream linkages with essential input providers and downstream linkages with private and public hatcheries and subsistence- and enterprise-oriented producers. Darkened box for large traders indicates some exportation of fish.
  • Workshop: Value Chains - Zambia case study

    1. 1. WORKSHOP<br />case study: Zambia <br />aquaculture value chain<br />malcolmbeveridge and jocelynrunnebaum<br />WorldFish Center, Penang<br />18-22 July 2011<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3. purpose<br />to determine: <br />value chain maps<br />social and economic services provided to society<br />employment<br />trends and drivers<br />steps 1-2<br />
    4. 4. methodology<br />mixed study-type/participatory approach<br />production statistics (FAO, DoF)<br />field visits <br />participatory workshops with producers and NGO extension workers<br />key informant interviews, using semi-structured interviews<br />seed and feed producers, producers, traders, retailers, exporters<br />DoF, NGOs, HEIs<br />Women farmers in Peace Corps project, <br />Eastern Province<br />source: Peace Corps, Zambia<br />
    5. 5. methodology – advantages/disadvantages<br />advantages<br />cheap and cheerful<br />provides foundation for future work<br />disadvantages<br />subjective<br />quality of final analysis dependent on who is spoken to and who participates in workshops<br />fish farm, Katete, Eastern Province<br />source: ZedCan<br />
    6. 6. outputs<br />
    7. 7. Zambian aquaculture typology<br />Subsistence Farmers<br />Large Enterprises<br />Small Enterprises<br />Medium<br />Enterprises<br />reliance on resources<br />Produce fish for sale; produce own fingerlings, using sex reversal technology; purchase feeds, manure and feed regularly; planned harvest cycle <br />Produce fish for sale; produce own fingerlings and purchase additional fingerlings; use sex reversal technology; purchase feeds, manure and feed regularly; planned harvest cycle <br />Produce fish for sale; either have a pond dedicated to home consum-ption or consume what’s left after sale; produce own fingerlings; sell excess fingerlings<br />manure and feed regularly; more consistent<br />harvest cycle<br />Produce fish for sale; little to none used for home consumption; purchase fingerlings and feed;,<br />manure and feed regularly planned<br />harvest cycle<br />Produce fish mostly for home consumption; remainder sold for income; <br />intermittent manuring and feeding; no fixed harvest cycle<br />
    8. 8. subsistence farmers<br />Production Zone<br />Consumption Zone<br />Traders<br />Retailers<br />Purchased Inputs<br />Farm<br />Fish Ponds<br />Mobile sales via bike<br />Home Consumption<br />Informal Traders<br />Fingerlings from Harvest<br />Government Hatchery<br />Manure produced on or off Farm<br />Pond Side Sales<br />
    9. 9. Small Enterprise Value Chain<br />Production Zone<br />Consumption Zone<br />Traders<br />Processors<br />Retailers<br />Farm<br />Purchased Inputs<br />Private or Public Hatchery<br />Fish Ponds<br />Processor<br />Retail outlets<br />Large Traders<br />Manure produced on or off Farm<br />Informal Traders<br />Farm Gate<br />Feed Mills<br />Home consumers<br />Fingerlings<br />Medium/ Large <br />Enterprises<br />Other Fish Farmers<br />Fish<br />
    10. 10. Medium Enterprise<br />Production Zone<br />Consumption Zone<br />Purchased Inputs<br />Farm<br />Traders<br />Processors<br />Retailers<br />Feed Mills<br />Fish Ponds<br />Processor<br />Large Traders<br />Retail outlets<br />On Farm Hatchery<br />Informal Traders<br />Manure produced on or off Farm<br />Farm Gate<br />Electricity/<br />Diesel/Petrol<br />
    11. 11. Large Enterprise<br />Production Zone<br />Consumption Zone<br />Purchased Inputs<br />Farm<br />Traders<br />Processing<br />Retailers<br />Private Hatchery<br />Fish Ponds<br />Processor<br />Retail outlets<br />Large Traders<br />On Farm Hatchery<br />Feed Mills<br />Informal Traders<br />Manure produced on or off Farm<br />Energy <br />Commodities<br />
    12. 12. summary<br />one third of government estimate of 10,000 t<br />2,000 employed in production, plus 1000 in upstream and down activities; women engaged primarily in subsistence farming and trading<br />
    13. 13. fin<br />

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