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Job Safety Analysis

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Job Safety Analysis training powerpoint by an OSHA Inspector, John Newquist <newquist>

Job Safety Analysis

  1. 1. Job Safety Analysis John Newquist March 17, 2010
  2. 2. Training Objectives <ul><li>Explain the need for JSAs </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the benefits of JSAs </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the information necessary to properly complete JSAs </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the tools necessary to properly complete JSAs </li></ul>
  3. 3. What Is Job Safety Analysis? <ul><li>Method used to break a job task into separate and distinct steps </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate the hazards associated with each step </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the appropriate controls needed to control each of the identified hazards </li></ul>
  4. 4. Benefits of Job Safety Analysis <ul><li>Identifies unsafe work practices before an accident occurs </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases injury rates </li></ul><ul><li>Increases quality </li></ul><ul><li>Increases productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative to using rates as an Incentive only!!! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Uses Of Job Safety Analyses <ul><li>Evaluate existing jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Set up new jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Training and re-training tool </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritize jobs needing re-design </li></ul><ul><li>Ties in closely with other job analyses (quality & productivity studies, RTW) </li></ul><ul><li>Reference in accident investigations </li></ul>
  6. 6. No JSA = Bad <ul><li>The report found that risk assessment was “often incomplete,” that business units did not understand or address major hazards, and that competency in risk and hazard assessment was poor. BP March 2004 audit finding. “Many [people] reported errors due to a lack of time for job analysis, lack of adequate staffing, a lack of supervisor staffing, or a lack of resident knowledge of the unit in the supervisory staff.” 2005 Telus survey </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definition Of Key Words <ul><li>Job task </li></ul><ul><li>Job step </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>Accident / Incident </li></ul>
  8. 8. Definition Of Key Words - Example <ul><li>Job Task - change a light bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Job Step - climb ladder </li></ul><ul><li>Hazard - defects on ladder </li></ul><ul><li>Exposure - injury from ladder fall </li></ul><ul><li>Control - inspect ladders before use and remove from service if defective </li></ul><ul><li>Accident / Incident - fall with or without injury </li></ul>
  9. 9. One JSA Process, Three Goals PRODUCTIVITY SAFETY QUALITY = PROFITS PROCESS
  10. 10. Where To Start? <ul><li>Pick 3! </li></ul><ul><li>Accident history </li></ul><ul><li>Employee complaints </li></ul><ul><li>Jobs with close calls </li></ul><ul><li>Potential Jobs with serious injuries </li></ul><ul><li>What else? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Involve Employees </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss what you are going to do and why </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Explain that you are studying the task, not employee performance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Involve the employees in the entire process </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Important Tips <ul><li>Evaluate all aspects of the job task, even if performed infrequently </li></ul><ul><li>Observe more than one employee doing a specific job task </li></ul><ul><li>Observe more than one shift </li></ul><ul><li>Take enough time observing the job </li></ul><ul><li>Observe a worker actually doing the job, not just describing job </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>CASE STUDY </li></ul><ul><li>Boxed Paper Handling </li></ul>
  14. 14. Boxed Paper Handling <ul><li>From Madison </li></ul><ul><li>Receipt of boxes from delivery. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Identified Back Injury; Muscle strain/sprain </li></ul><ul><li>Control: Request delivery person to place boxes close to their intended storage location. </li></ul><ul><li>If moving of full boxes is necessary, use dolly/cart. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Boxed Paper Handling <ul><li>Lifting boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Identified Back Injury; Muscle strain/sprain </li></ul><ul><li>Control: Remove at least 4 reams of paper (reduces weight to 32 lbs.)(each ream of paper weights approx. 5 lbs.) </li></ul><ul><li>Use proper lifting techniques </li></ul>
  16. 16. Boxed Paper Handling <ul><li>Cutting boxes open. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Identified: Lacerations </li></ul><ul><li>Control: Utilize properly guarded tools and safe cutting techniques (i.e., scissors or retractable utility knife) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Boxed Paper Handling <ul><li>Place reams on shelf. </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards Identified Back Injury; Muscle strain/sprain </li></ul><ul><li>Control: Place box to minimize twisting, bending and other hazardous movement as much as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Use of proper lifting techniques </li></ul>
  18. 18. Boxed Paper Handling <ul><li>Storage of boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Back Injury; Muscle strain/sprain (full boxes weigh 52 lbs) </li></ul><ul><li>Control: Store boxes with at least 4 reams of paper removed. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Do you Critique JSA’s? <ul><li>My attitude is, if someone's going to criticize me, tell me to my face. Simon Cowell </li></ul>
  20. 20. Exercise: Parts deburring <ul><li>Define the job task to be studied </li></ul><ul><li>Observe task and break into major steps </li></ul><ul><li>Record results </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s dissect this JSA from a company </li></ul><ul><li>What is missing? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Job Hazard Analysis Exercise <ul><li>Break the job task into steps. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Instructions For Conducting A Job Hazard Analysis <ul><li>Identify the hazards of each step. For each hazard, ask: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What can go wrong? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are the consequences? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How could it happen? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are other contributing factors? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>How likely is it that the hazard will occur? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Job Hazard Analysis Exercise Do you agree?
  24. 24. Instructions For Conducting A Job Hazard Analysis <ul><li>Eliminate or Reduce Hazards with Protective Measures </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy of controls </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination </li></ul><ul><li>Substitution </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering controls </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative controls </li></ul><ul><li>Personal protective equipment </li></ul>
  25. 25. Job Hazard Analysis Exercise Are these good protective measures ?
  26. 26. BRAINSTORM! Change a Light Bulb Exercise
  27. 27. Three Step Procedure & Exercise <ul><li>Identify each major step of the job task </li></ul><ul><li>List the hazard(s) to each major step </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the control(s) that would prevent an accident for each hazard identified </li></ul><ul><li>Break into groups </li></ul><ul><li>List only three steps, hazards, control for changing a light bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Go!!! </li></ul>
  28. 28. Changing A Light Bulb <ul><li>Event Date: 08/19/2009 </li></ul><ul><li>An employee was on an aluminum ladder over twenty five feet from the ground when working on replacing a ballast for a 400 watt mercury light bulb. </li></ul><ul><li>The power supply line was energized. </li></ul><ul><li>The circuit breaker for the lighting fixture was tripped. </li></ul><ul><li>The employee fell off the ladder. </li></ul><ul><li>The employee was taken to a hospital where he was pronounced dead. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Changing A Light Bulb <ul><li>Event Date: 01/31/2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Changing 277/480v light bulbs in the parking lot lamps </li></ul><ul><li>Outside the store using an aerial lift. </li></ul><ul><li>The lamps had been energized to discover which bulbs needed to be replaced. </li></ul><ul><li>The lamps were not de-energized prior to the deceased working on it. </li></ul><ul><li>The deceased was using a screw driver (a 8.5-inch phillips head screw driver) that was not insulated, and he was not using any type of electrical protective equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>The deceased was having difficulty in opening the light housing on the lamp because the lid to the housing had two stripped screws. </li></ul><ul><li>The deceased apparently reached into the light housing to replace the light bulb and was electrocuted. </li></ul><ul><li>The bulb was found broken after the accident. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the medical examiner's report, the deceased died from cardiac ventricular dysrhythmia due to electrocution. </li></ul><ul><li>He had an electrical burn on his right palm. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Post Job Hazard Analysis <ul><li>What do I do next ? </li></ul><ul><li>Correct the unsafe conditions and processes. </li></ul><ul><li>Train all employees who do the job on the changes </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure they understand the changes </li></ul><ul><li>Assign additional needed actions/follow-ups </li></ul>
  31. 31. Job Safety Analysis - Blank form - Copy for use at the workplace happens? the job sale? Date and signoff Who will make sure it What can be done to make What could harm someone? Break the job down into steps Number Completion Persons responsible Risk control Hazard Work activity Item
  32. 33. Summary – JSA Training Steps <ul><li>Define meaning of JSA </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits and why JSAs are important </li></ul><ul><li>Select the job to be analyzed </li></ul><ul><li>Prepare the JSA form </li></ul><ul><li>Break the job task into steps </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the controls </li></ul><ul><li>Correct unsafe conditions and processes </li></ul><ul><li>Assign additional needed actions/follow-ups </li></ul><ul><li>Review JSAs </li></ul><ul><li>Use JSAs for training and accident investigation </li></ul>
  33. 34. Training Objectives? <ul><li>Explain the need for JSAs? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the benefits of JSAs? </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the information necessary to properly complete JSAs? </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the tools necessary to properly complete JSAs? </li></ul>
  34. 35. Contact <ul><li>John Newquist </li></ul><ul><li>230 S Dearborn, Ste 3244, Chicago IL 60604 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>312-353-5977 </li></ul>

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