Laurie baker

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Laurie baker

  1. 1. PRESENTED BY: RAHUL KANODIA 2010UAR160
  2. 2.  (March 2, 1917 – April 1, 2007) British-born Indian architect  He went to India in 1945 in part as a missionary and since then lived and worked in India for over 50 years  . He obtained Indian citizenship in 1989 and resided in Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), Kerala.  In 1990, the Government of India awarded him with the Padma Shri in recognition of his meritorious service in the field of architecture.
  3. 3.  Baker studied architecture in Birmingham and graduated in 1937, aged 20, in a period of political unrest for Europe.  During the Second World War, he served in the Friends Ambulance Unit in China and Burma.
  4. 4.  worked as an architect for an international and interdenominational Mission dedicated to the care of those suffering from leprosy.  focused on converting or replacing asylums once used to house the ostracized sufferers of the disease - "lepers".  Used indigenous architecture and methods of these places as means to deal with his once daunting problems.
  5. 5.  Baker lived in Kerala with Doctor P.J. Chandy,  He received great encouragement and later married his sister  while Laurie continued his architectural work and research accommodating the medical needs of the community through his constructions of various hospitals and clinics.
  6. 6. Baker sought to enrich the culture in which he participated by promoting simplicity and home-grown quality in his buildings.  His emphasis on cost-conscious construction,  An ideal that the Mahatma expressed as the only means to revitalize and liberate an impoverished India 
  7. 7. PRINCIPLES FOLLOWED BY BAKER THROUGHOUT HIS LIFE
  8. 8.  Designing and building low cost, high quality, beautiful homes  Suited to or built for lower-middle to lower class clients.  Irregular, pyramid-like structures on roofs, with one side left open and tilting into the wind.
  9. 9. Brick jali walls, a perforated brick screen which utilises natural air movement to cool the home's interior and create intricate patterns of light and shadow
  10. 10.  Baker's designs invariably have traditional Indian sloping roofs and terracotta Mangalore tile shingling with gables and vents allowing rising hot air to escape.  Curved walls to enclose more volume at lower material cost than straight walls,
  11. 11.  Baker was often seen rummaging through salvage heaps looking for suitable building materials, door and window frames.  Baker's architectural method is of improvisation.  Initial drawings have only an idealistic link to the final construction, with most of the accommodations and design choices being made on-site by the architect himself
  12. 12.  His respect for nature led him to let the idiosyncrasies of a site inform his architectural improvisations, rarely is a topography line marred or a tree uprooted.  This saves construction cost as well, since working around difficult site conditions is much more cost-effective than clear-cutting
  13. 13.  Baker created a cooling system by placing a high, latticed, brick wall near a pond that uses air pressure differences to draw cool air through the building  . His responsiveness to never-identical site conditions quite obviously allowed for the variegation that permeates his work.
  14. 14. Filler slab Jack Arch Advantages 20-35% Less materials Decorative, Economical & Reduced self-load Almost maintenance free 25-30% Cost Reduction Advantages Energy saving & EcoFriendly compressive roofing. Decorative & Highly Economical Maintenance free
  15. 15. •Masonry Dome Advantages •Energy saving eco-friendly compressive roof. •Decorative & Highly Economical for larges spans. •Maintenance free Funnicular shell Advantages •Energy saving eco-friendly compressive roof. •Decorative & Economical •Maintenance free
  16. 16. •Masonry Arches Advantages •Traditional spanning sytem. •Highly decorative & economical •Less energy requirement.
  17. 17. • • • • • • • 1981: D.Litt conferred by the Royal University of Netherlands for outstanding work in the Third World 1983: Order of the British Empire, MBE 1987: Received the first Indian National Habitat Award 1988: Received Indian Citizenship 1989: Indian Institute of Architects Outstanding Architect of the Year 1990: Received the Padma Sri 1990: Great Master Architect of the
  18. 18. • • • • • • • • • 1993: Sir Robert Matthew Prize for Improvement of Human Settlements 1994: People of the Year Award 1995: Awarded Doctorate from the University of Central England 1998: Awarded Doctorate from Sri Venkateshwara University 2001: Coinpar MR Kurup Endowment Award 2003: Basheer Puraskaram 2003: D.Litt from the Kerala University 2005: Kerala Government Certificate of Appreciation 2006: L-Ramp Award of Excellence
  19. 19. Key features of his house are:  All the walls are made of mud bricks.  Timber salvaged from an old boat jetty  One of the other signature elements of his design includes the use of circular walls, which use far less brick than rectangular walls.  In addition, when he does use concrete for a roof, he embeds chipped or broken terra cotta roofing tiles into the mixture. •
  20. 20.     These tiles, which normally would be thrown away, contribute to the strength of the roof, allow less of the expensive concrete to be used, and reduce the structural load of the building. He used broken tiles for the outer paved area of his garden. The living room, An integration of new building and salvaged timber from traditional buildings that were being demolished. Baker's innovative use of discarded bottles, inset in the walls giving a very good effect of light and creating an illusion of stained glass.
  21. 21. GROUND FLOOR FIRST FLOOR
  22. 22. A VIEW FROM THE OPPOSITE SIDE STEPS LEADING UP TO FRONT DOOR
  23. 23. STEPS DIRECTLY CUT IN ROCK ENTRANCE HAS SMALL SITTING AREA FOR GUESTS
  24. 24. THE WALL IS DECORATED FROM BROKEN POTTERY, PENS, GLASS
  25. 25. A MORNING AT HEMLET A CALLING BELL FOR VISITORS TO ANNOUNCE THEIR PRESENCE
  26. 26. USE OF NATURAL LIGHT
  27. 27. NEVER CUT TREES INSTEAD ADAPTED HIS DESIGN ACCORDINGLY
  28. 28. Pitched roof made of manglore tiles
  29. 29. Louvered window typical of baker’s type
  30. 30. WATER TANK FOR STORING RAIN HARVESTE D WATER
  31. 31. Requirements:• Meeting place. • working place (training). • Open spaces. • Classroom & dormitories.
  32. 32.  The main house is formed by a simple three-floor stacking of the pentagon on nine-inch-thick brick walls  internally each floor divides into the bedroom, bath and landing  The additional segment on the ground, forming the living/dining and kitchen, is structured with bays of half-brick thickness, alternating wall and wall and door
  33. 33. Ground floor plan
  34. 34. 1st Floor Plan 2 Floor Plan nd
  35. 35.  Built furniture of bricks
  36. 36. Jali window. Sun light merging inwards. 2nd floor bedroom
  37. 37. CHALLENGES:      Severity of environment in which the tribal's live. Limitation of resources Conventional architects stayed away from these projects Dealing with large insular groups, with set ideas and traditions. Dealing with cyclones Area of each unit : 25 sqm
  38. 38. Construction      Exposed brickwork and structure Sloped concrete roof Openness in design and individual units offset each other Continuous latticework in the exposed walls
  39. 39. Dealing With Cyclones: Low sloped roofs and courts serve as wind catchers  Open walls function to dispel it   Long row of housing replaced by even staggering  Fronting courts catch the breeze and also get view of sea
  40. 40. Open Spaces  Little private rectangle of land in between houses for drying nets , kids play,  Provides sleeping lofts within and adequate space outside for mending nets and cleaning and drying fish
  41. 41. PLAN
  42. 42. Challenges : Solution of Computer Centre Design Problems Fitting in naturally and harmoniously with the elevations of the twenty five year old institution elevation
  43. 43. • Using principle of lattice wall planning, breezeways and built of natural brick and stone keeping in consideration the electronic sophistication • He proposed a double walled building with an outer surface of intersecting circles of brick jails • Internal shell fulfilled the constraints and controls necessary for a computer laboratory. • Space between the two walls accommodated the secondary requirements for offices and storage areas.
  44. 44. plan External lattice Two storeyed outer wall is stiffened by a series of intersecting circles,
  45. 45. THANKU

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