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Hamlet

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An architect’s personality is reflected in the way he design his own house. Laurie Baker’s own residence is called ‘The Hamlet’.

Published in: Design

Hamlet

  1. 1. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY CASE STUDY – THE HAMLET SUBMITTED BY – SHEETU GOEL
  2. 2. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY LOCATION OF “HAMLET” (SATELLITE PHOTOGRAPH)  An architect’s personality is reflected in the way he design his own house. THE HAMLET  Baker’s own residence is called ‘The Hamlet’. It has been built in Thiruvananthapuram, built on a steeply sloping and rocky hillside that hardly had any vegetation when Baker started constructing.  Baker has truly adopted his motto to “make low-costery a habit and a way of life” by reusing everything, from brick to glass bottles, as building materials.  First he built a single room hut of timber, which consists of the library of medical books & also as bed room, living room , drawing room & study.
  3. 3. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY  The site was highly contoured and rocky, but baker did not disturb even a single rock or a tree, so it is popularly named as “RIGHT IN THE ROCKS”.  The hamlet’ has been built on a steeply contoured site, but the incursion of structures on the site is not felt.  Baker has managed to confine this building to an area that is easily accessible& yet secluded by the heavy foliage.  The journey to Bakers home is like from a concrete jungle of Trivandrum to the freshness & shade of the suburbs.  This is remarkable and unique house built on a plot of land along the slope of a rocky hill, with limited access to water
  4. 4. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY This was the initial design of the HAMLET  First he built a single room hut of timber, which consists of the library of medical books & also as bed room, living room , drawing room & study.  Later some alterations took place.
  5. 5. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY ROOM ADDITION PLAN OF THE NEW ROOM THAT IS ADDED TO THE INITIAL PLAN
  6. 6. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY STEPS DIRECTLY CUT IN ROCK ENTRANCE HAS SMALL SITTING AREA FOR GUESTS THE WALL IS DECORATED FROM BROKEN POTTERY, PENS, GLASS A CALLING BELL FOR VISITORS TO ANNOUNCE THEIR PRESENCE USE OF NATURAL LIGHT NEVER CUT TREES INSTEAD ADAPTED HIS DESIGN ACCORDINGLY INNER COURTYARD …CLOSE TO NATURE ARCHES LED INTO A BEAUTIFUL OPEN ROOM COURTYARD HAS MANY GARDENS AND PONDS PITCHED ROOF MADE OF MANGALORE TILES BAKER’S FONDNESS OF ARCHES
  7. 7. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY GABLES FOR PROPER AIR CIRCULATION AND VENTILATION SIMPLE YET BEAUTIFUL WINDOWS GRILL MADE OF BITS AND PIECES CONICAL STRUCTURE USED COST EFFECTIVE BAKER’S WINDOW LOUVERED WINDOW TYPICAL OF BAKER’S TYPE STAINED GLASS EFFECT WATER TANK FOR STORING RAIN HARVESTED WATER MATERIAL USED FROM UNCONVENTIONAL SOURCES FAMILY EATS IN KITCHEN ELECTRICITY WIRING IS NOT CONCEALED
  8. 8. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY The Dog House And The round-shaped NIECERIE This NIECERIE was built for baker’s four nieces Even the dog has a well placed jali to let the morning light filter in Baker was very fond of beautiful carvings which were usually lost when old traditional Kerala houses were destroyed to make ‘modern’ ones
  9. 9. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY This door is made from two traditional old Kerala doors when an old building was torn down which baker bought and joined together to create this unique door Newspaper pocket Door bell Even the dog has a well placed jali to let the morning light filter in
  10. 10. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY Baker always designed to utilize sunlight effectively and minimize the need for artificial lighting The living room, an integration of new building and salvaged timber from traditional buildings that were being demolished. He made an extensive use of timber in his house, like in the living room of house, the detailing in wood and mud bricks are wonderful.
  11. 11. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY The Baker’s bedroom resembles a long railway compartment Interior view of baker’s bedroom Gables for proper air circulation and ventilation Integrated furniture Use of natural light in the interiors
  12. 12. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY Simple yet beautiful windows of Baker’s type made from waste wooden planks and grills made of thrown away metal pieces Another cost effective Baker window Typical traditional tiling used in South India mostly in areas where sloped A traditional Kerala window
  13. 13. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY Baker's innovative use of discarded bottles, inset in the walls giving a very good effect of light and creating an illusion of stained glass. An improvised Baker’s grill made of bits and pieces including a piece of clutch plate Stained glass effect Water tank for storing rain harvested water A jali wall Creative wall fixtures
  14. 14. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY Irregular, pyramid-like structures on roofs, with one side left open and tilting into the wind. Electricity wiring is not concealed Steps leading up to front door Baker has cut the step directly into the rock face of the sloping plot of land Never cut trees instead adapted his design accordingly
  15. 15. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY The wall is decorated from broken pottery, pens, glass Entrance has small sitting area for guests A calling bell for visitors to announce their presence Inner courtyard …close to nature
  16. 16. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY USE OF NATURAL LIGHT
  17. 17. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY Arches led into a beautiful open room Baker’s fondness of arches Pitched roof made of Mangalore tiles Courtyard has many gardens and ponds Baker extensively used arched to lend structural strength to his buildings
  18. 18. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY  He used jalis which had many advantages, such as ventilation, enough light, less material required.  Reducing the unnecessary cost of a window with a shutter.  Using ‘jali’ in his walls for proper cross ventilation, enough sun light etc o Using corbelling instead of a lintel above the frame, this reduces the cost of the R.C.C lintel. o Using less number of bricks to make a wall of same thickness and providing cavities in between for insulation.
  19. 19. LAURIE BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” LOW COST HOUSING – CASE STUDY The upturned, horned roofs of buildings as found in Kerala are the direct result of the people of those places, they knew that hot air rises & allowed it to travel upwards from the low eaves to the openings at the ends of the high ridge. They understood and applied principles of insulation; then roofing materials formed hollow cellular protective layers. Laurie Baker used material from other demolished structures. Wood planks from an old boat jetty. He even used old bottles in a structure, which gives a different effect. Baker creates a variety of textures and patterns by simple manipulation of the way in which bricks are placed in the wall.

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