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Laurie baker

ARCHITECT LAURIE BAKER

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Laurie baker

  1. 1. Laurence WilfredLaurence Wilfred LAURIE BAKERLAURIE BAKER PRESENTED BY: PRIYA JAIN 4th SEM HITKARINI COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE AND TOWN PLANNING.
  2. 2. LAURIELAURIE BAKERBAKER Laurie Baker, an architect fromLaurie Baker, an architect from Birmingham, now settled inBirmingham, now settled in Thiruvananthapuram, has effectivelyThiruvananthapuram, has effectively combined traditional techniques withcombined traditional techniques with indigenous innovations and has managedindigenous innovations and has managed to bring down the cost of construction byto bring down the cost of construction by half.half. His techniques not only use cheaperHis techniques not only use cheaper materials but also eliminate redundantmaterials but also eliminate redundant details from the design.details from the design. Concrete is rarely used. Mangalore tilesConcrete is rarely used. Mangalore tiles are used for the roof which makes itare used for the roof which makes it light and inexpensive.light and inexpensive.
  3. 3. ► His approach and simple principles to low cost housing areHis approach and simple principles to low cost housing are Gandhian, which can be adopted by every builder. The followingGandhian, which can be adopted by every builder. The following are the mainstay of design and construction of his houses.are the mainstay of design and construction of his houses. ► Planning of spacePlanning of space– lesser walls, multiple uses of space, short– lesser walls, multiple uses of space, short spans of roof, agglomeration of building services, flexibility inspans of roof, agglomeration of building services, flexibility in growth.growth. ► Local building material–Local building material– bricks, tiles, lime, surkhi, timber,bricks, tiles, lime, surkhi, timber, thatch, stone, palm, mud.thatch, stone, palm, mud. ► Bricks and jalisBricks and jalis – play of light and shade, unidirectional vision.– play of light and shade, unidirectional vision. ► Unplastered walls.Unplastered walls. ► Lintels and arches.Lintels and arches. ► Attention to details.Attention to details.
  4. 4. ► Baker’s works include, private residences,Baker’s works include, private residences, some institutional buildings, like ‘centersome institutional buildings, like ‘center for development studies’, Kerala. He isfor development studies’, Kerala. He is very active in the works of all the buildingvery active in the works of all the building centers working in Kerala as well as in thecenters working in Kerala as well as in the other parts of country. Rather it was hisother parts of country. Rather it was his initial effort to promote the low costinitial effort to promote the low cost housing in India, where housing is a bighousing in India, where housing is a big problem.problem. ► His techniques not only use cheaperHis techniques not only use cheaper materials but also eliminate unnecessarymaterials but also eliminate unnecessary details from the design. Concrete isdetails from the design. Concrete is sparingly used. Mangalore tiles are usedsparingly used. Mangalore tiles are used for the roof which makes it light andfor the roof which makes it light and inexpensive.inexpensive.
  5. 5. Architectural styleArchitectural style ► Designing and building low cost, highDesigning and building low cost, high quality, beautiful homesquality, beautiful homes ► Suited to or built for lower-middle toSuited to or built for lower-middle to lower class clients.lower class clients. ► Irregular, pyramid-like structures on roofs,Irregular, pyramid-like structures on roofs, with one side left open and tilting into thewith one side left open and tilting into the wind.wind.
  6. 6. BrickBrick jalijali walls, awalls, a perforated brick screenperforated brick screen which utilises natural airwhich utilises natural air movement to cool themovement to cool the home's interior andhome's interior and create intricatecreate intricate patterns of light andpatterns of light and shadowshadow
  7. 7. ► Baker's designs invariably haveBaker's designs invariably have traditional Indian sloping roofs andtraditional Indian sloping roofs and terracottaterracotta MangaloreMangalore tile shinglingtile shingling withwith gablesgables and vents allowing risingand vents allowing rising hot air to escape.hot air to escape. ► Curved walls to enclose more volume atCurved walls to enclose more volume at lower material cost than straightlower material cost than straight walls,walls,
  8. 8. ► Baker was often seen rummagingBaker was often seen rummaging through salvage heaps looking forthrough salvage heaps looking for suitable building materials, doorsuitable building materials, door and window frames.and window frames. ► Baker's architectural method isBaker's architectural method is of improvisation.of improvisation. ► Initial drawings have only anInitial drawings have only an idealistic link to the finalidealistic link to the final construction, with most of theconstruction, with most of the accommodations and designaccommodations and design choices being made on-site bychoices being made on-site by the architect himselfthe architect himself
  9. 9. His respect for nature led himHis respect for nature led him to let the idiosyncrasies of ato let the idiosyncrasies of a site inform his architecturalsite inform his architectural improvisations, rarely is aimprovisations, rarely is a topography line marred or atopography line marred or a tree uprooted.tree uprooted. ►This saves construction costThis saves construction cost as well, since working aroundas well, since working around difficult site conditions isdifficult site conditions is much more cost-effectivemuch more cost-effective
  10. 10. Baker created a cooling system byBaker created a cooling system by placing a high, latticed, brick wall nearplacing a high, latticed, brick wall near a pond that uses air pressurea pond that uses air pressure differences to draw cool air throughdifferences to draw cool air through the buildingthe building ►. His responsiveness to never-identical. His responsiveness to never-identical site conditions quite obviously allowedsite conditions quite obviously allowed for the variegation that permeates hisfor the variegation that permeates his work.work.
  11. 11. LOW COSTLOW COST CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION Filler slab Jack Arch Advantages 20-35% Less materials Decorative, Economical & Reduced self-load Almost maintenance free 25-30% Cost Reduction Advantages Energy saving & Eco-Friendly compressive roofing. Decorative & Highly Economical Maintenance free
  12. 12. •Masonry Dome Advantages •Energy saving eco-friendly compressive roof. •Decorative & Highly Economical for larges spans. •Maintenance free Funnicular shell Advantages •Energy saving eco-friendly compressive roof. •Decorative & Economical •Maintenance free LOW COSTLOW COST CONSTRUCTIONCONSTRUCTION
  13. 13. Low cost constructionsLow cost constructions •Masonry Arches Advantages •Traditional spanning sytem. •Highly decorative & economical •Less energy requirement.
  14. 14. BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET”BAKER’S HOUSE, “THE HAMLET” ► Baker’s own residence isBaker’s own residence is called ‘The Hamlet’. It hascalled ‘The Hamlet’. It has been built inbeen built in Thiruvananthapuram, built onThiruvananthapuram, built on a steeply sloping and rockya steeply sloping and rocky hillside that hardly had anyhillside that hardly had any vegetation when Bakervegetation when Baker started constructing.started constructing. ► Baker has truly adopted hisBaker has truly adopted his motto to “make low-costery amotto to “make low-costery a habit and a way of life” byhabit and a way of life” by reusing everything, fromreusing everything, from brick to glass bottles, asbrick to glass bottles, as building materials.building materials. • Key features of his house are: All the walls are made of mud bricks. Timber salvaged from an old boat jetty.
  15. 15. ► One of the other signatureOne of the other signature elements of his designelements of his design includes the use of circularincludes the use of circular walls, which use far lesswalls, which use far less brick than rectangular walls.brick than rectangular walls. ► In addition, when he doesIn addition, when he does use concrete for a roof, heuse concrete for a roof, he embeds chipped or brokenembeds chipped or broken terra cotta roofing tilesterra cotta roofing tiles into the mixture.into the mixture. ► These tiles, which normallyThese tiles, which normally would be thrown away,would be thrown away, contribute to the strengthcontribute to the strength of the roof, allow less ofof the roof, allow less of the expensive concrete tothe expensive concrete to be used, and reduce thebe used, and reduce the structural load of thestructural load of the building.building. ► He used broken tiles forHe used broken tiles for the outer paved area of histhe outer paved area of his garden.garden.
  16. 16. ► He made an extensive use ofHe made an extensive use of timber in his house, like in thetimber in his house, like in the living room of house, theliving room of house, the detailing in wood and muddetailing in wood and mud bricks are wonderful.bricks are wonderful. ► The living room, An integrationThe living room, An integration of new building and salvagedof new building and salvaged timber from traditionaltimber from traditional buildings that were beingbuildings that were being demolished.demolished. ► Baker's innovative use ofBaker's innovative use of discarded bottles, inset in thediscarded bottles, inset in the walls giving a very good effectwalls giving a very good effect of light and creating an illusionof light and creating an illusion of stained glass.of stained glass.
  17. 17. PLAN AND ELEVATIONPLAN AND ELEVATION GROUND FLOOR FIRST FLOOR
  18. 18. STEPS LEADING UP TO FRONT DOOR
  19. 19. A VIEW FROM THE OPPOSITE SIDE
  20. 20. STEPS DIRECTLY CUT IN ROCK
  21. 21. ENTRANCE HAS SMALL SITTING AREA FOR GUESTS
  22. 22. THE WALL IS DECORATED FROM BROKEN POTTERY, PENS, GLASS
  23. 23. A CALLING BELL FOR VISITORS TO ANNOUNCE THEIR PRESENCE
  24. 24. A MORNING AT HEMLET
  25. 25. INTERIOR
  26. 26. USE OF NATURAL LIGHT
  27. 27. USE OF NATURAL LIGHT
  28. 28. INNER COURTYARD …CLOSE TO NATUREINNER COURTYARD …CLOSE TO NATURE
  29. 29. NEVER CUT TREES INSTEAD ADAPTEDNEVER CUT TREES INSTEAD ADAPTED HIS DESIGN ACCORDINGLYHIS DESIGN ACCORDINGLY
  30. 30. ARCHES LED INTO A BEAUTIFUL OPEN ROOM
  31. 31. COURTYARD HASCOURTYARD HAS MANY GARDENSMANY GARDENS AND PONDSAND PONDS Pitched roof made of manglore tiles
  32. 32. BAKER’SBAKER’S FONDNESS OFFONDNESS OF ARCHESARCHES
  33. 33. SIMPLE YETSIMPLE YET BEAUTIFULBEAUTIFUL WINDOWSWINDOWS
  34. 34. GABLES FORGABLES FOR PROPER AIRPROPER AIR CIRCULATIONCIRCULATION ANDAND VENTILATIONVENTILATION
  35. 35. GRILL MADE OF BITS AND PIECESGRILL MADE OF BITS AND PIECES
  36. 36. CONICAL STRUCTURE USED…CONICAL STRUCTURE USED…
  37. 37. COST EFFECTIVECOST EFFECTIVE BAKER’S WINDOWBAKER’S WINDOW Louvered window typical of baker’s type
  38. 38. STAINED GLASS EFFECTSTAINED GLASS EFFECT
  39. 39. WATER TANK FOR STORING RAIN HARVESTED WATER
  40. 40. Mrs Nalini Nayak`s residenceMrs Nalini Nayak`s residence (A Social(A Social Worker)Worker) Ulloor, Trivandrum (1971)Ulloor, Trivandrum (1971) Requirements:- • Meeting place. • working place (training). • Open spaces. • Classroom & dormitories.
  41. 41. External ViewsExternal Views Generous sprawling ground floor withGenerous sprawling ground floor with three floor staking of pentagonthree floor staking of pentagon
  42. 42. ► The main house is formed by a simpleThe main house is formed by a simple three-three- floorfloor stacking of thestacking of the pentagonpentagon on nine-inch-on nine-inch- thick brick wallsthick brick walls ► internally each floor divides into the bedroom,internally each floor divides into the bedroom, bath and landingbath and landing ► The additional segment on the ground, formingThe additional segment on the ground, forming the living/dining and kitchen, is structured withthe living/dining and kitchen, is structured with bays of half-brick thickness, alternating wallbays of half-brick thickness, alternating wall and wall and doorand wall and door
  43. 43. Ground floor plan
  44. 44. 1st Floor Plan
  45. 45. 2nd Floor Plan
  46. 46. The EntranceThe Entrance
  47. 47. View of entrance from living roomView of entrance from living room  Built furniture of bricks
  48. 48. 1st floor bedroom entrance. Common door for entry and bathroom
  49. 49. Jali wallsJali walls Sun light merging inwards.
  50. 50. Jali window.Jali window. 2nd floor bedroom.
  51. 51. ►ENDEND

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