99 Tamil Flowers

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Pictures of 99 Tamil flowers mentioned by Kapilar in Kurunjippaatu http://karkanirka.wordpress.com/2009/04/23/99tamilflowers_index/

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99 Tamil Flowers

  1. 1. http:// karkanirka.wordpress.com /
  2. 2. 99 தமிழ் பூக்கள் குறிஞ்சிப் பாட்டு   99 Tamil Flower Kurunjippaatu
  3. 3. 1. காந்தள் kāntaḷ <ul><li>Common name: Malabar glory lily, red or white species, </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin name: </li></ul><ul><li>Gloriosa superba </li></ul><ul><li>Flower sacred to Murugan </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2. ஆம்பல் āmpal <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Water-lily </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: nymphaea lotus </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as அல்லி . </li></ul>
  5. 5. 3. அனிச்சம் aniccam <ul><li>a-nitya. Flower supposed to be so delicate as to droop or even perish when smelt; The flower is extinct according to all major sources. (recently in internet a claim that Anicham flower has been rediscovered by Mr. Kumarasamy, former professor in medicinal botany, Govt Siddha Medical College Palayamkottai, Tamilnadu, India. Scientific Name: Anagallis arvensis Linn.) </li></ul><ul><li>This claim is to be confirmed – further study required. </li></ul>http://siddhadreams.blogspot.com/2005/12/this-is-plant-anicham-mentioned-in.html
  6. 6. 4. குவளை   kuvaḷai <ul><li>Common Name: Purple Indian water-lily </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name:Nymphaea odorata </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as </li></ul><ul><li>செங்கழுநீர் Kuvalai could also mean Karunkuvalai. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 5. குறிஞ்சி kuṟiñci <ul><li>Common Name: conehead </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin name: Strobilanthes; </li></ul><ul><li>பூடுவகை . (L.) </li></ul>
  8. 8. 6. வெட்சி veṭci <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Scarlet ixora </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin name: Ixora coccinea; </li></ul>
  9. 9. 7. செங்கொடுவேரி cen-kodu-vēri <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Rosy-flowered leadwort </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin name: Plumbago rosea </li></ul><ul><li>Also Known as </li></ul><ul><li>செங்கொடிவேலி . </li></ul>
  10. 10. 8. தேமா tē-mā ( தேமாம்பூ ) <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet mango </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mangifera indica </li></ul><ul><li>This species must be a slightly different one from the common Mango (Since the poet also mentions Mango tree later) </li></ul>
  11. 11. 9. மணிச்சிகை maṇi-c-cikai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Crab's eye </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abrus precatorius; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also known as   குன்றி </li></ul>
  12. 12. 10. உந்தூழ் untūḻ <ul><li>   Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Large bamboo </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bambusa arundinaca </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also known as பெருமூங்கில் . </li></ul>
  13. 13. 11. கூவிளம் kūviḷam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Bael </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Aegle marmelos </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as வில்வம் . </li></ul>
  14. 14. 12. எறுழ் eṟuḻ <ul><li>  A hill tree with red flowers; செந்நிறப்பூவுடைய குறிஞ்சிநிலத்து மரவகை . </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific name could not be identified. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 13. சுள்ளி cuḷḷi <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceylon ebony </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Diospyros ebenum </li></ul>
  16. 16. 14. கூவிரம் kūviram <ul><li>(flower of) A  mountain tree; மலைமரவகை </li></ul><ul><li>This flower/tree has not been identified. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 15. வடவனம் vaṭa-vaṉam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Indian banyan </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ficus benghalensis L </li></ul>
  18. 18. 16. வாகை vākai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Sirissa </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Albizzia </li></ul>
  19. 19. 17. குடசம் kuṭacam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Conessi bark </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Holarrhena anti- dysenterica </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as குடசப்பாலை , கசப்புவெட்பாலை </li></ul>
  20. 20. 18. எருவை eruvai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>European bamboo reed </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Arundo donax </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as கொறுக்கை </li></ul>
  21. 21. 19. செருவிளை ceru-vilai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>White-flowered mussell-shell creeper </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Clitoria ternatea-albiflora </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as </li></ul><ul><li>வெள்ளைக் காக்கணம் </li></ul>
  22. 22. 20. கருவிளம் karu-viḷam <ul><li>Common Name: Mussell-shell creeper </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Clitoria ternatea typica </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as காக்கட்டான் </li></ul>
  23. 23. 21. பயினி payiṉi <ul><li>(flower of)  A kind of tree peculiar to hilly tracts; குறிஞ்சிநிலத்து உண்டாம் ஒருவகை மரம் </li></ul><ul><li>Not Identified </li></ul>
  24. 24. 22. வானி vāṉi <ul><li>(flower of) A tree; மரவகை . </li></ul><ul><li>Not Identified </li></ul>
  25. 25. 23. குரவம் kuravam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Bottle-flower </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Webera corymbosa </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as குரா </li></ul>
  26. 26. 24. பசும்பிடி pacu-m-piṭi <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mysore gamboge </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Garcinia xanthochymus </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as பச்சிலை </li></ul>
  27. 27. 25. வகுளம் vakuḷam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed-leaved ape-flower </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mimusaps elangi </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as </li></ul><ul><li>மகிழ் </li></ul>
  28. 28. 26. காயா kāyā <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ironwood tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Memecylon edule </li></ul>
  29. 29. 27. ஆவிரை āvirai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Tanner's senna </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Cassia auriculata </li></ul>
  30. 30. 28. வேரல் vēral <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Swollen node-ringed semi-solid medium bamboo </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Dendrocalamus strictus </li></ul><ul><li>Also Known as சிறுமூங்கில் </li></ul>
  31. 31. 29. சூரல் cūra <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Oblique-leaved jujube </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ziziphus oenoplia   </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as சூரை </li></ul>
  32. 32. 30. சிறுபூளை ciru-pūlai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Common wayside weed </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Aerua lanata </li></ul>
  33. 33. 31.   குறுநறுங்கண்ணி kuṟu-naṟu-ṅ-kaṇṇi <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Crab's eye </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Abrus precatorius </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as குன்று </li></ul><ul><li>மணிச்சிகை (flower 9 in the list) also has same meaning , probably they are two variants of the same species. </li></ul>
  34. 34. 32. குருகிலை kurukilai <ul><li>  A tree; ஓர் மரம் . Unidentified </li></ul>
  35. 35. 33. மருதம் marutam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Arjuna </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Terminalia arjuna </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as மருது </li></ul>
  36. 36. 34. கோங்கம் kōṅkam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>False tragacanth </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Cochlospermum gossypium </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as </li></ul><ul><li>கோங்கிலவு </li></ul>
  37. 37. 35. போங்கம் pōṅkam <ul><li>A variety of red-wood </li></ul><ul><li>மஞ்சாடி மர வகை </li></ul><ul><li>மஞ்சாடி </li></ul><ul><li>Common Name : </li></ul><ul><li>Red-wood </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Adenanthera paronina </li></ul>
  38. 38. 36. திலகம் tilakam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Barbados pride </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Caesalpinia gilliesii </li></ul>
  39. 39. 37. பாதிரி pātiri <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow -flowered fragrant trumpet- flower tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Stereospermum chelonoides </li></ul>
  40. 40. 38. செருந்தி cerunti <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Panicled golden-blossomed pear tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ochna squarrosa </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as சிலந்தி </li></ul>
  41. 41. 39. அதிரல் atiral <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wild jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Jasminum angustifolium </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as </li></ul><ul><li>காட்டு </li></ul><ul><li>மல்லிகை </li></ul>
  42. 42. 40. சண்பகம் caṇpakam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Champak </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Michelia champaca </li></ul>
  43. 43. 41. கரந்தை karantai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet basil </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ocinum basilicum </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as திருநீற்றுப்பச்சை </li></ul>
  44. 44. 42. குளவி kuḷavi <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Indian cork. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Millingtonia hortensis </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as காட்டுமல்லி , மலைமல்லிகை This word means two types of flowers. Indian cork is locally called as kāṭṭu-mallii , since Atiral(flower 39) also means Wild Jasmine , I assume that the poet would have mentioned Indian cork here since he has already mentioned atiral in the poem. </li></ul>
  45. 45. 43. மாமரம் mā-maram ( மாம்பூ ) <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mango tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mangifera indica </li></ul>
  46. 46. 44. தில்லை tillai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Blinding tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Excoecaria agallocha </li></ul>
  47. 47. 45. பாலை pālai <ul><li>Paalai could mean many variety of flowers – Please see disambiguation slides </li></ul>
  48. 48. 46. முல்லை mullai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Arabian jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Jasminum sambac </li></ul><ul><li>Mullai could mean many variety of flowers – Please see disambiguation slides </li></ul>
  49. 49. 47. கஞ்சங்குல்லை kañcaṅ-kullai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>White-Basil </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ocimum album </li></ul>
  50. 50. 48. பிடவம் piṭavam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Bedaly emetic-nut </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Randia malabarica; </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as குட்டிப்பிடவம் </li></ul>
  51. 51. 49. செங்கருங்காலி ceṅ-karuṅkāli <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Red catechu </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Acacia catechu-sundra </li></ul>
  52. 52. 50. வாழை vāḻai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Plantain </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Musa paradisiaca </li></ul>
  53. 53. 51. வள்ளி vaḷḷi <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet potato </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Convolvulus batatas </li></ul>
  54. 54. 52. நெய்தல் neytal <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>White Indian water-lily </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Nymphaea lotus alba </li></ul>
  55. 55. 53. தாழை tālai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Coconut flower (with the integument covering it) </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Name/Latin Name : </li></ul><ul><li>Cocos Nucifera </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as தெங்கம்பாளை </li></ul>
  56. 56. 54. தளவம் taḷavam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Golden jasmine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Jasminum humile </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as </li></ul><ul><li>செம் முல்லை </li></ul>
  57. 57. 55. தாமரை tamarai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Lotus </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Nelumbium speciosum </li></ul>
  58. 58. 56. ஞாழல் ñāḻal <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Fetid cassia </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Cassea sophera </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as புலிநகக் கொன்றை </li></ul>
  59. 59. 57. மௌவல் mauval <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wild jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as காட்டு மல்லிகை . </li></ul><ul><li>one more wild jasmine variety (already two varieties Atiral and Kuzhal have been mentioned) , Please see disambiguation Slides. </li></ul>
  60. 60. 58.   கொகுடி kokudi <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>A variety of jasmine creeper </li></ul><ul><li>முல்லைக்கொடிவகை . One more jasmine variety. Scientific name unavailable. </li></ul>
  61. 61. 59.   சேடல் cēṭal <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Night-flowering jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Nyctanthes arbor-tristis </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as பவளமல்லிகை </li></ul>
  62. 62. 60. செம்மல் cemmal <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Flower of Jasminum grandiflorum </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as சாதிப்பூ </li></ul>
  63. 63. 61. சிறுசெங்குரலி ciṟu-ceṅ-kurali <ul><li>A mountain creeper கருந்தாமக்கொடி </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific name couldn't be obtained. </li></ul>
  64. 64. 62. கோடல்   kōṭal <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>White species of Malabar glory lily </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Gloriosa superba </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as வெண் காந்தள் </li></ul>
  65. 65. 63. கைதை kaitai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Fragrant screw-pine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Pandanus odoratissimus </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as தாழை . </li></ul>
  66. 66. 64. வழை vaḻai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Long-leaved two-sepalled gamboge </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ochrocarpus longifolius </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as சுரபுன்னை . </li></ul>
  67. 67. 65. காஞ்சி kāñci <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>River Portia </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Trewia nudiflora </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as ஆற்றுப் பூவரசு </li></ul>
  68. 68. 66. மணிக் குலை - Mani-k-kulai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Blue Nelumbo </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Pontederia monochoria vaginalis </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as கருங்குவளை </li></ul>
  69. 69. 67. பாங்கர் pāṅkar <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Tooth-brush tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Salvadora persica </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as உகா </li></ul>
  70. 70. 68. மரவம் maravam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Seaside Indian oak </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Barringtonia racemosa </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as வெண்கடம்பு </li></ul>
  71. 71. 69. தணக்கம் taṇakkam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Small ach root </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Morinda umbellata </li></ul>
  72. 72. 70. ஈங்கை īṅkai <ul><li>Species of sensitive-tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mimosa rubicaulis </li></ul>
  73. 73. 71. இலவம் ilavam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Red-flowered silk-cotton tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Bombax malabaricum </li></ul>
  74. 74. 72. கொன்றை koṉṟai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Indian laburnum </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Cassia fistula </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as சரக்கொன்றை </li></ul>
  75. 75. 73. அடும்பு aṭumpu <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Hare-leaf </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ipomoea biloba L. </li></ul>
  76. 76. 74. ஆத்தி ātti <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Common mountain ebony </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Bauhinia racemosa </li></ul>
  77. 77. 75.   அவரை avarai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Field-bean </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Dolichos lablab </li></ul>
  78. 78. 76. பகன்றை pakaṉṟai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Indian jalap </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ipomoea turpethum </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as சிவதை </li></ul>
  79. 79. 77. பலாசம் palācam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Palas-tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Butea frondosa </li></ul>
  80. 80. 78. பிண்டி piṇṭi <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ašōka tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Saraca indica </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as அசோகு </li></ul>
  81. 81. 79. வஞ்சி vañci <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Glabrous mahua of the Malabar coast </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Bassia malabarica, </li></ul><ul><li>Madhuca neriifolia  (Moon) </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as ஆற்றிலுப்பை </li></ul>
  82. 82. 80.   பித்திகம் pittikam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Large-flowered jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Jasminum grandiflorum </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as பிச்சி , சாதிமல்லிகை . </li></ul><ul><li>There are 80 species of jasmine in India. Further study is required to get exact names of each species mentioned here. </li></ul><ul><li>http://worldflorist.blogspot.com/2007/07/jasmine-flowers.html </li></ul>
  83. 83. 81. சிந்துவாரம் cintuvāram <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Three-leaved Chaste tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Vitex trifolia </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as கருநொச்சி </li></ul>
  84. 84. 82. தும்பை tumpai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>White dead nettle </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Leucas </li></ul><ul><li>Also means: </li></ul><ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Bitter toombay </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Leucas aspera </li></ul>
  85. 85. 83. துழாய் tuḻāy <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Sacred basil </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ocimum sanctum </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as துளசி </li></ul>
  86. 86. 84. தோன்றி tōṉṟi <ul><li>Common Name: Malabar glory Lily </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of Gloriosa superba </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as செங்காந்தள் </li></ul>
  87. 87. 85. நந்தி nanti <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>East Indian rosebay </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Tabernaemontana coronaria </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as நந்தியாவட்டம் </li></ul>
  88. 88. 86. நறவம் naṟavam <ul><li>A fragrant creeper வாசனைக்கொடிவகை </li></ul><ul><li>Not Identified </li></ul>
  89. 89. 87. புன்னாகம் puṉṉākam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Kamela </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mallotus philippinensis </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as குரங்கு மஞ்சணாறி </li></ul><ul><li>Since Punnai is already mentioned by Kapilar, I assume the second meaning (Kamela) is the flower he mentioned in the poem. </li></ul>
  90. 90. 88. பாரம் pāram <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Indian cotton-plant </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Gossypium herbaceum </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as பருத்தி </li></ul>
  91. 91. 89. பீரம் pīram <ul><li>Common Names: </li></ul><ul><li>Sponge gourd, strainer vine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Luffa acutangula </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as பீர்க்கு </li></ul>
  92. 92. 90. குருக்கத்தி kurukkatti <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Common delight of the wood </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Hiptage madablota </li></ul>
  93. 93. 91.   ஆரம் āram <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Sandalwood tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Santalum album </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as சந்தனமரம் </li></ul>
  94. 94. 92. காழ்வை kāḻvai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Eagle-wood </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Aquilaria agallocha </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as அகில் </li></ul>
  95. 95. 93. புன்னை puṉṉai <ul><li>Common Name: Mast-wood </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Calophyllum inophyllum </li></ul>
  96. 96. 94.   நரந்தம் narantam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Orange </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Citrus aurantium L. </li></ul>
  97. 97. 95. நாகப்பூ nāka-p-pū <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ironwood of Ceylon </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mesua ferrea </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as சிறுநாகப்பூ </li></ul>
  98. 98. 96.   நள்ளிருணாறி naḷḷiruṇāṟi <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Tuscan jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Jasminum sambacflore- manoraepleno jasminum sambac var. 'Grand Duke Of Tuscany‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as இருவாட்சி </li></ul>
  99. 99. 97.   குருந்தம் kuruntam <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wild lime </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Atalantia </li></ul>
  100. 100. 98.   வேங்கை vēṅkai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>East Indian kino tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Pterocarpus marsupium </li></ul>
  101. 101. 99. புழகு puḻaku <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>East Indian satin-wood, Palas tree </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Chloroxylon swietenia </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as புனமுருங்கை </li></ul>
  102. 102. பாலை - pālai Disambiguation <ul><li>13 different varieties of flowers can be addressed as pālai according to University of Madras – Tamil Lexicon. </li></ul>
  103. 103. 1. இருள்மரம் iruḷ-maram <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Ironwood of Ceylon </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name : </li></ul><ul><li>Mesua ferrea </li></ul>
  104. 104. 2. முள் மகிழ் - muḷ-makiḻ <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Woolly ironwood. முள்மகிழ் . </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Sideroxylon tomentosum </li></ul>
  105. 105. 3. காட்டிருப்பை kāṭṭiruppai   <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Indian guttapercha, </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Dichopsis elliptica ; </li></ul>
  106. 106. 4. உலக் கைப்பாலை ulakkai-p-pālai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wedge-leaved ape-flower. </li></ul><ul><li>  Scientific/ Latin Name : </li></ul><ul><li>Mimusops hexandra ; </li></ul>
  107. 107. 5. Silvery-leaved ape- flower <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Silvery-leaved ape- flower </li></ul><ul><li>  Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mimusops kauki ; </li></ul>
  108. 108. 6. ஏழிலைப்பாலை ēḻ-ilai-p-pālai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Seven-leaved milk-plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Alstonia scholaris ; </li></ul>
  109. 109. 7. குடசப்பாலை kuṭaca-p-pālai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Conessi-bark. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Holarrhena anti- dysenterica ; </li></ul>
  110. 110. 8. காட்டலரி kāṭṭalari <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Mango-like cerbera. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Tabernae- montana dichotoma ; </li></ul>
  111. 111. 9. வெட்பாலை veṭ-pālai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Blue-dyeing rosebay. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wrightia tinctoria </li></ul>
  112. 112. 10. வெட்பாலை <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Woolly dyeing rosebay. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wrightia tomentosa ; </li></ul>
  113. 113. 11. கருடப்பாலை karuṭa-p-pālai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>India-rubber vine.   </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Cryptostegia grandiflora </li></ul>
  114. 114. 12. Brazilian nutmeg <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Brazilian nutmeg </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Cryptocarya wightiana </li></ul><ul><li>Photos of the flowers not available in internet. </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.biotik.org/india/species/c/crypwigh/crypwigh_en.html </li></ul>
  115. 115. 13. கொடிப்பாலை koṭi-p-pālai  <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Green wax flower. </li></ul><ul><li>  Scientific/ Latin Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Dregea volubilis ; </li></ul>
  116. 116. முல்லை – Disambiguation <ul><li>Mullai is general term for jasmine. </li></ul><ul><li>There are around 80 varieties of Jasmine in India. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 6 atleast 6 flowers attributed to Mullai in Tamil Lexicon </li></ul>
  117. 117. 1.Arabian jasmine <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Arabian jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum sambac ; </li></ul><ul><li>Jasminum sambac is a very vast group. </li></ul><ul><li>Next three slides are Indian varieties of Jasminum sambac </li></ul>
  118. 118. 1.1. குண்டு மல்லி <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Arabian Jasmine 'Belle of India' </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum sambac var. 'Belle of India'      </li></ul><ul><li>குண்டு மல்லி </li></ul>
  119. 119. 1.2. கொடி   மல்லி   <ul><li>  Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Arabian Jasmine 'Maid of Orleans' </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum sambac var. 'Maid of Orleans'       </li></ul><ul><li>கொடி   மல்லி   </li></ul>
  120. 120. 1.3. அடுக்கு மல்லி   <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Arabian Jasmine 'Grand Duke Of Tuscany' </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum sambac var. 'Grand Duke Of Tuscany'    </li></ul><ul><li>அடுக்கு மல்லி   </li></ul>
  121. 121. 2. Trichotomum -flowering smooth jasmine <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Trichotomum-flowering smooth jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum trichotomum </li></ul><ul><li>No such Scientific name is available –most probably Clerodendrum trichotomum   - has jasmine like flowers    </li></ul>
  122. 122. 3. காட்டுமல்லிகை kāṭṭu-mallikai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wild jasmine. </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum angustifolium </li></ul>
  123. 123. 4. ஊசிமல்லிகை ūci-mallikai <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Eared jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum auriculatum </li></ul>
  124. 124. 5.Pointed leaved wild jasmine <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Pointed leaved wild jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum malabaricum ; </li></ul>
  125. 125. 6. ஈசுரமூலி īcura-mūli <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Indian birthwort </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Aristolochia indica </li></ul>
  126. 126. காட்டுமல்லிகை - Disambiguation <ul><li>There are many different varieties of Wild Jasmine many varieties in India.  </li></ul><ul><li>Next 5 will have Wild Jasmine varieties in India </li></ul>
  127. 127. 1. காட்டுமல்லிகை <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wild Jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum angustifolium   </li></ul>
  128. 128. 2. காட்டுமல்லிகை <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Cork Tree, Tree Jasmine  </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Millingtonia hortensis    </li></ul>
  129. 129. 3. காட்டுமல்லிகை <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>  Wild kundo </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum nervosum    </li></ul>
  130. 130. 4. சங்கம் <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Wild Jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Clerodendrum inerme    </li></ul>
  131. 131. 5. கொடிவகை   <ul><li>Common Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Malabar Jasmine, Wild jasmine </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific/ Latin Name: Jasminum malabaricum   </li></ul>
  132. 132. Methodology <ul><li>I have used Nachinarkuiniyar commentary to identify flower names which is not in usage now. I have used Tamil Lexicon to find the scientific names/Latin names. Using Google images I have found images for the flowers. Since Google images is not a very accurate source, I have gone through various other websites to confirm the common name and the scientific/Latin name. The list here is mostly accurate and I have mentioned comments in the places I have varied from Lexicon or Nachinarkiniyar commentary. Some flowers mentioned here are categories (it could mean lot of flowers) rather than a flower itself. I have created disambiguation page for these flowers. Finally for serious readers I have provided a further study page which have link to more details on each flower. I have tried to provide common name, scientific name and alternate Tamil name for each entry. If any reader finds any discrepancies please inform me so that I can update it. </li></ul>
  133. 133. Further Study <ul><li>Further Study Link </li></ul><ul><li>http://karkanirka.wordpress.com/2009/04/23/99tamilflowers_links/ </li></ul><ul><li>Easiest method to learn more about these flowers is to google the Scientific name. </li></ul>
  134. 134. Reference <ul><li>Ten Tamil idylls – J.V. Chellaih </li></ul><ul><li>Kurunjipaatu – Nachinarkiniyar commentry </li></ul><ul><li>Tamil Lexicon </li></ul><ul><li>Google Image search </li></ul><ul><li>Google Search </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.flowersofindia.net </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke / </li></ul>
  135. 135. Slides prepared by <ul><li>Palaniappan Vairam Sarathy </li></ul><ul><li>http://karkanirka.wordpress.com/2009/04/23/99tamilflowers_index/ </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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