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INDEX NUMBERS PRESENTED BY- Deepak Khandelwal Prakash Gupta
CONTENTS ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
INTRODUCTION ,[object Object],[object Object]
WHAT IS AN INDEX NUMBER
DEFINITION ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
CHARACTERISTICS OF INDEX NUMBERS ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
USES OF INDEX NUMBERS ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
PROBLEMS RELATED TO INDEX NUMBERS ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
CLASSIFICATION OF INDEX NUMBERS
METHODS OF CONSTRUCTING INDEX NUMBERS
SIMPLE AGGREGATIVE METHOD ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
EXAMPLE:- FROM THE DATA GIVEN BELOW CONSTRUCT THE INDEX NUMBER FOR THE YEAR 2007 ON THE BASE YEAR 2008 IN RAJASTHAN STATE . COMMODITIES UNITS PRICE (Rs) 2007 PRICE (Rs) 2008 Sugar Quintal 2200 3200 Milk Quintal 18 20 Oil Litre 68 71 Wheat Quintal 900 1000 Clothing Meter 50 60
SOLUTION:- Index Number for 2008- It means the prize in 2008  were 34.45% higher than the previous year. COMMODITIES UNITS PRICE (Rs) 2007 PRICE (Rs) 2008 Sugar Quintal 2200 3200 Milk Quintal 18 20 Oil Litre 68 71 Wheat Quintal 900 1000 Clothing Meter 50 60
SIMPLE AVERAGE OF RELATIVES METHOD . ,[object Object],Where N is Numbers Of items. When geometric mean is used-
EXAMPLE- ,[object Object],Commodities Price (2007) Price (2008) P 6 10 Q 2 2 R 4 6 S 10 12 T 8 12
SOLUTION- ,[object Object],=603.37 Commodities Price (2007) Price (2008) Price Relative P 6 10 166.7 Q 12 2 16.67 R 4 6 150.0 S 10 12 120.0 T 8 12 150.0
WEIGHTED INDEX NUMBERS ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
LASPEYRES METHOD- ,[object Object],Paasche’s Method.   This method was devised by a German statistician Paasche in 1874. The weights of current  year are used as base year in constructing the Paasche’s  Index number.
DORBISH & BOWLEYS METHOD. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
MARSHALL-EDGEWORTH METHOD. ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],q refers to the quantities of the year which is selected as the base. It may be any year, either base year or current year.
EXAMPLE- ,[object Object],[object Object],2002 2007 ITEMS PRICE PRODUCTION PRICE PRODUCTION BEEF 15 500 20 600 MUTTON 18 590 23 640 CHICKEN 22 450 24 500
SOLUTION- ITEMS PRICE PRODUCTION PRICE PRODUCTION BEEF 15 500 20 600 10000 7500 12000 9000 MUTTON 18 590 23 640 13570 10620 14720 11520 CHICKEN 22 450 24 500 10800 9900 12000 11000 TOTAL 34370 28020 38720 31520
SOLUTION- 2. Paasche’s Index : 3. Fisher Ideal Index  1.Laspeyres index :
WEIGHTED AVERAGE OF PRICE RELATIVE ,[object Object],[object Object],Where- P=Price relative V=Value weights=
VALUE INDEX NUMBERS ,[object Object]
CHAIN INDEX NUMBERS ,[object Object],[object Object]
EXAMPLE- ,[object Object],[object Object],YEAR PRICE 2006 50 2007 60 2008 65
SOLUTION- YEAR PRICE LINK RELATIVE CHAIN INDEX (BASE 2006) 2006 50 100 100 2007 60 2008 65
REFERENCES ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
 

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INDEX NUMBERS AND THEIR TYPES

  • 1. INDEX NUMBERS PRESENTED BY- Deepak Khandelwal Prakash Gupta
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. WHAT IS AN INDEX NUMBER
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 10. METHODS OF CONSTRUCTING INDEX NUMBERS
  • 11.
  • 12. EXAMPLE:- FROM THE DATA GIVEN BELOW CONSTRUCT THE INDEX NUMBER FOR THE YEAR 2007 ON THE BASE YEAR 2008 IN RAJASTHAN STATE . COMMODITIES UNITS PRICE (Rs) 2007 PRICE (Rs) 2008 Sugar Quintal 2200 3200 Milk Quintal 18 20 Oil Litre 68 71 Wheat Quintal 900 1000 Clothing Meter 50 60
  • 13. SOLUTION:- Index Number for 2008- It means the prize in 2008 were 34.45% higher than the previous year. COMMODITIES UNITS PRICE (Rs) 2007 PRICE (Rs) 2008 Sugar Quintal 2200 3200 Milk Quintal 18 20 Oil Litre 68 71 Wheat Quintal 900 1000 Clothing Meter 50 60
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22. SOLUTION- ITEMS PRICE PRODUCTION PRICE PRODUCTION BEEF 15 500 20 600 10000 7500 12000 9000 MUTTON 18 590 23 640 13570 10620 14720 11520 CHICKEN 22 450 24 500 10800 9900 12000 11000 TOTAL 34370 28020 38720 31520
  • 23. SOLUTION- 2. Paasche’s Index : 3. Fisher Ideal Index 1.Laspeyres index :
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28. SOLUTION- YEAR PRICE LINK RELATIVE CHAIN INDEX (BASE 2006) 2006 50 100 100 2007 60 2008 65
  • 29.
  • 30.