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But is an Emerging Technologies Informationist a Librarian?


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Keynote presentation for the Metro Detroit Medical Librarians Group, November 2015.

Published in: Technology

But is an Emerging Technologies Informationist a Librarian?

  1. 1. Pixelated image of red circuit board after soldering. "But is an ‘Emerging Technologies Informationist’ a Librarian?" PF Anderson MDMLG November 19, 2015
  2. 2. Once upon a time … • A historical anatomy text including what was innovative technology for its time — overlays showing the layers of the body.
  3. 3. "When I began work for public library interests in New York we had 40 free public libraries and 40,000 saloons, so that by the law of averages a boy leaving his home in the evening would pass 999 open doors with a cordial welcome to the worst influences to every one inviting him to the companionship and inspiration of the best books.” – Melvil Dewey, The Field and Future of Traveling Libraries, 1901
  4. 4. What is a librarian? Image of a person constructed of books. Image by Peacay:
  5. 5. What is a librarian? • "But the modern library is less a reservoir than a fountain. Its librarian is an active, aggressive factor in popular education. He recognizes fully his duty to get and to keep, but puts far above this his greater duty to use." – Melville Dewey. On Libraries, 1904, p. 196
  6. 6. “Students walked hundreds of miles, perhaps begging their way, to sit within sound of the voice of some chosen teacher or to read some book securely chained to a pillar. But the volume which then cost as much as a village has by the new process become as cheap as a lunch.” – Melvil Dewey, 1901
  7. 7. What is a librarian? Tommy sat down next to Jonathan and reached for the keyboard -- and Mary Kay took it away from them both. "This is my pidgin," she said firmly, and they relinquished it. (Mary Kay is one of the secret masters of the world: a librarian. They control information. Don't ever piss one off.) Spider Robinson, The Callahan Touch, p. 64.
  8. 8. What is a librarian? Deb DeGeorge was a fellow libriomancer & librarian, but whereas I worked for a small public library, she held a position with the Library of Congress in Washington, DC. She had a pair of Master's degrees, spoke & read five languages & could spout obscenities in six more, & worked as a self-described "cataloger of weird shit." Jim C. Hines, Libriomancer, p.31-32.
  9. 9. What is a librarian? • Screenshot of librarians’ brief bios from Twitter, including: – Itinerant Poetry Librarian – Daring Librarian – Jaime (A librarian) – Library of Congress – Tiffany Whitehead – Satan Librarian – “The Librarians” – Jessamyn West – Joe Murphy
  10. 10. What is a librarian? • Lots more screenshots of librarians’ brief bios from Twitter.
  11. 11. • "A glance at the development of the library idea will enable us better to predict its future, as the astronomer computes an orbit, not by study of where a body stands today, but of the track over which it has just come." – Melvil Dewey, 1901 The Helix Nebula from La Silla Observatory, Credit: WFI, MPG/ESO 2.2-m, Telescope La Silla Observatory, ESQ.
  12. 12. What do librarians do? Image of Ook, the Discworld Librarian (and an orangutan) from Terry Pratchett’s Discworld series. Image by Musgo_Flickr:
  13. 13. What have librarians always done?
  14. 14. What do librarians do? Librarians' duties vary, but no matter the task, the job comes down to one priority: Helping people. - Jennifer Alyson, “Professional Duties of a Librarian,” Houston Chronicle
  15. 15. What do librarians do? Twitter: #LibrariesTransform Because the world is at their fingertips, and the world can be a scary place. #LibrariesTransform
  16. 16. What do librarians do? Image from Second Life of an avatar who modeled himself after Melvil Dewey. Melvil Dewey was a one-man Silicon Valley born a century before Steve Jobs. He was the quintessential Industrial Age entrepreneur, but unlike the Carnegies and Rockefellers, with their industries of heavy materiality and heavy labor, Dewey sold ideas. - Shannon Mattern, “Library as Infrastructure” Places Journal
  17. 17. What have librarians always done?
  18. 18. • discover • select • collect • organize • husband • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create What have librarians always done?
  19. 19. Objects of Our Attention Image of old library sorting cards giving years from 1930 to 1980
  20. 20. "Just tell me how you learned to hear that corn." And he'd say, "It takes a lot of practice. You can't be in a hurry." And I'd say, "I have time." … And so he said, "Do this: go get to know one thing as well as you can. It should be something small. Don't start with a mountain. Don't start with the whole Pacific Ocean." Byrd Baylor & Peter Parnall, The Other Way to Listen. NY: Scribner, 1978
  21. 21. Objects of Our Attention • Images of items collected in early 20th century libraries, such as books and journals, microfilm, microfiche, and lantern slides.
  22. 22. Objects of Our Attention • Images of items typical in libraries in the mid to late 20th century, including Index Medicus …
  23. 23. Objects of Our Attention • Images of items collected in libraries from the late 80s onward. after
  24. 24. "The reason I’m spending so much time on literacy, I think, is because I am trying to wrap my head around this paradox: libraries are among the institutions striving to undo some of the inequity in our world, and yet, the principal action we take is to privilege a mode of communication used primarily by the elite." – Caleb. “A Paradox in Librarianship.” February 28, 2009 – 9:18 pm.command-f - a collaborating library thing <http://command-f. info/caleb/a-paradox-in-librarianship>
  25. 25. A Month in the Life of an ETechLib
  26. 26. Gapingvoid: Inspire, Be Inspired My Job Description from Gapingvoid:
  27. 27. Screenshot of the Google Plus site for the MLA Emerging Technologies Team MLA Systematic Review Team #6
  28. 28. • discover • select • collect • organize • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create • Tech & Support – Methodology formation – Leadership (hah!) – Team building – Google Plus, Google Hangouts, Google Drive, Bluejeans, Skype – Domain competencies (healthcare & technology) • Communities – Peers MLA Systematic Review Team #6
  29. 29. Livetweet & Storify » Sports Concussion Summit https://storify. com/pfanderson/sport- concussion-summit/preview » Microbiome Symposium https: //storify. com/pfanderson/microbiome- symposium/ » UofM's Health Professions Education Day #HPEDay https: // » What It Means To Be Multiracial in a Monoracial World https: // means-to-be-multiracial-in-a- monoracial-wo
  30. 30. Livetweet & Storify » First Generation Student Life at the University of Michigan https: // generation-student-life-at-the- university-of » James T. Neubacher Award Ceremony (with Eric Hipple) https://storify. com/pfanderson/james-t- neubacher-award-ceremony- with-eric-hipple » Stigma in Muslim-American Mental Health https://storify. com/pfanderson/stigma-in- muslim-american-mental-health » Language, Stereotypes, & Discrimination https://storify. com/pfanderson/language- stereotypes-bullying
  31. 31. • discover • select • collect • organize • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create • Tech & Support – Social networks: Facebook, Twitter, Flickr, Youtube – Rapid Web/Pubmed/Google Scholar searching (like a clinical librarian on rounds) – Image searching – Open PDF discovery – Rapid real time editing, short term memory – Content competencies • Communities – Healthcare consumers – Healthcare professionals – General public – Campus community – Departmental partnerships Livetweet & Storify
  32. 32. Tag Ontology • Screenshot of the Symplur page for the Cancer Tag Ontology. Original here: http: // hashtags/ontology/
  33. 33. Tag Ontology • Screenshot of an analysis of the utilization of the Cancer Tag Ontology. Original here: http: // specific-hashtags-for-communication-about- cancer-care-48866106
  34. 34. Tag Ontology • Screenshot: from Facebook of article announcement and attribution. Second image is a screenshot os the same from the journal site. 3rd image is out Reuters news report about teh project, profiled in “Healthy Living” http://healthylivingmagazine. us/Articles/14671/
  35. 35. Tag Ontology • discover • select • collect • organize • husband • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create • Context, structure, conceptualization • Metadata impacts • Blogging, tweeting, promotion, outreach, team building, support, research • Collaborate with team, including archive & analysis • Mentoring & best practices development
  36. 36. MakeHealth
  37. 37. MakeHealth • discover • select • collect • organize • husband • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create • Tech & Support – Research competition – Blog, tweet, troubleshoot, plan, collaboration tools • Communities – Healthcare consumers – Healthcare advocates – Researchers (grant team) – Makers, geeks, hackers, inventors …
  38. 38. “Stan Lee” & the “Leopardskin Librarian” Screenshots of certificates for the MOOC: “Rise of Superheroes and Their Impact on Pop Culture”
  39. 39. “Stan Lee” & the “Leopardskin Librarian” One sample page from the Leopardskin Librarian webcomic (http: //leopardskinlibrarian. Frame one shows a homeless woman: “The shelters, they talk to the police. He’d find me. Trust me on this. Before we married, I was a social worker. The HMIS is a knife that cuts both ways.” Frame 2 shows a librarian: “Really? But it’s February! You can’t sleep outside!” HMIS stands for Homeless Management Information System. Did you know the federal Homeless Management Information System (HMIS) is not required to follow HIPAA regulations for privacy of health information? I didn’t either.
  40. 40. “Stan Lee” & the “Leopardskin Librarian” • discover • select • collect • organize • husband • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create • Tech & Support – Mobile apps & web apps to make comics-making sustainable – Suggest Graphic Medicine titles for collection, libguide – Event on comics & disability • Communities – Campus comics interest groups – Hospital & HR
  41. 41. 3D Printing Workshop in Second Life Screenshot of a workshop presentation on 3d printing given at Virtual Ability Island in Second Life (a 3d virtual world). On the screen is shown a network map of 3d printing MeSH terms in MEDLINE.
  42. 42. 3D Printing Workshop in Second Life • discover • select • collect • organize • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create • Tech & Support – Topic competency; presentation tech competencies • Communities – Persons with disabilities & the homebound (international)
  43. 43. Wearables & Self-Tracking Screenshot of Genes for Good Ancestry data Screenshot of 23andMe Ancestry data
  44. 44. Wearables & Self-Tracking Screenshot from mobile device of an app collection for self-tracking. Examples shown include icons for AddApp, Misfit, Withings, Pebble, Track & Share Lite, Level, Yoga, Fitness Buddy, Pillow. Screenshot from AddApp set up screen showing the various types of data it can track and integrate across devices and apps: heart, steps, sleep, runs, meds, geolocation, diet, bicycling.
  45. 45. Wearables & Self-Tracking Screenshots of sleep tracker reports.
  46. 46. Wearables & Self-Tracking • discover • select • collect • organize • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create • Tech & Support – Testing apps; purchasing devices; collaboration • Communities – Local community; Campus community; Faculty support & engagement;
  47. 47. Social Media in PubMed • <> • ("second life" AND (virtual OR 3d OR immersive)) OR "virtual worlds" OR "web 3.0" OR "medicine 2.0" OR "health 2.0" OR "web 2.0" OR mashup OR "social media" OR digg OR "" OR "social bookmarking" OR wikis OR folksonomy OR wikipedia OR flickr OR twitter OR youtube OR facebook OR myspace
  48. 48. 1. Online Curves: A Quality Analysis of Scoliosis Videos on YouTube. 2. 660: USING SOCIAL MEDIA TO INCREASE THE REACH OF SCCM'S CRITICAL CARE CONGRESS. 3. YouTube Video as Health Literacy Tool: A Test of Body Image Campaign Effectiveness. 4. Identifying the most important outcomes for systematic reviews of interventions for rhinosinusitis in adults: working with Patients, Public and Practitioners. 5. Using ontologies to model human navigation behavior in information networks: A study based on Wikipedia. 6. Situations in 140 Characters: Assessing Real-World Situations on Twitter. 7. Preconception-related needs of reproductive-aged women. 8. Pro-Anorexia and Anti-Pro-Anorexia Videos on YouTube: Sentiment Analysis of User Responses. 9. CVTree3 Web Server for Whole-genome-based and Alignment-free Prokaryotic Phylogeny and Taxonomy. 10. Social media could provide early warning of virus outbreaks. 11. Follow up: Who is watching whom? ONA offers social media guidelines to protect nurses, others. 12. Childhood Physical and Sexual Abuse and Social Network Patterns on Social Media: Associations With Alcohol Use and Problems Among Young Adult Women. 13. Smoking Cessation Intervention on Facebook: Which Content Generates the Best Engagement? 14. Quantifying and Mapping Global Data Poverty. 15. SynFind: compiling syntenic regions across any set of genomes on demand. 16. Emergent health risks and audience information engagement on social media. 17. "Get drunk. Smoke weed. Have fun.": A Content Analysis of Tweets About Marijuana and Alcohol. 18. Coupled catastrophes: sudden shifts cascade and hop among interdependent systems. 19. Public Attitudes to Housing Systems for Pregnant Pigs. 20. Exploring mobile health in a private online social network.
  49. 49. Social Media in PubMed (2009) • n = 426 total • 2008 = 161 • 2007 = 80 (>14 not relevant) • 2006 = 37 (>16 not relevant) • 2005 = 26 (8 relevant)
  50. 50. Social Media in PubMed (2015) • n = 6435 total • 2015 = 1573 • 2014 = 1558 • 2013 = 1264 • 2012 = 915 • 2011 = 627 • 2010 = 371 • 2009 = 232 • 2008 = 167 • 2007 = 95 • 2006 = 40 • 2005 = 25
  51. 51. Social Media in PubMed (2009) • n = 426 • Largest concepts: – Web 2.0 – Virtual worlds – Wikis/Wikipedia – Myspace – Youtube
  52. 52. Social Media in PubMed (2015) • n = 6892 • Largest concepts: – Social Media – Social Networking – Facebook – Twitter – Youtube
  53. 53. Social Media in PubMed (2015) • n = 6892 • Largest concepts: – Social Media – Social Networking – Facebook – Twitter – Youtube •
  54. 54. community
  55. 55. consumers special needs advocates
  56. 56. teaching learning
  57. 57. clinicians allied health
  58. 58. researchers life science clinical informatics translational Image by BWJones:
  59. 59. health management
  60. 60. peers
  61. 61. • "One of the responsibilities of information professionals in the digital age is to point researchers to papers or interesting blogposts about emerging topics." – Dean Giustini. 'Open Science' & 'Research 2.0' in Scholarship. Posted on February 27, 2009 - 18:59 Open Medicine Blog.
  62. 62. How Do You Serve?
  63. 63. Social NOT-Working WHY NOT anonymity fear of reprisal marketing control IP/brand personal gain don't see value social search/efficiency don't have time don't have tech transparency/trust HIPAA; contracts; scooping isolation > belonging isolation > don't know brainstorming independence emotional support privacy altruism collaboration conversation
  64. 64. Social Media Risks: Intellectual Property / Privacy • Screenshot of a delicious collection including an image that is blocked in Flickr.
  65. 65. Strategy: Sorry • Accept that some content will be stolen. • Create your content with your brand embedded throughout. • The best defense is a strong offense • But no real answer at this time
  66. 66. Social Media Risks: Looking Silly
  67. 67. Strategy: Use Common Sense • Tweet: Early Show rules for tweeting: Treat it like e-mail -- you can’t take it back. Don’t tweet when you’re angry or drunk.
  68. 68. Social Media Risks: Spam & Griefers & Bots (Oh, My) • “ever since @haikutwaiku started aggregating twaiku without giving credit to the authors, I’ve been turned off posting twaiku here” @moritherapy, Jan 8, 2009
  69. 69. Strategy: Open/Closed Balance • Don’t follow everyone • Especially don’t AUTOFOLLOW • Check out the people you do follow • Don’t be afraid to file a griefing or spam report • Enlist support of others with same problem
  70. 70. Social Media Risks: Quality ‘If not by Scriptures, how can we be sure,’ Replied the Panther, ‘what tradition’s pure? For you may palm upon us new for old: All, as they say, that glitters, is not gold.’ John Dryden, The Hind and the Panther (1687), lines 212-215.
  71. 71. Strategy: Well, duh! • Come on - we’re librarians!! – Grain of salt – Consider the source – Who watches the watchers
  72. 72. Social Media Risks: Magpie Moments Social Media Risks: Magpie Moments • “But it GLITTERS!!” the magpie replies. “Ooooh, shiny, shineeeee!” – PF Anderson, 2009.
  73. 73. Strategy: Blink Think Also called “Thin Slicing” Cast your virtual net widely”, skim, see what sticks or jumps out at you Don’t worry about what you miss - someone else will find it and tell you about it
  74. 74. Social Media Risks: Speed & Stress We typically regard our snap judgment as best on immediate trivial questions. Is that person attractive? Do I want that candy bar? But Dijksterhuis is suggesting the opposite: that maybe that big computer in our brain that handles out unconscious is at its best when it has to juggle many competing variables. Gladwell, Malcolm. Afterword. Blink. NY: Back Bay Books, 2005, p. 267.
  75. 75. Strategy: Time Limits
  76. 76. Dunbar’s Number - NOT! • Hutchinson Carpenter, I’m Not Actually a Geek: http://bhc3. serendipity-of-attention/
  77. 77. Science 2.0: Scooped • Example tweets with opposing views about being “scooped”: 1) https://twitter. com/mdshawkey/status/64962077636729651 3 2) https://twitter. com/ChrisFiloG/status/651863285784928256
  78. 78. Trends: Economics • “In evolution, you don’t find innovative mutation occurring at the warm core of the herd—it’s the organisms at the brink of starvation that change. In microbial populations like cyanobacteria, the organisms literally switch modes from storing fat to just mutating like crazy if all else fails. They literally up their mutation rate when they’re deprived of all essential nutrients.” – Steve Jurvetson on nature’s nanotechnology:
  79. 79. Let’s put it all together Image by bwjones:
  80. 80. content
  81. 81. content conversation
  82. 82. conversation connection
  83. 83. connection convergence
  84. 84. convergence confluence
  85. 85. confluence influence
  86. 86. influence intent
  87. 87. intent content
  88. 88. Collaborative Librarianship • content • conversation • connection • convergence • confluence • influence • intent • content • discover • select • collect • organize • husband • access • preserve • assist • share • teach • outreach • research • advocacy • create { }
  89. 89. • "The cheapness and quickness of modern methods of communication has been like a growth of wings, so that a thousand things which were thought to belong like trees in one place may travel about like birds.” – Dewey, 1901 Image by 1sock:
  90. 90. The One Slide Project / Can you and your loved ones answer these questions? 1. On a scale of 1 to 5, would you rather die in your own bed with no intervention (1) or try any proven or unproven intervention possible to preserve your life (5)? 2. If there were a choice, would you rather die at home or in a hospital? 3. Could a loved one correctly describe how you’d like to be treated in the case of a terminal illness? 4. Is there someone you trust that you’ve appointed to advocate on your behalf when the time is near? 5. Have you completed any of the following: written a living will, appointed a healthcare power of attorney, or completed an advanced directive?
  91. 91. Contact PF Anderson HSL/UM, 1135 E Catherine Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2038
  92. 92. “Bio” Patricia F. Anderson is the Emerging Technologies Informationist for the University of Michigan Taubman Health Sciences Library at the University of Michigan. Some of the stranger things she does in her job include: » to work and teach in Second Life, » tweet up a fury as @pfanderson, » support health comic design initiatives, » write, present, & publish on personal genomics and quantified self and online sex ed, » and more.
  93. 93. Credits • All images by RosefireRising or PF Anderson unless other attribution is provided. • Dewey (1901) quotations from: – Dewey, Melvil. Field and Future of Traveling Libraries. Published by University of the State of New York, 1901. Original from Harvard University. Digitized Apr 5, 2006. <> • Dewey (1904) quotations from: – Dewey, Melvil. On Libraries: For Librarians. Published by Dodd, Mead & co., 1904. Original from the University of Michigan. Digitized Oct 2, 2006. <>
  94. 94. • Thank you very much
  95. 95. See you next time! PF Anderson Emerging Technologies Librarian, UM |