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Pedagogy and School Libraries: Developing agile approaches in a digital age
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Rethinking Learning in the Age of Digital Fluency

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Digital connectivity is a transformative phenomenon of the 21st century. While many have debated its impact on society, educators have been quick to mandate technology in school development - often without analysing the digital fluency of those involved, and the actual impact on learning. Is being digitally tethered creating a new learning nexus for those involved?

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Rethinking Learning in the Age of Digital Fluency

  1. FACULTY OF EDUCATION CHARLES STURT UNIVERSITY Rethinking Learning in the age of digital fluency ICT Integration Conference 2015 | Will IT blend? Judy O’Connell 14 October, 2015
  2. Rethinking Learning in the age of digital fluency
  3. Challenge
  4. Challenge
  5. "Gutenberg Parenthesis” or ……Living the dream!
  6. Eisenstadt (a Gutenberg scholar): the book did not take on its own form until 50 years after it was invented by Gutenberg. Printing was originally called "automatic handwriting." [horseless carriage]
  7. The Web at 25+ Overall verdict: “The internet has been a plus for society and an especially good thing for individual users”
  9. Trends in knowledge construction and participatory culture nature and scope of knowledge
  10. Technology context flickr photo by giulia.forsythe shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-SA) license more than a ‘flipped classroom’ to ensure a pedagogical approach for co-construction of knowledge in a digital information ecology
  11. not just a discussion about selfies Robert Cornelius in 1839, believed to be the world's first selfie. Photograph: Library of Congress digital footprint
  12. chirp! a plant watering alarm drone pilot locates missing 82-year-old man after three day search not just a about the latest technology man accused of murder asked Siri where to hide the body living replica of Vincent Van Goh’s ear
  13. flickr photo by furiousgeorge81 shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license Igniting a new culture of learning
  14. The great challenge of a digital education is meeting the connected creative needs of students who have grown up in the digital era, and at the same time meeting the expectations of teachers and parents who haven’t!
  15. a new learning nexus digital
  16. Doomsday Reloaded
  17. Lost collection of Andy Warhol art recovered from floppy disks
  18. Information architecture AND digital fluency
  19. Web 3.0 Web 1.0 Web x.0 Web 2.0 Semantic Web The Web Meta Web Social Web Degree of Social Connectivity DegreeofInformationConnectivity cc""Steve"Wheeler,"University"of"Plymouth,"2010" Semantic Web of knowledge Semantic Web of intelligence Web of information Web of people & social information DegreeofInformationConnectivity
  20. The semantic web, or web 3.0, is all about data integration. it is an infrastructure technology and an organised approach to metadata cc licensed ( BY NC SD ) flickr photo by Jason A. Samfield:
  21. you won’t see a “Web 3.0 inside’ label Much more than just BIG DATA and cloud storage!
  22. This socially powered web is exploding, and is the new baseline for all our internet and technology empowered interactions.
  23. Making it possible to federate,
 query, browse, gather and
 recommend information from
 disparate sources.
  24. Thomas, D., & Brown, J. S. (2011). A new culture of learning: Cultivating the imagination for a world of constant change (Vol. 219). Lexington, KY: CreateSpace. “Information absorption is a cultural and social process of engaging with the constantly changing world around us”. p47
  25. changing their reading and information encounters
  26. changing their creative encounters
  27. changing their real world opportunities The Fab Lab Network covers more than 40 countries in more than 200 labs in the world. Every Fab Lab is a potential classroom for the Fab Academy.
  28. The Robots and Dinosaurs Hackerspace meets right here in Sydney and offers a communal space where geeks and artists brainstorm ideas, play games, work on collaborative projects, and share the cost of some great tools.
  29. Lifelong engagement with digital content! A definitive guide to verifying digital content for emergency coverage
  30. It seems that a range of new forms of learning are still relatively unrecognised or even unacceptable within formal settings, and even possibly informal ones. Mixed messages around technology flickr photo by FotoGrazio shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license
  31. Mixed approaches to participatory pedagogies Many important questions are raised when “established” learning theories are seen through technology. X
  32. Participatory pedagogy Participatory pedagogies recognise the popular and cultural meanings of apps, social media and tools and the ways in which young people adapt such media in both reflexive and non-reflexive ways for their own aims and purposes.
  33. Participatory pedagogy They include such activities as learning through social networking, searching and retrieving information, researching information, using information, games, collaboration and shared interests.
  34. Participatory pedagogy Encouraging young people to become reflexive, or more reflexive, about their practices, behaviours and ethics is vital both in the development of their stance as media managers and producers and in the development of voice, agency, personalisation and an ethical stance to their own practices.
  35. In talking about the essential paradigm shift that is taking place, Stanley (2011) highlights three areas of influence: Information fluency — using search engines effectively; evaluating online information; collaborating in virtual environments, and delivering material resources online. Digital citizenship — understanding responsible and ethical use of information, and maintaining safe online practices. Digital storytelling — reading, writing and listening to books in many formats; creating, collaborating and sharing in a range of mediums. Digital influences Stanley. D.B. (2011). Change has arrived for school libraries, School Library Monthly, 27 (4)4, 45–47.
  36. • “Knowledge assembly,” building a “reliable information hoard” from diverse sources. • Retrieval skills, plus “critical thinking” for making informed judgements about retrieved information, with wariness about the validity and completeness of internet sources. • Reading and understanding non-sequential and dynamic material. • Awareness of the value of traditional tools in conjunction with networked media. • Awareness of “people networks” as sources of advice and help. • Using filters and agents to manage incoming information. • Being comfortable with publishing and communicating information as well as accessing it. Bawden, D. (2008). Chapter One: Origins and concepts of digital literacy. In Digital literacies: concepts, policies & practices (pp. 17–32). Peter Lang Publishing, Inc. Digital literacy
  37. Heuristics for instructional design? flickr photo by olgaberrios shared under a Creative Commons (BY) license
  38. Media literacy nature and role of subliminal media effects “The entire process is fundamentally rhetorical: it concerns the transformation of an audience” McLuhan, E., & McLuhan, M. (2011). Theories of communication. Peter Lang. flickr photo by Striking Photography by Bo Insogna shared under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) license
  39. Digital literacy “reading and writing in a digital environment, in order to position where the literacy action is taking place and that it can be authentic, multimodal, far reaching, multi-tool, and code interdependent” Chase, Z., & Laufenberg, D. (2011). Digital literacies: Embracing the squishiness of digital literacy. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 54(7), 535–537
  40. transliteracy is not about learning text literacy and visual literacy and digital literacy in isolation from one another but about the interaction of these literacies Transliteracy Thomas, S., Joseph, C., Laccetti, J., Mason, B., Mills, S., Perril, S., & Pullinger, K. (2007). Transliteracy: crossing divides. First Monday, 12(12).
  41. Information literacy “the evolution of Web 2.0 and the revolution of social media and social networking requires a fundamental shift in how we think about information literacy” Mackey, T. P., & Jacobson, T. E. (2014). Metaliteracy: reinventing information literacy to empower learners. American Library Association.
  42. comprehensive examination approach to metacognition, multiple intelligence theory, multi- literacies, multiple literacies, transliteracy, convergence and multimodal literacy. Metaliteracy
  43. ….not intended to invoke yet another meta- or grand narrative but rather to acknowledge the fragmented and centred nature of information in the post-modern age Metaliteracy
  44. …..or any other bunch of new literacies - they ALL really matter!
  45. Heuristics for instructional design! Each of these has a common purpose to break overall cognitive development process into parts that can more easily structure educational processes and goals, and scaffold learning and individual knowledge development.
  46. What is really at stake?
  47. Davies, A., Fidler, D., & Gorbis, M. (2011). Future work skills 2020.
  48. Evolving Learning Landscape Current thinking about 21st century skills, and the learning experiences that support their development, are essential starting points for capacity building. A list of the workforce skills presented by Davies, et al (2011, pp. 8-12) include: • Sense-making • Social intelligence • Novel and adaptive thinking • Cross-cultural competency • Computational thinking • New-media literacy • Transdisciplinarity • Design mindset • Cognitive load management • Virtual collaboration
  49. The Future of Work 2015 “In addition to affecting the type of work we do, digital and mobile technologies are changing how we do it, where we do it (at home or remotely) and who our competition is”. MIT Technology Review -
  50. This is more than technology! All professions of the future require digital and information fluency
  51. Foundation for young Australians 2015
  52. Trends, challenges and development in technologies that will influence the future of schools and libraries NMC Horizon Reports Using a modified Delphi process, a panel of 50+ education and technology experts identify topics very likely to impact technology planning and decision- making: six key trends, six significant challenges and six important developments in technology.
  53. Think critically, question fearlessly, reflect personally
  54. Sustainable learning involves a pedagogic fusion between environments, tools, formats and meta-literacy capabilities. (Mackey & Jacobson 2011) Mackey, T P and Jacobson, T E 2011, ‘Reframing information literacy as a metaliteracy’, College & Research Libraries, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 62–78.
  55. Learning futures
  56. The question is.....?
  57. How should we foster and prepare for this digital fluency? cc licensed ( BY NC SA ) flickr photo by fatboyke (Luc):
  58. More content, streams of data, topic structures, (theoretically) better quality - all of these in online environments require an equivalent shift in our online capabilities.
  59. In an age of information abundance learning to effectively search is one of the most important skills most teachers are often NOT teaching
  60. 63 cc  licensed  (  BY  NC  )  flickr  photo  by  Cayusa:  h=p:// “the first search result is clicked on twice as much as the second, and the second twice as much as the third”. Dan Russell, Google’s usability chief
  61. Rather than simply identifying a useful page, these systems try to pull the information from those pages that might be what a user is looking for, and to make this immediately apparent. More informative results?
  62. ✴ Those who know how to “think” about search, versus those who don’t ✴ Those who know how to validate soft information, versus those who don’t ✴ Those who know how to find information in new ‘hot’ channels versus those who don’t ✴ Those who know how to get information to travel to them, versus those who still chase it.
  63. What’s the story with the yellow blotch? SearchReSearch blog A blog about search, search skills, teaching search, learning how to search, learning how to use Google effectively, learning how to do research. It also covers a good deal of sense making and information foraging.
  64. For several years people have been fascinated by small, robot- like figures popping up in city streets and other innocuous places. These figures, now documented in flickr pools and blog posts from cities arose the world, can be attributed to Stikman (sometimes searched for and referred to as "stickman"), an anonymous graffiti artist, sometimes perhaps going by the alias "Bob," who has been putting these images up since at least 2006. Search for 'painted yellow man robot' yielded 'stickman' for a better explanation. About 3 minutes Reply
  65. Wednesday, September 30, 2015 Search Challenge (9/30/15): Thinking outside the box Some problems are hard. But often, if you know where and how to search, the answers can be found without an excess of work. This week's Challenge is an example of exactly this idea. If you spend more than 5 minutes on this Challenge, you should stop and think to yourself: How else can I solve this Challenge? Once you figure out the method, you'll see why I've posted this particular Challenge, and you'll have yet another arrow in your quiver of SearchResearch skills.
  66. 1. Can you create a chart showing the difference in the populations between North and South Korea since 1970? (Just a simple line graph would be fine, thanks.) 2. Can you compute the market cap, total revenue, and number of outstanding shares for each of the companies IBM, Apple, Google, and Xerox? 3. Having recently dived in the Caribbean, I'm really interested in whale sharks. Can you quickly compare blue whales, gray whales, sperm whales, and whale sharks in terms of (a) lifespan, (b) maximum length, (c) weight? (Just the facts, ma'am.) As I said, this really is a 5 minute Challenge. Do you know a method to make your searches that quick and effective for this kinds of data collection / comparison? Search on!
  67. Learn about the latest additions to search so as to get the most out of Google. thestory/index.html
  68. Google Knowledge Graph When you search, you’re not just looking for a webpage. You’re looking to get answers, understand or explore. Google alerts too!
  69. knowledge encounters helping students broaden the scope of their information seeking
  72. What else is really at stake?
  73. FutureLab (2010) propose that being “digitally literate is to have access to a broad range of practices and cultural resources that you are able to apply to digital tools. It is the ability to make and share meaning in different modes and formats; to create, collaborate and communicate effectively and to understand how and when digital technologies can best be used to support these processes.’
  76. Global Images The key goal of The Commons is to share hidden treasures from the world's public photography archives.
  77. Explore it all!
  78. Europeana enables people to explore the digital resources of Europe's museums, libraries, archives and audio-visual collections. Linked Open Data on the Web. The site currently contains metadata on 3.5 million texts, images, videos and sounds.
  79. The Scout Report is the flagship publication of the Internet Scout Research Group. Published every Friday both on the Web and by email subscription, it provides a fast, convenient way to stay informed.
  80. What else can we do?
  81. cc licensed flickr photo by assbach: Gather Seek Follow Explore Cultivating inquisitive mindsets
  82. I need to search, scan, and select the best resources I can find for my own personal interests, and by making my choices available to others, I create a resource for many besides myself.It’s about knowing, learning, sharing, and teaching, all in one. Turn personal interest into a community of interest The Solution: Infotention Training
  83. ‘crap’ detection cc licensed flickr photo by selva: Information labyrinth Howard Rheingold Nurture strategies for information fluency
  84. Gapminder fact-based world view
  85. Google Public Data Explorer
  86. Evernote for Educators Digital practices
  87. h=p:// Modelling exemplary use of social media, search engines, and collaborative research strategies.
  88. The benefits of content curation is that you don’t re-invent the wheel - you share! Create | Collate | Contribute
  89. Feedly is a great RSS feed reader to help you monitor lots of resources quickly. Smore or Tackk works well to create newsletter types of pages where you can add new resources and news. Flipboard Magazines allow you to create collections of articles, links to resources, images, news and more. Users can subscribe and get updates in a variety of ways, depending on the source. Tumblr blog – it’s easy to add notes, photos, links to articles to a tumblr. Your audience can subscribe to update through their own tumblr account, visit it via it’s URL or via an RSS feed Diigo Groups – Bookmark items in Diigo and add items to a diigo group that your audience can subscribe to updates via email or RSS. RSS magic – Anything with an RSS feed gives you lots more options. Readers can subscribe via their own feed reader or email. And you can display updates in a widget on your web/wiki pages. Create | Collate | Contribute
  90. Create | Collate | Contribute
  91. Periodic Table of QR codes on Flickr Create | Collate | Contribute
  92. find fabulous guides on Flickr ready for you to use
  93. Find free images online PhotoPin – My first stop for photo searching. Very easy to use and searches a number of sources for CC licensed photos. CC search – search for images, video and music from one search page. Handy! Flickr advanced search – Scroll to the botton of the screen and select the Creative Commons setting & “Find content to modify, adapt, or build upon” Model the future! Create | Collate | Contribute
  94. Model the future! Create | Collate | Contribute
  95. Spell with Flickr Create | Collate | Contribute
  96. Creative Commons Creative Commons licensing allows for reuse of a image (and other intellectual content) under certain conditions. The licensing is easy to understand and having students select how they want to license their own work is a great way to get students thinking about copyright, reuse and attribution. Model the future!
  97. Creative commons licenses work as “some rights reserved rule instead of “all rights reserved” rule. Diverse set of license conditions with a range of freedoms and limitations.
  98. Last one - Just for fun :-) Model the future!
  100. in Chrome
  101. Rethinking Learning in the age of digital fluency
  102. • Communication –sharing thoughts, questions, ideas and solutions • Curation –collecting and reflecting on what we encounter • Collaboration –working together to reach a goal –putting talent, expertise and ‘smarts’ to work • Critical thinking –looking at problems in a new way –linking learning across subjects and disciplines • Creativity –trying new approaches to get things done –innovation and invention
  103. heyjudeonline Judy O’Connell Judy O’Connell
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Digital connectivity is a transformative phenomenon of the 21st century. While many have debated its impact on society, educators have been quick to mandate technology in school development - often without analysing the digital fluency of those involved, and the actual impact on learning. Is being digitally tethered creating a new learning nexus for those involved?


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