The Web at 25!
Overall verdict: !
The internet has been a plus for society and an
especially good thing for individual users!
Eisenstadt (a Gutenberg scholar): the book did not take
on its own form until 50 years after it was invented by
Gutenberg. Printing was originally called "automatic
handwriting." [horseless carriage]!
Blueprint for successful leadership!!
creative commons licensed (BY-SA) ﬂickr photo by Atos International: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/atosorigin/11116578645 !
Knowing the trends in knowledge
construction and participatory culture.!
Knowing how to leverage social media.!
Is the “Gutenberg Parenthesis” a way of
understanding the introduction of the
ﬂipped classroom and its epistemological
Thomas, D., & Brown, J. S. (2011). A new culture of learning: Cultivating the imagination for a world of
constant change (Vol. 219). Lexington, KY: CreateSpace.
“Information absorption is a
cultural and social process of
engaging with the constantly
changing world around us”. p47!
We have a digital knowledge
ecosystem which demands a new
knowledge flow between content and connections.
creative commons licensed (BY-NC-SA) ﬂickr photo by kassemmounhem: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/122638947@N08/13889171653 !
“The current learning landscape is constantly changing in terms of what is
learned, the context in which learning takes place, and who is
learning.”(Paas, 2011, p. 2) !
The following aspects impact on the learner or his/her learning:!
o Evolving needs of learners!
o Developing knowledge building environments!
o Focusing on personalisation!
o Evolving spaces for learning!
o Evolving learning devices or hardware!
o Evolving pedagogy!
Paas, F Van Merrienboer, J and Van Gog, T 2011, ‘Designing instruction for the contemporary learning landscape’, in K R Harris, S Graham !
& T Urdan (eds.), APA Educational Psychology Handbook: Vol. 3. Application to Learning and Teaching, Washington: American!
Psychological Association, pp. 335-357, viewed 14 May 2012, http://ro.uow.edu.au/edupapers/374/!
Davies, A., Fidler, D., & Gorbis, M. (2011).
Future work skills 2020.
Evolving Learning Landscape"
Current thinking about 21st century skills, and the learning
experiences that support their development, are essential
starting points for capacity building. A list of the workforce
skills presented by Davies, et al (2011, pp. 8-12) include:"
• Social intelligence
• Novel and adaptive thinking
• Cross-cultural competency
• Computational thinking
• New-media literacy
• Design mindset
• Cognitive load management
• Virtual collaboration
Sustainable learning involves
a pedagogic fusion between
environments, tools, formats
and meta-literacy capabilities.
(Mackey & Jacobson 2011)
Mackey, T P and Jacobson, T E 2011, ‘Reframing information literacy as a metaliteracy’, College & Research
Libraries, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 62–78.
“Skills have become the global currency of 21st-
century economies” (OECD, 2012, p. 10). In this
context, skills are defined as the combination of
knowledge, attributes and competencies that
can be learned and that allow an individual to
successfully perform a task.
These skills can be built upon through continuous
learning.The sum of the skills available to any
given economy forms the human capital of the
OECD 2012, Better skills, better jobs, better lives: a strategic approach to skills policies, OECD Publishing, viewed 14
July 2012, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264177338-en
Establish lifelong and
life-wide learning as the
central paradigm for the
future. (Redecker et al, 2011, p.10).
Redecker C, Leis M, Leendertse M, Punie Y, Gijsbers G, Kirschner P, Stoyanov S & Hoogerveld B 2011, The future of
learning: preparing for change, Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, JRC European Commission.
School of Information Studies Faculty of EducationSchool of Information Studies Faculty of Education
The evidence is that technologies and
social media platforms are driving an
unprecedented re-organisation of the
cc licensed ( BY NC ) flickr photo by Ward.: http://flickr.com/photos/wards/521247814/
Connected learning is a real-world
activity. It’s social. It’s active. It’s
networked. It’s personal. It’s effective. !
creative commons licensed (BY) ﬂickr photo by miss karen: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/misbehave/2352753067!
The urgent dimensions of learning!
“The mechanisms for engaging with information and processes of learning in
the acquisition of new knowledge has become a deeper process of individual
and collaborative learning activities, problem solving and artefact
development, occurring through an integration of face-to-face and online
interactions within a community, involving absorption, integration and
systemisation of the information received by the receiver in their own pre-
existing cognitive structure, which are the result of personal experience, and
earlier knowledge transactions”.
Trentin, G., (2011). Technology and knowledge flows : the power of networks. Chandos Pub, Oxford.
3D pen prints live cells on a damaged bone
Neurosurgoens implant 3D printed skull
3D Digital Fabrication!
Mobility components printed for size
cc licensed ( BY NC SD ) ﬂickr photo by Pete Prodoehl: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/raster/6128718951/
Makerspace in your school!"
Think smarter. Be new. !
Untethered = Empowered!
Our students, voracious social media users, may be
hiding some of their story, faking perfection through their
perfect-only ﬁnal product. But, there is no “faking out”
innovative educators – their teachers. Teachers know that
the process of getting there is less than a perfect road
and where the learning happens. The imperfect road
becomes the strength of the lesson. !
• Peer critiquing!
• User-generated content!
• Collective aggregation!
• Community formation!
• Digital personas!
• Digital Citizenship!
adding interactivity and connectivity to everyday things!
Our digital information ecology is a remix of
different forms of technology, devices, data
repositories, information retrieval,
information sharing, networks and
communication. New technological tools are
expanding — and fundamentally altering —
the ways we can interact with each other
and the world. !
Knowledge as a Thing and
read in all contexts and differentiate !
in order to !
creative commons licensed (BY-NC) ﬂickr photo by hjl: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/hjl/9609706361!
Microlearning: hungry for knowledge nuggets!
Microlearning ticks all the teaching boxes: bite-sized
nuggets of content are easy to digest, understand
and remember. Often mobile-friendly, visual and
sharable, the short bursts of information leave you
sufﬁciently satisﬁed and likely to come back for more.!
At the BI Norwegian School of Business, through a number of pilot programmes, they
have been adapting fragmented content to mobile devices, ﬁnding that the right mix of
mobile learning makes courses more engaging and also helps part-time students stay up-
What’s the story
with the yellow
You could try .....!
Hint - this is Stickman!!
The way you use a search engine, stream
video from your phone, update your
Facebook status, edit a wikipedia page,
matters to you, to me, and to everyone,
because the way people use a new
medium in its early years can inﬂuence
the way that medium is used and misused
for centuries to come.!
cc licensed ﬂickr photo by assbach: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/assbach/253218488/
Cultivating scholarly inquisitive mindsets!
More content, streams of data,
topic structures, (theoretically)
better quality - all of these in
require an equivalent shift in our
.... because your knowledge and my knowledge,
based on what search results we are served, may be
very different from each other.
Google creates the illusion of accessibility
creative commons licensed (BY-NC-SA) ﬂickr photo by ptrlx: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/ptrlx/6593024909!
It is no longer far-fetched to envision a world
where all objects and devices are connected to
act in concert. NMC Horizon Report: 2014 K-12 Edition!
creative commons licensed (BY-NC-SA) ﬂickr photo by the waving cat: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/thewavingcat/9510533164!
The world's ﬁrst microchip, handmade in 1958 by Jack Kilby.
This piece of history won Kilby a Nobel Prize and represents
one of the ﬁrst steps leading to the modern computing era. !
The ‘back-story’ of the digital revolution –
digitisation for information storage, retrieval,
accessibility, and usage that has changed the
face of the digital information ecology in the
creative commons licensed (BY-NC-SA) ﬂickr photo by Tal Bright: http://ﬂickr.com/photos/bright/17378095!
Lost collection of Andy Warhol art
recovered from ﬂoppy disks!
Europeana enables people to explore the
digital resources of Europe's museums, libraries,
archives and audio-visual collections.
Linked Open Data on the Web. The site currently contains
metadata on 3.5 million texts, images, videos and sounds.
.... what is your discovery interface?
• Points on the curriculum and the interest continuum!
• Interfaces to support searching and discovery!
• Natural, predictive, responsive!
• Multimodal, multi-depository, relevant, ﬁltered!
How do you stack up?
Your leadership context! !
.... strategic directions for knowledge interactions
New open access
New global connections
New learning community
Your leadership context! !
At last we are connected together in
leading and learning!
…if we draw on expertise for ways of
supporting learning in the newly emerging
Web 3.0 information ecology!