History• Los Dias de los Muertos, the Day of the Dead, is a traditional Mexico holiday honoring the dead.• It is not a sad time, but instead a time of remembering and rejoicing.• Gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died• National Holiday in Mexico but it is celebrated all over the world• The celebration takes place on November 1st and 2nd
Activities• dancing with colorful costumes, often with skull-shaped masks and devil masks in the plaza or garden of the town.• Parades – people gather around the streets to watch the processions of marchers in costume march down the street representing death.
Traditions• Skeletons – Chocolate skulls, marzipan coffins, and white chocolate skeletons. Handmade skeleton figurines. These usually show an active and joyful afterlife.• Flowers – the yellow marigold symbolizes the short duration of life. – Wreaths made of flowers, both real and plastic, are often placed on the grave sites. – Other flowers: white amaryllis, wild orchids, babys breath and ruby coxcombs• Food – Pan De Los Muertos- A sweet bread is baked and decorated with skulls.
Papel Picado• Papel Picado is a traditional art used to decorate homes, businesses, markets and altars in preparation for the Day of the Dead.• Thin tissue paper is used in repetition for decoration.
October 31Infants and children who havedied are angelitos, or "littleangels." They follow the path ofmarigolds home, where theirfamilies have altars with pan demuertos, sweet tamales and sugarcalaveras. November 1 The angelitos must be gone. The offerings at the altars are appointed for the "faithful dead" or adult souls with pan de muertos, tamales, mole, cigarettes and tequila. November 2 Mummers run around town wearing masks to chase the stubborn souls back to the land of the dead.
Altars• families arrange ofrendas or "altars" with flowers, bread, fruit and candy.• Pictures of the deceased family members are added.• In the afternoon, all night burning candles are lit - it is time to remember the departed - the old ones, their parents and grandparents.• Altars should include: – A picture of the one being remembered – Items they were fond of – Something to snack on – Candles – Flowers – Gifts