Chapter 21

320 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
320
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 21

  1. 1. Shaping the Peace
  2. 2.  Presented to Congress before war ended  Plan made in idealistic terms  Hoped to prevent future wars  1st 5 Points  Factors that led to war  Wanted to eliminate secret international agreements  Freedom of seas  Free trade among nations  Sharp reduction in world’s military force  Settlement of colonial claims
  3. 3.  Points 6-13  Dealt w/ specific territorial issues  Self rule for national minority groups in A-H & OE  Later turned into call for self-determination  Right of a group to decide its own form of government  Point 14  Setting up an international organization to guarantee world peace
  4. 4.  Wilson, Lloyd George, & Clemenceau organized in Paris for peace conference  Wilson’s 14 Points thrilled Europe’s population  The Big 4  Wilson, Georges Clemenceau, David Lloyd George, & Vittorio Orlando  Made major decisions at conference  All did not agree w/ Wilson’s idealistic goal of peace  Wanted to punish Germany  Secret treaties were also signed during the war dividing up the territories & colonies of Central Powers
  5. 5.  Dealt w/ Germany severely  Territory on Germany’s borders & colonies stripped away  Forced to accept full responsibility for war & pay Allies huge reparations  Placed limits on size & nature of Germany’s military  League of Nations formed  Provided place for countries to meet, settle disputes peacefully, & punish any nation that broke the peace  June 28, 1919 Germany reluctantly signed treaty  Anger at Treaty of Versailles would set the stage for WWII
  6. 6.  Treaties arranged w/ other Central Powers  Applied principle of self-determination for people of Eastern Europe  Did not apply to non-Europeans  Britain & France divided Germany’s African colonies  Ottoman Empire dissolved, became Turkey
  7. 7.  Wilson urged Senate to ratify Treaty of Versailles  Forcefully backed League of Nations  U.S. must accept its destiny to lead the world on a new path  Lodge Opposes  Many Senators opposed treaty  Henry Cabot Lodge  Opposed U.S. joining LON  Would restrict the right of U.S. to act independently
  8. 8.  September  Wilson set out on a tour to gain public support  8,000 miles in 3 weeks, giving 40 speeches  October 2  Suffered major stroke, paralyzed left side  Continued to reject all compromise on the treaty  November 1919  Senate voted to reject the treaty  Absence of U.S. crippled LON to stem the crises that came in the 1930s
  9. 9.  U.S. didn’t adjust easily to peace after war  Influenza Epidemic  Took 500,000 lives in 1918 in the U.S.  Labor Unrest  High employment rates as soldiers came home to seek jobs  Union’s demanded higher wages w/ stiff resistance from management  1919 4 million laborers went on strike  Red Scare  Americans feared Communists were behind labor unrest  Fear of Communist revolution gripped the nation  General A. Mitchell Palmer ordered immigrants suspected of radical views to be rounded up and deported

×