Us involvement in the great war8 6.1


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Us involvement in the great war8 6.1

  1. 1. US Involvement in The Great War (WW1) & Impact on South Carolina 8.6-1—Explain the reasons for United States involvement in World War I and the war’s impact on South Carolina and the nation as a whole, including the building of new military bases and the economic impact of emigration to industrial jobs in the North.
  2. 2. Part 1: US Involvement in WW1 • US declared neutrality • Continued trading with Great Britain • Blockades of German ports by the British Navy limited trade with Germany • Americans loaned allies money to continue trade relationships with allies
  3. 3. WW1 U.S. Public Opinion • American connection w/ the British • German use of submarines • 1915, German U-boat sinking of the British passenger ship, The Lusitania
  4. 4. President Wilson’s Response • Was incensed by the loss of innocent lives taken by subs • Protested strongly to the Germans – Did not result in US joining the war – Germany pledged to restrict their use of sub warfare 1916 re-election campaign slogan: “He kept us out of war”
  5. 5. Why War Now? • Russian revolution changed monarchy • Spring-1917, Germany broke the U-Boat Pledge • Wilson wanted a “just peace” against Germany & ask Congress to declare war on the Germans April 6, 1917
  6. 6. Wilson’s 14 Point Plan Wilson's Fourteen Points became the basis for a peace programme & it was on the back of the Fourteen Points that Germany and her allies agreed to an armistice in November 1918. 1. No more secret agreements ("Open covenants openly arrived at"). 2. Free navigation of all seas. 3. An end to all economic barriers between countries. 4. Countries to reduce weapon numbers. 5. All decisions regarding the colonies should be impartial 6. The German Army is to be removed from Russia. Russia should be left to develop her own political set-up. 7. Belgium should be independent like before the war. 8. France should be fully liberated and allowed to recover Alsace-Lorraine 9. All Italians are to be allowed to live in Italy. Italy's borders are to "along clearly recognizable lines of nationality." 10. Self-determination should be allowed for all those living in Austria-Hungary. 11. Self-determination and guarantees of independence should be allowed for the Balkan states. 12. The Turkish people should be governed by the Turkish government. Non-Turks in the old Turkish Empire should govern themselves. 13. An independent Poland should be created which should have access to the sea. 14. A League of Nations should be set up to guarantee the political and territorial independence of all states.
  7. 7. Closing out the war • Wilson’s intentions were to “make the world safe for democracy” • The American Expeditionary Force pushed the last Germans out of the western front in France • The armistice of November 11, 1918 ended the fighting between the Allies & Central powers
  8. 8. Part 2: WW1 Impact on S.C.