SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 28
Transcultural Nursing is a specialty
with in Nursing focused on the comparative
study and analysis of different cultures and sub-
cultures.
 Various groups are examined with respect to
their caring behaviour, nursing care, health and
illness values, beliefs and patterns of behaviour.
 Culture:
Norms and practices of a particular
group that are learned and shared and guide
thinking, decisions, and actions.
 Cultural values:
The individual's desirable or preferred
way of acting or knowing something that is
sustained over a period of time and which governs
actions or decisions.
 Culturally diverse nursing care:
An optimal mode of health care delivery; it
refers to the variability of nursing approaches needed
to provide culturally appropriate care that incorporates
an individual’s cultural values, beliefs, and practices
including sensitivity to the environment from which
the individual comes and to which the individual may
ultimately return..
Leininger defined transcultural nursing as:
“A legitimate and formal area of study,
research, and practice focused on culturally based
care, values, and practices to help cultures and
sub-cultures maintain or regain their health and
face difficulties or death in a culturally congruent
and beneficial caring ways”
cntd….,
“Transcultural Nursing is a comparitive study
of cultures to understand similarities(cuture
universal) and differences(culture-specific) across
human group.”
 In 1950’s Medeleine M. Leininger, known as the
foundress of Transcultural Nursing, noted cultural
differences between patients and nurses while
working with emotionally disturbed children.
 This experience led to study clinical difference in
perception of the care.
 She recognized that health and illness states are
strongly influenced by culture and formulated the
theory of Transcultural Nursing.
 In 1991, she published ‘Culture Care Diversity And
Universality: A Theory Of Nursing’
 Her theory has now developed into a discipline in
nursing.
 In 1988 Transcultural Nursing Society initiated
certification examinations: certified Transcultural
Nurse (CTN)
1) There is a marked increase in the migration of
people within and between countries world wide.
2) There has been a rise in multicultural identifies,
with people expecting their cultural belief,
values, and lifeways to be understood and
respected by nurses and other health care
providers.
3) The increased use of health care technology
sometimes conflicts with cultural values of
clients.
4)World wide there are cultural conflicts, clashes,
and violence that have an impact health care as
more cultures interact with one another.
5) There was an increase in legal suits resulting from
cultural conflict, negligence, ignorance, and
imposition of health care practices.
6) There is an increase in the number of people
travelling and working in many different parts of
the world.
7) There has been a rise in feminism and gender
issues, with new demands on health care systems
to meet the needs of woman and children
8) There has been an increased demand for
community and culture based health care services
in diverse environmental contexts.
 To help develop, test and organize the emerging
body of knowledge in Transcultural Nursing, it is
necessary to have a conceptual framework from
which various theoritical statements can emerge.
 There are two popular models widely used in the
field
 Leininger’s Sunrise Model
 The Giger and Davidhizar: ‘Transcultural Assessment
Model’
 The model is based on the concept of culture care
and shows 3 major nursing modalities that guide
nursing judgments and activities to provide
‘Culturally Congruent Care’
 3 major modalities are
1) Cultural care preservation/ Maintainance
2) Cultural care Accommodation/Negotiation
3) Cultural care Repatterning /Reconstructing.
 Culturally Congruent Care:
The care that is beneficial and
meaningful to the people being served.
Culturally Diverse Nursing Care:
An optimal mode of health care
delivery; It refers to the variability of nursing
approaches needed to provide culturally
appropriate care that incorporates an individuals
cultural values, beliefs and practices including
sensitivity to the environment from which the
individual comes and to which the individual
ultimately return.
 This model was developed in 1988 in response to
the need for nursing students in an undergraduate
program to assess and provide care for patients
that were culturally diverse.
 Giger and Davidhizar have identified six cultural
phenomena that vary among cultural groups and
affect health care.
 Communication is the means by which culture is
transmitted and preserved. Both verbal and
nonverbal communications are learned in one’s
culture.
 Verbal and nonverbal patterns of communication
vary across cultures, and if nurses do not
understand the client’s cultural rules in
communication, the client’s acceptance of a
treatment regimen may be jeopardized.
Cntd…,
 Accurate diagnosis and treatment is impossible if the
health-care professional cannot understand the
patient.
 Culture not only determines the appropriateness of
the message but also influences all the components of
communication.
 Thus, an assessment of communication should
consider: 1) dialect,
2) style,
3) volume, including silence,
4) touch,
5) context of speech or emotional tone, and
6) kinesics, including gestures, stances, and
eye behaviour
 Space refers to the distance between individuals
when they interact. All communication occurs in
the context of space.
 There are four distinct zones of interpersonal
space: 1)inmate zone (extends up to 1 ½ feet),
 2)personal distance (extends from 1 ½ to 4 feet),
 3)social distance (extends from 4 to 12 feet) and
 4)public distance (extends 12 feet or more)
 3) Social organization:
Social organization refers to the social
group organizations with which clients and
families may identify.
 4) Time Orientation
Time is an important aspect of
interpersonal communication. Some cultures are
considered future oriented, others present
oriented, and still others past oriented
 These differences in time orientation may become
important in health-care measures such as long-
term planning and explanations of medication
schedules.
eg:Latin Americans, Native Americans, and
Middle Easterners are present oriented cultures
and may neglect preventive health care measures.
They may show-up late or not at all for
appointments
Environmental control refers to the
ability of the person to control nature and to plan
and direct factors in the environment.
Some groups perceive man as
having mastery over nature; others perceive
humans to be dominated by nature, while others
see harmonious relationships between humans
and nature
For example, Asians and Native
Americans may perceive that illness is a
disharmony with other forces and that medicine is
only capable of relieving the symptoms rather than
curing the disease. These groups are likely to look
for naturalistic solutions, such as herbs and hot
and cold treatments to resolve or cure a cancerous
condition
Biological variations are:
 (1) body structure,
 (2) skin colour,
 (3) other visible physical characteristics,
 (4) enzymatic and genetic variations,
 (5) electrocardiographic patterns,
 (6) susceptibility to disease,
 (7) nutritional preferences and deficiencies, and
 (8) psychological characteristics
1) Theoritical foundations of Transcultural Nursing.
2) Cultural information gathering.
3) Caring and healing systems.
4) Cultural health patterns and caring patterns.
5) Health care planning.
6) Evaluation.
7) Research.
8) Professional development.
Research studies
Conclusion.
Transcultural nursing

More Related Content

What's hot (20)

Nursing informatics
Nursing informaticsNursing informatics
Nursing informatics
 
Roles of the Nurse
Roles of the NurseRoles of the Nurse
Roles of the Nurse
 
Florence nightingale’s environment theory
Florence nightingale’s environment theoryFlorence nightingale’s environment theory
Florence nightingale’s environment theory
 
Ppt on nursing informatics
Ppt on nursing informaticsPpt on nursing informatics
Ppt on nursing informatics
 
Innovations in nursing
Innovations in nursingInnovations in nursing
Innovations in nursing
 
Expanded role of nurses
Expanded role of nursesExpanded role of nurses
Expanded role of nurses
 
Nursing process planning
Nursing process planningNursing process planning
Nursing process planning
 
Ethics in nursing
Ethics in nursingEthics in nursing
Ethics in nursing
 
Nursing philosophies
Nursing philosophiesNursing philosophies
Nursing philosophies
 
Code of ethics for nurses
Code of ethics for nursesCode of ethics for nurses
Code of ethics for nurses
 
nursing process Evaluation
nursing process Evaluationnursing process Evaluation
nursing process Evaluation
 
Therapeutic communicatio
Therapeutic communicatioTherapeutic communicatio
Therapeutic communicatio
 
COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING - PROCESS
COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING - PROCESSCOMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING - PROCESS
COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING - PROCESS
 
Family nursing
Family nursingFamily nursing
Family nursing
 
Nursing process
Nursing processNursing process
Nursing process
 
Tele-medicine and Tele-nursing
Tele-medicine and Tele-nursing Tele-medicine and Tele-nursing
Tele-medicine and Tele-nursing
 
Nursing practice
Nursing practiceNursing practice
Nursing practice
 
Code of ethics for the nursing professionals
Code of ethics for the nursing professionalsCode of ethics for the nursing professionals
Code of ethics for the nursing professionals
 
Trends and issues in nursing
Trends and issues in nursing Trends and issues in nursing
Trends and issues in nursing
 
Nursing as a profession
Nursing as a professionNursing as a profession
Nursing as a profession
 

Viewers also liked

Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing
Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural NursingMadeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing
Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural NursingJosephine Ann Necor
 
Transcultural Nursing Powerpoint Presentation/Dr. Madeleine Leininger
Transcultural Nursing Powerpoint Presentation/Dr. Madeleine LeiningerTranscultural Nursing Powerpoint Presentation/Dr. Madeleine Leininger
Transcultural Nursing Powerpoint Presentation/Dr. Madeleine LeiningerShelley Cullum
 
Madeline leininger
Madeline leiningerMadeline leininger
Madeline leiningerMaggy Paz
 
Madeleine leininger
Madeleine leiningerMadeleine leininger
Madeleine leininger1NU07
 
Madeleine leininger tfn report
Madeleine leininger tfn reportMadeleine leininger tfn report
Madeleine leininger tfn reportNursing Student
 
Madeliene leininger?s.sunrise model ppt
Madeliene leininger?s.sunrise model pptMadeliene leininger?s.sunrise model ppt
Madeliene leininger?s.sunrise model ppttonefeleo
 

Viewers also liked (7)

Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing
Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural NursingMadeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing
Madeleine Leininger’s Transcultural Nursing
 
Transcultural Nursing Powerpoint Presentation/Dr. Madeleine Leininger
Transcultural Nursing Powerpoint Presentation/Dr. Madeleine LeiningerTranscultural Nursing Powerpoint Presentation/Dr. Madeleine Leininger
Transcultural Nursing Powerpoint Presentation/Dr. Madeleine Leininger
 
Leiniger
LeinigerLeiniger
Leiniger
 
Madeline leininger
Madeline leiningerMadeline leininger
Madeline leininger
 
Madeleine leininger
Madeleine leiningerMadeleine leininger
Madeleine leininger
 
Madeleine leininger tfn report
Madeleine leininger tfn reportMadeleine leininger tfn report
Madeleine leininger tfn report
 
Madeliene leininger?s.sunrise model ppt
Madeliene leininger?s.sunrise model pptMadeliene leininger?s.sunrise model ppt
Madeliene leininger?s.sunrise model ppt
 

Similar to Transcultural nursing

Trans Cultural Nursing Concepts and Assessment by Azhar.pptx
Trans Cultural Nursing Concepts and Assessment by Azhar.pptxTrans Cultural Nursing Concepts and Assessment by Azhar.pptx
Trans Cultural Nursing Concepts and Assessment by Azhar.pptxAzhar Munawar
 
Transcultural nursing
Transcultural nursingTranscultural nursing
Transcultural nursingpradeepmk8
 
Nursing Theory Analysis Presentation (1)
Nursing Theory Analysis Presentation (1)Nursing Theory Analysis Presentation (1)
Nursing Theory Analysis Presentation (1)juliann trumpower
 
Transcultural nursing
Transcultural nursingTranscultural nursing
Transcultural nursingDhanya Raghu
 
INTRODUCTION TO TRANSCULTURAL NURSING (2).pptx
INTRODUCTION TO TRANSCULTURAL NURSING (2).pptxINTRODUCTION TO TRANSCULTURAL NURSING (2).pptx
INTRODUCTION TO TRANSCULTURAL NURSING (2).pptxRahilRaj2
 
Salon 2 15 kasim 11.00 12.00 nuran aydin-ing
Salon 2 15 kasim 11.00 12.00 nuran aydin-ingSalon 2 15 kasim 11.00 12.00 nuran aydin-ing
Salon 2 15 kasim 11.00 12.00 nuran aydin-ingtyfngnc
 
Transcultural Nursing (Tati).pptx
Transcultural Nursing (Tati).pptxTranscultural Nursing (Tati).pptx
Transcultural Nursing (Tati).pptxTaghreedhawsawi2
 
Cultural concerns in nursing
Cultural concerns in nursingCultural concerns in nursing
Cultural concerns in nursingJadekaniowski
 
Running head THE TRANSCULTURAL NURSING CARE THEORY 1THE TRANSC.docx
Running head THE TRANSCULTURAL NURSING CARE THEORY 1THE TRANSC.docxRunning head THE TRANSCULTURAL NURSING CARE THEORY 1THE TRANSC.docx
Running head THE TRANSCULTURAL NURSING CARE THEORY 1THE TRANSC.docxjenkinsmandie
 
Defining a Culturally Competent Organization Culturally competent .docx
Defining a Culturally Competent Organization Culturally competent .docxDefining a Culturally Competent Organization Culturally competent .docx
Defining a Culturally Competent Organization Culturally competent .docxvickeryr87
 
transcultural nursing, cultural values, belief
transcultural nursing, cultural values, belieftranscultural nursing, cultural values, belief
transcultural nursing, cultural values, beliefTikuSahu6
 
Cultural competent healtcare.pptx
Cultural competent healtcare.pptxCultural competent healtcare.pptx
Cultural competent healtcare.pptxMeerub Ali
 
Nursing Practice Discussion.docx
Nursing Practice Discussion.docxNursing Practice Discussion.docx
Nursing Practice Discussion.docxstirlingvwriters
 
1.seminar transcultural nursing.pptx
1.seminar transcultural nursing.pptx1.seminar transcultural nursing.pptx
1.seminar transcultural nursing.pptxReshmaSR9
 
Running Head TEACHING PLAN2TEACHING PLAN2.docx
Running Head TEACHING PLAN2TEACHING PLAN2.docxRunning Head TEACHING PLAN2TEACHING PLAN2.docx
Running Head TEACHING PLAN2TEACHING PLAN2.docxjeanettehully
 
TRANSCULTURAL DIVERSITY AND HEALTH CARE Discussion.docx
TRANSCULTURAL DIVERSITY AND HEALTH CARE Discussion.docxTRANSCULTURAL DIVERSITY AND HEALTH CARE Discussion.docx
TRANSCULTURAL DIVERSITY AND HEALTH CARE Discussion.docxwrite4
 
Read Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, pages.docx
Read Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, pages.docxRead Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, pages.docx
Read Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, pages.docxdanas19
 
Respecting cultural needs.docx
Respecting cultural needs.docxRespecting cultural needs.docx
Respecting cultural needs.docxwrite5
 

Similar to Transcultural nursing (20)

Trans Cultural Nursing Concepts and Assessment by Azhar.pptx
Trans Cultural Nursing Concepts and Assessment by Azhar.pptxTrans Cultural Nursing Concepts and Assessment by Azhar.pptx
Trans Cultural Nursing Concepts and Assessment by Azhar.pptx
 
Transcultural nursing
Transcultural nursingTranscultural nursing
Transcultural nursing
 
NCM-120-LEC-NOTES.docx
NCM-120-LEC-NOTES.docxNCM-120-LEC-NOTES.docx
NCM-120-LEC-NOTES.docx
 
Nursing Theory Analysis Presentation (1)
Nursing Theory Analysis Presentation (1)Nursing Theory Analysis Presentation (1)
Nursing Theory Analysis Presentation (1)
 
Unit 3 ch by sn
Unit 3 ch by snUnit 3 ch by sn
Unit 3 ch by sn
 
Transcultural nursing
Transcultural nursingTranscultural nursing
Transcultural nursing
 
INTRODUCTION TO TRANSCULTURAL NURSING (2).pptx
INTRODUCTION TO TRANSCULTURAL NURSING (2).pptxINTRODUCTION TO TRANSCULTURAL NURSING (2).pptx
INTRODUCTION TO TRANSCULTURAL NURSING (2).pptx
 
Salon 2 15 kasim 11.00 12.00 nuran aydin-ing
Salon 2 15 kasim 11.00 12.00 nuran aydin-ingSalon 2 15 kasim 11.00 12.00 nuran aydin-ing
Salon 2 15 kasim 11.00 12.00 nuran aydin-ing
 
Transcultural Nursing (Tati).pptx
Transcultural Nursing (Tati).pptxTranscultural Nursing (Tati).pptx
Transcultural Nursing (Tati).pptx
 
Cultural concerns in nursing
Cultural concerns in nursingCultural concerns in nursing
Cultural concerns in nursing
 
Running head THE TRANSCULTURAL NURSING CARE THEORY 1THE TRANSC.docx
Running head THE TRANSCULTURAL NURSING CARE THEORY 1THE TRANSC.docxRunning head THE TRANSCULTURAL NURSING CARE THEORY 1THE TRANSC.docx
Running head THE TRANSCULTURAL NURSING CARE THEORY 1THE TRANSC.docx
 
Defining a Culturally Competent Organization Culturally competent .docx
Defining a Culturally Competent Organization Culturally competent .docxDefining a Culturally Competent Organization Culturally competent .docx
Defining a Culturally Competent Organization Culturally competent .docx
 
transcultural nursing, cultural values, belief
transcultural nursing, cultural values, belieftranscultural nursing, cultural values, belief
transcultural nursing, cultural values, belief
 
Cultural competent healtcare.pptx
Cultural competent healtcare.pptxCultural competent healtcare.pptx
Cultural competent healtcare.pptx
 
Nursing Practice Discussion.docx
Nursing Practice Discussion.docxNursing Practice Discussion.docx
Nursing Practice Discussion.docx
 
1.seminar transcultural nursing.pptx
1.seminar transcultural nursing.pptx1.seminar transcultural nursing.pptx
1.seminar transcultural nursing.pptx
 
Running Head TEACHING PLAN2TEACHING PLAN2.docx
Running Head TEACHING PLAN2TEACHING PLAN2.docxRunning Head TEACHING PLAN2TEACHING PLAN2.docx
Running Head TEACHING PLAN2TEACHING PLAN2.docx
 
TRANSCULTURAL DIVERSITY AND HEALTH CARE Discussion.docx
TRANSCULTURAL DIVERSITY AND HEALTH CARE Discussion.docxTRANSCULTURAL DIVERSITY AND HEALTH CARE Discussion.docx
TRANSCULTURAL DIVERSITY AND HEALTH CARE Discussion.docx
 
Read Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, pages.docx
Read Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, pages.docxRead Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, pages.docx
Read Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy, pages.docx
 
Respecting cultural needs.docx
Respecting cultural needs.docxRespecting cultural needs.docx
Respecting cultural needs.docx
 

Recently uploaded

CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumaCT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumassuser144901
 
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Anjali Parmar
 
Introducing VarSeq Dx as a Medical Device in the European Union
Introducing VarSeq Dx as a Medical Device in the European UnionIntroducing VarSeq Dx as a Medical Device in the European Union
Introducing VarSeq Dx as a Medical Device in the European UnionGolden Helix
 
Overview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifierOverview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifierNidhi Joshi
 
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1DR SETH JOTHAM
 
TEST BANK for The Nursing Assistant Acute, Subacute, and Long-Term Care, 6th ...
TEST BANK for The Nursing Assistant Acute, Subacute, and Long-Term Care, 6th ...TEST BANK for The Nursing Assistant Acute, Subacute, and Long-Term Care, 6th ...
TEST BANK for The Nursing Assistant Acute, Subacute, and Long-Term Care, 6th ...marcuskenyatta275
 
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in IndiaDR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in IndiaNehamehta128467
 
Creating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health CommunicationsCreating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health Communicationskatiequigley33
 
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materialsSherrylee83
 
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...Health Kinesiology Natural Bioenergetics
 
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenVideo capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenRaju678948
 
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale nowSherrylee83
 
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)Anjali Parmar
 
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELMKARTHIKEMMANUEL
 
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of actionDenture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of actionDr.shiva sai vemula
 
The Orbit & its contents by Dr. Rabia I. Gandapore.pptx
The Orbit & its contents by Dr. Rabia I. Gandapore.pptxThe Orbit & its contents by Dr. Rabia I. Gandapore.pptx
The Orbit & its contents by Dr. Rabia I. Gandapore.pptxDr. Rabia Inam Gandapore
 
PREPARATION FOR EXAMINATION FON II .pptx
PREPARATION FOR EXAMINATION FON II .pptxPREPARATION FOR EXAMINATION FON II .pptx
PREPARATION FOR EXAMINATION FON II .pptxPupayumnam1
 
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulationCirculation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulationMedicoseAcademics
 
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...ocean4396
 
Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury -time modality -Dr Ayman Se...
Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury -time  modality -Dr Ayman Se...Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury -time  modality -Dr Ayman Se...
Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury -time modality -Dr Ayman Se...Ayman Seddik
 

Recently uploaded (20)

CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumaCT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
 
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
 
Introducing VarSeq Dx as a Medical Device in the European Union
Introducing VarSeq Dx as a Medical Device in the European UnionIntroducing VarSeq Dx as a Medical Device in the European Union
Introducing VarSeq Dx as a Medical Device in the European Union
 
Overview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifierOverview on the Automatic pill identifier
Overview on the Automatic pill identifier
 
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
THORACOTOMY . SURGICAL PERSPECTIVES VOL 1
 
TEST BANK for The Nursing Assistant Acute, Subacute, and Long-Term Care, 6th ...
TEST BANK for The Nursing Assistant Acute, Subacute, and Long-Term Care, 6th ...TEST BANK for The Nursing Assistant Acute, Subacute, and Long-Term Care, 6th ...
TEST BANK for The Nursing Assistant Acute, Subacute, and Long-Term Care, 6th ...
 
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in IndiaDR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
DR. Neha Mehta Best Psychologist.in India
 
Creating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health CommunicationsCreating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health Communications
 
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials
5Cladba ADBB 5cladba buy 6cl adbb powder 5cl ADBB precursor materials
 
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
Unlocking Holistic Wellness: Addressing Depression, Mental Well-Being, and St...
 
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenVideo capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
 
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
5CL-ADB powder supplier 5cl adb 5cladba 5cl raw materials vendor on sale now
 
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
 
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUELCONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS  by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
CONGENITAL HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS by Dr M.KARTHIK EMMANUEL
 
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of actionDenture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
Denture base resins materials and its mechanism of action
 
The Orbit & its contents by Dr. Rabia I. Gandapore.pptx
The Orbit & its contents by Dr. Rabia I. Gandapore.pptxThe Orbit & its contents by Dr. Rabia I. Gandapore.pptx
The Orbit & its contents by Dr. Rabia I. Gandapore.pptx
 
PREPARATION FOR EXAMINATION FON II .pptx
PREPARATION FOR EXAMINATION FON II .pptxPREPARATION FOR EXAMINATION FON II .pptx
PREPARATION FOR EXAMINATION FON II .pptx
 
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulationCirculation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
Circulation through Special Regions -characteristics and regulation
 
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
CAS 110-63-4 BDO Liquid 1,4-Butanediol 1 4 BDO Warehouse Supply For Excellent...
 
Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury -time modality -Dr Ayman Se...
Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury -time  modality -Dr Ayman Se...Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury -time  modality -Dr Ayman Se...
Renal Replacement Therapy in Acute Kidney Injury -time modality -Dr Ayman Se...
 

Transcultural nursing

  • 1.
  • 2. Transcultural Nursing is a specialty with in Nursing focused on the comparative study and analysis of different cultures and sub- cultures.  Various groups are examined with respect to their caring behaviour, nursing care, health and illness values, beliefs and patterns of behaviour.
  • 3.  Culture: Norms and practices of a particular group that are learned and shared and guide thinking, decisions, and actions.  Cultural values: The individual's desirable or preferred way of acting or knowing something that is sustained over a period of time and which governs actions or decisions.
  • 4.  Culturally diverse nursing care: An optimal mode of health care delivery; it refers to the variability of nursing approaches needed to provide culturally appropriate care that incorporates an individual’s cultural values, beliefs, and practices including sensitivity to the environment from which the individual comes and to which the individual may ultimately return..
  • 5. Leininger defined transcultural nursing as: “A legitimate and formal area of study, research, and practice focused on culturally based care, values, and practices to help cultures and sub-cultures maintain or regain their health and face difficulties or death in a culturally congruent and beneficial caring ways” cntd….,
  • 6. “Transcultural Nursing is a comparitive study of cultures to understand similarities(cuture universal) and differences(culture-specific) across human group.”
  • 7.  In 1950’s Medeleine M. Leininger, known as the foundress of Transcultural Nursing, noted cultural differences between patients and nurses while working with emotionally disturbed children.  This experience led to study clinical difference in perception of the care.  She recognized that health and illness states are strongly influenced by culture and formulated the theory of Transcultural Nursing.
  • 8.  In 1991, she published ‘Culture Care Diversity And Universality: A Theory Of Nursing’  Her theory has now developed into a discipline in nursing.  In 1988 Transcultural Nursing Society initiated certification examinations: certified Transcultural Nurse (CTN)
  • 9. 1) There is a marked increase in the migration of people within and between countries world wide. 2) There has been a rise in multicultural identifies, with people expecting their cultural belief, values, and lifeways to be understood and respected by nurses and other health care providers. 3) The increased use of health care technology sometimes conflicts with cultural values of clients.
  • 10. 4)World wide there are cultural conflicts, clashes, and violence that have an impact health care as more cultures interact with one another. 5) There was an increase in legal suits resulting from cultural conflict, negligence, ignorance, and imposition of health care practices. 6) There is an increase in the number of people travelling and working in many different parts of the world. 7) There has been a rise in feminism and gender issues, with new demands on health care systems to meet the needs of woman and children
  • 11. 8) There has been an increased demand for community and culture based health care services in diverse environmental contexts.
  • 12.  To help develop, test and organize the emerging body of knowledge in Transcultural Nursing, it is necessary to have a conceptual framework from which various theoritical statements can emerge.  There are two popular models widely used in the field  Leininger’s Sunrise Model  The Giger and Davidhizar: ‘Transcultural Assessment Model’
  • 13.  The model is based on the concept of culture care and shows 3 major nursing modalities that guide nursing judgments and activities to provide ‘Culturally Congruent Care’  3 major modalities are 1) Cultural care preservation/ Maintainance 2) Cultural care Accommodation/Negotiation 3) Cultural care Repatterning /Reconstructing.
  • 14.
  • 15.  Culturally Congruent Care: The care that is beneficial and meaningful to the people being served. Culturally Diverse Nursing Care: An optimal mode of health care delivery; It refers to the variability of nursing approaches needed to provide culturally appropriate care that incorporates an individuals cultural values, beliefs and practices including sensitivity to the environment from which the individual comes and to which the individual ultimately return.
  • 16.  This model was developed in 1988 in response to the need for nursing students in an undergraduate program to assess and provide care for patients that were culturally diverse.  Giger and Davidhizar have identified six cultural phenomena that vary among cultural groups and affect health care.
  • 17.
  • 18.  Communication is the means by which culture is transmitted and preserved. Both verbal and nonverbal communications are learned in one’s culture.  Verbal and nonverbal patterns of communication vary across cultures, and if nurses do not understand the client’s cultural rules in communication, the client’s acceptance of a treatment regimen may be jeopardized. Cntd…,
  • 19.  Accurate diagnosis and treatment is impossible if the health-care professional cannot understand the patient.  Culture not only determines the appropriateness of the message but also influences all the components of communication.  Thus, an assessment of communication should consider: 1) dialect, 2) style, 3) volume, including silence, 4) touch, 5) context of speech or emotional tone, and 6) kinesics, including gestures, stances, and eye behaviour
  • 20.  Space refers to the distance between individuals when they interact. All communication occurs in the context of space.  There are four distinct zones of interpersonal space: 1)inmate zone (extends up to 1 ½ feet),  2)personal distance (extends from 1 ½ to 4 feet),  3)social distance (extends from 4 to 12 feet) and  4)public distance (extends 12 feet or more)
  • 21.  3) Social organization: Social organization refers to the social group organizations with which clients and families may identify.  4) Time Orientation Time is an important aspect of interpersonal communication. Some cultures are considered future oriented, others present oriented, and still others past oriented
  • 22.  These differences in time orientation may become important in health-care measures such as long- term planning and explanations of medication schedules. eg:Latin Americans, Native Americans, and Middle Easterners are present oriented cultures and may neglect preventive health care measures. They may show-up late or not at all for appointments
  • 23. Environmental control refers to the ability of the person to control nature and to plan and direct factors in the environment. Some groups perceive man as having mastery over nature; others perceive humans to be dominated by nature, while others see harmonious relationships between humans and nature
  • 24. For example, Asians and Native Americans may perceive that illness is a disharmony with other forces and that medicine is only capable of relieving the symptoms rather than curing the disease. These groups are likely to look for naturalistic solutions, such as herbs and hot and cold treatments to resolve or cure a cancerous condition
  • 25. Biological variations are:  (1) body structure,  (2) skin colour,  (3) other visible physical characteristics,  (4) enzymatic and genetic variations,  (5) electrocardiographic patterns,  (6) susceptibility to disease,  (7) nutritional preferences and deficiencies, and  (8) psychological characteristics
  • 26. 1) Theoritical foundations of Transcultural Nursing. 2) Cultural information gathering. 3) Caring and healing systems. 4) Cultural health patterns and caring patterns. 5) Health care planning. 6) Evaluation. 7) Research. 8) Professional development.