SlideShare a Scribd company logo
WHY DOES A COUNTRY NEED A CONSTITUTION?
Most countries in the world have a
Constitution.
While all democratic countries are likely to have
a Constitution, it is not necessary that all
countries that have a Constitution are
democratic.
The Constitution serves several purposes. First,
it lays out certain ideals that form the basis of
the kind of country that we as citizens aspire to
live in.
It tells us what the fundamental nature of our
society is.
 Between December 1946 and
November 1949, the Constituent
Assembly drafted a constitution for
independent India.
300 members elected from all
regions in India.
3 years of deliberations.
Lengthiest constitution.
1. FEDERALISM: The existence of more than one level of
government. In India, we have governments at the state
level and at the centre.
Panchayati Raj is the third tier of government within the
states so that decisions could be made for that particular
area. While each state in India enjoys autonomy in
exercising powers on certain issues, subjects of national
concern require that all of these states follow the laws of
the central government.
2. PARLIAMENTARY FORM OF
GOVERNMENT: Constitution of India
guarantees universal adult suffrage for all
citizens.
This means that the people of India have a
direct role in electing their representatives.
Also, every citizen of the country,
irrespective of his/her social background,
can also contest in elections. These
representatives are accountable to the
people.
3. SEPARATION OF POWERS:
According to the constitution, there are three organs of
government: the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary.
 The legislature refers to our elected representatives.
The executive is a smaller group of people who are
responsible for implementing laws and running the
government.
The judiciary refers to the system of courts in this country.
In order to prevent the misuse of power by any one branch of
government, the Constitution says that each of these organs
should exercise different powers.
Through this, each organ acts as a check on the other organs
of government and this ensures the balance of power
between all three.
4.FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS:
• Colonial rule
• Fundamental Rights protect citizens against the
arbitrary and absolute exercise of power by the
State.
• The Constitution guarantees the rights of
individuals against the State as well as against
other individuals.
• It also guarantees the rights of minorities
against the majority.
• How many rights do we have?
• What are they?
THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF INDIAN
CONSTITUTION:
1. RIGHT TO EQUALITY:
 All persons are equal before the law.
 Shall be equally protected by the laws.
 No citizen can be discriminated against on the basis
of their religion, caste or sex.
 Every person has access to all public places
including playgrounds, hotels, shops etc.
 The State cannot discriminate against anyone in
matters of employment.
 The practice of untouchability has also been
abolished.
 2. RIGHT TO FREEDOM:
This includes the right to freedom of speech and
expression,
the right to form associations,
the right to move freely and reside in any part of the
country,
and the right to practise any profession, occupation or
business.
3. RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION: The Constitution
prohibits human trafficking, forced labour, and
employment of children under 14 years of age.
4. RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION:
Religious freedom is provided to all citizens.
Every person has the right to practise, profess and
propagate the religion of their choice.
5. CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS:
The Constitution states that all minorities,
religious or linguistic, can set up their own
educational institutions in order to preserve and
develop their own culture.
6. RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES: This
allows citizens to move the court if they
believe that any of their Fundamental Rights
have been violated by the State.
KEY FEATURES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION
5. SECULARISM:
A secular state is one in which the state does
not officially promote any one religion as the
state religion.
No favoritism, no partiality.
Respect to all religions
Citizens are free to choose their religion.
6. Fundamental duties:
What are they?
Which are they?
GLOSSARY:-
 ARBITRARY: When nothing is fixed and is instead left to one’s
judgment or choice. This can be used to refer to rules that are not
fixed, or decisions that have no basis etc.
 IDEAL: A goal or a principle in its most excellent or perfect form.
 Indian national movement: The Indian national movement emerged in
nineteenth century India and saw thousands of men and women
coming together to fight British rule.
 POLITY: A society that has an organised political structure. India is a
democratic polity.
 Sovereign: In the context of this chapter it refers to an independent
people with unrestricted authority over its own affairs.
 Human Trafficking: The practice of the illegal buying and selling of
different commodities across national borders. It refers to illegal trade
in human beings, particularly women and children.
 Tyranny: The cruel and unjust use of power or authority.
The Indian Constitution, SPL class 8, cbse
The Indian Constitution, SPL class 8, cbse

More Related Content

What's hot

Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden AgeClass 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
Pooja M
 
Class 8 The Indian Constitution
Class 8 The Indian ConstitutionClass 8 The Indian Constitution
Class 8 The Indian Constitution
Virda Azmi
 
Ppt ch 5 the judiciary class 8
Ppt ch 5 the judiciary class 8Ppt ch 5 the judiciary class 8
Ppt ch 5 the judiciary class 8
jyotiBisht31
 
Class 7th- Tracing changes through a thousand years
Class 7th- Tracing changes through a thousand yearsClass 7th- Tracing changes through a thousand years
Class 7th- Tracing changes through a thousand years
SIBI V
 
3 why do we need parliament
3 why do we need parliament3 why do we need parliament
3 why do we need parliament
Mahendra SST
 
Tribes, Nomads and settled communities in INDIA
Tribes, Nomads and settled communities in INDIA Tribes, Nomads and settled communities in INDIA
Tribes, Nomads and settled communities in INDIA
RaghavJindal11
 
RESOURCE CLASS 8
RESOURCE CLASS 8RESOURCE CLASS 8
RESOURCE CLASS 8
AksharaMaheshwari
 
Democracy- class 9 - CBSE
Democracy- class 9 - CBSEDemocracy- class 9 - CBSE
Democracy- class 9 - CBSE
Nazima Hussain
 
8th std Social Science Chapter 2. Understanding Secularism
8th std Social Science Chapter 2.  Understanding Secularism8th std Social Science Chapter 2.  Understanding Secularism
8th std Social Science Chapter 2. Understanding Secularism
Navya Rai
 
Equality (Grade 7 - Civics)
Equality (Grade 7 - Civics)Equality (Grade 7 - Civics)
Equality (Grade 7 - Civics)
Sandeep Patnaik
 
7th std P. S. How the state government works
7th std P. S. How the state government works7th std P. S. How the state government works
7th std P. S. How the state government works
Navya Rai
 
Our changing earth
Our changing earth Our changing earth
Our changing earth
Anjana P.V.Nair
 
Ch 07 understanding marginalsisation1
Ch 07 understanding  marginalsisation1Ch 07 understanding  marginalsisation1
Ch 07 understanding marginalsisation1
Praveen M Jigajinni
 
ppt new questions and ideas history class 6
 ppt new questions and ideas history class 6 ppt new questions and ideas history class 6
ppt new questions and ideas history class 6
Akash Vashistha
 
Understanding Laws (VIII SST)
Understanding Laws (VIII SST)Understanding Laws (VIII SST)
Understanding Laws (VIII SST)
hpgorane
 
Ch 06 understanding our criminal justice system
Ch 06 understanding our criminal justice systemCh 06 understanding our criminal justice system
Ch 06 understanding our criminal justice system
Praveen M Jigajinni
 
Class viii civics - 5 Judiciary
Class viii   civics - 5 JudiciaryClass viii   civics - 5 Judiciary
Class viii civics - 5 Judiciary
Vinod Pralhad Sonawane
 
What is democracy why democracy
What is democracy  why democracyWhat is democracy  why democracy
What is democracy why democracy
UshaJoy
 
Ch 05 judiciary
Ch 05 judiciaryCh 05 judiciary
Ch 05 judiciary
Praveen M Jigajinni
 
Class 7,lesson 4 air, geography
Class 7,lesson 4 air, geography Class 7,lesson 4 air, geography
Class 7,lesson 4 air, geography
PoonamMudaliar
 

What's hot (20)

Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden AgeClass 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
Class 8 History Chapter 4 Tribals, Dikus and the Vision of a Golden Age
 
Class 8 The Indian Constitution
Class 8 The Indian ConstitutionClass 8 The Indian Constitution
Class 8 The Indian Constitution
 
Ppt ch 5 the judiciary class 8
Ppt ch 5 the judiciary class 8Ppt ch 5 the judiciary class 8
Ppt ch 5 the judiciary class 8
 
Class 7th- Tracing changes through a thousand years
Class 7th- Tracing changes through a thousand yearsClass 7th- Tracing changes through a thousand years
Class 7th- Tracing changes through a thousand years
 
3 why do we need parliament
3 why do we need parliament3 why do we need parliament
3 why do we need parliament
 
Tribes, Nomads and settled communities in INDIA
Tribes, Nomads and settled communities in INDIA Tribes, Nomads and settled communities in INDIA
Tribes, Nomads and settled communities in INDIA
 
RESOURCE CLASS 8
RESOURCE CLASS 8RESOURCE CLASS 8
RESOURCE CLASS 8
 
Democracy- class 9 - CBSE
Democracy- class 9 - CBSEDemocracy- class 9 - CBSE
Democracy- class 9 - CBSE
 
8th std Social Science Chapter 2. Understanding Secularism
8th std Social Science Chapter 2.  Understanding Secularism8th std Social Science Chapter 2.  Understanding Secularism
8th std Social Science Chapter 2. Understanding Secularism
 
Equality (Grade 7 - Civics)
Equality (Grade 7 - Civics)Equality (Grade 7 - Civics)
Equality (Grade 7 - Civics)
 
7th std P. S. How the state government works
7th std P. S. How the state government works7th std P. S. How the state government works
7th std P. S. How the state government works
 
Our changing earth
Our changing earth Our changing earth
Our changing earth
 
Ch 07 understanding marginalsisation1
Ch 07 understanding  marginalsisation1Ch 07 understanding  marginalsisation1
Ch 07 understanding marginalsisation1
 
ppt new questions and ideas history class 6
 ppt new questions and ideas history class 6 ppt new questions and ideas history class 6
ppt new questions and ideas history class 6
 
Understanding Laws (VIII SST)
Understanding Laws (VIII SST)Understanding Laws (VIII SST)
Understanding Laws (VIII SST)
 
Ch 06 understanding our criminal justice system
Ch 06 understanding our criminal justice systemCh 06 understanding our criminal justice system
Ch 06 understanding our criminal justice system
 
Class viii civics - 5 Judiciary
Class viii   civics - 5 JudiciaryClass viii   civics - 5 Judiciary
Class viii civics - 5 Judiciary
 
What is democracy why democracy
What is democracy  why democracyWhat is democracy  why democracy
What is democracy why democracy
 
Ch 05 judiciary
Ch 05 judiciaryCh 05 judiciary
Ch 05 judiciary
 
Class 7,lesson 4 air, geography
Class 7,lesson 4 air, geography Class 7,lesson 4 air, geography
Class 7,lesson 4 air, geography
 

Similar to The Indian Constitution, SPL class 8, cbse

Indian Constitution Class VIII
Indian Constitution Class VIIIIndian Constitution Class VIII
Indian Constitution Class VIII
Mohd Akbar lone
 
Indian constitution
Indian constitutionIndian constitution
Indian constitution
Venkat Ramana
 
The constitution of india by vijaya 2013
The constitution of india by vijaya 2013The constitution of india by vijaya 2013
The constitution of india by vijaya 2013
Venkat Ramana
 
Media laws and ethics
Media laws and ethics  Media laws and ethics
Media laws and ethics
IbrahimN4
 
Indian constitution (class 8 civics)
Indian constitution (class 8 civics)Indian constitution (class 8 civics)
Indian constitution (class 8 civics)
deepika thakur
 
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02.pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02.pdfindianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02.pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02.pdf
shobhna jeet
 
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdfindianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
shobhna jeet
 
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdfindianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
shobhna jeet
 
Indian Constitution & Rights and Duties of a citizen
Indian Constitution & Rights and Duties of a citizenIndian Constitution & Rights and Duties of a citizen
Indian Constitution & Rights and Duties of a citizen
Pushpak Elleedu
 
UNIT I.ppt
UNIT I.pptUNIT I.ppt
UNIT I.ppt
Tamilselvan S
 
Ch 01 the indian constitution
Ch 01 the indian constitutionCh 01 the indian constitution
Ch 01 the indian constitution
Praveen M Jigajinni
 
Ideas and ideals of the indian constitution
Ideas and ideals of the indian constitutionIdeas and ideals of the indian constitution
Ideas and ideals of the indian constitution
RupjyotiDowerah
 
Constitution and articles_ppt
Constitution and articles_pptConstitution and articles_ppt
Constitution and articles_ppt
christnagar
 
1.1.2-Unit-I-Preamble-FR refrence from external source
1.1.2-Unit-I-Preamble-FR refrence from external source1.1.2-Unit-I-Preamble-FR refrence from external source
1.1.2-Unit-I-Preamble-FR refrence from external source
testmailk0111
 
Class2 Preamble
Class2  PreambleClass2  Preamble
Class2 Preamble
Joe Christensen
 
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
Salient Features of the Indian ConstitutionSalient Features of the Indian Constitution
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
Swarnim Sahu
 
Salient features of the Indian Constitution
Salient features of the Indian ConstitutionSalient features of the Indian Constitution
Salient features of the Indian Constitution
siddhuvijesh
 
Preamble
PreamblePreamble
Preamble
Sonal Bharal
 
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION 8-3-23.pdf
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION 8-3-23.pdfFUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION 8-3-23.pdf
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION 8-3-23.pdf
Yuvaraj880160
 
Constitution
ConstitutionConstitution
Constitution
nirap0031
 

Similar to The Indian Constitution, SPL class 8, cbse (20)

Indian Constitution Class VIII
Indian Constitution Class VIIIIndian Constitution Class VIII
Indian Constitution Class VIII
 
Indian constitution
Indian constitutionIndian constitution
Indian constitution
 
The constitution of india by vijaya 2013
The constitution of india by vijaya 2013The constitution of india by vijaya 2013
The constitution of india by vijaya 2013
 
Media laws and ethics
Media laws and ethics  Media laws and ethics
Media laws and ethics
 
Indian constitution (class 8 civics)
Indian constitution (class 8 civics)Indian constitution (class 8 civics)
Indian constitution (class 8 civics)
 
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02.pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02.pdfindianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02.pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02.pdf
 
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdfindianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
 
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdfindianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
indianconstitutionrightsanddutiesofacitizen-130901090833-phpapp02 (1).pdf
 
Indian Constitution & Rights and Duties of a citizen
Indian Constitution & Rights and Duties of a citizenIndian Constitution & Rights and Duties of a citizen
Indian Constitution & Rights and Duties of a citizen
 
UNIT I.ppt
UNIT I.pptUNIT I.ppt
UNIT I.ppt
 
Ch 01 the indian constitution
Ch 01 the indian constitutionCh 01 the indian constitution
Ch 01 the indian constitution
 
Ideas and ideals of the indian constitution
Ideas and ideals of the indian constitutionIdeas and ideals of the indian constitution
Ideas and ideals of the indian constitution
 
Constitution and articles_ppt
Constitution and articles_pptConstitution and articles_ppt
Constitution and articles_ppt
 
1.1.2-Unit-I-Preamble-FR refrence from external source
1.1.2-Unit-I-Preamble-FR refrence from external source1.1.2-Unit-I-Preamble-FR refrence from external source
1.1.2-Unit-I-Preamble-FR refrence from external source
 
Class2 Preamble
Class2  PreambleClass2  Preamble
Class2 Preamble
 
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
Salient Features of the Indian ConstitutionSalient Features of the Indian Constitution
Salient Features of the Indian Constitution
 
Salient features of the Indian Constitution
Salient features of the Indian ConstitutionSalient features of the Indian Constitution
Salient features of the Indian Constitution
 
Preamble
PreamblePreamble
Preamble
 
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION 8-3-23.pdf
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION 8-3-23.pdfFUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION 8-3-23.pdf
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND ITS CLASSIFICATION 8-3-23.pdf
 
Constitution
ConstitutionConstitution
Constitution
 

More from A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode

Youth parliament.pptx
Youth parliament.pptxYouth parliament.pptx
RESOURCES.pptx
RESOURCES.pptxRESOURCES.pptx
QUIZ ON Road Safety.pptx
QUIZ ON Road Safety.pptxQUIZ ON Road Safety.pptx
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT.pptx
INTERNAL  ASSESSMENT.pptxINTERNAL  ASSESSMENT.pptx
SOCIAL SERVICES,Community services
SOCIAL SERVICES,Community services SOCIAL SERVICES,Community services
SOCIAL SERVICES,Community services
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
Resources: SOIL IN INDIA
Resources: SOIL  IN INDIAResources: SOIL  IN INDIA
THE EARTH IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, GRADE 6, CBSE
THE EARTH IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, GRADE 6, CBSETHE EARTH IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, GRADE 6, CBSE
THE EARTH IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, GRADE 6, CBSE
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
Bridge course, SOCIAL SCIENCE GRADE 6
Bridge course, SOCIAL SCIENCE   GRADE 6Bridge course, SOCIAL SCIENCE   GRADE 6
Bridge course, SOCIAL SCIENCE GRADE 6
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
International women's day 2021- kvk celebrates its alumnae
International women's day 2021-  kvk celebrates its alumnae International women's day 2021-  kvk celebrates its alumnae
International women's day 2021- kvk celebrates its alumnae
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
Powers & Functions of the Prime Minister, Dem. Poli. Grade 9 cbse
Powers & Functions of the Prime Minister, Dem. Poli. Grade 9 cbsePowers & Functions of the Prime Minister, Dem. Poli. Grade 9 cbse
Powers & Functions of the Prime Minister, Dem. Poli. Grade 9 cbse
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
NATURAL VEGETATION, CLASS 7 CBSE GEOGRAPHY
NATURAL VEGETATION, CLASS 7 CBSE GEOGRAPHYNATURAL VEGETATION, CLASS 7 CBSE GEOGRAPHY
NATURAL VEGETATION, CLASS 7 CBSE GEOGRAPHY
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
Money and Credit, class 10Economics, cbse
Money and  Credit, class 10Economics, cbseMoney and  Credit, class 10Economics, cbse
Money and Credit, class 10Economics, cbse
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
Manufacturing Industries CLASS 10 GEPGRAPHY
Manufacturing Industries CLASS 10  GEPGRAPHY Manufacturing Industries CLASS 10  GEPGRAPHY
Manufacturing Industries CLASS 10 GEPGRAPHY
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
Public Facilities, Civics class 8, cbse
Public Facilities, Civics class 8, cbsePublic Facilities, Civics class 8, cbse
Public Facilities, Civics class 8, cbse
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
CLIMATE, Geography Class 9,CBSE
CLIMATE, Geography Class 9,CBSECLIMATE, Geography Class 9,CBSE
CLIMATE, Geography Class 9,CBSE
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
Tribals, Dikus and-the-vision-of-a-golden-age, Grade 8 History CBSE
Tribals, Dikus and-the-vision-of-a-golden-age, Grade 8 History CBSETribals, Dikus and-the-vision-of-a-golden-age, Grade 8 History CBSE
Tribals, Dikus and-the-vision-of-a-golden-age, Grade 8 History CBSE
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
HIV AIDS
HIV AIDSHIV AIDS
The Women
The WomenThe Women
The Russian Revolution, Class 9, History- lesson:2 cbse
The Russian Revolution, Class 9, History- lesson:2 cbseThe Russian Revolution, Class 9, History- lesson:2 cbse
The Russian Revolution, Class 9, History- lesson:2 cbse
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 
Community services, charity services.....
Community services, charity services.....Community services, charity services.....
Community services, charity services.....
A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode
 

More from A. ABDUL SHUMZ, Kendriya Vidyalaya Kanjikode (20)

Youth parliament.pptx
Youth parliament.pptxYouth parliament.pptx
Youth parliament.pptx
 
RESOURCES.pptx
RESOURCES.pptxRESOURCES.pptx
RESOURCES.pptx
 
QUIZ ON Road Safety.pptx
QUIZ ON Road Safety.pptxQUIZ ON Road Safety.pptx
QUIZ ON Road Safety.pptx
 
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT.pptx
INTERNAL  ASSESSMENT.pptxINTERNAL  ASSESSMENT.pptx
INTERNAL ASSESSMENT.pptx
 
SOCIAL SERVICES,Community services
SOCIAL SERVICES,Community services SOCIAL SERVICES,Community services
SOCIAL SERVICES,Community services
 
Resources: SOIL IN INDIA
Resources: SOIL  IN INDIAResources: SOIL  IN INDIA
Resources: SOIL IN INDIA
 
THE EARTH IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, GRADE 6, CBSE
THE EARTH IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, GRADE 6, CBSETHE EARTH IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, GRADE 6, CBSE
THE EARTH IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM, GRADE 6, CBSE
 
Bridge course, SOCIAL SCIENCE GRADE 6
Bridge course, SOCIAL SCIENCE   GRADE 6Bridge course, SOCIAL SCIENCE   GRADE 6
Bridge course, SOCIAL SCIENCE GRADE 6
 
International women's day 2021- kvk celebrates its alumnae
International women's day 2021-  kvk celebrates its alumnae International women's day 2021-  kvk celebrates its alumnae
International women's day 2021- kvk celebrates its alumnae
 
Powers & Functions of the Prime Minister, Dem. Poli. Grade 9 cbse
Powers & Functions of the Prime Minister, Dem. Poli. Grade 9 cbsePowers & Functions of the Prime Minister, Dem. Poli. Grade 9 cbse
Powers & Functions of the Prime Minister, Dem. Poli. Grade 9 cbse
 
NATURAL VEGETATION, CLASS 7 CBSE GEOGRAPHY
NATURAL VEGETATION, CLASS 7 CBSE GEOGRAPHYNATURAL VEGETATION, CLASS 7 CBSE GEOGRAPHY
NATURAL VEGETATION, CLASS 7 CBSE GEOGRAPHY
 
Money and Credit, class 10Economics, cbse
Money and  Credit, class 10Economics, cbseMoney and  Credit, class 10Economics, cbse
Money and Credit, class 10Economics, cbse
 
Manufacturing Industries CLASS 10 GEPGRAPHY
Manufacturing Industries CLASS 10  GEPGRAPHY Manufacturing Industries CLASS 10  GEPGRAPHY
Manufacturing Industries CLASS 10 GEPGRAPHY
 
Public Facilities, Civics class 8, cbse
Public Facilities, Civics class 8, cbsePublic Facilities, Civics class 8, cbse
Public Facilities, Civics class 8, cbse
 
CLIMATE, Geography Class 9,CBSE
CLIMATE, Geography Class 9,CBSECLIMATE, Geography Class 9,CBSE
CLIMATE, Geography Class 9,CBSE
 
Tribals, Dikus and-the-vision-of-a-golden-age, Grade 8 History CBSE
Tribals, Dikus and-the-vision-of-a-golden-age, Grade 8 History CBSETribals, Dikus and-the-vision-of-a-golden-age, Grade 8 History CBSE
Tribals, Dikus and-the-vision-of-a-golden-age, Grade 8 History CBSE
 
HIV AIDS
HIV AIDSHIV AIDS
HIV AIDS
 
The Women
The WomenThe Women
The Women
 
The Russian Revolution, Class 9, History- lesson:2 cbse
The Russian Revolution, Class 9, History- lesson:2 cbseThe Russian Revolution, Class 9, History- lesson:2 cbse
The Russian Revolution, Class 9, History- lesson:2 cbse
 
Community services, charity services.....
Community services, charity services.....Community services, charity services.....
Community services, charity services.....
 

Recently uploaded

MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
Colégio Santa Teresinha
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
History of Stoke Newington
 
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
ak6969907
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
WaniBasim
 
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
heathfieldcps1
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Nicholas Montgomery
 
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold MethodHow to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
Celine George
 
Executive Directors Chat Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
Executive Directors Chat  Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and InclusionExecutive Directors Chat  Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
Executive Directors Chat Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
TechSoup
 
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICTSmart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
simonomuemu
 
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
Academy of Science of South Africa
 
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptxChapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Mohd Adib Abd Muin, Senior Lecturer at Universiti Utara Malaysia
 
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
IreneSebastianRueco1
 
Lapbook sobre os Regimes Totalitários.pdf
Lapbook sobre os Regimes Totalitários.pdfLapbook sobre os Regimes Totalitários.pdf
Lapbook sobre os Regimes Totalitários.pdf
Jean Carlos Nunes Paixão
 
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf IslamabadPIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
AyyanKhan40
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptxS1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
tarandeep35
 
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental DesignDigital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
amberjdewit93
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
Celine George
 
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp NetworkIntroduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
TechSoup
 
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptxAssessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Kavitha Krishnan
 

Recently uploaded (20)

MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE”           .
MARY JANE WILSON, A “BOA MÃE” .
 
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street NamesThe History of Stoke Newington Street Names
The History of Stoke Newington Street Names
 
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
World environment day ppt For 5 June 2024
 
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdfLiberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
Liberal Approach to the Study of Indian Politics.pdf
 
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptxThe basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
The basics of sentences session 5pptx.pptx
 
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movieFilm vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
Film vocab for eal 3 students: Australia the movie
 
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold MethodHow to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
How to Build a Module in Odoo 17 Using the Scaffold Method
 
Executive Directors Chat Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
Executive Directors Chat  Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and InclusionExecutive Directors Chat  Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
Executive Directors Chat Leveraging AI for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion
 
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICTSmart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
Smart-Money for SMC traders good time and ICT
 
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
South African Journal of Science: Writing with integrity workshop (2024)
 
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptxChapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
Chapter 4 - Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia.pptx
 
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
RPMS TEMPLATE FOR SCHOOL YEAR 2023-2024 FOR TEACHER 1 TO TEACHER 3
 
Lapbook sobre os Regimes Totalitários.pdf
Lapbook sobre os Regimes Totalitários.pdfLapbook sobre os Regimes Totalitários.pdf
Lapbook sobre os Regimes Totalitários.pdf
 
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf IslamabadPIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
PIMS Job Advertisement 2024.pdf Islamabad
 
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
Pollock and Snow "DEIA in the Scholarly Landscape, Session One: Setting Expec...
 
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptxS1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
S1-Introduction-Biopesticides in ICM.pptx
 
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental DesignDigital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
Digital Artefact 1 - Tiny Home Environmental Design
 
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP ModuleHow to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
How to Add Chatter in the odoo 17 ERP Module
 
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp NetworkIntroduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
Introduction to AI for Nonprofits with Tapp Network
 
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptxAssessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
Assessment and Planning in Educational technology.pptx
 

The Indian Constitution, SPL class 8, cbse

  • 1.
  • 2. WHY DOES A COUNTRY NEED A CONSTITUTION? Most countries in the world have a Constitution. While all democratic countries are likely to have a Constitution, it is not necessary that all countries that have a Constitution are democratic. The Constitution serves several purposes. First, it lays out certain ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens aspire to live in. It tells us what the fundamental nature of our society is.
  • 3.  Between December 1946 and November 1949, the Constituent Assembly drafted a constitution for independent India. 300 members elected from all regions in India. 3 years of deliberations. Lengthiest constitution.
  • 4. 1. FEDERALISM: The existence of more than one level of government. In India, we have governments at the state level and at the centre. Panchayati Raj is the third tier of government within the states so that decisions could be made for that particular area. While each state in India enjoys autonomy in exercising powers on certain issues, subjects of national concern require that all of these states follow the laws of the central government.
  • 5. 2. PARLIAMENTARY FORM OF GOVERNMENT: Constitution of India guarantees universal adult suffrage for all citizens. This means that the people of India have a direct role in electing their representatives. Also, every citizen of the country, irrespective of his/her social background, can also contest in elections. These representatives are accountable to the people.
  • 6. 3. SEPARATION OF POWERS: According to the constitution, there are three organs of government: the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary.  The legislature refers to our elected representatives. The executive is a smaller group of people who are responsible for implementing laws and running the government. The judiciary refers to the system of courts in this country. In order to prevent the misuse of power by any one branch of government, the Constitution says that each of these organs should exercise different powers. Through this, each organ acts as a check on the other organs of government and this ensures the balance of power between all three.
  • 7. 4.FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS: • Colonial rule • Fundamental Rights protect citizens against the arbitrary and absolute exercise of power by the State. • The Constitution guarantees the rights of individuals against the State as well as against other individuals. • It also guarantees the rights of minorities against the majority. • How many rights do we have? • What are they?
  • 8.
  • 9. THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION: 1. RIGHT TO EQUALITY:  All persons are equal before the law.  Shall be equally protected by the laws.  No citizen can be discriminated against on the basis of their religion, caste or sex.  Every person has access to all public places including playgrounds, hotels, shops etc.  The State cannot discriminate against anyone in matters of employment.  The practice of untouchability has also been abolished.
  • 10.  2. RIGHT TO FREEDOM: This includes the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to form associations, the right to move freely and reside in any part of the country, and the right to practise any profession, occupation or business. 3. RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION: The Constitution prohibits human trafficking, forced labour, and employment of children under 14 years of age.
  • 11. 4. RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION: Religious freedom is provided to all citizens. Every person has the right to practise, profess and propagate the religion of their choice. 5. CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS: The Constitution states that all minorities, religious or linguistic, can set up their own educational institutions in order to preserve and develop their own culture.
  • 12. 6. RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES: This allows citizens to move the court if they believe that any of their Fundamental Rights have been violated by the State.
  • 13. KEY FEATURES OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION 5. SECULARISM: A secular state is one in which the state does not officially promote any one religion as the state religion. No favoritism, no partiality. Respect to all religions Citizens are free to choose their religion.
  • 14. 6. Fundamental duties: What are they? Which are they?
  • 15. GLOSSARY:-  ARBITRARY: When nothing is fixed and is instead left to one’s judgment or choice. This can be used to refer to rules that are not fixed, or decisions that have no basis etc.  IDEAL: A goal or a principle in its most excellent or perfect form.  Indian national movement: The Indian national movement emerged in nineteenth century India and saw thousands of men and women coming together to fight British rule.  POLITY: A society that has an organised political structure. India is a democratic polity.  Sovereign: In the context of this chapter it refers to an independent people with unrestricted authority over its own affairs.  Human Trafficking: The practice of the illegal buying and selling of different commodities across national borders. It refers to illegal trade in human beings, particularly women and children.  Tyranny: The cruel and unjust use of power or authority.