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Higher Education System
in Germany
Agenda
Conclusion
Structure of Germany
Future Prospects
3
5
1
2
Higher Education
Basic Education
4
2
6
Public vs. Private
State structure
Federal Republic
16 federal states
16 FS governments
16 FS parlaments
3
Referen
dum
Federal law
and federal
state law
legislative
Administrative Layers
State
Administrative district
Rural district
Towns and municipality
Federal State
Police system
Prison system
Road construction
Burial system
Right of casinos,
gastronomy and fairs
Education Sytem
4
Agenda
Conclusion
Structure of Germany
Future Prospects
3
5
1
5
Higher Education
Basic Education
4
2
6
Public vs. Private
Education System in General
6
Education System in Particular
Baden-Württemberg
 Compulsary school attendance of 9 years
 Three-tier school system
Innovations
 Foreign language from 1st class on (since 2003)
 8 years of gymnasium (since 2005)
 Free choice of schools (since 2012)
 Existence of common school (since 2012)
 Field test „Primary school without grades“
(since 2013)
7
Agenda
Conclusion
Structure of Germany
Future Prospects
3
5
1
8
Higher Education
Basic Education
4
2
6
Public vs. Private
Higher Education before Bologna
9
Secondary School Certificate (after 13 years)
PhD
Magister Diplom
Pre- Diplom
The Bologna Process Policy Circle
10
policy
evaluation
policy
develop-
ment
împleme-
ntation
agenda
setting
problem
definiton
 Higher mobility rates
 Shorter period of study
 Lack of professors
 Study reminds of school
1999 Law signed by all EU
member states
2010 Process should be
completed
 Start of step-by-
step
transfermation
 2009 mostly
the last year
for starting a
non Bachelor/
Master degree
course
 Introduction of ECTS
 Creation of two- tier
system
 Same degrees for all
EU countries for a
better comparison
and acception
 Too long study times
 Problems with comparing and
accepting international studies
 Free movement of workers
Higher Education after Bologna
11
Germany‘s Elite Universities
12
9. LMU München
13. University Heidelberg
14. TU Munich
16. Humboldt Berlin
Agenda
Conclusion
Structure of Germany
Future Prospects
3
5
1
13
Higher Education
Basic Education
4
2
6
Public vs. Private
Figures Higher Education
14
Productivity
15
Input Throughput Output Outcome
Personel
Budget
Seminars
Exams
Soft Skills
Foreign
Languages
Stay Abroad
Number of
graduates
Average Grade
Dropout rate
Quote of people
with higher
education
Employment rate
Average level of
salary
€
Evaluation
 End of semester evaluation and end of
study evaluation by university
 End of study evaluation by FS government
 Limited to intern evaluation
 High importance of results
 Lack of comparison (cause / effect)
16
Pro and Cons in Practise
Public universities
 Study fee limited to administration fee
 High recognition of degrees
 High variety of subjects
 Flexibility in choice of schedule
 Variety of fellow students
17
Pro and Cons in Practise
Public universities
 High Number of students
 Too less professors
 Lack of space and equipment
 Selection process in the first semesters
 High dropout rate with following blockage
18
Pro and Cons in Practise
Private universities
 Nearly no entry restrictions
 Few students per class
 Closer relationship to teachers
 International groups
 Preparing for a career
 Low dropout rate
19
Pro and Cons in Practise
Private universities
 High tuition fees
 Limited choice of subjects
 Lack of scientific background
 Homogenity of students
 Improvable reputation
20
Agenda
Conclusion
Structure of Germany
Future Prospects
3
5
1
21
Higher Education
Basic Education
4
2
6
Public vs. Private
Future Perspectives
 Europe 2020
 Tuition fees for foreign students
 Introduction of minimum working time
 Renaissance of Diplom degree
 Growth of private universities
22
Agenda
Conclusion
Structure of Germany
Future Prospects
3
5
1
23
Higher Education
Basic Education
4
2
6
Public vs. Private
Conclusion
 Internationally competitve higher education
system
 Private universities are an essential part of the
German education system
 Too many people are enrolled in universities
 Too high dropout rates
 Schools must both prepare better for university
and advertise vocational training (financial
resources)
24
Thank you very much
for your attention !
25
Sources
Bundesministerium des Inneren (2006): Der öffentliche Dienst in
Deutschland, Berlin: bmi
Ciocan, Viochita (2006): Humankapitalbildung und der Bologna-
Prozess - Bietet die EU effiziente Strukturen im tertiären
Bildungsbereich? Frankurt: Goethe-Universität
Der Spiegel (2016): Wie geht es weiter mit der Exzellenzinitiave? in:
http://www.spiegel.de/lebenundlernen/uni/deutschland-eliteunis-
wie-geht-es-weiter-mit-der-exzellenzinitiative-a-1088566.html (as of
12.04.2017)
Kirchherr, Julian (2013): Lohnt sich das Studium an einer
Privathochschule? in: http://www.zeit.de/studium/hochschule/2013-
07/studentenfragen-private-hochschulen (as of 16.04.2017)
26
Sources
HRK (2015): Hochschulen in Zahlen in:
https://www.hrk.de/uploads/media/2015-05-
13_Final_Hochschulen_in_Zahlen_2015_fuer_Internet.pdf. (as of
18.04.2017)
LpB (2017): Schulsystem und Schulreformen in Baden-Württemberg
in: http://www.landeskunde-baden-
wuerttemberg.de/bidlung_schularten.html (as of 13.04.2017)
NN (2016): Privathochschulen und Privatunis in:
http://www.privathochschulen.net/privathochschulen/ (as of
16.04.2017)
Neumann, Dieter (2012): Öffentliche Verwaltung: Gestaltung und
Steuerung, Bonn: Bibb
27

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Higher Education System in Germany

  • 2. Agenda Conclusion Structure of Germany Future Prospects 3 5 1 2 Higher Education Basic Education 4 2 6 Public vs. Private
  • 3. State structure Federal Republic 16 federal states 16 FS governments 16 FS parlaments 3 Referen dum Federal law and federal state law legislative
  • 4. Administrative Layers State Administrative district Rural district Towns and municipality Federal State Police system Prison system Road construction Burial system Right of casinos, gastronomy and fairs Education Sytem 4
  • 5. Agenda Conclusion Structure of Germany Future Prospects 3 5 1 5 Higher Education Basic Education 4 2 6 Public vs. Private
  • 7. Education System in Particular Baden-Württemberg  Compulsary school attendance of 9 years  Three-tier school system Innovations  Foreign language from 1st class on (since 2003)  8 years of gymnasium (since 2005)  Free choice of schools (since 2012)  Existence of common school (since 2012)  Field test „Primary school without grades“ (since 2013) 7
  • 8. Agenda Conclusion Structure of Germany Future Prospects 3 5 1 8 Higher Education Basic Education 4 2 6 Public vs. Private
  • 9. Higher Education before Bologna 9 Secondary School Certificate (after 13 years) PhD Magister Diplom Pre- Diplom
  • 10. The Bologna Process Policy Circle 10 policy evaluation policy develop- ment împleme- ntation agenda setting problem definiton  Higher mobility rates  Shorter period of study  Lack of professors  Study reminds of school 1999 Law signed by all EU member states 2010 Process should be completed  Start of step-by- step transfermation  2009 mostly the last year for starting a non Bachelor/ Master degree course  Introduction of ECTS  Creation of two- tier system  Same degrees for all EU countries for a better comparison and acception  Too long study times  Problems with comparing and accepting international studies  Free movement of workers
  • 12. Germany‘s Elite Universities 12 9. LMU München 13. University Heidelberg 14. TU Munich 16. Humboldt Berlin
  • 13. Agenda Conclusion Structure of Germany Future Prospects 3 5 1 13 Higher Education Basic Education 4 2 6 Public vs. Private
  • 15. Productivity 15 Input Throughput Output Outcome Personel Budget Seminars Exams Soft Skills Foreign Languages Stay Abroad Number of graduates Average Grade Dropout rate Quote of people with higher education Employment rate Average level of salary €
  • 16. Evaluation  End of semester evaluation and end of study evaluation by university  End of study evaluation by FS government  Limited to intern evaluation  High importance of results  Lack of comparison (cause / effect) 16
  • 17. Pro and Cons in Practise Public universities  Study fee limited to administration fee  High recognition of degrees  High variety of subjects  Flexibility in choice of schedule  Variety of fellow students 17
  • 18. Pro and Cons in Practise Public universities  High Number of students  Too less professors  Lack of space and equipment  Selection process in the first semesters  High dropout rate with following blockage 18
  • 19. Pro and Cons in Practise Private universities  Nearly no entry restrictions  Few students per class  Closer relationship to teachers  International groups  Preparing for a career  Low dropout rate 19
  • 20. Pro and Cons in Practise Private universities  High tuition fees  Limited choice of subjects  Lack of scientific background  Homogenity of students  Improvable reputation 20
  • 21. Agenda Conclusion Structure of Germany Future Prospects 3 5 1 21 Higher Education Basic Education 4 2 6 Public vs. Private
  • 22. Future Perspectives  Europe 2020  Tuition fees for foreign students  Introduction of minimum working time  Renaissance of Diplom degree  Growth of private universities 22
  • 23. Agenda Conclusion Structure of Germany Future Prospects 3 5 1 23 Higher Education Basic Education 4 2 6 Public vs. Private
  • 24. Conclusion  Internationally competitve higher education system  Private universities are an essential part of the German education system  Too many people are enrolled in universities  Too high dropout rates  Schools must both prepare better for university and advertise vocational training (financial resources) 24
  • 25. Thank you very much for your attention ! 25
  • 26. Sources Bundesministerium des Inneren (2006): Der öffentliche Dienst in Deutschland, Berlin: bmi Ciocan, Viochita (2006): Humankapitalbildung und der Bologna- Prozess - Bietet die EU effiziente Strukturen im tertiären Bildungsbereich? Frankurt: Goethe-Universität Der Spiegel (2016): Wie geht es weiter mit der Exzellenzinitiave? in: http://www.spiegel.de/lebenundlernen/uni/deutschland-eliteunis- wie-geht-es-weiter-mit-der-exzellenzinitiative-a-1088566.html (as of 12.04.2017) Kirchherr, Julian (2013): Lohnt sich das Studium an einer Privathochschule? in: http://www.zeit.de/studium/hochschule/2013- 07/studentenfragen-private-hochschulen (as of 16.04.2017) 26
  • 27. Sources HRK (2015): Hochschulen in Zahlen in: https://www.hrk.de/uploads/media/2015-05- 13_Final_Hochschulen_in_Zahlen_2015_fuer_Internet.pdf. (as of 18.04.2017) LpB (2017): Schulsystem und Schulreformen in Baden-Württemberg in: http://www.landeskunde-baden- wuerttemberg.de/bidlung_schularten.html (as of 13.04.2017) NN (2016): Privathochschulen und Privatunis in: http://www.privathochschulen.net/privathochschulen/ (as of 16.04.2017) Neumann, Dieter (2012): Öffentliche Verwaltung: Gestaltung und Steuerung, Bonn: Bibb 27