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Territorial Governance and Residential Welfare: Experiences from Taiwan   Jing SHIANG, Ph.D. Professor of Public Administration Rueyming TSAY, Ph.D. Professor of Sociology Tunghai University TAIWAN
Globalization and Industrial Change  Accelerated, globally circulating flows embody processes of deterritorialization, a process which reconfigures and re-scales forms of territorial organization such as cities and states.
Globalization and Industrial Change Due to economic development process, in a world city concept, national boundaries and nation states become less significant than the global flows of people and capital between and among global cities.
Globalization and Industrial Change In riding the wave of globalization, and in becoming global cities, regional and urban areas have put significant efforts in planning industrial development to revive their economies.
Science Parks in Industrial Development  Since the end of the 1980s, development of the knowledge-based economy, globalization, and international competitive pressure has increased the importance of innovation in local economies.
Science Parks in Industrial Development Industrial development strategies often involve large-scale urban development projects in order to harness global capital flows. One of such projects is to set up industrial and/or science and technology zones, districts and parks to take advantage of related economic benefits.
Science Parks in Industrial Development Science parks embody a vision of economic development. Science parks are often seen as, or are hoped to be, the solution to complex political and economic issues in society.
Challenges from Science Parks to Localities  In the experiences of the 1st science park in Taiwan established more than two decades ago, numerous social, economic, political and environmental effects from the park have made local governance of the surrounding areas a much more difficult mission.
Challenges from Science Parks to Localities While businesses in the Park and national economy may enjoy all the benefits of the industrial development, local communities, residents and authorities were actually strenuously bearing its costs.
Local Territorial Governance There is an urgent need for a fundamental transformation in the prevailing thinking of economic planning and urban development.
Local Territorial Governance “ Governance,” defined narrowly, is the authoritative responses by which governments meet demands and manage resources.
Local Territorial Governance It may also refer to a change in the meaning of government, with new processes which focus on “self-organizing, inter-organizational networks characterized by interdependence, resource exchange, rules of the game and significant autonomy from the state.”
Local Territorial Governance Conventional local management strategies need to be widened to include “local governance” aspects.
Local Territorial Governance “Local governance” is  the set of formal and informal rules, structures and processes which determine the ways in which individuals and organizations can exercise power over the decisions (by other stakeholders) which affect their welfare at local levels .
Research Context  Central Taiwan Science Park (CTSP), established in 2002 and surrounded by Shitun District and Daya District, is located in the Taichung City and Taichung County neighboring area, with  89,294 households (281,362 population) in the targeted two districts .
Research Context Its primary tenants includes optoelectronics, integrated circuits, computer and peripherals, telecommunication, biotechnology, and precision machinery industries.
Research Context The CTSP expects, in the short run, to expand to 1,765 acres in area, a yearly turnover reaching NT$1,000 billion dollars (approximately ECU 21.5 billion), and 150 on-park companies hiring 80,000 employess.
Research Context Surrounding CTSP, Shitun District and Daya District  are newly-urbanized area.
Research Questions What effects do the residents feel about from the establishment of CTSP?  What actors do the residents perceive as the responsible ones for their welfare? What actors do the residents perceive as the most influential ones for their welfare? How capable are the various actors of maintaining and improving local environment?
Research Questions How much have the actors fulfilled their duties?  Are the perceptions of residents corresponding to the argued statement of local governance, i.e., stakeholders have roughly equal impacts in shaping welfare of local residents? How have residents themselves acted for and contributed to maintaining and improving living quality?
Research Method a large scale face-to-face interview survey conducted from October of 2006 through July of 2007 A total number of 2,600 households were randomly sampled from 89,294 households  A total of 613 valid interviews were conducted.
Findings Half of the respondents indicate that, in the pat five years, neighborhood traffic, security and economic prosperity have worsened.
Findings Nearly 70% of the residents claim that supplies that support their living necessities have increased. Forty-two percent report that sanitary conditions of their communities have improved, while about the same portion believe they remain unchanged.
Findings In general, forty percent of the residents agree that living quality of their communities have ameliorated, while only fourteen percent hold an opposite view.
Various Actors’ Role in Maintaining and Improving Living Quality, as Perceived by Survey Respondents (n=613)  27.2% 0.8% 27.6% 44.0% Most influential 74.0% 16.0% 44.9% 53.7% Made contribution to living quality 80.7% 16.2% 45.2% 51.0% Have fulfilled such duties 79.7% 29.4% 60.0% 70.2% Are capable of 90.7% 31.5% 66.1% 80.8% Are responsible for Residents Non-profit organizations Community/ Neighborhood organizations Governmental agencies Actor Role
Conclusion Local governments have faced new challenges in their territorial governance and in sustaining residential welfare. Although modern territorial governance is networked by various stakeholders of the territory, in Taiwan residents’ mind, the most influential actor is still the public authority – local governments.
Conclusion Community organizations play a minor role in keeping local living quality, while non-profit organizations are deemed almost insignificant.  Residents see themselves as important actor in sustaining their own welfare, but feel less influential in doing so.
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Territorial Governance and Residential Welfare: Experiences from Taiwan, Jing SHIANG, Rueyming TSAY

  • 1. Territorial Governance and Residential Welfare: Experiences from Taiwan Jing SHIANG, Ph.D. Professor of Public Administration Rueyming TSAY, Ph.D. Professor of Sociology Tunghai University TAIWAN
  • 2. Globalization and Industrial Change Accelerated, globally circulating flows embody processes of deterritorialization, a process which reconfigures and re-scales forms of territorial organization such as cities and states.
  • 3. Globalization and Industrial Change Due to economic development process, in a world city concept, national boundaries and nation states become less significant than the global flows of people and capital between and among global cities.
  • 4. Globalization and Industrial Change In riding the wave of globalization, and in becoming global cities, regional and urban areas have put significant efforts in planning industrial development to revive their economies.
  • 5. Science Parks in Industrial Development Since the end of the 1980s, development of the knowledge-based economy, globalization, and international competitive pressure has increased the importance of innovation in local economies.
  • 6. Science Parks in Industrial Development Industrial development strategies often involve large-scale urban development projects in order to harness global capital flows. One of such projects is to set up industrial and/or science and technology zones, districts and parks to take advantage of related economic benefits.
  • 7. Science Parks in Industrial Development Science parks embody a vision of economic development. Science parks are often seen as, or are hoped to be, the solution to complex political and economic issues in society.
  • 8. Challenges from Science Parks to Localities In the experiences of the 1st science park in Taiwan established more than two decades ago, numerous social, economic, political and environmental effects from the park have made local governance of the surrounding areas a much more difficult mission.
  • 9. Challenges from Science Parks to Localities While businesses in the Park and national economy may enjoy all the benefits of the industrial development, local communities, residents and authorities were actually strenuously bearing its costs.
  • 10. Local Territorial Governance There is an urgent need for a fundamental transformation in the prevailing thinking of economic planning and urban development.
  • 11. Local Territorial Governance “ Governance,” defined narrowly, is the authoritative responses by which governments meet demands and manage resources.
  • 12. Local Territorial Governance It may also refer to a change in the meaning of government, with new processes which focus on “self-organizing, inter-organizational networks characterized by interdependence, resource exchange, rules of the game and significant autonomy from the state.”
  • 13. Local Territorial Governance Conventional local management strategies need to be widened to include “local governance” aspects.
  • 14. Local Territorial Governance “Local governance” is the set of formal and informal rules, structures and processes which determine the ways in which individuals and organizations can exercise power over the decisions (by other stakeholders) which affect their welfare at local levels .
  • 15. Research Context Central Taiwan Science Park (CTSP), established in 2002 and surrounded by Shitun District and Daya District, is located in the Taichung City and Taichung County neighboring area, with 89,294 households (281,362 population) in the targeted two districts .
  • 16. Research Context Its primary tenants includes optoelectronics, integrated circuits, computer and peripherals, telecommunication, biotechnology, and precision machinery industries.
  • 17. Research Context The CTSP expects, in the short run, to expand to 1,765 acres in area, a yearly turnover reaching NT$1,000 billion dollars (approximately ECU 21.5 billion), and 150 on-park companies hiring 80,000 employess.
  • 18. Research Context Surrounding CTSP, Shitun District and Daya District are newly-urbanized area.
  • 19. Research Questions What effects do the residents feel about from the establishment of CTSP? What actors do the residents perceive as the responsible ones for their welfare? What actors do the residents perceive as the most influential ones for their welfare? How capable are the various actors of maintaining and improving local environment?
  • 20. Research Questions How much have the actors fulfilled their duties? Are the perceptions of residents corresponding to the argued statement of local governance, i.e., stakeholders have roughly equal impacts in shaping welfare of local residents? How have residents themselves acted for and contributed to maintaining and improving living quality?
  • 21. Research Method a large scale face-to-face interview survey conducted from October of 2006 through July of 2007 A total number of 2,600 households were randomly sampled from 89,294 households A total of 613 valid interviews were conducted.
  • 22. Findings Half of the respondents indicate that, in the pat five years, neighborhood traffic, security and economic prosperity have worsened.
  • 23. Findings Nearly 70% of the residents claim that supplies that support their living necessities have increased. Forty-two percent report that sanitary conditions of their communities have improved, while about the same portion believe they remain unchanged.
  • 24. Findings In general, forty percent of the residents agree that living quality of their communities have ameliorated, while only fourteen percent hold an opposite view.
  • 25. Various Actors’ Role in Maintaining and Improving Living Quality, as Perceived by Survey Respondents (n=613) 27.2% 0.8% 27.6% 44.0% Most influential 74.0% 16.0% 44.9% 53.7% Made contribution to living quality 80.7% 16.2% 45.2% 51.0% Have fulfilled such duties 79.7% 29.4% 60.0% 70.2% Are capable of 90.7% 31.5% 66.1% 80.8% Are responsible for Residents Non-profit organizations Community/ Neighborhood organizations Governmental agencies Actor Role
  • 26. Conclusion Local governments have faced new challenges in their territorial governance and in sustaining residential welfare. Although modern territorial governance is networked by various stakeholders of the territory, in Taiwan residents’ mind, the most influential actor is still the public authority – local governments.
  • 27. Conclusion Community organizations play a minor role in keeping local living quality, while non-profit organizations are deemed almost insignificant. Residents see themselves as important actor in sustaining their own welfare, but feel less influential in doing so.
  • 28. Thank you for listening! Please comment.