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Strategic Management
By: Sarabjeet Singh
The Chaos
• Team
• Slogan
• Leader
Strategy
• Strategy is the overall plan for deploying
resources to establish a favorable position
• Tactic is a scheme for a specific maneuver
Video: Strategy that fail!!!
Strategic Management
• The set of managerial decisions and actions
that determines the long-run performance of
a corporation. It includes:
– Environmental scanning (internal & external)
– Strategy formulation
– Strategy implementation
– Evaluation and control
Basic Framework
The firm
Goals &
Values
Resources &
Capabilities
Structures &
Systems
External
Environment
Competitors
Customers
Suppliers
etc
Strategy
Importance of SM
• Clearer sense of strategic vision
• Sharper focus on what is strategically
important
• Improved understanding of rapidly changing
environment
Video: Funny mishap
Three Key Questions
• Where is the organization now?
• If no changes are made, where will the
organization be in one, two, five or ten years?
Are the answers acceptable?
• If the answers are not acceptable, what
specific actions should management
undertake? What are the risks and payoffs
involved?
Strategic Management Model
Strategy
Formulation
Strategy
Implementation
Evaluation
and Control
Mission
Objectives
Strategies
Policies
Feedback/Learning
Environmental
Scanning
Societal
Environment
General Forces
Task
Environment
Industry Analysis
Structure
Chain of Command
Resources
Assets, Skills
Competencies,
Knowledge
Culture
Beliefs, Expectations,
Values
Reason for
existence
What results
to
accomplish
by when Plan to
achieve the
mission &
objectives Broad
guidelines for
decision
making
Programs
Activities
needed to
accomplish
a plan
Budgets
Cost of the
programs
Procedures
Sequence
of steps
needed to
do the job
Process
to monitor
performance
and take
corrective
action
Performance
External
Internal
Environmental Scanning
•Monitoring, evaluating and disseminating
information from the environment to key people
within the corporation
•Scan via SWOT analysis:
–Look for opportunities/threats in the external
environment
–Look for strengths/weaknesses in the internal
environment
Video the jump program
Strategy Formulation
The process of developing long-range plans to deal
effectively with environmental opportunities and
threats in light of corporate strengths and
weaknesses.
Composed of:
• Mission
• Objectives
• Strategies
• Policies
Mission
The purpose or reason for the corporation’s
existence. It tells who the company is, what they do
as well as what they’d like to become.
Objectives
The end results of planned activity. They state WHAT
is to be accomplished by WHEN. They should be
quantified, if possible.
Should be specific, measurable and obtainable.
Strategies
A strategy is a comprehensive master plan stating
HOW the corporation will achieve its mission and
objectives. There are three types:
Corporate - a corporation’s overall direction and
the management of its businesses.
Business - emphasizes improving the competitive
position of a corporation’s products or services in a
specific industry or market segment.
Functional - concerned with developing a
distinctive competence to provide a company or
business unit with a competitive advantage.
Hierarchy of Strategy
Functional
Strategy
Business
(Division
Level)
Strategy
Corporate
Strategy
Manufacturing Finance Marketing
Research
and
Development
Human
Resources
Strategic
Business
Unit
Strategic
Business
Unit
Strategic
Business
Unit
Corporate
Headquarters
Policies
Broad guidelines for making decisions.
E.g. - 3M’s policy requiring researchers to spend 15%
of their time working on something other than their
primary project.
Strategy Implementation
The process of putting strategies and policies into action through
the development of:
– Programs - statements of activities or steps needed to
accomplish a single-use plan.
– Budgets - statements of a corporation’s
programs in dollar terms.
– Procedures - systems of sequential steps or techniques
that describe in detail how to perform particular tasks or
jobs.
Evaluation and Control
The process of monitoring corporate
activities and performance results so that
actual performance can be compared with
desired performance.
Thank You

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Strategic management- basics

  • 2. The Chaos • Team • Slogan • Leader
  • 3. Strategy • Strategy is the overall plan for deploying resources to establish a favorable position • Tactic is a scheme for a specific maneuver Video: Strategy that fail!!!
  • 4. Strategic Management • The set of managerial decisions and actions that determines the long-run performance of a corporation. It includes: – Environmental scanning (internal & external) – Strategy formulation – Strategy implementation – Evaluation and control
  • 5. Basic Framework The firm Goals & Values Resources & Capabilities Structures & Systems External Environment Competitors Customers Suppliers etc Strategy
  • 6. Importance of SM • Clearer sense of strategic vision • Sharper focus on what is strategically important • Improved understanding of rapidly changing environment Video: Funny mishap
  • 7. Three Key Questions • Where is the organization now? • If no changes are made, where will the organization be in one, two, five or ten years? Are the answers acceptable? • If the answers are not acceptable, what specific actions should management undertake? What are the risks and payoffs involved?
  • 8. Strategic Management Model Strategy Formulation Strategy Implementation Evaluation and Control Mission Objectives Strategies Policies Feedback/Learning Environmental Scanning Societal Environment General Forces Task Environment Industry Analysis Structure Chain of Command Resources Assets, Skills Competencies, Knowledge Culture Beliefs, Expectations, Values Reason for existence What results to accomplish by when Plan to achieve the mission & objectives Broad guidelines for decision making Programs Activities needed to accomplish a plan Budgets Cost of the programs Procedures Sequence of steps needed to do the job Process to monitor performance and take corrective action Performance External Internal
  • 9. Environmental Scanning •Monitoring, evaluating and disseminating information from the environment to key people within the corporation •Scan via SWOT analysis: –Look for opportunities/threats in the external environment –Look for strengths/weaknesses in the internal environment Video the jump program
  • 10. Strategy Formulation The process of developing long-range plans to deal effectively with environmental opportunities and threats in light of corporate strengths and weaknesses. Composed of: • Mission • Objectives • Strategies • Policies
  • 11. Mission The purpose or reason for the corporation’s existence. It tells who the company is, what they do as well as what they’d like to become.
  • 12. Objectives The end results of planned activity. They state WHAT is to be accomplished by WHEN. They should be quantified, if possible. Should be specific, measurable and obtainable.
  • 13. Strategies A strategy is a comprehensive master plan stating HOW the corporation will achieve its mission and objectives. There are three types: Corporate - a corporation’s overall direction and the management of its businesses. Business - emphasizes improving the competitive position of a corporation’s products or services in a specific industry or market segment. Functional - concerned with developing a distinctive competence to provide a company or business unit with a competitive advantage.
  • 14. Hierarchy of Strategy Functional Strategy Business (Division Level) Strategy Corporate Strategy Manufacturing Finance Marketing Research and Development Human Resources Strategic Business Unit Strategic Business Unit Strategic Business Unit Corporate Headquarters
  • 15. Policies Broad guidelines for making decisions. E.g. - 3M’s policy requiring researchers to spend 15% of their time working on something other than their primary project.
  • 16. Strategy Implementation The process of putting strategies and policies into action through the development of: – Programs - statements of activities or steps needed to accomplish a single-use plan. – Budgets - statements of a corporation’s programs in dollar terms. – Procedures - systems of sequential steps or techniques that describe in detail how to perform particular tasks or jobs.
  • 17. Evaluation and Control The process of monitoring corporate activities and performance results so that actual performance can be compared with desired performance.