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BY: PRAJWAL M
Seminar on Tools of
Data Collection:
Primary and Secondary
What is Data Collection……..?
Data collection is a methodical process of gathering and analyzing specific
information to proffer solutions to relevant questions and evaluate the results. It
focuses on finding out all there is to a particular subject matter. Data is collected to
be further subjected to hypothesis testing which seeks to explain a phenomenon.
Hypothesis testing eliminates assumptions while making a proposition from the
basis of reason. For collectors of data, there is a range of outcomes for which the
data is collected. But the key purpose for which data is collected is to put a
researcher in a vantage position to make predictions about future probabilities and
trends.
The core forms in which data can be collected are primary and secondary data.
While the former is collected by a researcher through first-hand sources, the latter is
collected by an individual other than the user.
Types of Data Collection:
Before broaching the subject of the various types of data collection. It is pertinent to
note that data collection in itself falls under two broad categories;
Primary data collection and Secondary data collection.
Primary Data Collection:
Primary data collection by definition is the gathering of raw data collected at
the source. It is a process of collecting the original data collected by a researcher for
a specific research purpose. It could be further analyzed into 2 segments; qualitative
research and quantitative data collection methods.
1. Qualitative Research Method:
The qualitative research methods of data collection does not involve the collection of data
that involves numbers or a need to be deduced through a mathematical calculation, rather
it is based on the non-quantifiable elements like the feeling or emotion of the researcher.
An example of such a method is an open- ended questionnaire.
Online
Forums
Groups
In Depth
Interviews
Qualitative Data
Collection Tools
Online
Communities
Web Survey
Chat
2.Quantitative Method:
Quantitative methods are presented in numbers and require a mathematical calculation to
deduce. An example would be the use of a questionnaire with close ended questions to
arrive at figures to be calculated Mathematically. Also, methods of correlation and
regression, mean, mode and median.
Face-to-Face
Quantitative
Data Collection
Tools
Mail
Online
Phone
Secondary Data Collection:
Secondary data collection, on the other hand, is referred to as
the gathering of second- hand data collected by an individual
who is not the original user. It is the process of collecting
data that is already existing, be it already published books,
journals and/or online portals. In terms of ease, it is much
less expensive and easier to collect.
Your choice between Primary data collection depend on
the nature, scope and area of your research as well as its aims
and objectives.
Importance of Data Collection:
There are a bunch of underlying reasons for collecting data, especially for a
researcher. Walking you through them, here are a few reasons:
 Integrity of the Research:
A key reason for collecting data, be it through quantitative or qualitative
methods is to ensure that the integrity of the research question is indeed maintained.
 Reduce the likelihood of errors:
The correct use of appropriate data collection of methods reduces the
likelihood of errors consistent with the results.
 Decision Making:
To minimize the risk of errors in decision making, it is important that
accurate data is collected so that the researcher doesn’t make uninformed decisions.
 Save Cost and Time:
Data collection saves the researcher time and funds that
would otherwise be misspent without a deeper understanding of the
topic or subject matter.
 To support a need for a new idea, change and/or
innovation:
To prove the need for a change in the norm or the
introduction of new information that will be widely accepted, it is
important to collect data as evidence to support these claims.
What is a data Collection Tool…?
Data collection tools refer to the devices/instruments used to collect data, such
as a paper questionnaire or computer- assisted interviewing system. Case Studies,
Checklists, Interviews, Observation sometimes, and Surveys or Questionnaires are
all tools used to collect data.
It is important to decide the tools for data collection because research is carried
out in different ways and for different purposes. The objective behind data collection
is to capture quality evidence that allows analysis to lead to the formulation of
convincing and credible answers to the questions that have been posed.
The Formplus’ online data collection tool is perfect for gathering primary data,
i.e, raw data collected from the source. You can easily get data with at least three
data collection methods with our online and offline data gathering tool. I,e, online
Questionnaires. Focus Grous and Reporting.
THANK YOU

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Seminar on tools of data collection Research Methodology

  • 1. BY: PRAJWAL M Seminar on Tools of Data Collection: Primary and Secondary
  • 2. What is Data Collection……..? Data collection is a methodical process of gathering and analyzing specific information to proffer solutions to relevant questions and evaluate the results. It focuses on finding out all there is to a particular subject matter. Data is collected to be further subjected to hypothesis testing which seeks to explain a phenomenon. Hypothesis testing eliminates assumptions while making a proposition from the basis of reason. For collectors of data, there is a range of outcomes for which the data is collected. But the key purpose for which data is collected is to put a researcher in a vantage position to make predictions about future probabilities and trends. The core forms in which data can be collected are primary and secondary data. While the former is collected by a researcher through first-hand sources, the latter is collected by an individual other than the user.
  • 3. Types of Data Collection: Before broaching the subject of the various types of data collection. It is pertinent to note that data collection in itself falls under two broad categories; Primary data collection and Secondary data collection. Primary Data Collection: Primary data collection by definition is the gathering of raw data collected at the source. It is a process of collecting the original data collected by a researcher for a specific research purpose. It could be further analyzed into 2 segments; qualitative research and quantitative data collection methods.
  • 4. 1. Qualitative Research Method: The qualitative research methods of data collection does not involve the collection of data that involves numbers or a need to be deduced through a mathematical calculation, rather it is based on the non-quantifiable elements like the feeling or emotion of the researcher. An example of such a method is an open- ended questionnaire. Online Forums Groups In Depth Interviews Qualitative Data Collection Tools Online Communities Web Survey Chat
  • 5. 2.Quantitative Method: Quantitative methods are presented in numbers and require a mathematical calculation to deduce. An example would be the use of a questionnaire with close ended questions to arrive at figures to be calculated Mathematically. Also, methods of correlation and regression, mean, mode and median. Face-to-Face Quantitative Data Collection Tools Mail Online Phone
  • 6. Secondary Data Collection: Secondary data collection, on the other hand, is referred to as the gathering of second- hand data collected by an individual who is not the original user. It is the process of collecting data that is already existing, be it already published books, journals and/or online portals. In terms of ease, it is much less expensive and easier to collect. Your choice between Primary data collection depend on the nature, scope and area of your research as well as its aims and objectives.
  • 7. Importance of Data Collection: There are a bunch of underlying reasons for collecting data, especially for a researcher. Walking you through them, here are a few reasons:  Integrity of the Research: A key reason for collecting data, be it through quantitative or qualitative methods is to ensure that the integrity of the research question is indeed maintained.  Reduce the likelihood of errors: The correct use of appropriate data collection of methods reduces the likelihood of errors consistent with the results.  Decision Making: To minimize the risk of errors in decision making, it is important that accurate data is collected so that the researcher doesn’t make uninformed decisions.
  • 8.  Save Cost and Time: Data collection saves the researcher time and funds that would otherwise be misspent without a deeper understanding of the topic or subject matter.  To support a need for a new idea, change and/or innovation: To prove the need for a change in the norm or the introduction of new information that will be widely accepted, it is important to collect data as evidence to support these claims.
  • 9. What is a data Collection Tool…? Data collection tools refer to the devices/instruments used to collect data, such as a paper questionnaire or computer- assisted interviewing system. Case Studies, Checklists, Interviews, Observation sometimes, and Surveys or Questionnaires are all tools used to collect data. It is important to decide the tools for data collection because research is carried out in different ways and for different purposes. The objective behind data collection is to capture quality evidence that allows analysis to lead to the formulation of convincing and credible answers to the questions that have been posed. The Formplus’ online data collection tool is perfect for gathering primary data, i.e, raw data collected from the source. You can easily get data with at least three data collection methods with our online and offline data gathering tool. I,e, online Questionnaires. Focus Grous and Reporting.