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Ethiopia
Ethiopia
Ethiopia is a country located in the Horn of
Africa bordered by Eritrea to the north,
Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and
South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the
south.
 Land:
Ethiopia is the 10th largest by area in Africa, occupying 1,122,000 km2.
 Population:
Ethiopia is the second- most populous nation on the African continent, with over 84,320,000
inhabitants.
 Topography:
Ethiopia is a land of wonder and enchantment, a land of contrasts and surprises, of remote and
wild places. There are 25 mountains whose pics rise over 4000 meters and the hottest place in the
world Dalol is found in Ethiopia with an average temperature of 34.6c.
 Climate:
Ethiopia is in the tropical zone lying between the equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It has 3
different climate zones according to elevation: Tropical zone below 1830 meters, Subtropical zone
1830-2440 meters and cool zone above 2440 meters.
There are 4 seasons: Summer June-August with heavy rainfalls. Spring September-November is
the harvest season. Winter December-February with frost in morning. Autumn March-May with
occasional showers. May is the hottest month in Ethiopia.
 Language:
Ethiopia is a multi ethnic state with a great variety of languages spoken in the country. There are
as many as 84 languages with 200 dialects. The main ones are Amharic, Oromiffa and Tigriny.
Ethiopia is Africa’s :
 Largest coffee producer and exporter.
 Largest livestock producer and exporter.
 Largest chickpeas producer.
 Largest leather producer.
 Largest honey producer.
 Largest in horse population.
 Second biggest maize producer.
 Second largest cut flowers producer.
Ethiopia is world’s:
 Sixth biggest coffee producer.
 Tenth largest livestock producer.
 Third largest nut producer.
 Sixth biggest timber producer.
 Third largest beehives and ninth honey producer.
 Nine largest in horse population.
 Second largest in donkey population.
 The fourth largest biodiversity zone.
Capital
Ethiopia capital, Addis Ababa named as among the top 10 cities to visit in 2013.
Addis Ababa is the location of several global organisations which includes
African Union, the Pan African Chamber of Commerce, UNECA and the African
Standby Force.
Ethiopian Food:
Ethiopian food is diverse, different and exotic. The food is not found
anywhere else, it is truly unique. There is a rainbow of different foods, meat,
vegetables, pulses. Ethiopian Coffee- more than a drink.
Ethiopian music and dancing:
The music of Ethiopia is extremely diverse. It uses a distinct
modal system that is pentatonic, with characteristically long
intervals between some notes. Even if you can’t understand
the words, Ethiopian music is so expressive and soulful that
you will enjoy it anyway!
Traditional Ethiopian dance is unique. Mainly comprised of
fast, rhythmic upper body movements, the dancing is not
only beautiful, but tells a story of life, culture, and tradition
in..
Tourism:
Ethiopia has earned the distinction of having the most UNESCO World Heritage sites
in the world – ten in total. Many of these destinations are home to mosques, ancient
ruins, and jaw dropping landscapes.
Major attractions of Ethiopia are:
1. Aksum.
2. Bahir Dar & Lake Tana.
3. Bale Mountains National Park.
4. Danakil Depression.
5. Gondar
6. Harar.
7. Lalibela.
8. Omo Valley.
9. Rift Valley Lakes.
10. Simien Mountains.
11. Southern Rift Valley.
12. Yabelo Wildlife Sanctuary.
1. Aksum:
One of Africa’s oldest continuously inhabited sites, this was the capital
of the Aksumite Kingdom dating back to 100AD. Today, it is known mainly
for its stellaeenormous stone obelisks up to 33m tall and weighing upto 520
tonnes – the oldest of which date back 1,700 years. Aksum is also said to be
the resting place of the Ark of the Covenant, in the unassuming Chapel of the
Tablet – the holiest site in Ethiopia.
2.Bahir Dar & Lake Tana:
One of Ethiopia’s most pleasant cities, Bahir Dar is the gateway to
Lake Tana and the Blue Nile Falls, though this once magnificient 40m- high
cascade has withered in recent years with the construction of a dam. Take a
boat tour to Lake Tana’s islands, home to ancient churches and monasteries,
looking out for hippos along the way. The town itself has a thriving daily
market, and charming cafes with lakeside views.
3. Bale Mountains National Park:
Most hikers head to the Simien Mountains, yet Bale, with its new
lodge, gaint heather, jagged rock formations and endemic Ethiopian wolves,
is sure to start drawing nature fans. This wild landscape plunges 1,500m from
the windswept Sanetti Plateau to the twisted, fairytale scenes of the Harenna
Forest. Fantastic community initiatives mean you can explore this wild
landscape with local guides.
4. Danakil Depression:
one of the most surreal and harsh places on the planet, the Danakil
includes Africa’s lowest point, at 155m below sea level, as well one of its
hottest; temperatures soar over 45 degree Celsius in summer. Visiting Danakil
is a true expedition: you can trek up an active volcano, camp on the crater rim
and explore the otherworldly landscapes of Dallol, with its geysers and
rainbow colored mineral deposits.
5. Gondar:
Dating back to the 17th century, Gondar is a relatively ‘new’ city by Ethiopian standards.
The Royal Enclosure is a complex of impressive buildings including churches, palaces,
castles, a ceremonial bath and a banqueting hall. Today, Gondar is a convenient stopover on
the way to Lake Tana and the Simien Mountains; it is also known for its huge Timkat
celebrations in January.
6. Harar:
Islam’s fourth holiest city covers just a single square kilometer in estern Ethiopia, and
this walled citadel contains over 80 mosques and 360 labyrinthine alleyways dating back up
to 1,000 years. The elegant Islamic architecture, colourful robes and ancient markets seemed
to have altered tittle since then. One of Harar’s main draws is the feeding of the hyenas- a
nightly ritual which deters the predators from attacking livestock.
7. Lalibela:
These 11 rock-hewn churches – upto 13m high – were created in the 13th century, and are
the closest thing Ethiopia has to a ‘big’ tourist attraction. They were freed entirely from the
rock with just hammers and chisels, complete with roofs. Lalibela remains very much a living
cultural site; 1000 of its 10,000 residents are priests, and the churches are the focal points for
ceremonies, vigils and processions.
8. Omo Valley:
Some of the world’s oldest human remains were found in this region,
and today the Omo Valley continues to provide a glimpse into ancient ways
of life, thanks to more than a dozen tribes that live along the banks of the
Omo River. Famed for their body adornments – which include lip plates,
scarification and face paint – the tribes are a huge attraction, though tourism
has already begun to chip away at tradition.
9. Rift Valley Lakes:
Africa’s Great Rift Valley rips a great scar through the middle of
Ethiopia; a giant valley where lakes have bubbled up and forests have sprung
from the ground. The warmth and humidity are a welcome break from the
harsh highlands, and journeys up and down the valley reveal a variety of
cultures and traditions. In this landlocked nation, the lakeshores are
something of a resort for holidaying Ethiopians.
10. Simien Mountains:
The jagged peaks and deep gorges of this mist-shrouded national park
are home to Ethiopia’s most striking wildlife: gelada baboons, Walia ibex
and lammergeyer vultures. Millions of years of erosion have created a jaw-
dropping landscape, recognized by UNESCO. Surreal Afro-Alpine
vegetation clings to the steep slopes, over 3,600m high. Single or multi-day
treks with local guides offer an insight into life on the “roof of Africa”.
11. Southern Rift Valley:
The Konso and Dorze people may not have the striking appearance of
the Omo Valley Tribes, but their way of life is no less fascinating. Little
influenced by tourism, life in this spectacular region of the Rift valley
revolves around market days, traditional ceremonies, farming and weaving.
Unlike the Omo Valley, there are community guesthouses and workshops,
providing an authentic immersion into these welcoming yet little known
cultures.
11. Southern Rift Valley:
The Konso and Dorze people may not have the striking appearance of
the Omo Valley tribes, but their way of life is no less fascinating. Little
influenced by tourism, life in this spectacular region of the Rift Valley
revolves around market days, traditional ceremonies, farming and weaving.
Unlike the Omo Valley, there are community guesthouses and workshops,
providing an authentic immersion into these welcoming yet little know
cultures.
12. Yabelo Wildlife Sanctuary:
Though the endemic Swayne’s hartebeest, which this sanctuary was set
up to protect, have virtually vanished from the park, Yabelo is still home to a
number of mammals including zebra, kudu, gazelle and dik-dik. The real
attraction though are the birds; some 200 species can be found here including
the ostrich, the endangered Taita falcon and the rare and striking Prince
Ruspoli’s turaco.

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Ethiopia presentation

  • 2. Ethiopia Ethiopia is a country located in the Horn of Africa bordered by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
  • 3.  Land: Ethiopia is the 10th largest by area in Africa, occupying 1,122,000 km2.  Population: Ethiopia is the second- most populous nation on the African continent, with over 84,320,000 inhabitants.  Topography: Ethiopia is a land of wonder and enchantment, a land of contrasts and surprises, of remote and wild places. There are 25 mountains whose pics rise over 4000 meters and the hottest place in the world Dalol is found in Ethiopia with an average temperature of 34.6c.  Climate: Ethiopia is in the tropical zone lying between the equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It has 3 different climate zones according to elevation: Tropical zone below 1830 meters, Subtropical zone 1830-2440 meters and cool zone above 2440 meters. There are 4 seasons: Summer June-August with heavy rainfalls. Spring September-November is the harvest season. Winter December-February with frost in morning. Autumn March-May with occasional showers. May is the hottest month in Ethiopia.  Language: Ethiopia is a multi ethnic state with a great variety of languages spoken in the country. There are as many as 84 languages with 200 dialects. The main ones are Amharic, Oromiffa and Tigriny.
  • 4. Ethiopia is Africa’s :  Largest coffee producer and exporter.  Largest livestock producer and exporter.  Largest chickpeas producer.  Largest leather producer.  Largest honey producer.  Largest in horse population.  Second biggest maize producer.  Second largest cut flowers producer.
  • 5. Ethiopia is world’s:  Sixth biggest coffee producer.  Tenth largest livestock producer.  Third largest nut producer.  Sixth biggest timber producer.  Third largest beehives and ninth honey producer.  Nine largest in horse population.  Second largest in donkey population.  The fourth largest biodiversity zone.
  • 6. Capital Ethiopia capital, Addis Ababa named as among the top 10 cities to visit in 2013. Addis Ababa is the location of several global organisations which includes African Union, the Pan African Chamber of Commerce, UNECA and the African Standby Force. Ethiopian Food: Ethiopian food is diverse, different and exotic. The food is not found anywhere else, it is truly unique. There is a rainbow of different foods, meat, vegetables, pulses. Ethiopian Coffee- more than a drink.
  • 7. Ethiopian music and dancing: The music of Ethiopia is extremely diverse. It uses a distinct modal system that is pentatonic, with characteristically long intervals between some notes. Even if you can’t understand the words, Ethiopian music is so expressive and soulful that you will enjoy it anyway! Traditional Ethiopian dance is unique. Mainly comprised of fast, rhythmic upper body movements, the dancing is not only beautiful, but tells a story of life, culture, and tradition in..
  • 8. Tourism: Ethiopia has earned the distinction of having the most UNESCO World Heritage sites in the world – ten in total. Many of these destinations are home to mosques, ancient ruins, and jaw dropping landscapes. Major attractions of Ethiopia are: 1. Aksum. 2. Bahir Dar & Lake Tana. 3. Bale Mountains National Park. 4. Danakil Depression. 5. Gondar 6. Harar. 7. Lalibela. 8. Omo Valley. 9. Rift Valley Lakes. 10. Simien Mountains. 11. Southern Rift Valley. 12. Yabelo Wildlife Sanctuary.
  • 9. 1. Aksum: One of Africa’s oldest continuously inhabited sites, this was the capital of the Aksumite Kingdom dating back to 100AD. Today, it is known mainly for its stellaeenormous stone obelisks up to 33m tall and weighing upto 520 tonnes – the oldest of which date back 1,700 years. Aksum is also said to be the resting place of the Ark of the Covenant, in the unassuming Chapel of the Tablet – the holiest site in Ethiopia. 2.Bahir Dar & Lake Tana: One of Ethiopia’s most pleasant cities, Bahir Dar is the gateway to Lake Tana and the Blue Nile Falls, though this once magnificient 40m- high cascade has withered in recent years with the construction of a dam. Take a boat tour to Lake Tana’s islands, home to ancient churches and monasteries, looking out for hippos along the way. The town itself has a thriving daily market, and charming cafes with lakeside views.
  • 10. 3. Bale Mountains National Park: Most hikers head to the Simien Mountains, yet Bale, with its new lodge, gaint heather, jagged rock formations and endemic Ethiopian wolves, is sure to start drawing nature fans. This wild landscape plunges 1,500m from the windswept Sanetti Plateau to the twisted, fairytale scenes of the Harenna Forest. Fantastic community initiatives mean you can explore this wild landscape with local guides. 4. Danakil Depression: one of the most surreal and harsh places on the planet, the Danakil includes Africa’s lowest point, at 155m below sea level, as well one of its hottest; temperatures soar over 45 degree Celsius in summer. Visiting Danakil is a true expedition: you can trek up an active volcano, camp on the crater rim and explore the otherworldly landscapes of Dallol, with its geysers and rainbow colored mineral deposits.
  • 11. 5. Gondar: Dating back to the 17th century, Gondar is a relatively ‘new’ city by Ethiopian standards. The Royal Enclosure is a complex of impressive buildings including churches, palaces, castles, a ceremonial bath and a banqueting hall. Today, Gondar is a convenient stopover on the way to Lake Tana and the Simien Mountains; it is also known for its huge Timkat celebrations in January. 6. Harar: Islam’s fourth holiest city covers just a single square kilometer in estern Ethiopia, and this walled citadel contains over 80 mosques and 360 labyrinthine alleyways dating back up to 1,000 years. The elegant Islamic architecture, colourful robes and ancient markets seemed to have altered tittle since then. One of Harar’s main draws is the feeding of the hyenas- a nightly ritual which deters the predators from attacking livestock. 7. Lalibela: These 11 rock-hewn churches – upto 13m high – were created in the 13th century, and are the closest thing Ethiopia has to a ‘big’ tourist attraction. They were freed entirely from the rock with just hammers and chisels, complete with roofs. Lalibela remains very much a living cultural site; 1000 of its 10,000 residents are priests, and the churches are the focal points for ceremonies, vigils and processions.
  • 12. 8. Omo Valley: Some of the world’s oldest human remains were found in this region, and today the Omo Valley continues to provide a glimpse into ancient ways of life, thanks to more than a dozen tribes that live along the banks of the Omo River. Famed for their body adornments – which include lip plates, scarification and face paint – the tribes are a huge attraction, though tourism has already begun to chip away at tradition. 9. Rift Valley Lakes: Africa’s Great Rift Valley rips a great scar through the middle of Ethiopia; a giant valley where lakes have bubbled up and forests have sprung from the ground. The warmth and humidity are a welcome break from the harsh highlands, and journeys up and down the valley reveal a variety of cultures and traditions. In this landlocked nation, the lakeshores are something of a resort for holidaying Ethiopians.
  • 13. 10. Simien Mountains: The jagged peaks and deep gorges of this mist-shrouded national park are home to Ethiopia’s most striking wildlife: gelada baboons, Walia ibex and lammergeyer vultures. Millions of years of erosion have created a jaw- dropping landscape, recognized by UNESCO. Surreal Afro-Alpine vegetation clings to the steep slopes, over 3,600m high. Single or multi-day treks with local guides offer an insight into life on the “roof of Africa”. 11. Southern Rift Valley: The Konso and Dorze people may not have the striking appearance of the Omo Valley Tribes, but their way of life is no less fascinating. Little influenced by tourism, life in this spectacular region of the Rift valley revolves around market days, traditional ceremonies, farming and weaving. Unlike the Omo Valley, there are community guesthouses and workshops, providing an authentic immersion into these welcoming yet little known cultures.
  • 14. 11. Southern Rift Valley: The Konso and Dorze people may not have the striking appearance of the Omo Valley tribes, but their way of life is no less fascinating. Little influenced by tourism, life in this spectacular region of the Rift Valley revolves around market days, traditional ceremonies, farming and weaving. Unlike the Omo Valley, there are community guesthouses and workshops, providing an authentic immersion into these welcoming yet little know cultures. 12. Yabelo Wildlife Sanctuary: Though the endemic Swayne’s hartebeest, which this sanctuary was set up to protect, have virtually vanished from the park, Yabelo is still home to a number of mammals including zebra, kudu, gazelle and dik-dik. The real attraction though are the birds; some 200 species can be found here including the ostrich, the endangered Taita falcon and the rare and striking Prince Ruspoli’s turaco.