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Conservation’s Digital Landscape:
one conservator’s perspective
Nancie Ravenel
Objects Conservator, Shelburne Museum
What I’ve been asked to talk about:
• key resources I use
as a conservator
• expectations
• what is missing
• what remains
problematic
The Adirondacks from Shelburne House,
Shelburne Farms
Some resources that have
influenced my thinking on this topic
Fitzpatrick, Kathleen. 2011. Planned Obsolescence : Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy. New York: New York University Press.
“Integrating Imaging and Analytical Technologies for Conservation Practice: Report of an Experts Meeting Held September 10-12, 2013.” 2013.
Getty Conservation Institute. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/our_projects/imaging_experts_mtg_rep.pdf.
Kronkright, Dale, Greg Bearman, John Delaney, John ffrench, and Greg Williamson. 2013. “Quantitative Imaging: From Documentation to
Discovery” presented at the Museum Computer Network 2013, December 2, Montreal. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2ozGSXXagU.
Long, Matthew P., and Roger C. Schonfeld. 2013. “Supporting-the-Changing-Research-Practices-of-Chemists”. Ithaka.
http://www.sr.ithaka.org/research-publications/supporting-changing-research-practices-chemists.
———. 2014. “Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians.” April 30. http://www.sr.ithaka.org/research-publications/supporting-
changing-research-practices-art-historians.
McCoy, Richard. 2009. “Collaborating in the Public’s Domain.” CeROArt. Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d’Objets d’Art, no. 3 (April).
http://ceroart.revues.org/1159.
McCoy, Richard. 2013. “Making New Connections to Collections Care” MCN 2012: Ignite MCN at EMP Museum.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AKIkw9UFYDQ&feature=youtube_gdata_player.
Quigley, D. Samuel, and Elizabeth Neely. 2011. “Integration of Print and Digital Publishing Workflows at the Art Institute of Chicago.” In
Proceedings. Toronto: Archives and Museum Informatics.
http://www.museumsandtheweb.com/mw2011/papers/integration_of_print_and_digital_publishing_wo.html.
Schonfeld, Roger C., and Jennifer Rutner. 2012. “Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Historians.” December 7.
http://www.sr.ithaka.org/research-publications/supporting-changing-research-practices-historians.
Zorich, Diane. 2012. “Transitioning to a Digital World: Art History, Its Research Centers, and Digital Scholarship”. The Samuel H. Kress Foundation
and The Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media, George Mason University.
http://www.kressfoundation.org/uploadedFiles/Sponsored_Research/ahrc_report.pdf.
Thanks also to
Walter Henry
Paul Messier
Will Real
Fletcher Durant
Richard McCoy
Bonnie Naugle
Rachael Arenstein
Eric Pourchot
Eryl Wentworth
What I do in the digital landscape:
• make stuff.
• find stuff.
• use & organize what I
find & make.
• share what I’ve
learned.
The view from my house.
Beginning to experiment with 3D printing
Beginning to experiment with 3D images
Using Photoshop for image processing & analysis
Some examples of things I produce:
Reports, generated, at least initially, by a
collections management database
video
3D reconstructions from CT
Some examples of things I produce:
What’s needed/problematic
• continue to develop & evaluate
methods of examining works of
art which make use of common
tools such as DSLR cameras
• continue to develop
recommended
practices/standards for creation,
processing & preservation of
digital assets
• paying attention to how assets
are created so that they can be
easily shared and compared
• Adobe’s new licensing model
increases expense of doing work
What I do in the digital landscape:
• make stuff.
• find stuff.
• use & organize what I
find & make.
• share what I’ve
learned.
• CoOL/CoOL DistList
• jurn.org
• AATA
• JSTOR
• Google Scholar/Google
Books/Google
Image/Google/Google Art
Project/Google Patent
• CAMEO
• Digital Public Library of America
(dp.la)
• WorldCat
• Internet Archive
• SIRIS
• Other art museum collection and
other databases on their websites
like Yale University Art Museum’s
Rhode Island Furniture Archive
• other conservation-related websites
like MuseumPests.net
Search > Browse
Examples of what’s easy for me to search
*Not an exhaustive list *Your mileage may vary
Faceted Search > Google Custom Search;
Google Scholar has its charms.
There’s lots of grey
literature in our field.
Research blogs & websites
Newsletters
Video
It may or may not be
easy to find.
What’s missing/problematic
• many places to look for
information on caring for
cultural objects
• inconsistent terminology
• inconsistency of
metadata applied to
some resources
• metadata/keywords can
be read by reference
management; facilitates
search
Photograph of Card Catalog in Central Search Room, 1942. US national Archives Local
Identifier: 64-NA-320, arcweb.archives.gov/arc/action/ExternalIdSearch?id=3493244
If you can’t find it, it doesn’t exist.
what’s harder to find & access.
• AIC Specialty Group Postprints that are not on CoOL
• Inconsistently abstracted within AATA
• Manner of distribution make access challenging
• posts in AIC Specialty Group electronic mailing list archives are difficult
to access due to lack of keyword search
• Conservators papers within archives
• often have skeletal finding aids
• information is needed about which archives that will take conservation
records
• ARTstor, full text versions of articles on publisher’s websites (i.e.
Springer, Elsevier)
• Images of comparative objects that aren’t fine art
“soapbox zone” by Flickr user ruminatrix.
https://flic.kr/p/6HQSUD Used under a CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 license
Improve
search
• linked resources?
• combining
resources?
• related papers?
• more faceted
search
• better options for
searching for
related objects.
New Art Discovery Group option within World Cat.
Thank you, Getty Research Institute & Kress Foundation!
What I do in the digital landscape:
• make stuff.
• find stuff.
• organize & use what I
find & make.
• share what I’ve
learned.
Digital tools
• ideally, work cross-platform/browser based &
sync across devices.
• allow for exporting or sharing
• may or may not be used on mobile devices
• can allow you to look at your practice in
new/different ways
• Tools I use help me with:
• note taking & management
• reference management
• image & document annotation
• image analysis
• time tracking
dirt.projectbamboo.org
Databases offer structure for documenting & analyzing
work.
IPI’s eClimate Notebook
Chris Stavroudis’ Modular Cleaning Program
What’s missing/problematic
• digital lab notebook
• not ideal when using liquids
but very suited to logging
details re: image capture
• measuring the results of
treatments using
computational methods
• good tools for comparing,
annotating, & adding
metadata to images on
mobile devices
• improved cooperation
between tools
Tools for the manufacture of hooks from Flickr Commons user UBC Library Digitzation
Center, http://digitalcollections.library.ubc.ca/cdm/singleitem/collection/tgdp/id/20/rec/9
What I do in the digital landscape:
• make stuff.
• find stuff.
• organize & use what I
find & make.
• share what I’ve
learned.
From the AIC Code of Ethics:
X. The conservation professional shall contribute to the evolution and
growth of the profession, a field of study that encompasses the liberal
arts and the natural sciences. This contribution may be made by such
means as continuing development of personal skills and knowledge,
sharing of information and experience with colleagues, adding to the
profession’s written body of knowledge, and providing and promoting
educational opportunities in the field.
XI. The conservation professional shall promote an awareness and
understanding of conservation through open communication with
allied professionals and the public.
Sculpture garden behind the Middlebury College Museum of Art
Some options for
sharing &
collaborating with
colleagues
• email, electronic mailing lists & forums
• AIC wiki
• research blogs & wikis for project
collaboration & peer review
• document repositories like
ResearchGate.net & academia.edu
• shared bibliographies on reference
management systems like zotero.org &
mendeley.com
• collaboration & document sharing software
like Basecamp, GoogleDocs & Dropbox
• social media platforms, especially those
which allow for real-time interaction like
Google Hangout and Twitter
What’s missing/problematic
[Sharing with colleagues]
• more streamlined ways of finding & sharing
treatment histories/images of specific works of art
& artifacts
• archives that will accept conservation records
from private practices
• image copyright policies
“soapbox zone” by Flickr user ruminatrix.
https://flic.kr/p/6HQSUD Used under a CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 license
Sharing
with the
public
• much of what was
mentioned on the
previous slide
• conservation info &
images on collections
databases/websites
• Wikipedia
• social media platforms
Including the conservation history helps colleagues & contributes to
public understanding
What’s missing/problematic
[Sharing with the public]
• access to better tools for
displaying complex
images & allowing the
public to interact with them
• best practices for
evaluating our efforts
• social media platforms are
ever changing -
functionality may change
Interactive image in the Art Institute of Chicago’s
online scholarly catalog
How is your digital landscape different from mine?
What’s missing from it?
What’s problematic?
. Thanks.

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Conservation's Digital Landscape: one conservator's perspective

  • 1. Conservation’s Digital Landscape: one conservator’s perspective Nancie Ravenel Objects Conservator, Shelburne Museum
  • 2. What I’ve been asked to talk about: • key resources I use as a conservator • expectations • what is missing • what remains problematic The Adirondacks from Shelburne House, Shelburne Farms
  • 3. Some resources that have influenced my thinking on this topic Fitzpatrick, Kathleen. 2011. Planned Obsolescence : Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy. New York: New York University Press. “Integrating Imaging and Analytical Technologies for Conservation Practice: Report of an Experts Meeting Held September 10-12, 2013.” 2013. Getty Conservation Institute. http://www.getty.edu/conservation/our_projects/imaging_experts_mtg_rep.pdf. Kronkright, Dale, Greg Bearman, John Delaney, John ffrench, and Greg Williamson. 2013. “Quantitative Imaging: From Documentation to Discovery” presented at the Museum Computer Network 2013, December 2, Montreal. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q2ozGSXXagU. Long, Matthew P., and Roger C. Schonfeld. 2013. “Supporting-the-Changing-Research-Practices-of-Chemists”. Ithaka. http://www.sr.ithaka.org/research-publications/supporting-changing-research-practices-chemists. ———. 2014. “Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Art Historians.” April 30. http://www.sr.ithaka.org/research-publications/supporting- changing-research-practices-art-historians. McCoy, Richard. 2009. “Collaborating in the Public’s Domain.” CeROArt. Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d’Objets d’Art, no. 3 (April). http://ceroart.revues.org/1159. McCoy, Richard. 2013. “Making New Connections to Collections Care” MCN 2012: Ignite MCN at EMP Museum. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AKIkw9UFYDQ&feature=youtube_gdata_player. Quigley, D. Samuel, and Elizabeth Neely. 2011. “Integration of Print and Digital Publishing Workflows at the Art Institute of Chicago.” In Proceedings. Toronto: Archives and Museum Informatics. http://www.museumsandtheweb.com/mw2011/papers/integration_of_print_and_digital_publishing_wo.html. Schonfeld, Roger C., and Jennifer Rutner. 2012. “Supporting the Changing Research Practices of Historians.” December 7. http://www.sr.ithaka.org/research-publications/supporting-changing-research-practices-historians. Zorich, Diane. 2012. “Transitioning to a Digital World: Art History, Its Research Centers, and Digital Scholarship”. The Samuel H. Kress Foundation and The Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media, George Mason University. http://www.kressfoundation.org/uploadedFiles/Sponsored_Research/ahrc_report.pdf.
  • 4. Thanks also to Walter Henry Paul Messier Will Real Fletcher Durant Richard McCoy Bonnie Naugle Rachael Arenstein Eric Pourchot Eryl Wentworth
  • 5. What I do in the digital landscape: • make stuff. • find stuff. • use & organize what I find & make. • share what I’ve learned. The view from my house.
  • 6. Beginning to experiment with 3D printing Beginning to experiment with 3D images Using Photoshop for image processing & analysis Some examples of things I produce:
  • 7. Reports, generated, at least initially, by a collections management database video 3D reconstructions from CT Some examples of things I produce:
  • 8. What’s needed/problematic • continue to develop & evaluate methods of examining works of art which make use of common tools such as DSLR cameras • continue to develop recommended practices/standards for creation, processing & preservation of digital assets • paying attention to how assets are created so that they can be easily shared and compared • Adobe’s new licensing model increases expense of doing work
  • 9. What I do in the digital landscape: • make stuff. • find stuff. • use & organize what I find & make. • share what I’ve learned.
  • 10. • CoOL/CoOL DistList • jurn.org • AATA • JSTOR • Google Scholar/Google Books/Google Image/Google/Google Art Project/Google Patent • CAMEO • Digital Public Library of America (dp.la) • WorldCat • Internet Archive • SIRIS • Other art museum collection and other databases on their websites like Yale University Art Museum’s Rhode Island Furniture Archive • other conservation-related websites like MuseumPests.net Search > Browse Examples of what’s easy for me to search *Not an exhaustive list *Your mileage may vary
  • 11. Faceted Search > Google Custom Search; Google Scholar has its charms.
  • 12. There’s lots of grey literature in our field.
  • 13. Research blogs & websites Newsletters Video It may or may not be easy to find.
  • 14. What’s missing/problematic • many places to look for information on caring for cultural objects • inconsistent terminology • inconsistency of metadata applied to some resources • metadata/keywords can be read by reference management; facilitates search Photograph of Card Catalog in Central Search Room, 1942. US national Archives Local Identifier: 64-NA-320, arcweb.archives.gov/arc/action/ExternalIdSearch?id=3493244
  • 15. If you can’t find it, it doesn’t exist. what’s harder to find & access. • AIC Specialty Group Postprints that are not on CoOL • Inconsistently abstracted within AATA • Manner of distribution make access challenging • posts in AIC Specialty Group electronic mailing list archives are difficult to access due to lack of keyword search • Conservators papers within archives • often have skeletal finding aids • information is needed about which archives that will take conservation records • ARTstor, full text versions of articles on publisher’s websites (i.e. Springer, Elsevier) • Images of comparative objects that aren’t fine art “soapbox zone” by Flickr user ruminatrix. https://flic.kr/p/6HQSUD Used under a CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 license
  • 16. Improve search • linked resources? • combining resources? • related papers? • more faceted search • better options for searching for related objects. New Art Discovery Group option within World Cat. Thank you, Getty Research Institute & Kress Foundation!
  • 17. What I do in the digital landscape: • make stuff. • find stuff. • organize & use what I find & make. • share what I’ve learned.
  • 18. Digital tools • ideally, work cross-platform/browser based & sync across devices. • allow for exporting or sharing • may or may not be used on mobile devices • can allow you to look at your practice in new/different ways • Tools I use help me with: • note taking & management • reference management • image & document annotation • image analysis • time tracking dirt.projectbamboo.org
  • 19. Databases offer structure for documenting & analyzing work. IPI’s eClimate Notebook Chris Stavroudis’ Modular Cleaning Program
  • 20. What’s missing/problematic • digital lab notebook • not ideal when using liquids but very suited to logging details re: image capture • measuring the results of treatments using computational methods • good tools for comparing, annotating, & adding metadata to images on mobile devices • improved cooperation between tools Tools for the manufacture of hooks from Flickr Commons user UBC Library Digitzation Center, http://digitalcollections.library.ubc.ca/cdm/singleitem/collection/tgdp/id/20/rec/9
  • 21. What I do in the digital landscape: • make stuff. • find stuff. • organize & use what I find & make. • share what I’ve learned.
  • 22. From the AIC Code of Ethics: X. The conservation professional shall contribute to the evolution and growth of the profession, a field of study that encompasses the liberal arts and the natural sciences. This contribution may be made by such means as continuing development of personal skills and knowledge, sharing of information and experience with colleagues, adding to the profession’s written body of knowledge, and providing and promoting educational opportunities in the field. XI. The conservation professional shall promote an awareness and understanding of conservation through open communication with allied professionals and the public. Sculpture garden behind the Middlebury College Museum of Art
  • 23. Some options for sharing & collaborating with colleagues • email, electronic mailing lists & forums • AIC wiki • research blogs & wikis for project collaboration & peer review • document repositories like ResearchGate.net & academia.edu • shared bibliographies on reference management systems like zotero.org & mendeley.com • collaboration & document sharing software like Basecamp, GoogleDocs & Dropbox • social media platforms, especially those which allow for real-time interaction like Google Hangout and Twitter
  • 24. What’s missing/problematic [Sharing with colleagues] • more streamlined ways of finding & sharing treatment histories/images of specific works of art & artifacts • archives that will accept conservation records from private practices • image copyright policies “soapbox zone” by Flickr user ruminatrix. https://flic.kr/p/6HQSUD Used under a CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 license
  • 25. Sharing with the public • much of what was mentioned on the previous slide • conservation info & images on collections databases/websites • Wikipedia • social media platforms Including the conservation history helps colleagues & contributes to public understanding
  • 26. What’s missing/problematic [Sharing with the public] • access to better tools for displaying complex images & allowing the public to interact with them • best practices for evaluating our efforts • social media platforms are ever changing - functionality may change Interactive image in the Art Institute of Chicago’s online scholarly catalog
  • 27. How is your digital landscape different from mine? What’s missing from it? What’s problematic? . Thanks.

Editor's Notes

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