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Reading the "Proclamation of
the Philippine Independence"
Introduction
 The Philippines declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898.
 The "Proclamation of the Philippine Independence" is a key document
in Philippine history.
 It provides insights into the reasons for the revolution, the
aspirations of the revolutionaries, and the early days of the new
republic.
The Philippine Revolution was a long and bloody struggle
against Spanish colonial rule. The "Proclamation of the
Philippine Independence" marked a turning point in this
struggle and declared the birth of a new nation.
 The proclamation cites numerous abuses by the Spanish colonial
government, including:
 Arbitrary arrests and harsh treatment by the Civil Guard
 Unjust deportations
 Unequal protection of the law
 Avarice and greed of the clergy
Justifications for the Revolution
The revolutionaries believed that Spanish rule was
oppressive and unjust. They cited specific examples of
abuses to justify their rebellion.
 The proclamation provides a brief history of Spanish
rule in the Philippines, from Magellan's arrival to
the Philippine Revolution.
 It highlights the spread of the revolution after the
collapse of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato.
 It mentions the execution of Jose Rizal and the
Cavite Mutiny as important turning points.
Historical Overview
 The proclamation declares the establishment of a
republic under the leadership of Emilio Aguinaldo.
 It describes Aguinaldo as the "instrument selected by
God" to liberate the Philippines.
 It mentions the adoption of a new national
flag, which incorporates symbols of the
Katipunan, the three main island groups, and the
United States.
Establishment of the Republic
 The proclamation reveals some often-overlooked
historical truths, such as:
 The white triangle on the flag represents the
Katipunan.
 The red and blue colors of the flag are derived
from the US flag.
 The document reflects the biases of the Aguinaldo
government.
Analysis of the Proclamation
 The "Proclamation of the Philippine Independence"
is a valuable historical document.
 It provides insights into the motivations of the
revolutionaries, the early days of the republic, and
the complex relationship between the Philippines
and the United States.
 Studying primary sources like this proclamation is
essential for understanding Philippine history.
Conclusion

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Proclamation of the Philippine Independence.pptx

  • 1. Reading the "Proclamation of the Philippine Independence"
  • 2. Introduction  The Philippines declared independence from Spain on June 12, 1898.  The "Proclamation of the Philippine Independence" is a key document in Philippine history.  It provides insights into the reasons for the revolution, the aspirations of the revolutionaries, and the early days of the new republic. The Philippine Revolution was a long and bloody struggle against Spanish colonial rule. The "Proclamation of the Philippine Independence" marked a turning point in this struggle and declared the birth of a new nation.
  • 3.  The proclamation cites numerous abuses by the Spanish colonial government, including:  Arbitrary arrests and harsh treatment by the Civil Guard  Unjust deportations  Unequal protection of the law  Avarice and greed of the clergy Justifications for the Revolution The revolutionaries believed that Spanish rule was oppressive and unjust. They cited specific examples of abuses to justify their rebellion.
  • 4.  The proclamation provides a brief history of Spanish rule in the Philippines, from Magellan's arrival to the Philippine Revolution.  It highlights the spread of the revolution after the collapse of the Pact of Biak-na-Bato.  It mentions the execution of Jose Rizal and the Cavite Mutiny as important turning points. Historical Overview
  • 5.  The proclamation declares the establishment of a republic under the leadership of Emilio Aguinaldo.  It describes Aguinaldo as the "instrument selected by God" to liberate the Philippines.  It mentions the adoption of a new national flag, which incorporates symbols of the Katipunan, the three main island groups, and the United States. Establishment of the Republic
  • 6.  The proclamation reveals some often-overlooked historical truths, such as:  The white triangle on the flag represents the Katipunan.  The red and blue colors of the flag are derived from the US flag.  The document reflects the biases of the Aguinaldo government. Analysis of the Proclamation
  • 7.  The "Proclamation of the Philippine Independence" is a valuable historical document.  It provides insights into the motivations of the revolutionaries, the early days of the republic, and the complex relationship between the Philippines and the United States.  Studying primary sources like this proclamation is essential for understanding Philippine history. Conclusion