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Prehospital care, also known as
emergency medical services
(EMS), is the medical care provided
to patients before they arrive at a
hospital or other definitive
healthcare facility. It encompasses
a wide range of services, from
basic first aid to advanced life
support, delivered by a variety of
healthcare professionals, including:
1. Emergency medical
technicians (EMTs)
2. Paramedics
3. Physician assistants
4. Physicians
Prehospital care 1
Prehospital care is crucial for
improving patient outcomes,
especially in time-sensitive
emergencies such as cardiac arrest,
stroke, and trauma. By providing
prompt and appropriate care at the
scene, prehospital providers can:
1. Stabilize patients' conditions
2. Prevent further complications
3. Increase the chances of survival
Prehospital care 2
•Basic life support (BLS): This
includes providing
CPR, administering oxygen, and
controlling bleeding.
•Advanced life support (ALS): This
includes administering
medications, performing advanced
airway management, and using
advanced monitoring equipment.
Prehospital care 3
•Interfacility transport: This involves transporting
patients between hospitals or other healthcare
facilities.
Prehospital care is delivered through a variety of
systems, including:
•Ambulance services: These are the most
common type of prehospital care system, and they
typically consist of ambulances staffed by EMTs or
paramedics.
•Air medical services: These services use
helicopters or airplanes to transport patients to
hospitals, often from remote or rural areas.
•First responder programs: These programs train
lay people, such as police officers and
firefighters, to provide basic life support until more
advanced care arrives.
Prehospital care 4

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Prehospital care.pdf

  • 1. Prehospital care, also known as emergency medical services (EMS), is the medical care provided to patients before they arrive at a hospital or other definitive healthcare facility. It encompasses a wide range of services, from basic first aid to advanced life support, delivered by a variety of healthcare professionals, including: 1. Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) 2. Paramedics 3. Physician assistants 4. Physicians Prehospital care 1
  • 2. Prehospital care is crucial for improving patient outcomes, especially in time-sensitive emergencies such as cardiac arrest, stroke, and trauma. By providing prompt and appropriate care at the scene, prehospital providers can: 1. Stabilize patients' conditions 2. Prevent further complications 3. Increase the chances of survival Prehospital care 2
  • 3. •Basic life support (BLS): This includes providing CPR, administering oxygen, and controlling bleeding. •Advanced life support (ALS): This includes administering medications, performing advanced airway management, and using advanced monitoring equipment. Prehospital care 3
  • 4. •Interfacility transport: This involves transporting patients between hospitals or other healthcare facilities. Prehospital care is delivered through a variety of systems, including: •Ambulance services: These are the most common type of prehospital care system, and they typically consist of ambulances staffed by EMTs or paramedics. •Air medical services: These services use helicopters or airplanes to transport patients to hospitals, often from remote or rural areas. •First responder programs: These programs train lay people, such as police officers and firefighters, to provide basic life support until more advanced care arrives. Prehospital care 4