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IDENTIFICATION METHODS OF
FARM ANIMALS AND POULTRY
Dr. P. Ravikanth Reddy
MVSc, PhD
Guest Faculty
KBR College of Agriculture and Horticulture
Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University
Dr. YSR Horticulture University
Ear Tagging
 Puncture the ear with applicator.
Ear tag applicator
Tattooing
 Rub the tattooing ink on the forceps area.
Tattooing Ear number
Branding
 Destroys the hair follicles.
 Time of application – 3 to 5 seconds.
Hot Iron Branding
Iron number modules
Iron branding Cattle Identification
 Iron/Copper branders and Liquid nitrogen/dry ice and alcohol.
 Cool the branding irons in liquid N.
 For 30 sec to 1 minute.
Freeze Branding
Freeze branding
Cattle Identification
Liquid Nitrogen
 Making “V” shaped notches on the ear.
Ear notching
Ear notching
Notched pigs
 Tying to leg or wing.
Leg band
Leg band
Wing band Band
 Electronic chips
Radio frequency identification method (RFID)
Scanner and chip
Electronic chip to neck
FAMILIARIZATION WITH
VARIOUS FARM ROUTENES
 Cleaning, washing, feeding, milking, disinfection, chopping,
vaccination, deworming, breeding, harvesting.
CULLING OF LIVESTOCK AND
POULTRY
 Poor production
 Poor reproduction
 Poor condition – stunted growth
 Breeding irregularities
 Stunted growth
 Genetic defects
 Disabled animals
 Old animals
 Surplus stock
 Lack of ideal dairy characters (Frame, Dairy characters).
 Culling of egg laying birds
Mottling in hen – Good layer
Layer Non-Layer
Start mottling late during first year Starts mottling early
Even lays eggs during mottling Do not lays eggs during mottling
Shed 2 or more primaries together Shed only 1 primary at once (Interval of 2
weeks)
Process of mottling completes in 1 to 2 months
period
Completes in 6 months period
Late and Fast mottling – Good
Early and Slow - Bad
 Depigmentation at beak, vent, and shanks generally occurs in
layers.
 Sheep – Culled 15% per year.
 Rams above 7 years should be culled.
 Similar to cattle defects – culled.

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Practical Unit 4 Identification methods of farm animals and poultry.pptx

  • 1. IDENTIFICATION METHODS OF FARM ANIMALS AND POULTRY Dr. P. Ravikanth Reddy MVSc, PhD Guest Faculty KBR College of Agriculture and Horticulture Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University Dr. YSR Horticulture University
  • 2. Ear Tagging  Puncture the ear with applicator. Ear tag applicator
  • 3. Tattooing  Rub the tattooing ink on the forceps area. Tattooing Ear number
  • 4. Branding  Destroys the hair follicles.  Time of application – 3 to 5 seconds. Hot Iron Branding Iron number modules Iron branding Cattle Identification
  • 5.  Iron/Copper branders and Liquid nitrogen/dry ice and alcohol.  Cool the branding irons in liquid N.  For 30 sec to 1 minute. Freeze Branding Freeze branding Cattle Identification Liquid Nitrogen
  • 6.  Making “V” shaped notches on the ear. Ear notching Ear notching Notched pigs
  • 7.  Tying to leg or wing. Leg band Leg band Wing band Band
  • 8.  Electronic chips Radio frequency identification method (RFID) Scanner and chip Electronic chip to neck
  • 10.  Cleaning, washing, feeding, milking, disinfection, chopping, vaccination, deworming, breeding, harvesting.
  • 11. CULLING OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY
  • 12.  Poor production  Poor reproduction  Poor condition – stunted growth  Breeding irregularities  Stunted growth  Genetic defects  Disabled animals  Old animals  Surplus stock  Lack of ideal dairy characters (Frame, Dairy characters).
  • 13.  Culling of egg laying birds Mottling in hen – Good layer
  • 14. Layer Non-Layer Start mottling late during first year Starts mottling early Even lays eggs during mottling Do not lays eggs during mottling Shed 2 or more primaries together Shed only 1 primary at once (Interval of 2 weeks) Process of mottling completes in 1 to 2 months period Completes in 6 months period Late and Fast mottling – Good Early and Slow - Bad
  • 15.  Depigmentation at beak, vent, and shanks generally occurs in layers.
  • 16.  Sheep – Culled 15% per year.  Rams above 7 years should be culled.  Similar to cattle defects – culled.