SlideShare a Scribd company logo
thinking about the boxreconsidering creativity
What we typically teach in art courseselements and principlesdisciplinary studio skillsproblem solvingcreativitywork ethicstudio citizenshipperception/acuitycritical self reflectionsocial production/collaborationaesthetic theorycommunication skillsart historical contextsocial context/ visual culture
What we typically teach in art coursesAs important as all of these knowledges and skills may be, this long list can be reduced to 4 traits that predict whether or not a student will be successful in their art/ design degreeelements and principlesdisciplinary studio skillsproblem solvingcreativitywork ethicstudio citizenshipperception/acuitycritical self reflectionsocial production/collaborationaesthetic theorycommunication skillsart historical contextsocial context/ visual culture2134
predictors of student success curiosity1
predictors of student success work ethiccuriosity12
predictors of student success work ethiccuriosity123critical self reflection
predictors of student success work ethiccuriosity123critical self reflectioncreativity4
predictors of student success 	 curiosity	work ethiccritical self reflection	creativityAny one of these is not sufficient.  While not causally dependant, these traits are entailed & entangled with each other.
predictors of student success We will address them as a single complex we will callCreativity
creativity is a complexCreativity is studied in several fields using numerous  perspectives.No less than eleven creativity perspectives identified by Runco, 2006
creativity is a complex
creativity is a complex
creativity is a complex
creativity is a complex
creativity is a complex
creativity is a complex
can creativity be learned? yesnoThe degree to which an individual believes that creativity is learnable depends upon their perspective and understanding of creativity.
two primary approachescreativityIn order to make students more creative, instructors  can use two approaches:Teach cognitive     Use adaptivestrategies	        strategies	permission	safety	encouragement	modeling	expectations	behaviors	techniques	tactics	strategies	mental habits
Adaptive strategiescreativityI will provide & you should take advantage of a learning environment that promotes creative thinking.	Adaptive strategies:	permission values experimentation & a variety of solutions	safety freedom to fumble & fail & look “stupid” along the way	encouragement supportive of real effort and accomplishment	modeling instructor demonstrates creative values and techniques	expectations sets & communicates clear and constant goals
Cognative stratagiescreativity	Cognitive strategies:	mental habits recognize conventional thinking, creativity blocks	behaviors think with process	strategies shift paradigms, synaesthesia	tactics  x-ternalize thinking, visual research, role play, x-ray vision	techniques divergent, convergent
creativity	mental habits
conventional thinking	mental habits	creativityunconventionalityageNumerous studies over the years have established a strong correlation between age and conventional thinking.  Your cohort is currently near the bottom of the “creative valley”. Your thinking tends to be highly conventional.based on Piaget, 1970,1976; Kohlberg,1987; Johnson 1985
conventional thinking	mental habits	creativitybut take heart:  the studies were randomized.  as art students you have already “skewed” the sample” so this is less predictive for this group.also, there are, of course, individual variations. your results may vary.this is not meant to impugn your creativity, rather it is meant as a challenge and a check: suspecting that your thinking is not as original as it may at first seem to you is key to unlocking your creativity.based on Piaget, 1970,1976; Kohlberg,1987; Johnson 1985
creativity blocks	mental habits	creativitystressStress is not only a distraction which drains energy which could otherwise be used creatively. It is bad for one's health.  Creativity is Play!routinesRoutines or set ways of performing tasks have their uses, but they can limit the range of responses available and can lead to the development of the anathema of creativity, the "bureaucratic mind”.  "The will to a system is a lack of integrity." –Nietzschegoal directed behavior    Overly focusing on goals rather than process limits perception and blinds us to possibility.A straight line is the scalpel with which we excise opportunity.beliefsHaving a strong belief in something not only limits our response 	options, but causes us to limit the way in which we perceive and process information from the outside world. We may "filter out" information which contradicts our belief, and end up in our own "reality tunnel", blissfully unaware of much that occurs in front of our very eyes.  egoOne must be humble before one's subject.  Having a strong ego identity with a particular belief exacerbates the realty tunnel. This is not to imply that one must have no beliefs, merely that one needs to be very aware of one's beliefs and consequent limitations. fearFear of self expression and of the judgment of others can severely limit one's creativity. self criticism Negative thinking and self criticism are also limiting factors of an individual's creativity.
creativity	behaviors
I hear: I forget.I see: I remember.I do: I understand.                                                           Chinese proverbthink with process	   behaviors	creativityi hear: i forget.i see: i remember.i do: i understand.                                             chinese proverb
I hear: I forget.I see: I remember.I do: I understand.                                                           Chinese proverbthink with processthe 500ms. delayeven for simple volitional acts consciousness lags half of a second behind readiness potential. we have made  our decisions and have initiated our actions before we consciously decide to act. 	   behaviors	creativityreadiness potential 2-0.5 s.actconscious wish -0.2 s.readiness potential 1-1 s."the role of consciousness in our decisions is greatly overestimated"									-tor norretranders	based on Libet, 1979; Keller and Heckhausen, 1990
I hear: I forget.I see: I remember.I do: I understand.                                                           Chinese proverbthink with processrapid cognitionmalcolm gladwell's  blink, (2005)  makes the case for "thinking without thinking" citing numerous studies and examples that reveal how subconscious processes that he calls "thin slicing" allow us to make better decisions and more accurate predictions for problems involving several variables or multiple dimensions with little conscious decision making.    	   behaviors	creativity
think with process	   behaviors	creativityrapid cognition500 ms. delaypreconscious perceptivity & creativity are reactive. try to put put consciousness in charge of planning the strategy and allow the preconscious to evaluate progress, readjust tactics and resolve the problem.thinking with process  =  preconscious "thinking"  =  visual thinking
I hear: I forget.I see: I remember.I do: I understand.                                                           Chinese proverbthink with process	   behaviors	rapid cognition500 ms. delaycreativitywhen in doubt do somethingthe point is not to think less, rather to think differently.avoid a "plan and execute" division of processthe journey is the destination.in creative works problem finding is  more critical than problem solving.process is a collaborator– "our actions think louder than words"
creativity	techniques
techniquesconvergent thinkingcreativity 	attribute listing	bug listing  (seinfeld whine)	problem reversal	force-field analysis	change perspective
	techniquesdivergent thinkingcreativity	lateral thinking	associative thinking	bisociation (forced analogy)
creativity	strategies
communication modelmachine  modelcatalyst modeldiagnostic modelshift paradigms	   strategies	creativitymapping modelforce/field modelpointing model
communication modelshift paradigms	   strategies	creativitywhat does the artwork say?what do I want to say?standard model artworkmeaningmeaning artist viewer encode decode transmissionmedium
communication modelshift paradigms	   strategies	creativitywhat does the artwork say?what do I want to say?corrected communication model artworkmeaningmeaningmeaning artist viewermeaning encode decode transmissionmedium “noise”
communication modelshift paradigms	   strategies	creativitywhat does the artwork say?what do I want to say?deconstruction/feminist communication model artworkmeaningmeaningmeaning artist viewermeaning transmissionmedium “noise” “noise” “noise”
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitymachine  modelwhat does the artwork do?what do I want it to do?In this model artworks do not create meaning, they create effects artwork artist viewer machine consumer inventor effects
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitymachine  modelwhat does the artwork do?what do I want it to do?applied arts such as advertising, interior & product design most often use a machine model– the machine is a “tool” used to alter the viewer  artwork artist viewer “tool”
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativityWhat relationships  does the artwork show?what do I want to show?mapping model key artwork territory &terrain mode ofInvesti-gation filter artist viewer scaleimportant featureslevel of detailstyle representation
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativityWhat is the territory?How do I know what to look for?What are the landmarks?How are they related?mapping model key artwork territory &terrain mode ofInvesti-gation filter artist viewer scaleimportant featureslevel of detailstyle representation
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativityWhat  style of representation is appropriate?At what level of detail (resolution)?Have I provided a key? mapping model key artwork territory &terrain mode ofInvesti-gation filter artist viewer scaleimportant featureslevel of detailstyle representation
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitycatalyst modelWhat reactions does the artwork create?What reactions do I want?viewerviewerartworkviewerviewerartist effect
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitycatalyst modelfocus on creating social change or interactionrather than communicating meaningviewerviewerartworkviewerviewerartist effect
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitycatalyst modelThe artwork can be an object or design but often it is performative or an event viewerviewerartworkviewerviewerartist effect
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativityWhat forces & fields are displayed?Upon what influences, powers & spheres should I draw?What agencies, authorities & domains are in play?force/field model artwork forcesfilter perceptionanalysis viewer domain scopeimportant featureslevel of complexitystyle “flow chart”
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativityIn the “weak” force/field model the artist perceives,processes and encodes domains for display to the viewerforce/field model artwork forcesfilter perceptionanalysis viewer domain scopeimportant featureslevel of complexitystyle “flow chart”
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativityIn the “strong” force/field model the artist is not an observer,  The artwork is an effect of forces at work on the artist.  The reception of the artwork is an effect of the forces at work on the viewers.  forcesforce/field modelartwork forces forces forces forces forces forces domain
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitydiagnostic modelWhat is the artwork a symptom of?Whatdoes the artwork indicate or reveal?artworkmeaningsintendedmeaning viewer artistdecodesymptomsunintended meaningssymptoms
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitydiagnostic modelin this model the artist’s intended meanings are the primaryfocus during creation, but are only of secondary importanceIn the reception artworkmeaningsintendedmeaning viewer artistdecodesymptomsunintended meaningssymptoms
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitydiagnostic modelartworks are” read” for clues or evidence of  of underlyingforces or conditions at work in the the artist or in societyartworkmeaningsintendedmeaning viewer artistdecodesymptomsunintended meaningssymptoms
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitypointing modelwhat discovery, experience or concept does the artwork share?how do I present my interest so that the viewer shares my experience? artist viewer artwork
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitypointing modelthis model represents the fundamental function of all artworks: to redirect the attention of viewers. It is not so concerned with communication per say, rather it is an attempt toreplicate the artist’s experience, curiosity, or enthusiasm in the viewer artist viewer artwork
shift paradigms	   strategies	creativitypointing modelAlthough all artworks “point” in this way, by focusing on the pointing model artists make an important shift from making work that is “about” a concept or experience to work that participates in the concept or experience as much as possible  artist viewer artwork
synaesthesia	   strategies	creativitymedically: involuntary linking of 2 or more sensesartistically: translation of one sense into another
synaesthesia	   strategies	creativitysmell  There are the “traditional”5 senses, but also otherbodily sensations such asbalance, tension, arousal,hunger, etc. becoming consciously aware of our physical responses & tapping into sense memoriesprovide important resourcesfor generating creative solutions to visual problemsthat are less prone to bebased on cliché symbols...hearing  tastebalancetensiontoucharousal
synaesthesia  teach:	   strategies	creativitySymbolic approaches to depict “death”blackcoffinskeletongrim reaperbloodghostblack rosecliché
synaesthesia	   strategies	creativitysynaesthetic approaches to depict “death”acrid, sweet stench of moldering flesh;  the smooth, or serene aroma of lilies. what does death smell like?  does death have the tension of rigor mortis or the repose of release? what does death feel like?is death as solid and weighty as packed earth, as open and airy as a picked carcass, or as ephemeral as a cold breath on your cheek? What is the tactile quality of death?does it sound like a hushed and empty silence or have the stretched, rounded sonority of a funeral dirge? What does death sound like?
creativity	tactics
	tacticscreativity externalize your thinking:  keep a journal	tacticscreativity research:  the easiest way to get out of your own 	         head is to get into somebody else’s
	tacticscreativity game 1: always assume that you are wrong…this will test your thinking and push you on to alternative solutions, conceptions & perceptions.
	tacticscreativity game 2: habitually play “could be…what if…”look at things not just as they are, but what they could beairplaneMccroskey (showing map): what do you make out of this? Eugene: This? I can make a hat, or a broach, or a teradactyl!
mccroskey: gimme that!
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray visionx-ray vision is the awareness of seeing into or trough something.  it is different from transparency in that we are aware of the surface and the depth simultaneously. for example, usually a windshield is transparent- we see beyond it w/o seeing the glass.  however if the glass is dirty or it is raining we can see the glass AND beyond it simultaneously. in an x-ray we typically see traces of exterior structures simultaneously with the internal structures.
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision for the purposes of creativity x-ray vision has two uses, one metaphoric and the other literal well…i believe it is literal, but if it helps, you can think of it as metaphoric also…
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray visionas a metaphor x-ray vision refers to the ability to hold two frames of reference simultaneously and thereby reveal new aspects and relationships that were previously “hidden below thesurface”frame 1 (surface): 1950’s stock photo image of girls 		        gossiping or sharing a secret.
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision as metaphorframe 1 (surface):: 1950’s stock photo image of girls 		        gossiping or sharing a secret. frame 2 (depth): “encountering the double” (doppelganger; 		        evil twin; ka; subconscious; id/ego;		        inner voice, inspiration)
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision as metaphorthe key concept is to hold two frames of reference simultaneously
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision literallyimagination & expectation play a big role in regular vision.  the mundane fact that we seem to see things when we can physically only see light hints  at how much imagination is already involved in “normal” seeing.  X-ray vision takes many of the projective activities in which our preconscious brain already engages and attempts to put them under conscious control.
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision literallya common example of x-ray vision occurs in figure drawing classes.  typically students learn anatomy, especially bones, major muscle groups and insertions (where and how muscles connect to the bones).  students use surface clues on the model such as boney landmarks to trigger projections of the internal anatomy which help them to draw the figure  more accurately
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision literallyother common examples of projective vision (what we are calling x-ray vision) include rorschach tests, kuleshov effects in film, constellations and, of  course, “undressing with the eyes”
	tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision literallymany will argue that x-ray vision is as described here is not literal–that it’s not “real”.  it is a point well taken, but real or not x-ray vision is a useful creativity tactic. a final thought for doubters: are your dreams real? the vision that you experience in dreams IS real (in the sense that it really happens & can be verified with eeg and pet scans) even though it only simulates external events & is not caused by them.
	 summerycreativity	mental habits		behaviorstechniquesstrategies		   tactics
Learning Creativity

More Related Content

What's hot

Creative Thinking (Convergent and Divergent thinking)
Creative Thinking (Convergent and Divergent thinking)Creative Thinking (Convergent and Divergent thinking)
Creative Thinking (Convergent and Divergent thinking)
Prinson Rodrigues
 
Managing Creativity
Managing CreativityManaging Creativity
Managing Creativity
Imraan Muslim
 
Whole Brain Learning
Whole Brain LearningWhole Brain Learning
Whole Brain Learning
Charles Audley
 
Creativity
CreativityCreativity
Creativity
Zil Shah
 
Creative thinking
Creative thinkingCreative thinking
Creative thinking
MADAR VALLI.P
 
Lecture 5: Creative Thinking
Lecture 5: Creative ThinkingLecture 5: Creative Thinking
Lecture 5: Creative Thinking
Tathagat Varma
 
Creativity and problem solving
Creativity and problem solvingCreativity and problem solving
Creativity and problem solving
Pon Rajesh Kumar
 
Generating Big Profits with Creative Thinking
Generating Big Profits with Creative ThinkingGenerating Big Profits with Creative Thinking
Generating Big Profits with Creative Thinking
Simon Brooke
 
Creativity nursing
Creativity  nursingCreativity  nursing
Creativity nursing
kopilaray
 
Creativity ppt mba
Creativity ppt mba Creativity ppt mba
Creativity ppt mba
Babasab Patil
 
Creative Thinking & Problem Solving
Creative Thinking & Problem SolvingCreative Thinking & Problem Solving
Creative Thinking & Problem Solving
Asma Karoobi
 
What is creative thinking
What is creative thinkingWhat is creative thinking
What is creative thinking
Aldenindemne
 
How to think main
How to think mainHow to think main
How to think main
shk1
 
Critical thinking vs. creative thinking
Critical thinking vs. creative thinkingCritical thinking vs. creative thinking
Critical thinking vs. creative thinking
JANNETH OBISPO
 
Fundamentals of visual communication unit v
Fundamentals of visual communication unit vFundamentals of visual communication unit v
Fundamentals of visual communication unit v
RangarajanN6
 
Creative thinking presentation
Creative thinking presentationCreative thinking presentation
Creative thinking presentation
Mohammed Asif
 
CRAETIVE THINKING - Creative Thinking (7)
CRAETIVE THINKING - Creative Thinking (7)CRAETIVE THINKING - Creative Thinking (7)
CRAETIVE THINKING - Creative Thinking (7)
Diana Amelia Bagti
 
Creative process
Creative processCreative process
Creative process
VijayKrKhurana
 
Thinking skills
Thinking skillsThinking skills
Thinking skills
Alison Hardy
 

What's hot (19)

Creative Thinking (Convergent and Divergent thinking)
Creative Thinking (Convergent and Divergent thinking)Creative Thinking (Convergent and Divergent thinking)
Creative Thinking (Convergent and Divergent thinking)
 
Managing Creativity
Managing CreativityManaging Creativity
Managing Creativity
 
Whole Brain Learning
Whole Brain LearningWhole Brain Learning
Whole Brain Learning
 
Creativity
CreativityCreativity
Creativity
 
Creative thinking
Creative thinkingCreative thinking
Creative thinking
 
Lecture 5: Creative Thinking
Lecture 5: Creative ThinkingLecture 5: Creative Thinking
Lecture 5: Creative Thinking
 
Creativity and problem solving
Creativity and problem solvingCreativity and problem solving
Creativity and problem solving
 
Generating Big Profits with Creative Thinking
Generating Big Profits with Creative ThinkingGenerating Big Profits with Creative Thinking
Generating Big Profits with Creative Thinking
 
Creativity nursing
Creativity  nursingCreativity  nursing
Creativity nursing
 
Creativity ppt mba
Creativity ppt mba Creativity ppt mba
Creativity ppt mba
 
Creative Thinking & Problem Solving
Creative Thinking & Problem SolvingCreative Thinking & Problem Solving
Creative Thinking & Problem Solving
 
What is creative thinking
What is creative thinkingWhat is creative thinking
What is creative thinking
 
How to think main
How to think mainHow to think main
How to think main
 
Critical thinking vs. creative thinking
Critical thinking vs. creative thinkingCritical thinking vs. creative thinking
Critical thinking vs. creative thinking
 
Fundamentals of visual communication unit v
Fundamentals of visual communication unit vFundamentals of visual communication unit v
Fundamentals of visual communication unit v
 
Creative thinking presentation
Creative thinking presentationCreative thinking presentation
Creative thinking presentation
 
CRAETIVE THINKING - Creative Thinking (7)
CRAETIVE THINKING - Creative Thinking (7)CRAETIVE THINKING - Creative Thinking (7)
CRAETIVE THINKING - Creative Thinking (7)
 
Creative process
Creative processCreative process
Creative process
 
Thinking skills
Thinking skillsThinking skills
Thinking skills
 

Viewers also liked

Amp Meaning
Amp MeaningAmp Meaning
Amp Meaning
Anthony Fontana
 
SLEDcc08: Learning From Experience in Second Life
SLEDcc08: Learning From Experience in Second LifeSLEDcc08: Learning From Experience in Second Life
SLEDcc08: Learning From Experience in Second Life
Anthony Fontana
 
Art in Abundance SLCC 2010
Art in Abundance SLCC 2010Art in Abundance SLCC 2010
Art in Abundance SLCC 2010
Anthony Fontana
 
Holistic Virtual Campus Development SLCC 2010
Holistic Virtual Campus Development SLCC 2010Holistic Virtual Campus Development SLCC 2010
Holistic Virtual Campus Development SLCC 2010
Anthony Fontana
 
Build It, Rethink It, Tweak It, Rebuild it SLCC 2010
Build It, Rethink It, Tweak It, Rebuild it SLCC 2010Build It, Rethink It, Tweak It, Rebuild it SLCC 2010
Build It, Rethink It, Tweak It, Rebuild it SLCC 2010
Anthony Fontana
 
Wikis Work
Wikis WorkWikis Work
Wikis Work
Anthony Fontana
 
A comparative study british and thai undergraduates in torrance test of creat...
A comparative study british and thai undergraduates in torrance test of creat...A comparative study british and thai undergraduates in torrance test of creat...
A comparative study british and thai undergraduates in torrance test of creat...
Sean F Buakanok
 

Viewers also liked (7)

Amp Meaning
Amp MeaningAmp Meaning
Amp Meaning
 
SLEDcc08: Learning From Experience in Second Life
SLEDcc08: Learning From Experience in Second LifeSLEDcc08: Learning From Experience in Second Life
SLEDcc08: Learning From Experience in Second Life
 
Art in Abundance SLCC 2010
Art in Abundance SLCC 2010Art in Abundance SLCC 2010
Art in Abundance SLCC 2010
 
Holistic Virtual Campus Development SLCC 2010
Holistic Virtual Campus Development SLCC 2010Holistic Virtual Campus Development SLCC 2010
Holistic Virtual Campus Development SLCC 2010
 
Build It, Rethink It, Tweak It, Rebuild it SLCC 2010
Build It, Rethink It, Tweak It, Rebuild it SLCC 2010Build It, Rethink It, Tweak It, Rebuild it SLCC 2010
Build It, Rethink It, Tweak It, Rebuild it SLCC 2010
 
Wikis Work
Wikis WorkWikis Work
Wikis Work
 
A comparative study british and thai undergraduates in torrance test of creat...
A comparative study british and thai undergraduates in torrance test of creat...A comparative study british and thai undergraduates in torrance test of creat...
A comparative study british and thai undergraduates in torrance test of creat...
 

Similar to Learning Creativity

A conversation about Design thinking
A conversation about Design thinkingA conversation about Design thinking
A conversation about Design thinking
Abhinav Soni
 
COPYWRITING - CREATIVE THINKING
COPYWRITING - CREATIVE THINKINGCOPYWRITING - CREATIVE THINKING
COPYWRITING - CREATIVE THINKING
M.V.L.U. COLLEGE
 
Creative and critical thinking ETC
Creative and critical thinking ETCCreative and critical thinking ETC
Creative and critical thinking ETC
Takshil Gajjar
 
Why Design Thinking is Important for Innovation? - Favarin Vitillo - ViewConf...
Why Design Thinking is Important for Innovation? - Favarin Vitillo - ViewConf...Why Design Thinking is Important for Innovation? - Favarin Vitillo - ViewConf...
Why Design Thinking is Important for Innovation? - Favarin Vitillo - ViewConf...
Simone Favarin
 
The Write Stuff Thinking Through Essays
The Write Stuff Thinking Through EssaysThe Write Stuff Thinking Through Essays
The Write Stuff Thinking Through Essays
Paper Writer Service
 
Chester county, pa
Chester county, paChester county, pa
Chester county, pa
mrspal
 
IDEATE.pptx
IDEATE.pptxIDEATE.pptx
IDEATE.pptx
RoyIvanReyes1
 
A presentation of Creativity Training
A presentation of Creativity  TrainingA presentation of Creativity  Training
A presentation of Creativity Training
franklyn45
 
Communication Hacks: Strategies for fostering collaboration and dealing with ...
Communication Hacks: Strategies for fostering collaboration and dealing with ...Communication Hacks: Strategies for fostering collaboration and dealing with ...
Communication Hacks: Strategies for fostering collaboration and dealing with ...
All Things Open
 
التدريس والتقييم من أجل الإبداع والابتكار
التدريس والتقييم من أجل الإبداع والابتكارالتدريس والتقييم من أجل الإبداع والابتكار
التدريس والتقييم من أجل الإبداع والابتكار
IEFE
 
Gerhardt sevenhabits
Gerhardt sevenhabitsGerhardt sevenhabits
Gerhardt sevenhabits
Zahidul Ronnie
 
Seven habits of highly effective peoples - Gerhardt
Seven habits of highly effective peoples - GerhardtSeven habits of highly effective peoples - Gerhardt
Seven habits of highly effective peoples - Gerhardt
genesissathish
 
Uga kristinasclass-2010
Uga kristinasclass-2010Uga kristinasclass-2010
Uga kristinasclass-2010
Robert "Alan" Black, Ph.D., CSP
 
Soft skills
Soft skillsSoft skills
Soft skills
Sandeep Govindan
 
Creative Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking Skills   Creative Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking Skills
Yodhia Antariksa
 
Creative Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking SkillsCreative Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking Skills
Yodhia Antariksa
 
Critical Thinking In Essay Writing
Critical Thinking In Essay WritingCritical Thinking In Essay Writing
Critical Thinking In Essay Writing
Custom Paper Writing Services
 
Conference Presenation Train Trainers SIEC Vienna Professor Lili Saghafi
Conference Presenation Train Trainers SIEC Vienna Professor Lili SaghafiConference Presenation Train Trainers SIEC Vienna Professor Lili Saghafi
Conference Presenation Train Trainers SIEC Vienna Professor Lili Saghafi
Professor Lili Saghafi
 
Introduction-to-design-thinking.pdf
Introduction-to-design-thinking.pdfIntroduction-to-design-thinking.pdf
Introduction-to-design-thinking.pdf
Dharam Mentor
 
MyBnk Innovation Masterclass Manual
MyBnk Innovation Masterclass ManualMyBnk Innovation Masterclass Manual
MyBnk Innovation Masterclass Manual
Mike Mompi
 

Similar to Learning Creativity (20)

A conversation about Design thinking
A conversation about Design thinkingA conversation about Design thinking
A conversation about Design thinking
 
COPYWRITING - CREATIVE THINKING
COPYWRITING - CREATIVE THINKINGCOPYWRITING - CREATIVE THINKING
COPYWRITING - CREATIVE THINKING
 
Creative and critical thinking ETC
Creative and critical thinking ETCCreative and critical thinking ETC
Creative and critical thinking ETC
 
Why Design Thinking is Important for Innovation? - Favarin Vitillo - ViewConf...
Why Design Thinking is Important for Innovation? - Favarin Vitillo - ViewConf...Why Design Thinking is Important for Innovation? - Favarin Vitillo - ViewConf...
Why Design Thinking is Important for Innovation? - Favarin Vitillo - ViewConf...
 
The Write Stuff Thinking Through Essays
The Write Stuff Thinking Through EssaysThe Write Stuff Thinking Through Essays
The Write Stuff Thinking Through Essays
 
Chester county, pa
Chester county, paChester county, pa
Chester county, pa
 
IDEATE.pptx
IDEATE.pptxIDEATE.pptx
IDEATE.pptx
 
A presentation of Creativity Training
A presentation of Creativity  TrainingA presentation of Creativity  Training
A presentation of Creativity Training
 
Communication Hacks: Strategies for fostering collaboration and dealing with ...
Communication Hacks: Strategies for fostering collaboration and dealing with ...Communication Hacks: Strategies for fostering collaboration and dealing with ...
Communication Hacks: Strategies for fostering collaboration and dealing with ...
 
التدريس والتقييم من أجل الإبداع والابتكار
التدريس والتقييم من أجل الإبداع والابتكارالتدريس والتقييم من أجل الإبداع والابتكار
التدريس والتقييم من أجل الإبداع والابتكار
 
Gerhardt sevenhabits
Gerhardt sevenhabitsGerhardt sevenhabits
Gerhardt sevenhabits
 
Seven habits of highly effective peoples - Gerhardt
Seven habits of highly effective peoples - GerhardtSeven habits of highly effective peoples - Gerhardt
Seven habits of highly effective peoples - Gerhardt
 
Uga kristinasclass-2010
Uga kristinasclass-2010Uga kristinasclass-2010
Uga kristinasclass-2010
 
Soft skills
Soft skillsSoft skills
Soft skills
 
Creative Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking Skills   Creative Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking Skills
 
Creative Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking SkillsCreative Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking Skills
 
Critical Thinking In Essay Writing
Critical Thinking In Essay WritingCritical Thinking In Essay Writing
Critical Thinking In Essay Writing
 
Conference Presenation Train Trainers SIEC Vienna Professor Lili Saghafi
Conference Presenation Train Trainers SIEC Vienna Professor Lili SaghafiConference Presenation Train Trainers SIEC Vienna Professor Lili Saghafi
Conference Presenation Train Trainers SIEC Vienna Professor Lili Saghafi
 
Introduction-to-design-thinking.pdf
Introduction-to-design-thinking.pdfIntroduction-to-design-thinking.pdf
Introduction-to-design-thinking.pdf
 
MyBnk Innovation Masterclass Manual
MyBnk Innovation Masterclass ManualMyBnk Innovation Masterclass Manual
MyBnk Innovation Masterclass Manual
 

More from Bowling Green State University

Tma portfolio preparation
Tma portfolio preparationTma portfolio preparation
Tma portfolio preparation
Bowling Green State University
 
Tma writing resume, bio & artist statements
Tma  writing resume, bio & artist statementsTma  writing resume, bio & artist statements
Tma writing resume, bio & artist statements
Bowling Green State University
 
Grad Student Orientation Classroom Management & Communication
Grad Student Orientation Classroom Management & CommunicationGrad Student Orientation Classroom Management & Communication
Grad Student Orientation Classroom Management & Communication
Bowling Green State University
 
Last color project
Last color projectLast color project
Last color project
Bowling Green State University
 
Artist statements
Artist statementsArtist statements
3 d deconstructive analysis
3 d deconstructive analysis3 d deconstructive analysis
3 d deconstructive analysis
Bowling Green State University
 
3 d 2 design principles
3 d 2 design principles3 d 2 design principles
3 d 2 design principles
Bowling Green State University
 
3 d 1 how objects communicate
3 d 1 how objects communicate3 d 1 how objects communicate
3 d 1 how objects communicate
Bowling Green State University
 
3 d 3 design principles
3 d 3 design principles3 d 3 design principles
3 d 3 design principles
Bowling Green State University
 
Arrigo fate 2011
Arrigo fate 2011Arrigo fate 2011
Performance Art
Performance ArtPerformance Art

More from Bowling Green State University (11)

Tma portfolio preparation
Tma portfolio preparationTma portfolio preparation
Tma portfolio preparation
 
Tma writing resume, bio & artist statements
Tma  writing resume, bio & artist statementsTma  writing resume, bio & artist statements
Tma writing resume, bio & artist statements
 
Grad Student Orientation Classroom Management & Communication
Grad Student Orientation Classroom Management & CommunicationGrad Student Orientation Classroom Management & Communication
Grad Student Orientation Classroom Management & Communication
 
Last color project
Last color projectLast color project
Last color project
 
Artist statements
Artist statementsArtist statements
Artist statements
 
3 d deconstructive analysis
3 d deconstructive analysis3 d deconstructive analysis
3 d deconstructive analysis
 
3 d 2 design principles
3 d 2 design principles3 d 2 design principles
3 d 2 design principles
 
3 d 1 how objects communicate
3 d 1 how objects communicate3 d 1 how objects communicate
3 d 1 how objects communicate
 
3 d 3 design principles
3 d 3 design principles3 d 3 design principles
3 d 3 design principles
 
Arrigo fate 2011
Arrigo fate 2011Arrigo fate 2011
Arrigo fate 2011
 
Performance Art
Performance ArtPerformance Art
Performance Art
 

Recently uploaded

QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
mansk2
 
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
ALBERTHISOLER1
 
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdfOpen Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Jessica Zairo
 
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List ScanningOdoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Celine George
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Abhik Roychoudhury
 
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatNode JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
Glenn Rivera
 
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
Association for Project Management
 
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHatJavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour International
 
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal UseIntroduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Excellence Foundation for South Sudan
 
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
Celine George
 
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docxMATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
yardenmendoza
 
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate ChangeOur Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Postal Advocate Inc.
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
Celine George
 
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 

Recently uploaded (20)

QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
 
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
 
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
Mail Server Configuration Using App passwords in Odoo 17
 
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
How to Empty a One2Many Field in Odoo 17
 
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdfOpen Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
Open Source and AI - ByWater Closing Keynote Presentation.pdf
 
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List ScanningOdoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
Odoo 17 Events - Attendees List Scanning
 
Imagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science ResearchImagination in Computer Science Research
Imagination in Computer Science Research
 
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHatNode JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
Node JS Interview Question PDF By ScholarHat
 
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
 
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
A beginner’s guide to project reviews - everything you wanted to know but wer...
 
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHatJavaScript Interview  Questions PDF By ScholarHat
JavaScript Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
Codeavour 5.0 International Impact Report - The Biggest International AI, Cod...
 
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal UseIntroduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
Introduction to Google Productivity Tools for Office and Personal Use
 
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
 
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POSHow to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
How to Manage Line Discount in Odoo 17 POS
 
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docxMATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
MATATAG CURRICULUM sample lesson exemplar.docx
 
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate ChangeOur Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
Our Guide to the July 2024 USPS® Rate Change
 
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 SlidesNew Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
New Features in Odoo 17 Sign - Odoo 17 Slides
 
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 SlidesHow to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
How to Add a Filter in the Odoo 17 - Odoo 17 Slides
 
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
1. Importance_of_reducing_postharvest_loss.pptx
 

Learning Creativity

  • 1. thinking about the boxreconsidering creativity
  • 2. What we typically teach in art courseselements and principlesdisciplinary studio skillsproblem solvingcreativitywork ethicstudio citizenshipperception/acuitycritical self reflectionsocial production/collaborationaesthetic theorycommunication skillsart historical contextsocial context/ visual culture
  • 3. What we typically teach in art coursesAs important as all of these knowledges and skills may be, this long list can be reduced to 4 traits that predict whether or not a student will be successful in their art/ design degreeelements and principlesdisciplinary studio skillsproblem solvingcreativitywork ethicstudio citizenshipperception/acuitycritical self reflectionsocial production/collaborationaesthetic theorycommunication skillsart historical contextsocial context/ visual culture2134
  • 4. predictors of student success curiosity1
  • 5. predictors of student success work ethiccuriosity12
  • 6. predictors of student success work ethiccuriosity123critical self reflection
  • 7. predictors of student success work ethiccuriosity123critical self reflectioncreativity4
  • 8. predictors of student success curiosity work ethiccritical self reflection creativityAny one of these is not sufficient. While not causally dependant, these traits are entailed & entangled with each other.
  • 9. predictors of student success We will address them as a single complex we will callCreativity
  • 10. creativity is a complexCreativity is studied in several fields using numerous perspectives.No less than eleven creativity perspectives identified by Runco, 2006
  • 11. creativity is a complex
  • 12. creativity is a complex
  • 13. creativity is a complex
  • 14. creativity is a complex
  • 15. creativity is a complex
  • 16. creativity is a complex
  • 17. can creativity be learned? yesnoThe degree to which an individual believes that creativity is learnable depends upon their perspective and understanding of creativity.
  • 18. two primary approachescreativityIn order to make students more creative, instructors can use two approaches:Teach cognitive Use adaptivestrategies strategies permission safety encouragement modeling expectations behaviors techniques tactics strategies mental habits
  • 19. Adaptive strategiescreativityI will provide & you should take advantage of a learning environment that promotes creative thinking. Adaptive strategies: permission values experimentation & a variety of solutions safety freedom to fumble & fail & look “stupid” along the way encouragement supportive of real effort and accomplishment modeling instructor demonstrates creative values and techniques expectations sets & communicates clear and constant goals
  • 20. Cognative stratagiescreativity Cognitive strategies: mental habits recognize conventional thinking, creativity blocks behaviors think with process strategies shift paradigms, synaesthesia tactics x-ternalize thinking, visual research, role play, x-ray vision techniques divergent, convergent
  • 22. conventional thinking mental habits creativityunconventionalityageNumerous studies over the years have established a strong correlation between age and conventional thinking. Your cohort is currently near the bottom of the “creative valley”. Your thinking tends to be highly conventional.based on Piaget, 1970,1976; Kohlberg,1987; Johnson 1985
  • 23. conventional thinking mental habits creativitybut take heart: the studies were randomized. as art students you have already “skewed” the sample” so this is less predictive for this group.also, there are, of course, individual variations. your results may vary.this is not meant to impugn your creativity, rather it is meant as a challenge and a check: suspecting that your thinking is not as original as it may at first seem to you is key to unlocking your creativity.based on Piaget, 1970,1976; Kohlberg,1987; Johnson 1985
  • 24. creativity blocks mental habits creativitystressStress is not only a distraction which drains energy which could otherwise be used creatively. It is bad for one's health. Creativity is Play!routinesRoutines or set ways of performing tasks have their uses, but they can limit the range of responses available and can lead to the development of the anathema of creativity, the "bureaucratic mind”. "The will to a system is a lack of integrity." –Nietzschegoal directed behavior Overly focusing on goals rather than process limits perception and blinds us to possibility.A straight line is the scalpel with which we excise opportunity.beliefsHaving a strong belief in something not only limits our response options, but causes us to limit the way in which we perceive and process information from the outside world. We may "filter out" information which contradicts our belief, and end up in our own "reality tunnel", blissfully unaware of much that occurs in front of our very eyes. egoOne must be humble before one's subject. Having a strong ego identity with a particular belief exacerbates the realty tunnel. This is not to imply that one must have no beliefs, merely that one needs to be very aware of one's beliefs and consequent limitations. fearFear of self expression and of the judgment of others can severely limit one's creativity. self criticism Negative thinking and self criticism are also limiting factors of an individual's creativity.
  • 26. I hear: I forget.I see: I remember.I do: I understand. Chinese proverbthink with process behaviors creativityi hear: i forget.i see: i remember.i do: i understand. chinese proverb
  • 27. I hear: I forget.I see: I remember.I do: I understand. Chinese proverbthink with processthe 500ms. delayeven for simple volitional acts consciousness lags half of a second behind readiness potential. we have made our decisions and have initiated our actions before we consciously decide to act. behaviors creativityreadiness potential 2-0.5 s.actconscious wish -0.2 s.readiness potential 1-1 s."the role of consciousness in our decisions is greatly overestimated" -tor norretranders based on Libet, 1979; Keller and Heckhausen, 1990
  • 28. I hear: I forget.I see: I remember.I do: I understand. Chinese proverbthink with processrapid cognitionmalcolm gladwell's blink, (2005) makes the case for "thinking without thinking" citing numerous studies and examples that reveal how subconscious processes that he calls "thin slicing" allow us to make better decisions and more accurate predictions for problems involving several variables or multiple dimensions with little conscious decision making. behaviors creativity
  • 29. think with process behaviors creativityrapid cognition500 ms. delaypreconscious perceptivity & creativity are reactive. try to put put consciousness in charge of planning the strategy and allow the preconscious to evaluate progress, readjust tactics and resolve the problem.thinking with process = preconscious "thinking" = visual thinking
  • 30. I hear: I forget.I see: I remember.I do: I understand. Chinese proverbthink with process behaviors rapid cognition500 ms. delaycreativitywhen in doubt do somethingthe point is not to think less, rather to think differently.avoid a "plan and execute" division of processthe journey is the destination.in creative works problem finding is more critical than problem solving.process is a collaborator– "our actions think louder than words"
  • 32. techniquesconvergent thinkingcreativity attribute listing bug listing (seinfeld whine) problem reversal force-field analysis change perspective
  • 35. communication modelmachine modelcatalyst modeldiagnostic modelshift paradigms strategies creativitymapping modelforce/field modelpointing model
  • 36. communication modelshift paradigms strategies creativitywhat does the artwork say?what do I want to say?standard model artworkmeaningmeaning artist viewer encode decode transmissionmedium
  • 37. communication modelshift paradigms strategies creativitywhat does the artwork say?what do I want to say?corrected communication model artworkmeaningmeaningmeaning artist viewermeaning encode decode transmissionmedium “noise”
  • 38. communication modelshift paradigms strategies creativitywhat does the artwork say?what do I want to say?deconstruction/feminist communication model artworkmeaningmeaningmeaning artist viewermeaning transmissionmedium “noise” “noise” “noise”
  • 39. shift paradigms strategies creativitymachine modelwhat does the artwork do?what do I want it to do?In this model artworks do not create meaning, they create effects artwork artist viewer machine consumer inventor effects
  • 40. shift paradigms strategies creativitymachine modelwhat does the artwork do?what do I want it to do?applied arts such as advertising, interior & product design most often use a machine model– the machine is a “tool” used to alter the viewer artwork artist viewer “tool”
  • 41. shift paradigms strategies creativityWhat relationships does the artwork show?what do I want to show?mapping model key artwork territory &terrain mode ofInvesti-gation filter artist viewer scaleimportant featureslevel of detailstyle representation
  • 42. shift paradigms strategies creativityWhat is the territory?How do I know what to look for?What are the landmarks?How are they related?mapping model key artwork territory &terrain mode ofInvesti-gation filter artist viewer scaleimportant featureslevel of detailstyle representation
  • 43. shift paradigms strategies creativityWhat style of representation is appropriate?At what level of detail (resolution)?Have I provided a key? mapping model key artwork territory &terrain mode ofInvesti-gation filter artist viewer scaleimportant featureslevel of detailstyle representation
  • 44. shift paradigms strategies creativitycatalyst modelWhat reactions does the artwork create?What reactions do I want?viewerviewerartworkviewerviewerartist effect
  • 45. shift paradigms strategies creativitycatalyst modelfocus on creating social change or interactionrather than communicating meaningviewerviewerartworkviewerviewerartist effect
  • 46. shift paradigms strategies creativitycatalyst modelThe artwork can be an object or design but often it is performative or an event viewerviewerartworkviewerviewerartist effect
  • 47. shift paradigms strategies creativityWhat forces & fields are displayed?Upon what influences, powers & spheres should I draw?What agencies, authorities & domains are in play?force/field model artwork forcesfilter perceptionanalysis viewer domain scopeimportant featureslevel of complexitystyle “flow chart”
  • 48. shift paradigms strategies creativityIn the “weak” force/field model the artist perceives,processes and encodes domains for display to the viewerforce/field model artwork forcesfilter perceptionanalysis viewer domain scopeimportant featureslevel of complexitystyle “flow chart”
  • 49. shift paradigms strategies creativityIn the “strong” force/field model the artist is not an observer, The artwork is an effect of forces at work on the artist. The reception of the artwork is an effect of the forces at work on the viewers. forcesforce/field modelartwork forces forces forces forces forces forces domain
  • 50. shift paradigms strategies creativitydiagnostic modelWhat is the artwork a symptom of?Whatdoes the artwork indicate or reveal?artworkmeaningsintendedmeaning viewer artistdecodesymptomsunintended meaningssymptoms
  • 51. shift paradigms strategies creativitydiagnostic modelin this model the artist’s intended meanings are the primaryfocus during creation, but are only of secondary importanceIn the reception artworkmeaningsintendedmeaning viewer artistdecodesymptomsunintended meaningssymptoms
  • 52. shift paradigms strategies creativitydiagnostic modelartworks are” read” for clues or evidence of of underlyingforces or conditions at work in the the artist or in societyartworkmeaningsintendedmeaning viewer artistdecodesymptomsunintended meaningssymptoms
  • 53. shift paradigms strategies creativitypointing modelwhat discovery, experience or concept does the artwork share?how do I present my interest so that the viewer shares my experience? artist viewer artwork
  • 54. shift paradigms strategies creativitypointing modelthis model represents the fundamental function of all artworks: to redirect the attention of viewers. It is not so concerned with communication per say, rather it is an attempt toreplicate the artist’s experience, curiosity, or enthusiasm in the viewer artist viewer artwork
  • 55. shift paradigms strategies creativitypointing modelAlthough all artworks “point” in this way, by focusing on the pointing model artists make an important shift from making work that is “about” a concept or experience to work that participates in the concept or experience as much as possible artist viewer artwork
  • 56. synaesthesia strategies creativitymedically: involuntary linking of 2 or more sensesartistically: translation of one sense into another
  • 57. synaesthesia strategies creativitysmell There are the “traditional”5 senses, but also otherbodily sensations such asbalance, tension, arousal,hunger, etc. becoming consciously aware of our physical responses & tapping into sense memoriesprovide important resourcesfor generating creative solutions to visual problemsthat are less prone to bebased on cliché symbols...hearing tastebalancetensiontoucharousal
  • 58. synaesthesia teach: strategies creativitySymbolic approaches to depict “death”blackcoffinskeletongrim reaperbloodghostblack rosecliché
  • 59. synaesthesia strategies creativitysynaesthetic approaches to depict “death”acrid, sweet stench of moldering flesh; the smooth, or serene aroma of lilies. what does death smell like? does death have the tension of rigor mortis or the repose of release? what does death feel like?is death as solid and weighty as packed earth, as open and airy as a picked carcass, or as ephemeral as a cold breath on your cheek? What is the tactile quality of death?does it sound like a hushed and empty silence or have the stretched, rounded sonority of a funeral dirge? What does death sound like?
  • 61. tacticscreativity externalize your thinking: keep a journal tacticscreativity research: the easiest way to get out of your own head is to get into somebody else’s
  • 62. tacticscreativity game 1: always assume that you are wrong…this will test your thinking and push you on to alternative solutions, conceptions & perceptions.
  • 63. tacticscreativity game 2: habitually play “could be…what if…”look at things not just as they are, but what they could beairplaneMccroskey (showing map): what do you make out of this? Eugene: This? I can make a hat, or a broach, or a teradactyl!
mccroskey: gimme that!
  • 64. tacticscreativity develop x-ray visionx-ray vision is the awareness of seeing into or trough something. it is different from transparency in that we are aware of the surface and the depth simultaneously. for example, usually a windshield is transparent- we see beyond it w/o seeing the glass. however if the glass is dirty or it is raining we can see the glass AND beyond it simultaneously. in an x-ray we typically see traces of exterior structures simultaneously with the internal structures.
  • 65. tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision for the purposes of creativity x-ray vision has two uses, one metaphoric and the other literal well…i believe it is literal, but if it helps, you can think of it as metaphoric also…
  • 66. tacticscreativity develop x-ray visionas a metaphor x-ray vision refers to the ability to hold two frames of reference simultaneously and thereby reveal new aspects and relationships that were previously “hidden below thesurface”frame 1 (surface): 1950’s stock photo image of girls gossiping or sharing a secret.
  • 67. tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision as metaphorframe 1 (surface):: 1950’s stock photo image of girls gossiping or sharing a secret. frame 2 (depth): “encountering the double” (doppelganger; evil twin; ka; subconscious; id/ego; inner voice, inspiration)
  • 68. tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision as metaphorthe key concept is to hold two frames of reference simultaneously
  • 69. tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision literallyimagination & expectation play a big role in regular vision. the mundane fact that we seem to see things when we can physically only see light hints at how much imagination is already involved in “normal” seeing. X-ray vision takes many of the projective activities in which our preconscious brain already engages and attempts to put them under conscious control.
  • 70. tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision literallya common example of x-ray vision occurs in figure drawing classes. typically students learn anatomy, especially bones, major muscle groups and insertions (where and how muscles connect to the bones). students use surface clues on the model such as boney landmarks to trigger projections of the internal anatomy which help them to draw the figure more accurately
  • 71. tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision literallyother common examples of projective vision (what we are calling x-ray vision) include rorschach tests, kuleshov effects in film, constellations and, of course, “undressing with the eyes”
  • 72. tacticscreativity develop x-ray vision literallymany will argue that x-ray vision is as described here is not literal–that it’s not “real”. it is a point well taken, but real or not x-ray vision is a useful creativity tactic. a final thought for doubters: are your dreams real? the vision that you experience in dreams IS real (in the sense that it really happens & can be verified with eeg and pet scans) even though it only simulates external events & is not caused by them.

Editor's Notes

  1. during a recent retreat the faculty identified those learning outcomes were the best predictors of student success
  2. we teach facts concepts and attitudes facts are easyso why is creativity so difficult?
  3. we teach facts concepts and attitudes facts are easyso why is creativity so difficult?
  4. GENETIC!
  5. ALSO GENETIC!
  6. STIMULTATION, CONTACT TIME W/ ADULTS, BIRTH ORDER, CHILD HOOD TRAUMA
  7. in general, instructors do a great job of dealing with creativity from an adaptive perspective creating environments that are permissive
  8. in general, instructors do a great job of dealing with creativity from an adaptive perspective creating environments that are permissive
  9. so I will focus on a cognitive perspective which focuses on teaching directly to the outcome
  10. U GRAPH OF CONVENTIONALITY UNCANNY VALLEY
  11. U GRAPH OF CONVENTIONALITY UNCANNY VALLEY
  12. the chinese philosophers stone is a great example of how process shape the mundane into the extraordinaryrather than tap your pencil on your forehead, get up and do something
  13. Johnathan Schooler verbal overshadowing visual recognition and insight problems the bandwidth of preconscious is large the bandwidth of language small