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• James Madison, who
                  helped write the
                  Constitution, drafted a
                  “Bill of Rights.”
                • In 1791, 10 Amendments –
                  the BOR - were added
                  to the Constitution.

James Madison
• Guarantees five major
  freedoms:
  •   Religion
  •   Press
  •   Speech
  •   Petition
  •   assembly
• Citizens have the right to bear arms,
  and states have the right to form
  militias.
• Soldiers cannot be
  quartered (kept) in
  private homes without
  permission.
• Freedom from
  search and
  seizure
  (something
  being taken)...
• Search
  warrants have
  to be based on
  probable
  cause.
• No “double
  jeopardy”,
  self-incrimination,
  or taking away
  due process.
• The government
  cannot take away
  your stuff (eminent domain) without
  compensating you.
• Right to a public
  and speedy trial
  by an impartial
  jury.
• Right to know what
  you’ve been
  charged with.
• Right to confront
  witnesses.
• Right to an attorney.
Right to a jury in civil
             lawsuits.
• No cruel or
  unusual
  punishments
  for crimes.
• It’s impossible to create a list of
  everything you are entitled / have a
  right to.
• Meaning: the
  Constitution
  provides a
  floor, but not
  a ceiling for
  your rights.
Powers reserved to
  the states and the
             people.

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Introduction to the Bill of Rights

  • 1.
  • 2. • James Madison, who helped write the Constitution, drafted a “Bill of Rights.” • In 1791, 10 Amendments – the BOR - were added to the Constitution. James Madison
  • 3. • Guarantees five major freedoms: • Religion • Press • Speech • Petition • assembly
  • 4. • Citizens have the right to bear arms, and states have the right to form militias.
  • 5. • Soldiers cannot be quartered (kept) in private homes without permission.
  • 6. • Freedom from search and seizure (something being taken)... • Search warrants have to be based on probable cause.
  • 7. • No “double jeopardy”, self-incrimination, or taking away due process. • The government cannot take away your stuff (eminent domain) without compensating you.
  • 8. • Right to a public and speedy trial by an impartial jury. • Right to know what you’ve been charged with. • Right to confront witnesses. • Right to an attorney.
  • 9. Right to a jury in civil lawsuits.
  • 10. • No cruel or unusual punishments for crimes.
  • 11. • It’s impossible to create a list of everything you are entitled / have a right to. • Meaning: the Constitution provides a floor, but not a ceiling for your rights.
  • 12. Powers reserved to the states and the people.