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6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Building Resilience in Urban
Youth and Communities:
The Power of Prevention
Jeff Jenson, PhD
Philip D. & Eleanor G. Winn Professor for
Children and Youth
Graduate School of Social Work
University of Denver
Please add your
logo here
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Objectives
• To connect social dimensions of resilience to integrative
risk management. Specifically, to:
Discuss progress in defining resilience in the social science
literature
Identify policies that build resilience in children and
communities
Discuss the utility of applying knowledge from prevention
science to the promotion of resilience
• Unleashing the Power of Prevention, a national action plan to
promote resilience and well-being in young people
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Resilience in Young People
• Proliferation of content addressing resilience in the social
science literature
– Ager (2013) found an 8-fold increase in citations of resilience
between 1990 and 2010
• Definitions and measures of resilience in the social sciences
vary widely
– Resilience has historically been viewed
as ”overcoming, rather than succumbing
to high levels of risk”
– In this definition, resilience is seen as an
accumulation of protective factors
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Resilience in Young People
• Current research has expanded the definition of
resilience beyond simple adaptation to recognize
that resilience is embedded across levels and
systems of the social and physical environment
• Thus, resilience is nested in biological, psychological,
familial, communal, and societal systems that
influence capacity to respond to threat or loss (Ager,
2013)
• This shift in thinking is consistent with tenants of
social-ecological theory
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
A Simplified Social-Ecological Model
Public Policy
Community
Organizational
Interpersonal
Individual
Can policy be
used to increase
resilience?
Common
Levels of
Influence on
Young
People
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Policies to Promote Resilience
• The application of resilience to the design of social policy is
increasing in the US (Administration for Children and Families, Office of
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention)
• Policies that enhance resilience:
– Promote socioeconomic opportunity
– Strengthen family dynamics
– Provide high-quality health care and education
– Recognize the interconnectedness of behavior and the
physical environment
– Create safe neighborhoods and communities
– Reduce social inequality
– Promote effective preventive interventions to deter common
behavioral health problems
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Connecting Prevention and Resilience
• Research on individual and social determinants of behavioral
health problems like substance abuse, delinquency, and school
dropout have identified malleable risk and protective factors as
targets for preventive interventions
• Effective prevention programs and policies target these risk and
protective factors
• Public Health Model of Prevention
Define the problem:
Surveillance
Identify causes: Risk
and protective
factor research
Develop and test
interventions
Implement
interventions
Evaluate
interventions
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
The Denver Bridge Project: An Afterschool
Program in Public Housing Neighborhoods
Technology
Training
Risk Factors
INDIVIDUAL FACTORS
• Early problem behaviors
• Poor impulse control
• Attention deficits
• Rebelliousness
INTERPERSONAL FACTORS
• Family and parent–child
conflict
• Family history of involvement
in problem behavior
• Poor attachment with parents
• Poor academic performance
• Low commitment to school
• Rejection by conforming peer
groups
• Association with deviant peers
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
• Poverty
• Limited economic opportunity
• Low neighborhood attachment
Protective Factors
INDIVIDUAL FACTORS
• Emotional regulation
• Social and problem-solving skills
• Positive attitude
• Low childhood stress
INTERPERSONAL FACTORS
• Attachment to parents
• Caring relationships with siblings
• Support for early learning
• Access to supportive educational
services
• Involvement in positive activities
• Ability to make friends
• Relationships with positive peers
ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
• Caring relationships with adults
or extended family members
• Presence and availability of
mentors
Targeted Risk and Protective Factors Program Goals and Interventions Outcomes
Program Goals
Children and youth
will achieve their
academic potential
in school
Intervention
Components
Academic
Tutoring
Social and
Emotional
Learning: 2nd
Step Program
Intermediate
Outcomes
Reduce risk and
increase protection
Long-Term
Outcomes
Healthy
development
Resilience
Children and
youth will
develop healthy
norms and
behaviors
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Progress: 35 Years of Research
• Controlled trials have identified over 60 effective policies and
programs for preventing behavioral health problems in young
people including substance abuse, depression, anxiety, violence,
and delinquency
• Information abut effective programs:
Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development
www.blueprintsprograms.com
• Effective programs save money:
Washington State Public Policy Institute
www.wsipp.wa.gov/
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Despite this progress…
• Tested and effective policies and
interventions for promoting resilience and
preventing behavioral health problems are
not widely used
In fact...
• Prevention approaches that do not work
or have not been evaluated are more
widely used than those shown to be
effective
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Solution: Unleash the
Power of Prevention!
• A summary of evidence pertaining to behavioral
health problems and an action plan aimed at
increasing the use of preventive interventions
• Developed by the Coalition for the Promotion of
Behavioral Health
– Published by the National Academy of Medicine
– Selected as a Grand Challenge initiative by the Academy
of Social Work and Social Welfare in January, 2015
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Unleashing the Power of Prevention
• Goal:
– Reduce the incidence and prevalence of behavioral health
problems in the population of young people from birth
through age 24 by 20% in the next decade
• Initiatives:
– Collaborate with states to improve community-level
prevention capacity and state-level infrastructure
– Implement and test effective parenting interventions in
primary care (medical) settings
– Work with universities, states, and communities to develop
a more effective prevention workforce
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Summary
• Policies and programs that build resilience in young people
and communities represent one important social dimension
of resilience
• Evidence suggests that prevention is effective in helping
young people develop healthy lifestyles:
– The question is whether we can construct or implement effective
prevention policies and programs in a way that better equips young
people and communities for the types of risk being discussed at this
conference
• Findings from prevention science suggest we have the
evidence and the tools to make important contributions to
the broader field of resilience
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
• Unleashing the Power of Prevention is published as a Discussion
Paper by the National Academy of Medicine. It is available at:
http://nam.edu/perspectives-2015-unleashing-the-power-of-
prevention/
• Unleashing the Power of Prevention is also available at the Academy
of Social Work and Social Welfare website:
http://aaswsw.org/grand-challenges-initiative/
6th
International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016
‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland
www.grforum.org
Contact the Coalition for the
Promotion of Behavioral Health
• Jeff Jenson Ph.D.,
Chair, Coalition for the Promotion of Behavioral Health
Philip D. & Eleanor G Winn Professor for Children and
Youth
Graduate School of Social Work
University of Denver
Jeffrey.Jenson@du.edu

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Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities The Power of Prevention, Jeff JENJSON

  • 1. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Building Resilience in Urban Youth and Communities: The Power of Prevention Jeff Jenson, PhD Philip D. & Eleanor G. Winn Professor for Children and Youth Graduate School of Social Work University of Denver Please add your logo here
  • 2. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Objectives • To connect social dimensions of resilience to integrative risk management. Specifically, to: Discuss progress in defining resilience in the social science literature Identify policies that build resilience in children and communities Discuss the utility of applying knowledge from prevention science to the promotion of resilience • Unleashing the Power of Prevention, a national action plan to promote resilience and well-being in young people
  • 3. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resilience in Young People • Proliferation of content addressing resilience in the social science literature – Ager (2013) found an 8-fold increase in citations of resilience between 1990 and 2010 • Definitions and measures of resilience in the social sciences vary widely – Resilience has historically been viewed as ”overcoming, rather than succumbing to high levels of risk” – In this definition, resilience is seen as an accumulation of protective factors
  • 4. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Resilience in Young People • Current research has expanded the definition of resilience beyond simple adaptation to recognize that resilience is embedded across levels and systems of the social and physical environment • Thus, resilience is nested in biological, psychological, familial, communal, and societal systems that influence capacity to respond to threat or loss (Ager, 2013) • This shift in thinking is consistent with tenants of social-ecological theory
  • 5. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org A Simplified Social-Ecological Model Public Policy Community Organizational Interpersonal Individual Can policy be used to increase resilience? Common Levels of Influence on Young People
  • 6. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Policies to Promote Resilience • The application of resilience to the design of social policy is increasing in the US (Administration for Children and Families, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention) • Policies that enhance resilience: – Promote socioeconomic opportunity – Strengthen family dynamics – Provide high-quality health care and education – Recognize the interconnectedness of behavior and the physical environment – Create safe neighborhoods and communities – Reduce social inequality – Promote effective preventive interventions to deter common behavioral health problems
  • 7. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Connecting Prevention and Resilience • Research on individual and social determinants of behavioral health problems like substance abuse, delinquency, and school dropout have identified malleable risk and protective factors as targets for preventive interventions • Effective prevention programs and policies target these risk and protective factors • Public Health Model of Prevention Define the problem: Surveillance Identify causes: Risk and protective factor research Develop and test interventions Implement interventions Evaluate interventions
  • 8. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org The Denver Bridge Project: An Afterschool Program in Public Housing Neighborhoods Technology Training Risk Factors INDIVIDUAL FACTORS • Early problem behaviors • Poor impulse control • Attention deficits • Rebelliousness INTERPERSONAL FACTORS • Family and parent–child conflict • Family history of involvement in problem behavior • Poor attachment with parents • Poor academic performance • Low commitment to school • Rejection by conforming peer groups • Association with deviant peers ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS • Poverty • Limited economic opportunity • Low neighborhood attachment Protective Factors INDIVIDUAL FACTORS • Emotional regulation • Social and problem-solving skills • Positive attitude • Low childhood stress INTERPERSONAL FACTORS • Attachment to parents • Caring relationships with siblings • Support for early learning • Access to supportive educational services • Involvement in positive activities • Ability to make friends • Relationships with positive peers ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS • Caring relationships with adults or extended family members • Presence and availability of mentors Targeted Risk and Protective Factors Program Goals and Interventions Outcomes Program Goals Children and youth will achieve their academic potential in school Intervention Components Academic Tutoring Social and Emotional Learning: 2nd Step Program Intermediate Outcomes Reduce risk and increase protection Long-Term Outcomes Healthy development Resilience Children and youth will develop healthy norms and behaviors
  • 9. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Progress: 35 Years of Research • Controlled trials have identified over 60 effective policies and programs for preventing behavioral health problems in young people including substance abuse, depression, anxiety, violence, and delinquency • Information abut effective programs: Blueprints for Healthy Youth Development www.blueprintsprograms.com • Effective programs save money: Washington State Public Policy Institute www.wsipp.wa.gov/
  • 10. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Despite this progress… • Tested and effective policies and interventions for promoting resilience and preventing behavioral health problems are not widely used In fact... • Prevention approaches that do not work or have not been evaluated are more widely used than those shown to be effective
  • 11. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Solution: Unleash the Power of Prevention! • A summary of evidence pertaining to behavioral health problems and an action plan aimed at increasing the use of preventive interventions • Developed by the Coalition for the Promotion of Behavioral Health – Published by the National Academy of Medicine – Selected as a Grand Challenge initiative by the Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare in January, 2015
  • 12. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Unleashing the Power of Prevention • Goal: – Reduce the incidence and prevalence of behavioral health problems in the population of young people from birth through age 24 by 20% in the next decade • Initiatives: – Collaborate with states to improve community-level prevention capacity and state-level infrastructure – Implement and test effective parenting interventions in primary care (medical) settings – Work with universities, states, and communities to develop a more effective prevention workforce
  • 13. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Summary • Policies and programs that build resilience in young people and communities represent one important social dimension of resilience • Evidence suggests that prevention is effective in helping young people develop healthy lifestyles: – The question is whether we can construct or implement effective prevention policies and programs in a way that better equips young people and communities for the types of risk being discussed at this conference • Findings from prevention science suggest we have the evidence and the tools to make important contributions to the broader field of resilience
  • 14. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org • Unleashing the Power of Prevention is published as a Discussion Paper by the National Academy of Medicine. It is available at: http://nam.edu/perspectives-2015-unleashing-the-power-of- prevention/ • Unleashing the Power of Prevention is also available at the Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare website: http://aaswsw.org/grand-challenges-initiative/
  • 15. 6th International Disaster and Risk Conference IDRC 2016 ‘Integrative Risk Management – Towards Resilient Cities‘ • 28 Aug – 1 Sept 2016 • Davos • Switzerland www.grforum.org Contact the Coalition for the Promotion of Behavioral Health • Jeff Jenson Ph.D., Chair, Coalition for the Promotion of Behavioral Health Philip D. & Eleanor G Winn Professor for Children and Youth Graduate School of Social Work University of Denver Jeffrey.Jenson@du.edu