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Compare and contrast
earthquakes in contrasting
areas of the world
PRAAG DOGRA
Japan, Tohoku - 2011
Background:
◦ The earthquake was caused by the subduction of the Pacific Oceanic plate (SIMA) under the North
American continental plate (SIAL).
◦ This created a 9.0 earthquake on the Richter Scale
◦ Furthermore, the sudden release of the tension and stress caused a 40metre high tsunami.
◦ Occurred on March 11th 2011
Japan, Tohoku - 2011
Impacts:
◦ 16,000 deaths
◦ 5 million people were left without water and/or electricity
◦ Post traumatic stress disorder occurred in 1/5 victims
◦ $300 billion worth of damage was done and ceased car manufacturing all over the world
◦ Fukushima nuclear reactor plant 1 destroyed
Japan, Tohoku - 2011
Response
◦ 14,000 km of concrete sea walls were created
◦ New stringent building codes were introduced
◦ Mass dampeners
◦ Interlocking steel frames
◦ Earthquake warning systems were put into place
◦ The Bank of Japan donated $183 billion worth of money to help to normalise the market conditions
after 3 days
◦ The military had to bury the dead in mass graves
◦ Prevented rotting corpses from contaminating other sources
Haiti – 2010
Background:
◦ They were already reliant on foreign aid
◦ Sitting on the cusp of a conservative (strike slip/transform) fault
◦ The Caribbean and North American
◦ Stress and tension on this fault had been built up over 240 years so far
◦ The release of all the stress and tension caused a 7.0 earthquake on the Richter Scale
◦ However the focus was incredibly shallow, at only 12km down
Haiti – 2010
Impacts:
◦ 230,000 people died
◦ 300,000 people were injured
◦ 1000 deaths from cholera
◦ 1 million people left homeless
◦ 90% of the buildings near the epicentre were destroyed
◦ 230,000 homes were destroyed
◦ Synopticity:
◦ The prison was destroyed and released 4,500 criminals who went on a violent mass rape spree in the refugee camps
Haiti – 2010
Responses:
◦ International aid was called in and sent
◦ However there were bottlenecks at the airports because there was no one in charge of sustaining them
◦ The government eventually handed control to the USA.
◦ The Dominican republic sent in the most immediate aid which was enough to suffice 100,000 people
per day.
◦ The EU gave $330 million to Haiti whom had the debt repayments waivered off by 5 months by the
world bank.
Haiti earthquake compared to Japan Tohoku earthquake

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Haiti earthquake compared to Japan Tohoku earthquake

  • 1. Compare and contrast earthquakes in contrasting areas of the world PRAAG DOGRA
  • 2. Japan, Tohoku - 2011 Background: ◦ The earthquake was caused by the subduction of the Pacific Oceanic plate (SIMA) under the North American continental plate (SIAL). ◦ This created a 9.0 earthquake on the Richter Scale ◦ Furthermore, the sudden release of the tension and stress caused a 40metre high tsunami. ◦ Occurred on March 11th 2011
  • 3. Japan, Tohoku - 2011 Impacts: ◦ 16,000 deaths ◦ 5 million people were left without water and/or electricity ◦ Post traumatic stress disorder occurred in 1/5 victims ◦ $300 billion worth of damage was done and ceased car manufacturing all over the world ◦ Fukushima nuclear reactor plant 1 destroyed
  • 4. Japan, Tohoku - 2011 Response ◦ 14,000 km of concrete sea walls were created ◦ New stringent building codes were introduced ◦ Mass dampeners ◦ Interlocking steel frames ◦ Earthquake warning systems were put into place ◦ The Bank of Japan donated $183 billion worth of money to help to normalise the market conditions after 3 days ◦ The military had to bury the dead in mass graves ◦ Prevented rotting corpses from contaminating other sources
  • 5. Haiti – 2010 Background: ◦ They were already reliant on foreign aid ◦ Sitting on the cusp of a conservative (strike slip/transform) fault ◦ The Caribbean and North American ◦ Stress and tension on this fault had been built up over 240 years so far ◦ The release of all the stress and tension caused a 7.0 earthquake on the Richter Scale ◦ However the focus was incredibly shallow, at only 12km down
  • 6. Haiti – 2010 Impacts: ◦ 230,000 people died ◦ 300,000 people were injured ◦ 1000 deaths from cholera ◦ 1 million people left homeless ◦ 90% of the buildings near the epicentre were destroyed ◦ 230,000 homes were destroyed ◦ Synopticity: ◦ The prison was destroyed and released 4,500 criminals who went on a violent mass rape spree in the refugee camps
  • 7. Haiti – 2010 Responses: ◦ International aid was called in and sent ◦ However there were bottlenecks at the airports because there was no one in charge of sustaining them ◦ The government eventually handed control to the USA. ◦ The Dominican republic sent in the most immediate aid which was enough to suffice 100,000 people per day. ◦ The EU gave $330 million to Haiti whom had the debt repayments waivered off by 5 months by the world bank.