SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Grimm's Law Marvyn A. Mahle TSL 660 March 9, 2010
What is Grimm's Law? Grimm's Law refers to the systematic study and categorization of the consonant shifts that occurred between Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Germanic...an eventually English Named for Jakob Grimm, one of the Brothers Grimm, most well-known in Western culture for their versions of children's stories and morality tales, e.g.,  Hansel & Gretel, Sleeping Beauty , etc.
What was Proto-Indo-European? The language spoken by the Indo-Europeans, an ancient race that inhabited what is today Europe, parts of Near East, Iran, and India... Map source: indo-european.dnghu.org
Progression of Grimm's Law Proto-Indo-European voiceless stops change into voiceless fricatives. Proto-Indo-European voiced stops become voiceless stops. Proto-Indo-European voiced aspirated stops become voiced fricatives; ultimately, in most Germanic languages these voiced fricatives become voiced stops. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grimm's_Law   Source: http://www.uoregon.edu/~l150web/weblec4.2.html
Examples of Consonant Shifts Source: Contemporary Linguistics, O'Grady, et al, p286.
Situations Where Grimm's Law Does  Not  Apply Direct borrowing of words  after  the consonant shift occurred: Pedestrian, from Latin pedes, pronounced pedestrian, not fedestrian Tenuous, Pedestrian, from Latin tenuis, pronounced tenuous, not thenuous Canal, Pedestrian, from Latin canalis, pronounced canal, not hanal
Further Information Full list of shifted consonants: http://german.about.com/library/blcognates_shiftC.htm Thumbnail history of the Indo-Europeans: http://www.uoregon.edu/~l150web/weblec4.2.html And after you've finished studying Grimm's Law, relax with a Brothers Grimm tale... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Red_Riding_Hood http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iKbWdgW6sD8&feature=fvw

More Related Content

What's hot

middle english period_(1066-1500)
middle english period_(1066-1500)middle english period_(1066-1500)
middle english period_(1066-1500)
zee abdul Art
 
Types of deviation
Types of deviationTypes of deviation
Types of deviation
Amer Minhas
 
Stylistics
StylisticsStylistics
Old english
Old englishOld english
Old english
athulyacr
 
Language and the brain
Language and the brainLanguage and the brain
Language and the brain
Novii CcissNuupypnggaahddhiititanium
 
Old English Literature
Old English LiteratureOld English Literature
Old English Literature
St:Mary's College
 
Pidgin & creoles
Pidgin & creolesPidgin & creoles
Pidgin & creoles
Syeda Baneen
 
Linguistic theories approaches and methods
Linguistic theories approaches and methodsLinguistic theories approaches and methods
Linguistic theories approaches and methods
EsraaAlobali
 
Modern linguistics
Modern linguisticsModern linguistics
Modern linguistics
amoresyoh99
 
Sociolinguistics
SociolinguisticsSociolinguistics
Sociolinguistics
Ronnier Barrientos
 
The indo european family of languages
The indo european family of languagesThe indo european family of languages
The indo european family of languages
Camilo Saavedra
 
Pidgins creoles - sociolinguistics
Pidgins   creoles - sociolinguistics Pidgins   creoles - sociolinguistics
Pidgins creoles - sociolinguistics
Amal Mustafa
 
Summary of "A History of the English Language"
Summary of "A History of the English Language"Summary of "A History of the English Language"
Summary of "A History of the English Language"
Sarah Abdussalam
 
Definition and Scopo of Psycholinguistics
Definition and Scopo of PsycholinguisticsDefinition and Scopo of Psycholinguistics
Definition and Scopo of Psycholinguistics
RezaHalimah
 
I c analysis
I c analysisI c analysis
I c analysis
Prof. Richmind
 
History of the English Language
History of the English LanguageHistory of the English Language
History of the English Language
RubyRose Baldovino
 
Brief history of the english language
Brief history of the english languageBrief history of the english language
Brief history of the english language
coolsimo
 
Middle English
Middle EnglishMiddle English
Middle English
-
 
Psycholinguistics
PsycholinguisticsPsycholinguistics
Psycholinguistics
Yantsuthung Erui
 
Styles & registers
Styles & registersStyles & registers
Styles & registers
Tantri Sundari
 

What's hot (20)

middle english period_(1066-1500)
middle english period_(1066-1500)middle english period_(1066-1500)
middle english period_(1066-1500)
 
Types of deviation
Types of deviationTypes of deviation
Types of deviation
 
Stylistics
StylisticsStylistics
Stylistics
 
Old english
Old englishOld english
Old english
 
Language and the brain
Language and the brainLanguage and the brain
Language and the brain
 
Old English Literature
Old English LiteratureOld English Literature
Old English Literature
 
Pidgin & creoles
Pidgin & creolesPidgin & creoles
Pidgin & creoles
 
Linguistic theories approaches and methods
Linguistic theories approaches and methodsLinguistic theories approaches and methods
Linguistic theories approaches and methods
 
Modern linguistics
Modern linguisticsModern linguistics
Modern linguistics
 
Sociolinguistics
SociolinguisticsSociolinguistics
Sociolinguistics
 
The indo european family of languages
The indo european family of languagesThe indo european family of languages
The indo european family of languages
 
Pidgins creoles - sociolinguistics
Pidgins   creoles - sociolinguistics Pidgins   creoles - sociolinguistics
Pidgins creoles - sociolinguistics
 
Summary of "A History of the English Language"
Summary of "A History of the English Language"Summary of "A History of the English Language"
Summary of "A History of the English Language"
 
Definition and Scopo of Psycholinguistics
Definition and Scopo of PsycholinguisticsDefinition and Scopo of Psycholinguistics
Definition and Scopo of Psycholinguistics
 
I c analysis
I c analysisI c analysis
I c analysis
 
History of the English Language
History of the English LanguageHistory of the English Language
History of the English Language
 
Brief history of the english language
Brief history of the english languageBrief history of the english language
Brief history of the english language
 
Middle English
Middle EnglishMiddle English
Middle English
 
Psycholinguistics
PsycholinguisticsPsycholinguistics
Psycholinguistics
 
Styles & registers
Styles & registersStyles & registers
Styles & registers
 

Viewers also liked

Great vowel shift
Great vowel shiftGreat vowel shift
Indo European family of languages
Indo European family of languagesIndo European family of languages
Indo European family of languages
pulakctg
 
The great vowel shift
The great vowel shiftThe great vowel shift
The great vowel shift
Candy Alexis Feliciano
 
The Indo European Languages
The Indo European LanguagesThe Indo European Languages
The Indo European Languages
wcarney
 
Lecture 5 New
Lecture 5 NewLecture 5 New
Lecture 5 New
Kirpichnikova
 
[1]history of english
[1]history of english[1]history of english
[1]history of english
nixsale
 
English Language
English LanguageEnglish Language
English Language
camimf
 
indo-european family language
indo-european family languageindo-european family language
indo-european family language
nurulyusrantimq
 
Indo european family of language
Indo european family of language Indo european family of language
Indo european family of language
Hifza Kiyani
 
The History of the English Language
The History of the English LanguageThe History of the English Language
The History of the English Language
Lina Espinosa Gomez
 
Middle English 1150 1500 Ce (
Middle English 1150 1500 Ce (Middle English 1150 1500 Ce (
Middle English 1150 1500 Ce (
wcarney
 
Basic Morphology
Basic MorphologyBasic Morphology
Basic Morphology
Evi Sofiawati
 
Eng424 4
Eng424 4Eng424 4
Current Dev. In Phonetics
Current Dev. In PhoneticsCurrent Dev. In Phonetics
Current Dev. In Phonetics
Dr. Cupid Lucid
 
The Grimm Brothers Powerpoint
The Grimm Brothers PowerpointThe Grimm Brothers Powerpoint
The Grimm Brothers Powerpoint
ismhistory
 
Post Colonial Ethnic Seperatism in Sri Lanka
Post Colonial Ethnic Seperatism in Sri LankaPost Colonial Ethnic Seperatism in Sri Lanka
Post Colonial Ethnic Seperatism in Sri Lanka
samanga
 
Language and Culture
Language and  Culture Language and  Culture
Language and Culture
Cristhian Robles
 
English as a germanic language
English as a germanic languageEnglish as a germanic language
English as a germanic language
syrahlilian
 
History of the english language
History of the english languageHistory of the english language
History of the english language
Lili Alzate
 
Sri lanka slideshow
Sri lanka slideshowSri lanka slideshow
Sri lanka slideshow
CDKN
 

Viewers also liked (20)

Great vowel shift
Great vowel shiftGreat vowel shift
Great vowel shift
 
Indo European family of languages
Indo European family of languagesIndo European family of languages
Indo European family of languages
 
The great vowel shift
The great vowel shiftThe great vowel shift
The great vowel shift
 
The Indo European Languages
The Indo European LanguagesThe Indo European Languages
The Indo European Languages
 
Lecture 5 New
Lecture 5 NewLecture 5 New
Lecture 5 New
 
[1]history of english
[1]history of english[1]history of english
[1]history of english
 
English Language
English LanguageEnglish Language
English Language
 
indo-european family language
indo-european family languageindo-european family language
indo-european family language
 
Indo european family of language
Indo european family of language Indo european family of language
Indo european family of language
 
The History of the English Language
The History of the English LanguageThe History of the English Language
The History of the English Language
 
Middle English 1150 1500 Ce (
Middle English 1150 1500 Ce (Middle English 1150 1500 Ce (
Middle English 1150 1500 Ce (
 
Basic Morphology
Basic MorphologyBasic Morphology
Basic Morphology
 
Eng424 4
Eng424 4Eng424 4
Eng424 4
 
Current Dev. In Phonetics
Current Dev. In PhoneticsCurrent Dev. In Phonetics
Current Dev. In Phonetics
 
The Grimm Brothers Powerpoint
The Grimm Brothers PowerpointThe Grimm Brothers Powerpoint
The Grimm Brothers Powerpoint
 
Post Colonial Ethnic Seperatism in Sri Lanka
Post Colonial Ethnic Seperatism in Sri LankaPost Colonial Ethnic Seperatism in Sri Lanka
Post Colonial Ethnic Seperatism in Sri Lanka
 
Language and Culture
Language and  Culture Language and  Culture
Language and Culture
 
English as a germanic language
English as a germanic languageEnglish as a germanic language
English as a germanic language
 
History of the english language
History of the english languageHistory of the english language
History of the english language
 
Sri lanka slideshow
Sri lanka slideshowSri lanka slideshow
Sri lanka slideshow
 

Similar to Grimm's law 1

Language history and change
Language history and changeLanguage history and change
Language history and change
escobarpaulina
 
Egyptian Emphatic Consonants
Egyptian Emphatic ConsonantsEgyptian Emphatic Consonants
Egyptian Emphatic Consonants
helmutsatzinger
 
Historical linguistics 2
Historical linguistics 2Historical linguistics 2
Historical linguistics 2
Galo Barahona
 
Chapter 17: Language history and change
Chapter 17: Language history and changeChapter 17: Language history and change
Chapter 17: Language history and change
Erica Gisela Delgado
 
Language History and Change
Language History and ChangeLanguage History and Change
Language History and Change
Jacqueline Gianella
 
Class 04 hist ling
Class 04 hist lingClass 04 hist ling
Class 04 hist ling
deciphermentsisu
 
Word of world by pamela fox
Word of world by pamela foxWord of world by pamela fox
Word of world by pamela fox
Bhim Upadhyaya
 
Lexical change
Lexical change Lexical change
Lexical change
nada abdulsalam
 
The indo european family of languages
The indo european family of languagesThe indo european family of languages
The indo european family of languages
Abdel-Fattah Adel
 
Grammatical gender
Grammatical genderGrammatical gender
Grammatical gender
JihyunfromKorea
 
A World of Words
A World of WordsA World of Words
A World of Words
Pamela Fox
 

Similar to Grimm's law 1 (11)

Language history and change
Language history and changeLanguage history and change
Language history and change
 
Egyptian Emphatic Consonants
Egyptian Emphatic ConsonantsEgyptian Emphatic Consonants
Egyptian Emphatic Consonants
 
Historical linguistics 2
Historical linguistics 2Historical linguistics 2
Historical linguistics 2
 
Chapter 17: Language history and change
Chapter 17: Language history and changeChapter 17: Language history and change
Chapter 17: Language history and change
 
Language History and Change
Language History and ChangeLanguage History and Change
Language History and Change
 
Class 04 hist ling
Class 04 hist lingClass 04 hist ling
Class 04 hist ling
 
Word of world by pamela fox
Word of world by pamela foxWord of world by pamela fox
Word of world by pamela fox
 
Lexical change
Lexical change Lexical change
Lexical change
 
The indo european family of languages
The indo european family of languagesThe indo european family of languages
The indo european family of languages
 
Grammatical gender
Grammatical genderGrammatical gender
Grammatical gender
 
A World of Words
A World of WordsA World of Words
A World of Words
 

Grimm's law 1

  • 1. Grimm's Law Marvyn A. Mahle TSL 660 March 9, 2010
  • 2. What is Grimm's Law? Grimm's Law refers to the systematic study and categorization of the consonant shifts that occurred between Proto-Indo-European and Proto-Germanic...an eventually English Named for Jakob Grimm, one of the Brothers Grimm, most well-known in Western culture for their versions of children's stories and morality tales, e.g., Hansel & Gretel, Sleeping Beauty , etc.
  • 3. What was Proto-Indo-European? The language spoken by the Indo-Europeans, an ancient race that inhabited what is today Europe, parts of Near East, Iran, and India... Map source: indo-european.dnghu.org
  • 4. Progression of Grimm's Law Proto-Indo-European voiceless stops change into voiceless fricatives. Proto-Indo-European voiced stops become voiceless stops. Proto-Indo-European voiced aspirated stops become voiced fricatives; ultimately, in most Germanic languages these voiced fricatives become voiced stops. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grimm's_Law Source: http://www.uoregon.edu/~l150web/weblec4.2.html
  • 5. Examples of Consonant Shifts Source: Contemporary Linguistics, O'Grady, et al, p286.
  • 6. Situations Where Grimm's Law Does Not Apply Direct borrowing of words after the consonant shift occurred: Pedestrian, from Latin pedes, pronounced pedestrian, not fedestrian Tenuous, Pedestrian, from Latin tenuis, pronounced tenuous, not thenuous Canal, Pedestrian, from Latin canalis, pronounced canal, not hanal
  • 7. Further Information Full list of shifted consonants: http://german.about.com/library/blcognates_shiftC.htm Thumbnail history of the Indo-Europeans: http://www.uoregon.edu/~l150web/weblec4.2.html And after you've finished studying Grimm's Law, relax with a Brothers Grimm tale... http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Red_Riding_Hood http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iKbWdgW6sD8&feature=fvw