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Martin Agnew, R&T Management (DISCON), AD&S Central Engineering,
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx,
Issue 0.11, 1Nov17
HVM17 GNM17 Conference, 2-3Nov17
How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM
could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
www.cir-strategy.com/ events
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 2 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Introduction
Abstract, Introduction - Help us 'make things fly' better,
Requirements Summary Table – Martin’s selection...
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 3 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Abstract
“The recent advances in 2-D & Nano-materials (eg. Graphene, MX-
ene’s, CNT’s…) and the continuing advances in High Value
Manufacturing (eg. Ultra-Precision and ALM/3D Printing, …) allow
unique opportunities for early application in Space & Aerospace
platforms for secondary structures and payloads where mission
criticality will not be compromised. The author will outline his
personal view of the possibilities and the drivers/barriers-to-
adoption for a range of platforms and applications; both from
Airbus & other suppliers.”
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 4 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Introduction - Help us 'make things fly' better
• All our Platforms are ‘Fighting Gravity’! (even GEO Satellites N/S Station Keeping)
Particularly Helicopters, Launchers…
• Key Performance Indicators (KPI’s)…
o Function/Mass = Fuel saved = Environment impact reduced = Opex Money …
o Performance affected by Temperature, Vibration (eg. Imager), Pressure/Aero-load…
• G+/2-D Material Opportunities:
o Anisotropy
o New/disruptive properties eg. Conductivity, Tensile strength, ?0eV BandGap s/c….
o Mid-life Upgrades
o New Industry Trends (Exploit?) eg. e-Plane/e-Sat…, ALM/3D,…
o Obsolescence (eg. Look at 3D printing lessons learnt)
• HVM Opportunities:
o Via breakages
o Wheel bearings – Vibration, Lifetime
o Propellant Injectors
o Mirror finishes
o Stiction
o Dendrite Growth (Temp Cycling -> Moisture Ingress -> Dendrites -> Shorts -> Pulses)
o Dust > precision => Cost
o Alignment vs Precision finish
o ....
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 5 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Requirements Summary Table – Martin’s selection...
• Vibration
• Shock
• Temperature: Absolute temp
extremes, #Cycles, thermo-
elastic distortion
• Radiation: Van-Allen, Solar
Storms (CME), Solar-Wind...
• Solar aging (UV)
• Interference & Jamming
• Cryo & Toxic Materials/Fuels
• Hypersonic Drag, Thermals...
• COST(NRE/RE)!
Remember the foundations of
(Aero-)Space:
• Reliability eg. Lessons learnt
from Aramide PCB’s
• Safety/Certification
• Manufacturing, Assembly & Test
• Lightning/RFI/EMI
• Time-to-market (TTM)
• Route-to-market (RTM)
• RISK/Reward
• Maintenance & Support = HUMS
• Services!!
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 6 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Platforms & Networks
(Aero)-Space, Sea & Ground Challenge Opportunities
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 7 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Aircraft – S/M/L Transport, Multi-Role Tanker Transporters, Combat..
7 of 14
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
A400M Capability Development Sep2015
4:35 24x 1T Parachute Delivery
RAF Voyager air-to-air refuelling
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Energy Storage
Thermal management
Batteries/Supercapacitors
Advanced Composites
Structures
RFI/EMI
Lightning
RCS
Stones/Objects
Shielding
Lasers
Receivers
Modulators
Lens/Mirrors
Optics
/Opto-Electronics
Tactile
Strength
Contrast…
Displays
Stresses
Vibrations..
Propellors/Rotors
Thermal
E-Mechanical…
Ice Prevent/De-Ice
Airbus Confidential
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 8 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Z-S2 (Next Gen+1 Battery Tech)
• 50(15)W Night/100(50)W Night
• 8kg Payload Mass 365d/yr
=> Z-T2 >>25kg Payload Mass
• 90Days/flight
• 30kUSD/set
High Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) – is it a plane or a satellite?!
8 of 12
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ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
150907_AirbusDS_Zephyr_Update.wmv
SDHforUAVs_AirbuDS_Febr2014.wmv
barracuda_2_2016_1920x1080_endlosschleife.mp4
DodFAST.wmv
Airstart_FIA2016.pdf
Airstart_FT_May2017
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Efficiency >28%?
Thermal management
Solar Arrays
Energy Storage
Thermal management
Batteries/Supercapacitors
Advanced Composites
Structures Function/Mass/Power
Payload
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
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thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 9 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Launchers
CambU_IfM_UltraPrecision_9May16_MJA_Is0_2_12May16.pptx
12th May 2016 9 of 14
Sky5B Launch 8/Feb/2008
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
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thanforwhichitissupplied.
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Advanced Composites
Structures
Airbus Confidential
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 10 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
HEO/MEO/GEO – ‘Fight the Radiation’ -> Live for >15yrs!igh Altitude
10 of 14
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
150907_AirbusDS_Zephyr_Update.wmv
SDHforUAVs_AirbuDS_Febr2014.wmv
Airbus D&S Clip VFS Full.wmv
4:30-5:51 Laser Comm's
EDRS General Movie
EDRS_ESA_Tesat.wmv
4:30-5:30 Laser Comm’s
Airbus_HAPS_LCT_Options_MJA_Is0_2_6Feb17.pptx
6 February 2017
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
10 of 14
Advanced
Composites
Structures
Efficiency >28%?
Thermal management
Cover Glass?
Solar Arrays
Thermal Shield
Multi-Layer Insulation (MLI)
Structural Integrity
Conductivity
Antennas & Mechanisms
Laser Comm‘s
Lasers
Receivers
Modulators
Lens/Mirrors
Optics
/Opto-Electronics
Energy Storage
Thermal management
Batteries/Supercapacitors Mirrors
Cover Glass?
Radiators
(Selective) Radiation
RFI/EMI
Shielding
Clever Cathodic Tech’s
Thermal Management
e-Thrusters
Airbus Confidential
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 11 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
LEO Satellites – Major Industry Trend to Constellations...VHR...SAR/AIS
11 of 14
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus D&S Clip VFS Full.wmv
2:40-3:10 Constellations
4:30-5:51 Comm's via GEO Data RelayAirbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Advanced
Composites
Structures
Energy Storage
Thermal management
Batteries/SupercapacitorsEfficiency >28%?
Thermal management
Cover Glass?
Solar Arrays
Thermal Shield
Multi-Layer Insulation (MLI)
Lasers
Receivers
Modulators
Lens/Mirrors
Optics
/Opto-Elect.
Airbus Confidential
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 12 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
METERON
Science – LISA Pathfinder, Rosetta/Philae, ExoMars Rover, GAIA...
12 of 1412 of 14
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Airbus Confidential
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 13 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Conclusions
• Justin asked me to take the User’s perspective, I could have talked about:
o Commercial Aircraft …
o Helicopters – even more of a ‘Gravity challenge’!
o …
• Timescales in Aerospace & Space for mission critical systems & primary structures can be very
long (>10yrs) - we don’t want another Comet window issue!
• But opportunities exist much nearer term:
o Medium term (3-5yrs) on secondary structures lacking redundancy
o Short term (1-2yrs) on payloads, and ancillaries & secondary structures with redundancy
• The Big Q: Can a monolayer (2-D) enhance (Aero)-Space Platforms & Payloads?
• Manufacturability, Safety, Reliability & Certifiability…are the Barriers-of-Entry... & Opportunities
• The Big Opportunity: What Disruptive/New Capabilities do these Materials & HVM offer?
• Last (Personal) Thoughts:
• Consider all 2-D materials, not just G+ eg. MX-ene’s?
• No-one is yet properly exploiting anisotropy
• HVM is producing ‘New Industrial Revolution’s eg. ALM, Digitisation
• SERVICES (SeRL!) are the future (PaaS, GaaS, ...) – HVM & 2D Materials are key enablers
ThisdocumentandallinformationcontainedhereinisthesolepropertyofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Nointellectualpropertyrightsaregrantedbythedeliveryofthisdocumentordisclosureofitscontent.
ThisdocumentshallnotbereproducedordisclosedtoathirdpartywithouttheexpresswrittenconsentofAirbusDefence&SpaceLtd.Thisdocumentanditscontentshallnotbeusedforanyotherpurpose
thanforwhichitissupplied.
Airbus Confidential
Airbus_HVMandGraphene_to_help_fly_better_MJA_Is0_1_1Nov17.pptx
3 November 2017 14 of 14
HVM17 GNM17 Conf - How 2-D & Nano-materials and HVM could help AeroSpace/Space fly better
Contributions from: various ABG RM, Airbus Defence & Space team members
Eur Ing Martin Agnew CEng MIET MIEEE
R&T Management (DISCON), AD&S Central Engineering,
EDRS co-Founder, ex-Chief-Eng & SeDA, and current Mentor
Airbus Defence & Space Ltd (formerly EADS Astrium) Site,
Gunnels Wood Road, Stevenage,
Hertfordshire, UK. SG1 2AS
Mob: +44 (0)7766-917949
Tel: +44 (0)1438-282618
Email: martin.agnew@airbus.com
Web: www.airbusdefenceandspace.com
EDRS: www.edrs-spacedatahighway.com

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