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EUROPEAN DATA CENTRE STANDARDS
PRINT COVER
Mark Acton - CBRE Data Centre Solutions
March 2018
2 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
EUROPEAN DATA CENTRE STANDARDS
• Genuine Standards are important to guide data centre design
and legitimately compare sites – hence the success of Uptime
Tiers
• Do not confuse regulations and Standards though. Standards
remain voluntary, Regulations are not
• Certification against Standards is a far more confused and
unregulated space than many realise
• Availability / Uptime is by far the most important KPI for a data
centre. Continuity of data centre services is the reason for the
existence of a data centre
• No agreed standard or KPI exists to measure Availability /
Uptime. Percentage uptime is frequently used but is potentially
flawed if not fully considered (See final slides)
3 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating
and Air Conditioning Engineers
• Why is a US only standard so important?
• Provides the environmental metrics agreed to by the IT equipment
manufacturing industry
• Defines what OEMs will warrant against and therefore data centre
design and operation parameters
• Revised in late 2015
• Thermal Guidelines Whitepaper which defines both recommended
and allowable temperature ranges for IT equipment
ASHRAE - TC 9.9 2015
4 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
ASHRAE - TC 9.9 2015
Thermal Guidelines for Data Processing Environments
Recommended 18-27°C at server inlet (–9°C DP to 15°C DP and 60% rh)
Allowable (A1) 15-32°C at server inlet (–12°C DP and 8% rh to 27°C DP and 80% rh)
Allowable (A2) 10-35°C at server inlet (–12°C DP and 8% rh to 27°C DP and 80% rh)
Allowable (A3) 5-40°C at server inlet (–12°C DP and 8% rh to 27°C DP and 85% rh)
Allowable (A4) 5-45°C at server inlet (–12°C DP and 8% rh to 27°C DP and 90% rh)
Maximum Elevation 3050 metres
Max rate of change (5°C/h storage) 20 °C/h other (Max 5°C in any 15 minute period of time.)
5 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
UPTIME INSTITUTE TIERS
Uptime Institute: Tier Standard: Topology
▪ Last update published: 2014 (Now Blue!)
▪ N.B. All references to % uptime (The 9s), have now been removed
▪ Not a true standard, rather a set of guidelines and recommendations
▪ Offers a Certification Programme
6 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
UPTIME INSTITUTE TIER TOPOLOGY
Tier I: Basic Capacity
▪ Computer room, UPS, engine generator, computer cooling
▪ Single distribution path and ‘N’ capacity
▪ Susceptible to all maintenance- and fault-related shutdowns
Tier II: Redundant Capacity
▪ Single distribution path and N + R components
▪ Shutdown MAY be required for maintenance on redundant components
▪ Susceptible to shutdowns for maintenance on distribution paths
▪ Susceptible to fault
7 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
UPTIME INSTITUTE TIER TOPOLOGY
Tier III: Concurrent Maintenance
▪ Maintenance or replacement of each and every distribution and
capacity components
▪ No shut down for planned equipment work or replacement
▪ Susceptible to fault
Tier IV: Fault Tolerance
▪ Multiple, active, Compartmentalized capacity components and
distribution paths autonomously
▪ 'N' after any failure
▪ No shut down for planned equipment work or replacement
▪ No shut down for single fault
8 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
TIERS ARE FREQUENTLY MISUNDERSTOOD
▪ Tiers define “Opportunity for Maintenance” NOT redundancy (N+1 etc)
▪ Tier III is NOT Fault Tolerant (only protects against PLANNED events)
▪ ONLY Tier IV addresses unplanned events
▪ Tier III does NOT remove Single Points of Failure
▪ Tier II is likely to require service outages even for planned maintenance
▪ Tier I WILL impose some service downtime for planned maintenance
(E.G. statutory 5 yearly testing)
▪ Frequently confused with TIA-942 requirements yet TIA do not certify
data centres, nor do they certify others to do so.....
▪ 99.9999% availability is greater than Tier IV and yet still anticipates 32
seconds of downtime per year
Uptime Tiers - The Real Implications
9 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
TIA-942B
▪ Telecommunications Infrastructure recommendations for Data Centers
▪ Had an infrastructure appendix based on original Uptime Institute Tiers
which led to confusion – Now removed
▪ Primarily a telecoms standard not a data centre standard
▪ US Centric only standard and very prescriptive
▪ No certifications offered by TIA nor do TIA certify others to offer
certification – however certifications are offered by some
▪ Uptime have required that the term “Tier” be removed from all TIA-942
documents
▪ The most recent update is Revision B published in July 2017
10 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
UPTIME TIERS VS TIA-942
• Neither TIA-942 or Uptime represent international standards.
• TIA does have the backing of ANSI, but they also support BICSI
so what constitutes the true US data centre “Standard”?
• Uptime has an official certification scheme, TIA does not.
• TIA is no longer permitted to use the term “Tier” in their literature.
• TIA mandates utility power requirements, Uptime does not.
• TIA is a telecommunications standard and is influenced by
telecommunications requirements.
• Very prescriptive on cabling, which may not be applicable
internationally.
• Has an addendum referencing ASHRAE, Uptime does not
• N.B. tia-942.org http://www.tia-942.org/ is nothing to do with TIA
despite the implications!
11 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
▪ Genuine Standards are important to guide data centre design and
legitimately compare sites – hence the success of Uptime Tiers
▪ Do not confuse regulations and Standards though. Standards remain
voluntary, Regulations are not
▪ Certification against Standards is a far more confused and unregulated
space than many realise
▪ How do we contrast and compare Data Centre sites and equipment
infrastructure according to European criteria?
▪ What is being done to address European Data Centre Standards?
EUROPEAN DATA CENTRE STANDARDS
12 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
• ISO is an independent, non-governmental membership
organization and the world's largest developer of voluntary
International Standards
• Members are the national standards bodies of the 163 member
countries around the world. Based in Geneva, Switzerland
• Works alongside International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC),
in the development of emerging international data centre
standards
• ISO/IEC JCT1 SC39 WG1 are responsible for the development of
the ISO/IEC 30134 series of standards (data centre resource
efficiency KPIs)
• PUE / DCiE from The Green Grid now falls under ISO/IEC JCT1
SC39 and is now defined as ISO/IEC 30134-2
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ISO)
13 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
UNDERSTANDING PUE
Power Usage Effectiveness
PUE is NOT an Energy
Efficiency Metric!
NB PUE reduction can be
achieved by INCREASING
power consumption.......
PUE can no longer be used
to underpin ISO 50001 in
Ireland.
PUE is now defined by
ISO/IEC 30134-2 (EN
50600-4-2)
14 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
CENELEC AND EMERGING EUROPEAN STANDARDS
• CENELEC is the European Committee for Electrotechnical
Standardization and is responsible for European standardization
in the field of electro-technical engineering.
• Designated as a European Standards Organization by the
European Commission.
• Works alongside CEN, the European Committee for
Standardisation.
• CENELEC are a member of the CEN / CENELEC / ETSI
Coordination Group: Green Data Centres (GDC).
http://www.cencenelec.eu/standards/Sectors/ICT/Pages/GreenDataCentres.aspx
• CENELEC TC 215 WG3 (EN 50600 series), is responsible for
the development of EN50600 series of standards.
15 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
EN 50600
• EN 50600 (Information technology - Data centre facilities and
infrastructures)
• Published but development ongoing by local ISO country
representative organisations E.G. BSI in the UK.
• CENELEC TC 215 WG3 (EN 50600 series), are responsible
for the development of EN50600 series of standards (data
centre facilities and infrastructures)
• Includes sections for building construction, power distribution,
environmental control, telecoms cabling, security systems,
management and operations
• Now incorporated into ISO/IEC JTC 1 Study Group on
Energy Efficiency of Data Centers (SD-EEDC) as ISO/IEC TS
22237 series
16 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
EN 50600-1: Information technology - Data centre facilities and
infrastructures – Part 1: General concepts
EN 50600-2-1: Building construction
EN 50600-2-2: Power distribution
EN 50600-2-3: Environmental control
EN 50600-2-4: Telecommunications cabling infrastructure
EN 50600-2-5: Physical security
EN 50600-3-1: Management and operational information
EN 50600-4-1: KPIs - Overview and general requirements
EN 50600-4-2: KPIs - Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) ISO/IEC 30134-2
EN 50600-4-3: KPIs - Renewable Energy Factor (REF) ISO/IEC 30134-3
EN 50600-4-4: KPIs - IT Equipment Energy Efficiency for Servers
EN 50600-4-5: KPIs - IT Equipment Energy Utilisation for Servers
TR 50600-99-1: Energy management - Recommended Practices
TR 50600-99-2: Environmental sustainability - Recommended Practices
EN 50600 SERIES OF STANDARDS
17 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
EUROPEAN CODE OF CONDUCT ON DATA CENTRE
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
▪ The first government led set of data centre specific best practices
published worldwide
▪ Offers a free to download and use set of tried and tested Data Centre
Best Practices available to use on a voluntary basis
▪ Aims to inform and support data centre operators and owners in
reducing energy consumption (Endorsers and Participants)
▪ Parties signing up are expected to follow the intent of the Code of
Conduct and abide by a set of agreed voluntary commitments
▪ The 2018 has been released in (January 2018 V9.1.0)
18 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
The Code is:
• Free to access and download
• Led by European Commission Joint Research Centre
• Flexible mechanism to initiate and develop policy
• Forum for industry, experts and Member States
• Open and continuous dialogue on market and product
performance
• Identify and focus on key issues and agree solutions
• Set ambitious voluntary standards and commitments
• A set of proven Best Practices and a reporting Scheme
EUROPEAN CODE OF CONDUCT ON DATA CENTRE
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
19 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
EN 50600 AND EU CODE OF CONDUCT
• The Code of Conduct best Practices have been incorporated
into CLC/TR 50600-99-1
• This includes all the 2018 CoC revisions
• The TR will be translated into at least French and German in
addition to English
20 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
Eco-management and audit scheme (EMAS)
▪ A system for environmental management in the workplace
▪ References the international environmental management
standard ISO 14001
▪ EMAS is open to every type of organisation eager to
improve its environmental performance
▪ Supported by JRC documents published as ‘best
environmental management practices’ (BEMPs), referred
to as Sectoral Reference Documents (SRDs)
• References both EU CoC and TR 50600-99-1
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/emas/register/
http://susproc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/activities/emas/
EMAS and BEMPs
EMAS AND BEMPS
21 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION
THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE!
• Be aware that many additional data centre references,
National Standards and claims to be standards exist in what
has become a very competitive space.
• This is a poorly regulated area with little formal governance so
make sure that the ‘standards’ being applied are appropriate
for the business concerned (which may be marketing value
only), and that any certification undertaken is meaningful.
• Currently the phrase “Caveat Emptor” would be
appropriate.....
For more information regarding this presentation please contact:
Eur Ing Mark Acton BSc CEng CITP FBCS FIET
Head of Data Centre Technical Consulting
Email: Mark.Acton@cbre.com
Twitter: @MFActon
Questions?

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European Data Centre Standards

  • 1. EUROPEAN DATA CENTRE STANDARDS PRINT COVER Mark Acton - CBRE Data Centre Solutions March 2018
  • 2. 2 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION EUROPEAN DATA CENTRE STANDARDS • Genuine Standards are important to guide data centre design and legitimately compare sites – hence the success of Uptime Tiers • Do not confuse regulations and Standards though. Standards remain voluntary, Regulations are not • Certification against Standards is a far more confused and unregulated space than many realise • Availability / Uptime is by far the most important KPI for a data centre. Continuity of data centre services is the reason for the existence of a data centre • No agreed standard or KPI exists to measure Availability / Uptime. Percentage uptime is frequently used but is potentially flawed if not fully considered (See final slides)
  • 3. 3 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers • Why is a US only standard so important? • Provides the environmental metrics agreed to by the IT equipment manufacturing industry • Defines what OEMs will warrant against and therefore data centre design and operation parameters • Revised in late 2015 • Thermal Guidelines Whitepaper which defines both recommended and allowable temperature ranges for IT equipment ASHRAE - TC 9.9 2015
  • 4. 4 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION ASHRAE - TC 9.9 2015 Thermal Guidelines for Data Processing Environments Recommended 18-27°C at server inlet (–9°C DP to 15°C DP and 60% rh) Allowable (A1) 15-32°C at server inlet (–12°C DP and 8% rh to 27°C DP and 80% rh) Allowable (A2) 10-35°C at server inlet (–12°C DP and 8% rh to 27°C DP and 80% rh) Allowable (A3) 5-40°C at server inlet (–12°C DP and 8% rh to 27°C DP and 85% rh) Allowable (A4) 5-45°C at server inlet (–12°C DP and 8% rh to 27°C DP and 90% rh) Maximum Elevation 3050 metres Max rate of change (5°C/h storage) 20 °C/h other (Max 5°C in any 15 minute period of time.)
  • 5. 5 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION UPTIME INSTITUTE TIERS Uptime Institute: Tier Standard: Topology ▪ Last update published: 2014 (Now Blue!) ▪ N.B. All references to % uptime (The 9s), have now been removed ▪ Not a true standard, rather a set of guidelines and recommendations ▪ Offers a Certification Programme
  • 6. 6 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION UPTIME INSTITUTE TIER TOPOLOGY Tier I: Basic Capacity ▪ Computer room, UPS, engine generator, computer cooling ▪ Single distribution path and ‘N’ capacity ▪ Susceptible to all maintenance- and fault-related shutdowns Tier II: Redundant Capacity ▪ Single distribution path and N + R components ▪ Shutdown MAY be required for maintenance on redundant components ▪ Susceptible to shutdowns for maintenance on distribution paths ▪ Susceptible to fault
  • 7. 7 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION UPTIME INSTITUTE TIER TOPOLOGY Tier III: Concurrent Maintenance ▪ Maintenance or replacement of each and every distribution and capacity components ▪ No shut down for planned equipment work or replacement ▪ Susceptible to fault Tier IV: Fault Tolerance ▪ Multiple, active, Compartmentalized capacity components and distribution paths autonomously ▪ 'N' after any failure ▪ No shut down for planned equipment work or replacement ▪ No shut down for single fault
  • 8. 8 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION TIERS ARE FREQUENTLY MISUNDERSTOOD ▪ Tiers define “Opportunity for Maintenance” NOT redundancy (N+1 etc) ▪ Tier III is NOT Fault Tolerant (only protects against PLANNED events) ▪ ONLY Tier IV addresses unplanned events ▪ Tier III does NOT remove Single Points of Failure ▪ Tier II is likely to require service outages even for planned maintenance ▪ Tier I WILL impose some service downtime for planned maintenance (E.G. statutory 5 yearly testing) ▪ Frequently confused with TIA-942 requirements yet TIA do not certify data centres, nor do they certify others to do so..... ▪ 99.9999% availability is greater than Tier IV and yet still anticipates 32 seconds of downtime per year Uptime Tiers - The Real Implications
  • 9. 9 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION TIA-942B ▪ Telecommunications Infrastructure recommendations for Data Centers ▪ Had an infrastructure appendix based on original Uptime Institute Tiers which led to confusion – Now removed ▪ Primarily a telecoms standard not a data centre standard ▪ US Centric only standard and very prescriptive ▪ No certifications offered by TIA nor do TIA certify others to offer certification – however certifications are offered by some ▪ Uptime have required that the term “Tier” be removed from all TIA-942 documents ▪ The most recent update is Revision B published in July 2017
  • 10. 10 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION UPTIME TIERS VS TIA-942 • Neither TIA-942 or Uptime represent international standards. • TIA does have the backing of ANSI, but they also support BICSI so what constitutes the true US data centre “Standard”? • Uptime has an official certification scheme, TIA does not. • TIA is no longer permitted to use the term “Tier” in their literature. • TIA mandates utility power requirements, Uptime does not. • TIA is a telecommunications standard and is influenced by telecommunications requirements. • Very prescriptive on cabling, which may not be applicable internationally. • Has an addendum referencing ASHRAE, Uptime does not • N.B. tia-942.org http://www.tia-942.org/ is nothing to do with TIA despite the implications!
  • 11. 11 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION ▪ Genuine Standards are important to guide data centre design and legitimately compare sites – hence the success of Uptime Tiers ▪ Do not confuse regulations and Standards though. Standards remain voluntary, Regulations are not ▪ Certification against Standards is a far more confused and unregulated space than many realise ▪ How do we contrast and compare Data Centre sites and equipment infrastructure according to European criteria? ▪ What is being done to address European Data Centre Standards? EUROPEAN DATA CENTRE STANDARDS
  • 12. 12 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION • ISO is an independent, non-governmental membership organization and the world's largest developer of voluntary International Standards • Members are the national standards bodies of the 163 member countries around the world. Based in Geneva, Switzerland • Works alongside International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), in the development of emerging international data centre standards • ISO/IEC JCT1 SC39 WG1 are responsible for the development of the ISO/IEC 30134 series of standards (data centre resource efficiency KPIs) • PUE / DCiE from The Green Grid now falls under ISO/IEC JCT1 SC39 and is now defined as ISO/IEC 30134-2 INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ISO)
  • 13. 13 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION UNDERSTANDING PUE Power Usage Effectiveness PUE is NOT an Energy Efficiency Metric! NB PUE reduction can be achieved by INCREASING power consumption....... PUE can no longer be used to underpin ISO 50001 in Ireland. PUE is now defined by ISO/IEC 30134-2 (EN 50600-4-2)
  • 14. 14 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION CENELEC AND EMERGING EUROPEAN STANDARDS • CENELEC is the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization and is responsible for European standardization in the field of electro-technical engineering. • Designated as a European Standards Organization by the European Commission. • Works alongside CEN, the European Committee for Standardisation. • CENELEC are a member of the CEN / CENELEC / ETSI Coordination Group: Green Data Centres (GDC). http://www.cencenelec.eu/standards/Sectors/ICT/Pages/GreenDataCentres.aspx • CENELEC TC 215 WG3 (EN 50600 series), is responsible for the development of EN50600 series of standards.
  • 15. 15 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION EN 50600 • EN 50600 (Information technology - Data centre facilities and infrastructures) • Published but development ongoing by local ISO country representative organisations E.G. BSI in the UK. • CENELEC TC 215 WG3 (EN 50600 series), are responsible for the development of EN50600 series of standards (data centre facilities and infrastructures) • Includes sections for building construction, power distribution, environmental control, telecoms cabling, security systems, management and operations • Now incorporated into ISO/IEC JTC 1 Study Group on Energy Efficiency of Data Centers (SD-EEDC) as ISO/IEC TS 22237 series
  • 16. 16 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION EN 50600-1: Information technology - Data centre facilities and infrastructures – Part 1: General concepts EN 50600-2-1: Building construction EN 50600-2-2: Power distribution EN 50600-2-3: Environmental control EN 50600-2-4: Telecommunications cabling infrastructure EN 50600-2-5: Physical security EN 50600-3-1: Management and operational information EN 50600-4-1: KPIs - Overview and general requirements EN 50600-4-2: KPIs - Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE) ISO/IEC 30134-2 EN 50600-4-3: KPIs - Renewable Energy Factor (REF) ISO/IEC 30134-3 EN 50600-4-4: KPIs - IT Equipment Energy Efficiency for Servers EN 50600-4-5: KPIs - IT Equipment Energy Utilisation for Servers TR 50600-99-1: Energy management - Recommended Practices TR 50600-99-2: Environmental sustainability - Recommended Practices EN 50600 SERIES OF STANDARDS
  • 17. 17 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION EUROPEAN CODE OF CONDUCT ON DATA CENTRE ENERGY EFFICIENCY ▪ The first government led set of data centre specific best practices published worldwide ▪ Offers a free to download and use set of tried and tested Data Centre Best Practices available to use on a voluntary basis ▪ Aims to inform and support data centre operators and owners in reducing energy consumption (Endorsers and Participants) ▪ Parties signing up are expected to follow the intent of the Code of Conduct and abide by a set of agreed voluntary commitments ▪ The 2018 has been released in (January 2018 V9.1.0)
  • 18. 18 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION The Code is: • Free to access and download • Led by European Commission Joint Research Centre • Flexible mechanism to initiate and develop policy • Forum for industry, experts and Member States • Open and continuous dialogue on market and product performance • Identify and focus on key issues and agree solutions • Set ambitious voluntary standards and commitments • A set of proven Best Practices and a reporting Scheme EUROPEAN CODE OF CONDUCT ON DATA CENTRE ENERGY EFFICIENCY
  • 19. 19 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION EN 50600 AND EU CODE OF CONDUCT • The Code of Conduct best Practices have been incorporated into CLC/TR 50600-99-1 • This includes all the 2018 CoC revisions • The TR will be translated into at least French and German in addition to English
  • 20. 20 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION Eco-management and audit scheme (EMAS) ▪ A system for environmental management in the workplace ▪ References the international environmental management standard ISO 14001 ▪ EMAS is open to every type of organisation eager to improve its environmental performance ▪ Supported by JRC documents published as ‘best environmental management practices’ (BEMPs), referred to as Sectoral Reference Documents (SRDs) • References both EU CoC and TR 50600-99-1 http://ec.europa.eu/environment/emas/register/ http://susproc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/activities/emas/ EMAS and BEMPs EMAS AND BEMPS
  • 21. 21 CBRE DCS PRESENTATION THIS LIST IS NOT EXHAUSTIVE! • Be aware that many additional data centre references, National Standards and claims to be standards exist in what has become a very competitive space. • This is a poorly regulated area with little formal governance so make sure that the ‘standards’ being applied are appropriate for the business concerned (which may be marketing value only), and that any certification undertaken is meaningful. • Currently the phrase “Caveat Emptor” would be appropriate.....
  • 22. For more information regarding this presentation please contact: Eur Ing Mark Acton BSc CEng CITP FBCS FIET Head of Data Centre Technical Consulting Email: Mark.Acton@cbre.com Twitter: @MFActon Questions?