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Disaster Management-an
Overview
Presenter,
Dr Sanket V. Nandekar
JR, Dept. of Community Medicine
IMS-BHU, VARANASI
Moderator,
Prof. Dr Hari Shankar
Dept. of Community Medicine
IMS-BHU, VARANASI
Outlines of Presentation:
History of Disaster management in India
Background
Introduction
Disaster Management Cycle
Institutional Framework For Disaster Management
Varanasi District
PMs 10 point Agenda for DRR
History of Disaster management in India
 1887- 1st Famine commission framed by British Government,
Followed by 2nd 3rd .
 1900- Famine Code & Policy.
 1984- Bhopal Gas Tragedy (15k)
 1999- Super Cyclone in Odisha (Country felt need for Disaster
management) (10)
 1999- High Powered Committee was framed by former PM Shri Atal
Bihari Vajpayeeji for Disaster management.
History of Disaster management in India
 2001- After Gujarat Earthquake (Gujarat was 1st state to form
Disasters Management Act in year 2001 at state level) (20)
 2004- Indian Ocean Tsunami (200k).
 2005- Disaster management act was passed at national level.
 2013- UK Flash Floods (5.7k).
 2014- Kashmir Floods (0.3k).
 2016- Disaster Management Plan
 2019- Revised Disaster Management Plan
Background
“India with wide range of
topographic and climatic
conditions is the highly
disaster-prone country in Asia-
Pacific region with an average
of 8 major natural calamities a
year.”
Vulnerability Profile of India
 Northern mountain regions, including the foot hills are prone
to snow-storms, land-slides and earthquakes.
 The “both eastern & western coastal areas (>11000km) are
prone to severe floods and cyclones (Andhra Pradesh, West
Bengal, Orissa, etc.). Bihar, Assam and Uttar Pradesh get
major floods almost every year.
Vulnerability Profile of India
 Western desert areas are prone to draughts.
 There is hardly a year when some or the other part of the
country does not face the specter of drought, floods or
cyclone.
Hazard:
As per the definition adopted by UNISDR, "hazard" is a dangerous,
phenomenon, substance, human activity, or condition that may cause
loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of
livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or
environmental damage.
Introduction
Types of Hazard:
 Geological Hazard: Earthquake,
Tsunami etc.
 Climatic Hazard: Cyclone, Flood etc.
 Environmental Hazard: Environmental
Pollution, Deforestation etc.
 Chemical Industrial & Nuclear
Accidents etc
The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)
(2009) defines disaster as: "A serious disruption of the functioning of
a community or a society involving widespread human, material,
economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceed the
ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own
resources".
Disaster:
Disaster Management Act 2005 of India uses the following
definition for disaster: "Disaster means a catastrophe, mishap,
calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising from natural or
manmade causes, or by accident or negligence which results in
substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage to, and
destruction of property, or damage to, or degradation of,
environment, and is of such a nature or magnitude as to be beyond
the coping capacity of the community of the affected area“.
Disaster:
Vulnerability
“Vulnerability is the extent to which a
community structure service or geographic
area is likely to be damaged or disrupted by
the impact of a particular hazard.”
 e.g. Physical Vulnerability,
 Social Vulnerability,
 Economical Vulnerability,
 Environmental Vulnerability
Capacity:
Capacity is the combination of all the strengths, attributes
and resources available within an organization,
community or society to manage and reduce disaster risks
and strengthen resilience.
e.g.
• Physical Capacity.
• Socio economic Capacity
Risk
Risk is the possibility of damage in terms of life property and
livelihood due to a disaster.
Risk depends mainly upon two factors i.e. Hazard & Vulnerability
Broadly we can say
Risk = Hazard * Vulnerability
“Disaster Management is the sum total of all activities, program and
measure which can be taken up before, during and after a disaster to
reduce, the potential losses from hazards, assure prompt and
appropriate assistance to victims of disaster, and achieve rapid and
effective recovery.”
What is Disaster Management?
There are three fundamental aspects of disaster
management :
a. Disaster response
b. Disaster mitigation; and
c. Disaster preparedness.
These three aspects of disaster management correspond to
different phases in the “Disaster management cycle"
Disaster Management
Disaster management cycle:
“Immediate reaction to disaster as
the disaster is anticipated, or soon
after it begins in order to assess the
needs, reduce the suffering, limit
the spread and consequences of the
disaster, open up the way to
rehabilitation.”
Disaster Response:
By,
 Mass evacuation, Search and
rescue operations.
 Emergency medical services
 Securing food and water for
affected
 Maintenance of Law &
Order
Disaster Response:
 Analyze the impact of disaster,
 Rescue and First Aid,
 Field care,
 Triage,
 Tagging,
 Identification of dead.
Disaster Response:
Triage
 Identification of medical & health resources
 Pre-hospital emergency services
 Assessment of immediate health needs
 External medical services and extrication workers
 Temporary field treatment
 Prompt and proper treatment to save lives.
Medical and Public Health Response:
 Food safety and Water Safety
 Animal control
 Vector control mainly for
Measles, diarrheal diseases,
ARI, and malaria breakdown
 Waste management.
Medical and Public Health Response:
Rehabilitation:
Rehabilitation is defined as “a set of
interventions designed to optimize
functioning and reduce disability in
individuals with health conditions in
interaction with their environment”.
Reconstruction:
Slogan – “Build Back Better
The process of reconstruction involves
partial or complete relocation and
rebuilding the essential physical
infrastructure and shelter (house) so
that vulnerability levels are reduced
and families are able to get back to
their feet.
“Disaster mitigation is permanent reduction of risk of a disaster, to
limit its impact on human suffering and economic assets.”
 Primary mitigation: Reducing hazard & vulnerability.
 Secondary mitigation: Reducing effects of hazard (Preparedness).
Disaster Mitigation:
Components of Disaster Mitigation:
Reducing hazard - Protection against threat by removing
the cause of threat.
Reducing vulnerability - Reducing the effect of threat
Natural hazards are inevitable, reduce vulnerability.
Disaster Mitigation:
 Disaster preparedness is ongoing multisectoral activity and
integral part of the national system responsible for
developing plans and programs for disaster management.
 Disaster Preparedness is some total of Prevention,
Mitigation, Response, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction.
Disaster preparedness:
 Structural Damage- to variable extent .
 Health- Physical Entanglement, Injuries, Disabilities,
Coma, Death,
 Psychological- Cognitive, Behavioral, Social.
 Ecological- Changes in eco system .
 Economical- Financial losses.
Consequences of Disaster:
 Priority 1- Knowing the Risk.
 Priority 2- Disaster Governance
 Priority 3- Investing in DRR.
 Priority 4- Disaster Preparedness & Build Back Better
Approach .
2019 Comprehensive Plan For DRR:
“Working Towards the Culture of Preparedness, Mitigation
Response & Rehabilitation”.
The overall coordination of disaster management comes under the
Ministry of Home Affairs" (MHA). The Cabinet Committee on
Security (CCS) and the National Crisis Management Committee
(NCMC) are the key committees involved in the top-level decision-
making with regard to disaster management.
Institutional Framework For Disaster
Management:
At National Level:
NDMA-National Disaster Management Authority
Guidelines/Decision making Authority
National Disaster Management Plan
Headed by: Prime Minister Of India
NDRF-National Disaster Response Force
Institutional Framework For Disaster
Management:
At State Level:
SDMA-State Disaster Management Authority
Implementation Authority
State Disaster Management Plan
Headed by: Chief Minister Of respective State
SDRF- State Disaster Response Force
Institutional Framework For Disaster
Management:
At District Level:
DDMA-District Disaster Management Authority
Working Authority
District Disaster Management Plan (Action Plan)
Headed by: District Magistrate Of respective Districts.
Institutional Framework For Disaster
Management:
Major Funds for Disaster Management:
 NDRF-National Disaster Response Fund
 NDMF-National Disaster Mitigation Fund
Team
Commander
(Inspector)
SAR SQD-
A(6)
Scene Secure
& 1st
response
MFR
SAR SQD-
B(6)
Collapsed
Structure
SAR
SAR SQD-
C(6)
Strike
Team/MFR
SAR SQD-
D(6)
Chem/Bio/
RadioN SAR
Dog Squad (2
dogs) 3
handlers
Medical
Support (2
Paramedics)
Tech Support
(6)
Communicati
on
Adm Support
(7)
Ration &
Instruments
Assistant
Commander
(Sub Inspector)
Composition Of NDRF Team:
Total= 47
44 & 3 DVR
S. No Type of Hazards Time of
Occurrence
Potential Impact/ Probable
Damages
Vulnerable
Areas
1. Flood/Water
Logging
June- September Crop, Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire city
2. Earthquake Jan - December Crop, Human, Animal,
Infrastructure loss
Entire City
3. Heat-Stroke April - July Crop, Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire City
4. Cyclone May-December Crop, Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire City
5. Epidemic June- Human & Animal loss Entire City
6. Lightening April -December Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire City
7. Fire April - June Human, Animal, Property & Infrastructure
loss
Entire City
8. Cold Stroke December - Jan Animals, Human loss Entire City
9. Electrocution Jan - December Animals, Human, Property loss Entire City
10. Road Accidents Jan - December Animals, Human, Property loss Entire City
Vulnerability Profile of Varanasi:
TYPE OF RESOURCES NUMBERS
Hospitals Allopathic-202, (bed -4235)
Ayurvedic- 26 (BED- 109)
Unani- 01
PHCs 30
CHCs 08
SHCs 57
dispensaries 06
Sub health centers 306
Private hospital 70
Fire Brigades 04
Boats 251
Engine Motor Boats 110
Disaster Response Resources in Varanasi District
S.N. Type of Educational Institutions No. of Institution
01 Universities 4
02 Degree college 26
03 Medical college 02
04 Pharmacy college 03
05 Mass communication colleges 02
06 U.P Boards school 37
07 C.B.S.E school 36
08 I.C.S.E board 06
09 MBA collge 06
10 B.Ed college 16
11 Computer institutions 35
12 Technical university 01
13 Colleges 21
14 Secondary & senior secondary schools 409
15 Middle school 989
No of Educational Institutions (Disaster Shelters)
in Varanasi District
1. Battery operated torch
2. Battery operated radio
3. Extra batteries
4. First aid kit and manual
5. Emergency food (dry items) and
water (packed and sealed)
6. Candles and matches in a
waterproof container
7. Knife
8. Chlorine tablets or powdered
water purifiers
9. Can opener
10. Essential medicines
11. Cash
12. Aadhar Card and Ration Card
13. Thick ropes and cords
14. Sturdy shoes
How to Prepare an Emergency Kit?
Thank you…
Disaster Management ppt.pptx
Disaster Management ppt.pptx
Disaster Management ppt.pptx

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Disaster Management ppt.pptx

  • 1. Disaster Management-an Overview Presenter, Dr Sanket V. Nandekar JR, Dept. of Community Medicine IMS-BHU, VARANASI Moderator, Prof. Dr Hari Shankar Dept. of Community Medicine IMS-BHU, VARANASI
  • 2. Outlines of Presentation: History of Disaster management in India Background Introduction Disaster Management Cycle Institutional Framework For Disaster Management Varanasi District PMs 10 point Agenda for DRR
  • 3. History of Disaster management in India  1887- 1st Famine commission framed by British Government, Followed by 2nd 3rd .  1900- Famine Code & Policy.  1984- Bhopal Gas Tragedy (15k)  1999- Super Cyclone in Odisha (Country felt need for Disaster management) (10)  1999- High Powered Committee was framed by former PM Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayeeji for Disaster management.
  • 4. History of Disaster management in India  2001- After Gujarat Earthquake (Gujarat was 1st state to form Disasters Management Act in year 2001 at state level) (20)  2004- Indian Ocean Tsunami (200k).  2005- Disaster management act was passed at national level.  2013- UK Flash Floods (5.7k).  2014- Kashmir Floods (0.3k).  2016- Disaster Management Plan  2019- Revised Disaster Management Plan
  • 5. Background “India with wide range of topographic and climatic conditions is the highly disaster-prone country in Asia- Pacific region with an average of 8 major natural calamities a year.”
  • 6.
  • 7. Vulnerability Profile of India  Northern mountain regions, including the foot hills are prone to snow-storms, land-slides and earthquakes.  The “both eastern & western coastal areas (>11000km) are prone to severe floods and cyclones (Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Orissa, etc.). Bihar, Assam and Uttar Pradesh get major floods almost every year.
  • 8. Vulnerability Profile of India  Western desert areas are prone to draughts.  There is hardly a year when some or the other part of the country does not face the specter of drought, floods or cyclone.
  • 9. Hazard: As per the definition adopted by UNISDR, "hazard" is a dangerous, phenomenon, substance, human activity, or condition that may cause loss of life, injury or other health impacts, property damage, loss of livelihoods and services, social and economic disruption, or environmental damage. Introduction
  • 10. Types of Hazard:  Geological Hazard: Earthquake, Tsunami etc.  Climatic Hazard: Cyclone, Flood etc.  Environmental Hazard: Environmental Pollution, Deforestation etc.  Chemical Industrial & Nuclear Accidents etc
  • 11. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) (2009) defines disaster as: "A serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society involving widespread human, material, economic or environmental losses and impacts, which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources". Disaster:
  • 12. Disaster Management Act 2005 of India uses the following definition for disaster: "Disaster means a catastrophe, mishap, calamity or grave occurrence in any area, arising from natural or manmade causes, or by accident or negligence which results in substantial loss of life or human suffering or damage to, and destruction of property, or damage to, or degradation of, environment, and is of such a nature or magnitude as to be beyond the coping capacity of the community of the affected area“. Disaster:
  • 13. Vulnerability “Vulnerability is the extent to which a community structure service or geographic area is likely to be damaged or disrupted by the impact of a particular hazard.”  e.g. Physical Vulnerability,  Social Vulnerability,  Economical Vulnerability,  Environmental Vulnerability
  • 14. Capacity: Capacity is the combination of all the strengths, attributes and resources available within an organization, community or society to manage and reduce disaster risks and strengthen resilience. e.g. • Physical Capacity. • Socio economic Capacity
  • 15. Risk Risk is the possibility of damage in terms of life property and livelihood due to a disaster. Risk depends mainly upon two factors i.e. Hazard & Vulnerability Broadly we can say Risk = Hazard * Vulnerability
  • 16. “Disaster Management is the sum total of all activities, program and measure which can be taken up before, during and after a disaster to reduce, the potential losses from hazards, assure prompt and appropriate assistance to victims of disaster, and achieve rapid and effective recovery.” What is Disaster Management?
  • 17. There are three fundamental aspects of disaster management : a. Disaster response b. Disaster mitigation; and c. Disaster preparedness. These three aspects of disaster management correspond to different phases in the “Disaster management cycle" Disaster Management
  • 19. “Immediate reaction to disaster as the disaster is anticipated, or soon after it begins in order to assess the needs, reduce the suffering, limit the spread and consequences of the disaster, open up the way to rehabilitation.” Disaster Response:
  • 20. By,  Mass evacuation, Search and rescue operations.  Emergency medical services  Securing food and water for affected  Maintenance of Law & Order Disaster Response:
  • 21.  Analyze the impact of disaster,  Rescue and First Aid,  Field care,  Triage,  Tagging,  Identification of dead. Disaster Response: Triage
  • 22.  Identification of medical & health resources  Pre-hospital emergency services  Assessment of immediate health needs  External medical services and extrication workers  Temporary field treatment  Prompt and proper treatment to save lives. Medical and Public Health Response:
  • 23.  Food safety and Water Safety  Animal control  Vector control mainly for Measles, diarrheal diseases, ARI, and malaria breakdown  Waste management. Medical and Public Health Response:
  • 24. Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation is defined as “a set of interventions designed to optimize functioning and reduce disability in individuals with health conditions in interaction with their environment”.
  • 25. Reconstruction: Slogan – “Build Back Better The process of reconstruction involves partial or complete relocation and rebuilding the essential physical infrastructure and shelter (house) so that vulnerability levels are reduced and families are able to get back to their feet.
  • 26. “Disaster mitigation is permanent reduction of risk of a disaster, to limit its impact on human suffering and economic assets.”  Primary mitigation: Reducing hazard & vulnerability.  Secondary mitigation: Reducing effects of hazard (Preparedness). Disaster Mitigation:
  • 27. Components of Disaster Mitigation: Reducing hazard - Protection against threat by removing the cause of threat. Reducing vulnerability - Reducing the effect of threat Natural hazards are inevitable, reduce vulnerability. Disaster Mitigation:
  • 28.  Disaster preparedness is ongoing multisectoral activity and integral part of the national system responsible for developing plans and programs for disaster management.  Disaster Preparedness is some total of Prevention, Mitigation, Response, Rehabilitation and Reconstruction. Disaster preparedness:
  • 29.  Structural Damage- to variable extent .  Health- Physical Entanglement, Injuries, Disabilities, Coma, Death,  Psychological- Cognitive, Behavioral, Social.  Ecological- Changes in eco system .  Economical- Financial losses. Consequences of Disaster:
  • 30.  Priority 1- Knowing the Risk.  Priority 2- Disaster Governance  Priority 3- Investing in DRR.  Priority 4- Disaster Preparedness & Build Back Better Approach . 2019 Comprehensive Plan For DRR: “Working Towards the Culture of Preparedness, Mitigation Response & Rehabilitation”.
  • 31. The overall coordination of disaster management comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs" (MHA). The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) and the National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) are the key committees involved in the top-level decision- making with regard to disaster management. Institutional Framework For Disaster Management:
  • 32. At National Level: NDMA-National Disaster Management Authority Guidelines/Decision making Authority National Disaster Management Plan Headed by: Prime Minister Of India NDRF-National Disaster Response Force Institutional Framework For Disaster Management:
  • 33. At State Level: SDMA-State Disaster Management Authority Implementation Authority State Disaster Management Plan Headed by: Chief Minister Of respective State SDRF- State Disaster Response Force Institutional Framework For Disaster Management:
  • 34. At District Level: DDMA-District Disaster Management Authority Working Authority District Disaster Management Plan (Action Plan) Headed by: District Magistrate Of respective Districts. Institutional Framework For Disaster Management:
  • 35. Major Funds for Disaster Management:  NDRF-National Disaster Response Fund  NDMF-National Disaster Mitigation Fund
  • 36.
  • 37. Team Commander (Inspector) SAR SQD- A(6) Scene Secure & 1st response MFR SAR SQD- B(6) Collapsed Structure SAR SAR SQD- C(6) Strike Team/MFR SAR SQD- D(6) Chem/Bio/ RadioN SAR Dog Squad (2 dogs) 3 handlers Medical Support (2 Paramedics) Tech Support (6) Communicati on Adm Support (7) Ration & Instruments Assistant Commander (Sub Inspector) Composition Of NDRF Team: Total= 47 44 & 3 DVR
  • 38. S. No Type of Hazards Time of Occurrence Potential Impact/ Probable Damages Vulnerable Areas 1. Flood/Water Logging June- September Crop, Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire city 2. Earthquake Jan - December Crop, Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire City 3. Heat-Stroke April - July Crop, Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire City 4. Cyclone May-December Crop, Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire City 5. Epidemic June- Human & Animal loss Entire City 6. Lightening April -December Human, Animal, Infrastructure loss Entire City 7. Fire April - June Human, Animal, Property & Infrastructure loss Entire City 8. Cold Stroke December - Jan Animals, Human loss Entire City 9. Electrocution Jan - December Animals, Human, Property loss Entire City 10. Road Accidents Jan - December Animals, Human, Property loss Entire City Vulnerability Profile of Varanasi:
  • 39. TYPE OF RESOURCES NUMBERS Hospitals Allopathic-202, (bed -4235) Ayurvedic- 26 (BED- 109) Unani- 01 PHCs 30 CHCs 08 SHCs 57 dispensaries 06 Sub health centers 306 Private hospital 70 Fire Brigades 04 Boats 251 Engine Motor Boats 110 Disaster Response Resources in Varanasi District
  • 40. S.N. Type of Educational Institutions No. of Institution 01 Universities 4 02 Degree college 26 03 Medical college 02 04 Pharmacy college 03 05 Mass communication colleges 02 06 U.P Boards school 37 07 C.B.S.E school 36 08 I.C.S.E board 06 09 MBA collge 06 10 B.Ed college 16 11 Computer institutions 35 12 Technical university 01 13 Colleges 21 14 Secondary & senior secondary schools 409 15 Middle school 989 No of Educational Institutions (Disaster Shelters) in Varanasi District
  • 41.
  • 42. 1. Battery operated torch 2. Battery operated radio 3. Extra batteries 4. First aid kit and manual 5. Emergency food (dry items) and water (packed and sealed) 6. Candles and matches in a waterproof container 7. Knife 8. Chlorine tablets or powdered water purifiers 9. Can opener 10. Essential medicines 11. Cash 12. Aadhar Card and Ration Card 13. Thick ropes and cords 14. Sturdy shoes How to Prepare an Emergency Kit?