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Unit 1: Introduction
Disaster management is a processof effectively preparing for and respondingto disasters.
It involves strategically organizingresourcesto lessen the harm that disasterscause.
It also involves a systematic approachto managing the responsibilitiesof disaster
prevention, preparedness,response,and recovery.
Disaster, as defined by the United Nations, is a seriousdisruption of the functioning of a
community or society, which involve widespreadhuman, material, economic or
environmentalimpacts that exceed the ability of the affected community or society to
cope using its own resources.
Disaster management is how we deal with the human, material, economic or
environmentalimpacts of said disaster,it is the processof how we “prepare for, respond
to and learn from the effects of major failures”
A disaster manager must deal with six distinct sets of activities in order to affect
successfully the course of events relatedto disasters. Known as the elements of disaster
management, these includerisk management, loss management, control of events,
equity of assistance,resourcemanagement, and impact reduction
Scope: Disaster Management
Disaster risk management is the applicationof disasterrisk reduction policies and
strategies to prevent new disasterrisk, reduce existing disasterrisk and manage residual
risk, contributing to the strengthening of resilience and reduction of disaster losses.
Loss management involves the development and implementationof policies and best
practices that are designed to identify and minimizeany risksthat can lead to losses.
Also referred to as loss control, loss management can be proactive or reactionary in
nature.
Outcome: Disaster Management
1. Appropriateactionsat all pointsin the cycle lead to greater preparedness, better
warnings, reduced vulnerability orthe preventionof disasters during the next
iterationof the cycle.
2. The complete disastermanagement cycle includes the shaping of public policies
and plansthat either modify the causes of disastersor mitigatetheir effects on
people, property, and infrastructure.
3. Capacityto obtain,analyze, and communicateinformation on risks, relief needs
and lessons learned from earlier disasters in order to formulate strategies for
mitigationin future scenarios with the abilityto clearly present and discuss their
conclusionsand the knowledge and argumentsbehind them.

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Introduction Disaster Management.pdf

  • 1. Unit 1: Introduction Disaster management is a processof effectively preparing for and respondingto disasters. It involves strategically organizingresourcesto lessen the harm that disasterscause. It also involves a systematic approachto managing the responsibilitiesof disaster prevention, preparedness,response,and recovery. Disaster, as defined by the United Nations, is a seriousdisruption of the functioning of a community or society, which involve widespreadhuman, material, economic or environmentalimpacts that exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources. Disaster management is how we deal with the human, material, economic or environmentalimpacts of said disaster,it is the processof how we “prepare for, respond to and learn from the effects of major failures”
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  • 9. A disaster manager must deal with six distinct sets of activities in order to affect successfully the course of events relatedto disasters. Known as the elements of disaster management, these includerisk management, loss management, control of events, equity of assistance,resourcemanagement, and impact reduction Scope: Disaster Management Disaster risk management is the applicationof disasterrisk reduction policies and strategies to prevent new disasterrisk, reduce existing disasterrisk and manage residual risk, contributing to the strengthening of resilience and reduction of disaster losses. Loss management involves the development and implementationof policies and best practices that are designed to identify and minimizeany risksthat can lead to losses. Also referred to as loss control, loss management can be proactive or reactionary in nature.
  • 10. Outcome: Disaster Management 1. Appropriateactionsat all pointsin the cycle lead to greater preparedness, better warnings, reduced vulnerability orthe preventionof disasters during the next iterationof the cycle. 2. The complete disastermanagement cycle includes the shaping of public policies and plansthat either modify the causes of disastersor mitigatetheir effects on people, property, and infrastructure. 3. Capacityto obtain,analyze, and communicateinformation on risks, relief needs and lessons learned from earlier disasters in order to formulate strategies for mitigationin future scenarios with the abilityto clearly present and discuss their conclusionsand the knowledge and argumentsbehind them.