SlideShare a Scribd company logo
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
SUBMITTED BY
SUBHAJIT BHATTACHARJEE & MRIDUL BHATTACHARYA
TABLE OF CONTENT
• What is disaster ?
• Types of disaster effecting libraries
• Earthquake, its effects on libraries & examples
• Tsunami / Flood, its effects on libraries & examples
• Fire disaster, its effects on libraries & examples
• Disaster management
• Preventive measures from disasters for libraries
• Conclusion
• References
WHAT IS DISASTER ?
The Disaster Management
Act 2005 given the
definition of disaster as
Disaster means a
catastrophe, mishap,
calamity in any area arising
from natural or manmade
causes which results in loss
of life and destruction of
property or degradation of
environment.
Types of disasters which
generally effect libraries are :
Earthquake
Tsunami/Flood
Fire
Earthquake
Shaking of the surface of the earth caused by sudden
movement in the earth crust
 Effect of Earthquake in Libraries :
• Building collapse
• Burying of books among
debris
• Falling of the books from the
shelves
• Restoration of service takes
longer time
 Examples :
• The Imperial Library in Tokyo was hit by a massive earthquake in
1923. 700,000 volumes including government documents,
manuscripts and old prints were completely destroyed.
• Ovaiatt Library at California State University at Northridge, USA
was damaged due to 6.7 magnitude earthquake in 1994. 50% of
the building was structurally damaged.
• On October 2005, a major earthquake of 7.6 magnitude shook
the Azad Jammu Kashmir. The Khurshid National Library in
Muzaffarabad founded in 1988 was completely destroyed. More
than 3,500 books and about 40,000 documents related to history
of Jammu and Kashmir and its freedom movement were
destroyed.
• In Western India, several libraries were damaged. A massive
earthquake in 2001 damaged many libraries especially in Kutch
region of Gujrat.
Images of Earthquake Disaster
Tsunami / Flood
Series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement
of a large volume of water
 Effect of Tsunami / Flood in Libraries :
• Damage all types of library
materials & resources
• Mainly damage the digital
documents
• Damage can range from
dampness to completely
soaked or submerged items.
 Examples :
• In India, Thapar University Library and Punjab University Library
were affected due to unprecedented floods on the night of 11th
July. Thapar Technology Campus was submerged under 1.4m to
2.4m of water for four to five days.
• Sundarayya Vignana Kendram , Hyderabad, India has two
libraries. One is the main Research Library having a rich collection
of rare books, journals, news-papers, pamphlets, manuscripts,
private papers, etc. and other is the Urdu Research Centre Library
having a valuable collection in Urdu language and literature.
Both these libraries were affected due to unusual heavy rains
during the week of 21 August 2000 which caused several flooding in
Hyderabad.
contd..
• In 1998, the basement of Boston Public Library was flooded due
to a break in a water pipe.
• Tsunami in 2004 in South and Southeast Asia affected several
libraries. In Sri Lanka about 170 school libraries, 55 public
libraries and 68 libraries attached to religious institution were
either destroyed or damaged.
• A natural disaster in the form of very heavy rains leading to flash
floods occurred in the state of Maharashtra, India around 26 July
2005. The city of Surat, Gujrat resulted in loss of more than 2 lakh
items in seven libraries.
Images of Tsunami / Flood Disaster
Fire
It is another disaster faced by libraries. It can happen due to
negligence, short circuit caused by loose or faulty wiring and
switches.
 Effect of Fire Disaster in Libraries :
• Library materials including paper,
film and wood. All these materials
are inflammable.
• Turn the books and other
resources to ashes.
• Heat damage the digital content
like CDs, DVD, microform, etc.
Examples :
• In May 1943, a fire completely destroyed the National Library of
Peru, with the loss of 100000 volumes as well as 40000
manuscripts.
• The Law School Library at University of Buffalo, USA was affected
due to fire in the lower floor of the school building in March
2005. No books were burnt or destroyed, but the collection was
covered with soot and infrastructure was damaged.
• Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration
established in 1959 to train officers for the Indian Administration
Service and the Indian Police Service. A fire broke out in 1984 and
destroyed its building and papers. Its precious library rated
amongst the best in the country was also destroyed.
contd..
• The university at Somapuri at North Bengal founded by
Dharmapala, the Pala ruler had its own library possessed a
wealth of Oriental literature. But the University was destroyed
by fire in the middle of the 11th century A.D.
• The library of 15000 to 20000 books at the Sikh Cultural Society
Temple in Queens, New York City was virtually destroyed in
2002 because of fire. Many of the destroyed books on Sikh
culture and Punjabi history were out of print and impossible to
replace.
Images of Fire Disaster
Disaster Management
United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction
in their hand-book on terminology explain
disaster management as “The organization, planning and
application of measures preparing for responding and initial
recovery from disasters.
A disaster management plan should be adopted by each library
for prevention from any disaster. The components of the plan
are :
1. Assigning responsibility
2. Identification and assessment of potential hazards.
3. Setting up liaisons with local emergency agencies
4. Establishment of goals and tasks for team members
5. Financial assessment
6. Document of the plan
7. Ease of Implementation
8. Maintaining the plan
Preventive measures from disasters for libraries
Conclusion
A disaster affects a library in many ways. It damages
the building, the furniture, the equipment and shelving.
Further, it damages the collection which has been
developed over several years.
However, the affects of the disaster can often
mitigate or avoided together by a comprehensive,
systematic, disaster –preparedness programme.
References
1) Disaster in Libraries : A Historical Perspective
taken from http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in
2) National Disaster Management Plan
taken from http://ndma.gov.in
3) Damage to Libraries due to Water Related Disasters
- Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)
- University of Library - Lincon
Disaster in libraries

More Related Content

What's hot

House keeeping operations .pptx
House keeeping operations .pptxHouse keeeping operations .pptx
House keeeping operations .pptx
lisbala
 
Preservation and Conservation of Library materials
Preservation and Conservation of Library materialsPreservation and Conservation of Library materials
Preservation and Conservation of Library materials
Jolo Van Clyde Abatayo
 
Post coordinate indexing .. Library and information science
Post coordinate indexing .. Library and information sciencePost coordinate indexing .. Library and information science
Post coordinate indexing .. Library and information science
harshaec
 
Library Automation in Circulation
Library Automation in Circulation Library Automation in Circulation
Library Automation in Circulation
Murchana Borah
 
Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (U...
Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (U...Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (U...
Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (U...
Dr. Anjaiah Mothukuri
 
Library Automation & Criteria for selection Library Software
Library Automation & Criteria for selection Library SoftwareLibrary Automation & Criteria for selection Library Software
Library Automation & Criteria for selection Library Software
Nishant Kashyap Ghatowar
 
ILA.pptx
ILA.pptxILA.pptx
Iaslic
IaslicIaslic
CILIP.pptx
CILIP.pptxCILIP.pptx
CILIP.pptx
DrIrfanulHaqAkhoon
 
Preservation and conservation of library materials
Preservation and conservation of library materialsPreservation and conservation of library materials
Preservation and conservation of library materials
Johny Prudencio
 
Library and information science: an evolving profession
Library and information science: an evolving professionLibrary and information science: an evolving profession
Library and information science: an evolving profession
Jolo Van Clyde Abatayo
 
POPSI
POPSIPOPSI
POPSI
silambu111
 
Library congress subject headings
Library congress subject headings Library congress subject headings
Library congress subject headings
MahendraAdhikari7
 
TYPES OF LIBRARY CATALOGUES
TYPES OF LIBRARY CATALOGUESTYPES OF LIBRARY CATALOGUES
TYPES OF LIBRARY CATALOGUES
Dr. Anjaiah Mothukuri
 
Collection development
Collection developmentCollection development
Collection development
Ali Hassan Maken
 
User Education: what is it and why is it important?
User Education: what is it and why is it important?User Education: what is it and why is it important?
User Education: what is it and why is it important?
Business Librarians Association
 
Common communication format
Common communication formatCommon communication format
Common communication format
avid
 
Laws of library science
Laws of library scienceLaws of library science
Laws of library science
Dheeraj Negi
 
Ict uses in libraries
Ict uses in librariesIct uses in libraries
Ict uses in libraries
Liaquat Rahoo
 
Library automation history Anandraj.L
Library automation history Anandraj.LLibrary automation history Anandraj.L
Library automation history Anandraj.L
anujessy
 

What's hot (20)

House keeeping operations .pptx
House keeeping operations .pptxHouse keeeping operations .pptx
House keeeping operations .pptx
 
Preservation and Conservation of Library materials
Preservation and Conservation of Library materialsPreservation and Conservation of Library materials
Preservation and Conservation of Library materials
 
Post coordinate indexing .. Library and information science
Post coordinate indexing .. Library and information sciencePost coordinate indexing .. Library and information science
Post coordinate indexing .. Library and information science
 
Library Automation in Circulation
Library Automation in Circulation Library Automation in Circulation
Library Automation in Circulation
 
Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (U...
Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (U...Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (U...
Universal Bibliographic Control and Universal Availability of Publications (U...
 
Library Automation & Criteria for selection Library Software
Library Automation & Criteria for selection Library SoftwareLibrary Automation & Criteria for selection Library Software
Library Automation & Criteria for selection Library Software
 
ILA.pptx
ILA.pptxILA.pptx
ILA.pptx
 
Iaslic
IaslicIaslic
Iaslic
 
CILIP.pptx
CILIP.pptxCILIP.pptx
CILIP.pptx
 
Preservation and conservation of library materials
Preservation and conservation of library materialsPreservation and conservation of library materials
Preservation and conservation of library materials
 
Library and information science: an evolving profession
Library and information science: an evolving professionLibrary and information science: an evolving profession
Library and information science: an evolving profession
 
POPSI
POPSIPOPSI
POPSI
 
Library congress subject headings
Library congress subject headings Library congress subject headings
Library congress subject headings
 
TYPES OF LIBRARY CATALOGUES
TYPES OF LIBRARY CATALOGUESTYPES OF LIBRARY CATALOGUES
TYPES OF LIBRARY CATALOGUES
 
Collection development
Collection developmentCollection development
Collection development
 
User Education: what is it and why is it important?
User Education: what is it and why is it important?User Education: what is it and why is it important?
User Education: what is it and why is it important?
 
Common communication format
Common communication formatCommon communication format
Common communication format
 
Laws of library science
Laws of library scienceLaws of library science
Laws of library science
 
Ict uses in libraries
Ict uses in librariesIct uses in libraries
Ict uses in libraries
 
Library automation history Anandraj.L
Library automation history Anandraj.LLibrary automation history Anandraj.L
Library automation history Anandraj.L
 

Similar to Disaster in libraries

Preventing loss of organizational memory
Preventing loss of organizational memoryPreventing loss of organizational memory
Preventing loss of organizational memory
Alwi Yunus
 
Use of library
Use of libraryUse of library
PG6009: Science, Engineering, Medicine & Health
PG6009: Science, Engineering, Medicine & Health PG6009: Science, Engineering, Medicine & Health
PG6009: Science, Engineering, Medicine & Health
Elaine Harrington
 
“From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections into future?” - Crónán Ó D...
“From UFOs to UDCs:  building research collections into future?” - Crónán Ó D...“From UFOs to UDCs:  building research collections into future?” - Crónán Ó D...
“From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections into future?” - Crónán Ó D...
CONUL Conference
 
From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections in a new era
From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections in a new eraFrom UFOs to UDCs: building research collections in a new era
From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections in a new era
University College Cork
 
Water Damage to Book Collections
Water Damage to Book CollectionsWater Damage to Book Collections
Water Damage to Book Collections
hoganedix
 
Shivraj singhnegi bes
Shivraj singhnegi besShivraj singhnegi bes
Shivraj singhnegi bes
shivraj negi
 
Who Can Save our Cultural Heritage in Time of War, Laila MOUSTAFA
Who Can Save our Cultural Heritage in Time of War, Laila MOUSTAFAWho Can Save our Cultural Heritage in Time of War, Laila MOUSTAFA
Who Can Save our Cultural Heritage in Time of War, Laila MOUSTAFA
Global Risk Forum GRFDavos
 
Library, Information and Society
Library, Information and SocietyLibrary, Information and Society
Library, Information and Society
Sundar B N
 
Some thoughts and consideration on crisis and libraries
Some thoughts and consideration on crisis and librariesSome thoughts and consideration on crisis and libraries
Some thoughts and consideration on crisis and libraries
CSUC - Consorci de Serveis Universitaris de Catalunya
 
use of library and study skills
use of library and  study skillsuse of library and  study skills
use of library and study skills
Aderibigbe Adesoji
 
LIBRARY-LITERACY, all about library.pptx
LIBRARY-LITERACY, all about library.pptxLIBRARY-LITERACY, all about library.pptx
LIBRARY-LITERACY, all about library.pptx
HeartWeygan
 
Stateof americaslibrariesreport2012finalwithcover
Stateof americaslibrariesreport2012finalwithcoverStateof americaslibrariesreport2012finalwithcover
Stateof americaslibrariesreport2012finalwithcover
kerpil
 
Powerpoint presentation in intro to information science02
Powerpoint presentation in intro to information science02Powerpoint presentation in intro to information science02
Powerpoint presentation in intro to information science02
hannah05
 
Using Special Collections for Research in Ireland
Using Special Collections for Research in IrelandUsing Special Collections for Research in Ireland
Using Special Collections for Research in Ireland
Elaine Harrington
 
Libraries under Attack: The destruction of libraries and the role of the inte...
Libraries under Attack: The destruction of libraries and the role of the inte...Libraries under Attack: The destruction of libraries and the role of the inte...
Libraries under Attack: The destruction of libraries and the role of the inte...
LISDISConference
 
PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY
PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDYPUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY
PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY
mdarafat18
 
Library mangement system for schools levels
Library mangement system for schools levelsLibrary mangement system for schools levels
Library mangement system for schools levels
Liaquat Rahoo
 
Types of Libraries and their functions
Types of Libraries and their functionsTypes of Libraries and their functions
Types of Libraries and their functions
Educational Learner
 
Exhibiting Collections with Preservation
Exhibiting Collections with PreservationExhibiting Collections with Preservation
Exhibiting Collections with Preservation
svornholt
 

Similar to Disaster in libraries (20)

Preventing loss of organizational memory
Preventing loss of organizational memoryPreventing loss of organizational memory
Preventing loss of organizational memory
 
Use of library
Use of libraryUse of library
Use of library
 
PG6009: Science, Engineering, Medicine & Health
PG6009: Science, Engineering, Medicine & Health PG6009: Science, Engineering, Medicine & Health
PG6009: Science, Engineering, Medicine & Health
 
“From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections into future?” - Crónán Ó D...
“From UFOs to UDCs:  building research collections into future?” - Crónán Ó D...“From UFOs to UDCs:  building research collections into future?” - Crónán Ó D...
“From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections into future?” - Crónán Ó D...
 
From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections in a new era
From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections in a new eraFrom UFOs to UDCs: building research collections in a new era
From UFOs to UDCs: building research collections in a new era
 
Water Damage to Book Collections
Water Damage to Book CollectionsWater Damage to Book Collections
Water Damage to Book Collections
 
Shivraj singhnegi bes
Shivraj singhnegi besShivraj singhnegi bes
Shivraj singhnegi bes
 
Who Can Save our Cultural Heritage in Time of War, Laila MOUSTAFA
Who Can Save our Cultural Heritage in Time of War, Laila MOUSTAFAWho Can Save our Cultural Heritage in Time of War, Laila MOUSTAFA
Who Can Save our Cultural Heritage in Time of War, Laila MOUSTAFA
 
Library, Information and Society
Library, Information and SocietyLibrary, Information and Society
Library, Information and Society
 
Some thoughts and consideration on crisis and libraries
Some thoughts and consideration on crisis and librariesSome thoughts and consideration on crisis and libraries
Some thoughts and consideration on crisis and libraries
 
use of library and study skills
use of library and  study skillsuse of library and  study skills
use of library and study skills
 
LIBRARY-LITERACY, all about library.pptx
LIBRARY-LITERACY, all about library.pptxLIBRARY-LITERACY, all about library.pptx
LIBRARY-LITERACY, all about library.pptx
 
Stateof americaslibrariesreport2012finalwithcover
Stateof americaslibrariesreport2012finalwithcoverStateof americaslibrariesreport2012finalwithcover
Stateof americaslibrariesreport2012finalwithcover
 
Powerpoint presentation in intro to information science02
Powerpoint presentation in intro to information science02Powerpoint presentation in intro to information science02
Powerpoint presentation in intro to information science02
 
Using Special Collections for Research in Ireland
Using Special Collections for Research in IrelandUsing Special Collections for Research in Ireland
Using Special Collections for Research in Ireland
 
Libraries under Attack: The destruction of libraries and the role of the inte...
Libraries under Attack: The destruction of libraries and the role of the inte...Libraries under Attack: The destruction of libraries and the role of the inte...
Libraries under Attack: The destruction of libraries and the role of the inte...
 
PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY
PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDYPUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY
PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY
 
Library mangement system for schools levels
Library mangement system for schools levelsLibrary mangement system for schools levels
Library mangement system for schools levels
 
Types of Libraries and their functions
Types of Libraries and their functionsTypes of Libraries and their functions
Types of Libraries and their functions
 
Exhibiting Collections with Preservation
Exhibiting Collections with PreservationExhibiting Collections with Preservation
Exhibiting Collections with Preservation
 

More from Suman Das

Digital Humanities
Digital Humanities Digital Humanities
Digital Humanities
Suman Das
 
Video Game and Literary Texts
Video Game and Literary TextsVideo Game and Literary Texts
Video Game and Literary Texts
Suman Das
 
hyper cities thick mapping and Digital humanities
hyper cities  thick mapping and Digital humanitieshyper cities  thick mapping and Digital humanities
hyper cities thick mapping and Digital humanities
Suman Das
 
Place identity space and time
Place identity space and timePlace identity space and time
Place identity space and time
Suman Das
 
Nild ppt
Nild pptNild ppt
Nild ppt
Suman Das
 
Suman ppt.c
Suman ppt.cSuman ppt.c
Suman ppt.c
Suman Das
 
odd helsinki library
odd helsinki libraryodd helsinki library
odd helsinki library
Suman Das
 
Physical deterioration
Physical deteriorationPhysical deterioration
Physical deterioration
Suman Das
 

More from Suman Das (8)

Digital Humanities
Digital Humanities Digital Humanities
Digital Humanities
 
Video Game and Literary Texts
Video Game and Literary TextsVideo Game and Literary Texts
Video Game and Literary Texts
 
hyper cities thick mapping and Digital humanities
hyper cities  thick mapping and Digital humanitieshyper cities  thick mapping and Digital humanities
hyper cities thick mapping and Digital humanities
 
Place identity space and time
Place identity space and timePlace identity space and time
Place identity space and time
 
Nild ppt
Nild pptNild ppt
Nild ppt
 
Suman ppt.c
Suman ppt.cSuman ppt.c
Suman ppt.c
 
odd helsinki library
odd helsinki libraryodd helsinki library
odd helsinki library
 
Physical deterioration
Physical deteriorationPhysical deterioration
Physical deterioration
 

Recently uploaded

1比1制作(uofm毕业证书)美国密歇根大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
1比1制作(uofm毕业证书)美国密歇根大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样1比1制作(uofm毕业证书)美国密歇根大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
1比1制作(uofm毕业证书)美国密歇根大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
5sj7jxf7
 
India Home Healthcare Market: Driving Forces and Disruptive Trends [2029]
India Home Healthcare Market: Driving Forces and Disruptive Trends [2029]India Home Healthcare Market: Driving Forces and Disruptive Trends [2029]
India Home Healthcare Market: Driving Forces and Disruptive Trends [2029]
Kumar Satyam
 
English Drug and Alcohol Commissioners June 2024.pptx
English Drug and Alcohol Commissioners June 2024.pptxEnglish Drug and Alcohol Commissioners June 2024.pptx
English Drug and Alcohol Commissioners June 2024.pptx
MatSouthwell1
 
Emotional and Behavioural Problems in Children - Counselling and Family Thera...
Emotional and Behavioural Problems in Children - Counselling and Family Thera...Emotional and Behavioural Problems in Children - Counselling and Family Thera...
Emotional and Behavioural Problems in Children - Counselling and Family Thera...
PsychoTech Services
 
nhs fpx 4000 assessment 4 analyzing a current health care problem or issue.pdf
nhs fpx 4000 assessment 4 analyzing a current health care problem or issue.pdfnhs fpx 4000 assessment 4 analyzing a current health care problem or issue.pdf
nhs fpx 4000 assessment 4 analyzing a current health care problem or issue.pdf
Carolyn Harker
 
Sectional dentures for microstomia patients.pptx
Sectional dentures for microstomia patients.pptxSectional dentures for microstomia patients.pptx
Sectional dentures for microstomia patients.pptx
SatvikaPrasad
 
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdfEXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
Madhusmita Sahoo
 
一比一原版(EUR毕业证)鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(EUR毕业证)鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(EUR毕业证)鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(EUR毕业证)鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证如何办理
gjsma0ep
 
Hypotension and role of physiotherapy in it
Hypotension and role of physiotherapy in itHypotension and role of physiotherapy in it
Hypotension and role of physiotherapy in it
Vishal kr Thakur
 
India Medical Devices Market: Size, Share, and In-Depth Competitive Analysis ...
India Medical Devices Market: Size, Share, and In-Depth Competitive Analysis ...India Medical Devices Market: Size, Share, and In-Depth Competitive Analysis ...
India Medical Devices Market: Size, Share, and In-Depth Competitive Analysis ...
Kumar Satyam
 
Management of Post Operative Pain: to make doctors conscious about the benefi...
Management of Post Operative Pain: to make doctors conscious about the benefi...Management of Post Operative Pain: to make doctors conscious about the benefi...
Management of Post Operative Pain: to make doctors conscious about the benefi...
Nilima65
 
Enhancing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Precision with Preoperative CT and MRI Im...
Enhancing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Precision with Preoperative CT and MRI Im...Enhancing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Precision with Preoperative CT and MRI Im...
Enhancing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Precision with Preoperative CT and MRI Im...
Pristyn Care Reviews
 
Hypertension and it's role of physiotherapy in it.
Hypertension and it's role of physiotherapy in it.Hypertension and it's role of physiotherapy in it.
Hypertension and it's role of physiotherapy in it.
Vishal kr Thakur
 
NURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH EMPHYSEMA .PPT
NURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH EMPHYSEMA .PPTNURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH EMPHYSEMA .PPT
NURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH EMPHYSEMA .PPT
blessyjannu21
 
一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理
40fortunate
 
Pneumothorax and role of Physiotherapy in it.
Pneumothorax and role of Physiotherapy in it.Pneumothorax and role of Physiotherapy in it.
Pneumothorax and role of Physiotherapy in it.
Vishal kr Thakur
 
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdfU Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
Jokerwigs arts and craft
 
Sexual Disorders.gender identity disorderspptx
Sexual Disorders.gender identity  disorderspptxSexual Disorders.gender identity  disorderspptx
Sexual Disorders.gender identity disorderspptx
Pupayumnam1
 
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdfInnovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
eurohealthleaders
 
R3 Stem Cell Therapy: A New Hope for Women with Ovarian Failure
R3 Stem Cell Therapy: A New Hope for Women with Ovarian FailureR3 Stem Cell Therapy: A New Hope for Women with Ovarian Failure
R3 Stem Cell Therapy: A New Hope for Women with Ovarian Failure
R3 Stem Cell
 

Recently uploaded (20)

1比1制作(uofm毕业证书)美国密歇根大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
1比1制作(uofm毕业证书)美国密歇根大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样1比1制作(uofm毕业证书)美国密歇根大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
1比1制作(uofm毕业证书)美国密歇根大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
 
India Home Healthcare Market: Driving Forces and Disruptive Trends [2029]
India Home Healthcare Market: Driving Forces and Disruptive Trends [2029]India Home Healthcare Market: Driving Forces and Disruptive Trends [2029]
India Home Healthcare Market: Driving Forces and Disruptive Trends [2029]
 
English Drug and Alcohol Commissioners June 2024.pptx
English Drug and Alcohol Commissioners June 2024.pptxEnglish Drug and Alcohol Commissioners June 2024.pptx
English Drug and Alcohol Commissioners June 2024.pptx
 
Emotional and Behavioural Problems in Children - Counselling and Family Thera...
Emotional and Behavioural Problems in Children - Counselling and Family Thera...Emotional and Behavioural Problems in Children - Counselling and Family Thera...
Emotional and Behavioural Problems in Children - Counselling and Family Thera...
 
nhs fpx 4000 assessment 4 analyzing a current health care problem or issue.pdf
nhs fpx 4000 assessment 4 analyzing a current health care problem or issue.pdfnhs fpx 4000 assessment 4 analyzing a current health care problem or issue.pdf
nhs fpx 4000 assessment 4 analyzing a current health care problem or issue.pdf
 
Sectional dentures for microstomia patients.pptx
Sectional dentures for microstomia patients.pptxSectional dentures for microstomia patients.pptx
Sectional dentures for microstomia patients.pptx
 
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdfEXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
EXAMINATION OF HUMAN URINE AND FAECES.pdf
 
一比一原版(EUR毕业证)鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(EUR毕业证)鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(EUR毕业证)鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(EUR毕业证)鹿特丹伊拉斯姆斯大学毕业证如何办理
 
Hypotension and role of physiotherapy in it
Hypotension and role of physiotherapy in itHypotension and role of physiotherapy in it
Hypotension and role of physiotherapy in it
 
India Medical Devices Market: Size, Share, and In-Depth Competitive Analysis ...
India Medical Devices Market: Size, Share, and In-Depth Competitive Analysis ...India Medical Devices Market: Size, Share, and In-Depth Competitive Analysis ...
India Medical Devices Market: Size, Share, and In-Depth Competitive Analysis ...
 
Management of Post Operative Pain: to make doctors conscious about the benefi...
Management of Post Operative Pain: to make doctors conscious about the benefi...Management of Post Operative Pain: to make doctors conscious about the benefi...
Management of Post Operative Pain: to make doctors conscious about the benefi...
 
Enhancing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Precision with Preoperative CT and MRI Im...
Enhancing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Precision with Preoperative CT and MRI Im...Enhancing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Precision with Preoperative CT and MRI Im...
Enhancing Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Precision with Preoperative CT and MRI Im...
 
Hypertension and it's role of physiotherapy in it.
Hypertension and it's role of physiotherapy in it.Hypertension and it's role of physiotherapy in it.
Hypertension and it's role of physiotherapy in it.
 
NURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH EMPHYSEMA .PPT
NURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH EMPHYSEMA .PPTNURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH EMPHYSEMA .PPT
NURSING MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT WITH EMPHYSEMA .PPT
 
一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理
一比一原版(USF毕业证)旧金山大学毕业证如何办理
 
Pneumothorax and role of Physiotherapy in it.
Pneumothorax and role of Physiotherapy in it.Pneumothorax and role of Physiotherapy in it.
Pneumothorax and role of Physiotherapy in it.
 
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdfU Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
U Part Wigs_ A Natural Look with Minimal Effort Jokerwigs.in.pdf
 
Sexual Disorders.gender identity disorderspptx
Sexual Disorders.gender identity  disorderspptxSexual Disorders.gender identity  disorderspptx
Sexual Disorders.gender identity disorderspptx
 
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdfInnovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
Innovative Minds France's Most Impactful Healthcare Leaders.pdf
 
R3 Stem Cell Therapy: A New Hope for Women with Ovarian Failure
R3 Stem Cell Therapy: A New Hope for Women with Ovarian FailureR3 Stem Cell Therapy: A New Hope for Women with Ovarian Failure
R3 Stem Cell Therapy: A New Hope for Women with Ovarian Failure
 

Disaster in libraries

  • 1. DISASTER MANAGEMENT SUBMITTED BY SUBHAJIT BHATTACHARJEE & MRIDUL BHATTACHARYA
  • 2. TABLE OF CONTENT • What is disaster ? • Types of disaster effecting libraries • Earthquake, its effects on libraries & examples • Tsunami / Flood, its effects on libraries & examples • Fire disaster, its effects on libraries & examples • Disaster management • Preventive measures from disasters for libraries • Conclusion • References
  • 3. WHAT IS DISASTER ? The Disaster Management Act 2005 given the definition of disaster as Disaster means a catastrophe, mishap, calamity in any area arising from natural or manmade causes which results in loss of life and destruction of property or degradation of environment.
  • 4. Types of disasters which generally effect libraries are : Earthquake Tsunami/Flood Fire
  • 5. Earthquake Shaking of the surface of the earth caused by sudden movement in the earth crust  Effect of Earthquake in Libraries : • Building collapse • Burying of books among debris • Falling of the books from the shelves • Restoration of service takes longer time
  • 6.  Examples : • The Imperial Library in Tokyo was hit by a massive earthquake in 1923. 700,000 volumes including government documents, manuscripts and old prints were completely destroyed. • Ovaiatt Library at California State University at Northridge, USA was damaged due to 6.7 magnitude earthquake in 1994. 50% of the building was structurally damaged. • On October 2005, a major earthquake of 7.6 magnitude shook the Azad Jammu Kashmir. The Khurshid National Library in Muzaffarabad founded in 1988 was completely destroyed. More than 3,500 books and about 40,000 documents related to history of Jammu and Kashmir and its freedom movement were destroyed. • In Western India, several libraries were damaged. A massive earthquake in 2001 damaged many libraries especially in Kutch region of Gujrat.
  • 8. Tsunami / Flood Series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water  Effect of Tsunami / Flood in Libraries : • Damage all types of library materials & resources • Mainly damage the digital documents • Damage can range from dampness to completely soaked or submerged items.
  • 9.  Examples : • In India, Thapar University Library and Punjab University Library were affected due to unprecedented floods on the night of 11th July. Thapar Technology Campus was submerged under 1.4m to 2.4m of water for four to five days. • Sundarayya Vignana Kendram , Hyderabad, India has two libraries. One is the main Research Library having a rich collection of rare books, journals, news-papers, pamphlets, manuscripts, private papers, etc. and other is the Urdu Research Centre Library having a valuable collection in Urdu language and literature. Both these libraries were affected due to unusual heavy rains during the week of 21 August 2000 which caused several flooding in Hyderabad. contd..
  • 10. • In 1998, the basement of Boston Public Library was flooded due to a break in a water pipe. • Tsunami in 2004 in South and Southeast Asia affected several libraries. In Sri Lanka about 170 school libraries, 55 public libraries and 68 libraries attached to religious institution were either destroyed or damaged. • A natural disaster in the form of very heavy rains leading to flash floods occurred in the state of Maharashtra, India around 26 July 2005. The city of Surat, Gujrat resulted in loss of more than 2 lakh items in seven libraries.
  • 11. Images of Tsunami / Flood Disaster
  • 12. Fire It is another disaster faced by libraries. It can happen due to negligence, short circuit caused by loose or faulty wiring and switches.  Effect of Fire Disaster in Libraries : • Library materials including paper, film and wood. All these materials are inflammable. • Turn the books and other resources to ashes. • Heat damage the digital content like CDs, DVD, microform, etc.
  • 13. Examples : • In May 1943, a fire completely destroyed the National Library of Peru, with the loss of 100000 volumes as well as 40000 manuscripts. • The Law School Library at University of Buffalo, USA was affected due to fire in the lower floor of the school building in March 2005. No books were burnt or destroyed, but the collection was covered with soot and infrastructure was damaged. • Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration established in 1959 to train officers for the Indian Administration Service and the Indian Police Service. A fire broke out in 1984 and destroyed its building and papers. Its precious library rated amongst the best in the country was also destroyed. contd..
  • 14. • The university at Somapuri at North Bengal founded by Dharmapala, the Pala ruler had its own library possessed a wealth of Oriental literature. But the University was destroyed by fire in the middle of the 11th century A.D. • The library of 15000 to 20000 books at the Sikh Cultural Society Temple in Queens, New York City was virtually destroyed in 2002 because of fire. Many of the destroyed books on Sikh culture and Punjabi history were out of print and impossible to replace.
  • 15. Images of Fire Disaster
  • 16. Disaster Management United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction in their hand-book on terminology explain disaster management as “The organization, planning and application of measures preparing for responding and initial recovery from disasters.
  • 17. A disaster management plan should be adopted by each library for prevention from any disaster. The components of the plan are : 1. Assigning responsibility 2. Identification and assessment of potential hazards. 3. Setting up liaisons with local emergency agencies 4. Establishment of goals and tasks for team members 5. Financial assessment 6. Document of the plan 7. Ease of Implementation 8. Maintaining the plan Preventive measures from disasters for libraries
  • 18. Conclusion A disaster affects a library in many ways. It damages the building, the furniture, the equipment and shelving. Further, it damages the collection which has been developed over several years. However, the affects of the disaster can often mitigate or avoided together by a comprehensive, systematic, disaster –preparedness programme.
  • 19. References 1) Disaster in Libraries : A Historical Perspective taken from http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in 2) National Disaster Management Plan taken from http://ndma.gov.in 3) Damage to Libraries due to Water Related Disasters - Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal) - University of Library - Lincon