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Classification of Fruits
Harrem Khalid
IAGS
Punjab University
Apple
• Dicot
• Temperate
• Moderately developed
• Simple fruit (pome)
• Seasonal flowering
• Climacteric
• Drought sensitive
• Highly salt sensitive
• Loamy
• Soil pH (7.2-8.0)
Apricot
• Dicot
• Temperate
• Simple fruit (drupe)
• Climacteric
• Sandy
• Soil pH (6.0-7.0)
Avocado
• Dicot
• Mediterranean and sub tropical
• Simple fruit (berry)
• Climacteric
• Drought sensitive
• Highly salt sensitive
• Sandy loam
• Soil pH (6.0-6.8)
BANANA
• Monocot
• Tropical
• Shrub like
• Simple fruit (berry)
• Climacteric
• Day neutral
• Moderately shade tolerant
• Drought sensitive
• Poor salt tolerant
• Loamy
• Soil pH (6.0-6.8)
Black Berry
• Rosacea family
• Aggregate fruit (Not true berry)
• Rambler
• Tolerate sandy soil
• Slightly acidic
• Temperate region
• Moderate tolerant to shade
• Sensitive to salt tolerance
• Lateral buds are formed
• 5o g weight category
• Vitamin K & C
• Short day crop
• Moderately drought tolerance
Blue Berry
• Perennial plant
• Temperate region
• Shrub
• True berry
• Ericaceae family
• Climacteric
• Seasonal flowering
• 4.5 – 5.0 pH
• Moderate tolerant to shade
• Sensitive to salt tolerance
• Moderately drought tolerance
• Long day crop
• 50 g weight category
• Flower buds terminal
• 30 – 70 years life
Black current
• Sensitive to salt tolerance
• Shrub
• Perennial
• Grossuleriaceae family
• Berry
• Temperate region
• Long day crop
• Lateral buds on stems
• Sandy or heavy loam
• pH 6
• 70 years life
• Medium drought tolerant
• Highly shade tolerant
• Loamy/clayey soil
• 50 g weight category
• Non-climacteric
• Seasonal flowering
BOYSEN BERRY
• Rosacea family
• Not true berry
• Aggregate fruit
• Perennial plant
• Rambler
• Tolerate sandy soil
• Slightly acidic
• Temperate region
• Moderate tolerant to shade
• Sensitive to salt tolerance
• Lateral buds are formed
• 5o g weight category
• Vitamin K & C
• Short day crop
• Moderately drought tolerance
Cherry
• Sensitive to salt tolerance
• Shrub
• Perennial
• Grossuleriaceae family
• Berry
• Temperate region
• Hardy plant
• Long day crop
• Lateral buds on stems
• Sandy or heavy loam
• pH 6
• 70 years life
• Medium drought tolerant
• Highly shade tolerant
• Loamy/clayey soil
• 50 g weight category
• Non-climacteric
• Seasonal flowering
Cantaloupe
• Dicot
• Tropical fruit
• Vine
• Simple fruit
• Seasonal flowering
• Climacteric fruit
• Long day
• Highly shade sensitive
• Sandy or light soil
• pH6.5-7.5
• Fruit size 500gm-5kg
Canary melon
• Dicot
• Tropical fruit
• Trailing or vine like
• Simple fruit
• Seasonal flowering
• Climacteric fruit
• Long day
• Shade sensitive
• pH 6-7.5
Grapes
• It is a dicot plant.
• Family Vitaceae
• Ecologically it is sub tropical and warm temperate fruit.
• It is a vine.
• It is simple fruit/ berry.
• It has gregarious flowering habit.
• It is short day plant.
• It is moderately shade tolerance plant.
• It is drought tolerant.
• It is highly salt tolerant plant.
• Grows best in loamy soil.
• It is moderately tolerant to acidic condition (pH: 5-6)
• On the basis of longevity, it can remain 100 years or more.
• The size of fruit is very light (50g).
• Nutritionally it is rich in vitamin C.
• It is non climateric fruit.
Guava
• It is a dicot plant.
• Family myrtaceae.
• It is grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions.
• Moderately develop stem.
• It is simple fruit/berry.
• Seasonal flowering.
• It is day neutral plant.
• It is highly shade sensitive.
• It is moderately drought tolerant.
• It is highly salt tolerant.
• Heavy clay to light sandy soil.
• It can tolerate both acidic and alkalinity condition (pH range is 4.5 acidic
to 8.5 basic).
• On the basis of longitivity, it remains 20-40 years.
• Fruit size is medium light (100-250g)
• Nutritionally,it is rich in vitamen C.
• It is a climacteric fruit.
Grape fruit
• It is a dicot plant.
• Family Rutaceae
• It grows in subtropical areas.
• It is a shrub like plant.
• It is simple fruit/hespiridium.
• It has seasonal flowering.
• It is day neutral plant.
• It is highly shade sensitive plant.
• It is highly drought tolerance plant.
• Highly salt sensitive plant.
• Grows best in loamy soil.
• It can tolerate moderately acidic and alkaline condition (pH 5-8).
• On the basis of longivity it remais 20-40 years.
• Fruit size is 250-500g.
• Rich in vitamen C content.
• Non-climateric fruit.
Honeydew
• It is eudicot.
• Family cucurbitaceas.
• It grows in tropical and sub-tropical regions.
• It is a vine.
• It is a pepo.
• It has seasonal flowering habit.
• It is long day plant
• It is shade sensitive plant.
• Sensitive to drought.
• Moderately salt tolerant.
• Grows best in loamy soil.
• Require pH 6-6.5
• On the basis of longevity, it can remain 1 year.
• Fruit size is 1800-3600g.
• Non-climateric fruit.
• Wonderful source of vitamin C.
Huckle Berry
• It is eudicot plant (eudicot: less specilaized dicot)
• Family Eraceae
• It belongs to temperate region.
• They are ramblers.
• They are simple fruits/berry(pepo).
• It has gregarious flowering habit.
• It is day neutral plant.
• They are moderatly shade tolerance plants.
• It is highly sensitive to drought.
• They are highly salt sensitive.
• Grow best in loamy soil.
• They are highly acid loving plants (pH 4-5.5).
• On the basis of longivity it remains 1000 years
• Fruit size is 50g.
• Rich in vitamen C content.
• It is climacteric fruit.
Jack fruit
• It is eudicot.
• Family Moraceae.
• Tropical climte.
• It has highly modified stem.
• It is a fleshy multiple fruit.
• Ever flowering plant.
• It is day neutral plant.
• It is shade sensitive.
• moderately drought tolerant
• Moderately salt tolerant.
• Grow best in sandy soil.
• pH 5-7.5
• Longevity, is 50 to 100 years.
• Fruit size is 15000 to 40000g.
• It is climateric food.
• Rich in carbohydrate.
Lemon
• Dicot
• Sub tropical
• Shrub simple fruit
(hesperidium)
• Evergreen
• Non Climacteric
• Deep sandy loam + clayey
loam
• Moderately tolerant
• Fruit weight 50-100 g
Litchi
• Dicot
• Tropical and subtropical
• Moderately developed stem
• Simple fruit(drupe)
• Seasonal flowering
• Non Climacteric
• Sandy + loamy + clayey
• pH 5.5-6.8
• Poor salt tolerance
• Drought sensitive
• Longevity 50-100 yrs
• Fruit weight 50 g
Lime
• Dicot
• Sub tropical
• Shrub
• Simple fruit(hesperidium)
• Thorny and Evergreen
• Non Climacteric
• Highly shade sensitive
• Deep sandy loam + clayey loam
• pH 5.5-8.5
• Fruit weight 50-100 g
Loquat
• Dicot
• Sub tropical
• Simple fruit (pome)
• Non Climacteric
• Sandy loam + heavy clay
• Ph 5.5-6.8
• Medium salt tolerance
• Moderately drought tolerant
• Fruit weight 50 g
Mulberry
• Dicot
• Temperate
• Semi shrub branches
• Multiple fruit
• Non-climacteric
• Short day
• Highly salt tolerant
• Clayey
• Soil pH <5.0
Mango
• Dicot tropical
• Highly developed
• Simple fruit
• Non seasonal
• Climacteric fruit
• Short day
• Highly shade sensitive
• Loamy
• pH 6-6.8
• Highly salt sensitive
• Moderately drought tolerant
• 50-100 yrs longevity
• 250-500 g weight
Nectarine
• Dicot temperate
• Shrub like tree
• Simple fruit
• Climacteric fruit
• Highly shade sensitive
• Heavy soil + sandy loam
• pH 6.5-7.0
• Poor salt tolerance
Rock melon
• Dicot
• Tropical fruit
• Vine like plant
• Simple fruit (pepo/berry)
• Climacteric fruit
• Long day
• Highly shade sensitive
• Fruit weight 0.5kg-5kg
Water melon
• Dicot
• Tropical fruit
• Vine like
• Simple fruit(pepo)
• Seasonal flowering
• Climacteric fruit
• Long day plant
• Partial shade sensitive
• Drought sensitive
• Moderately salt tolerance
• Sandy or light soil
• Ph 6.5-7.5
• Fruit weight 5000gm

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Classification of fruits

  • 1. Classification of Fruits Harrem Khalid IAGS Punjab University
  • 2. Apple • Dicot • Temperate • Moderately developed • Simple fruit (pome) • Seasonal flowering • Climacteric • Drought sensitive • Highly salt sensitive • Loamy • Soil pH (7.2-8.0)
  • 3. Apricot • Dicot • Temperate • Simple fruit (drupe) • Climacteric • Sandy • Soil pH (6.0-7.0)
  • 4. Avocado • Dicot • Mediterranean and sub tropical • Simple fruit (berry) • Climacteric • Drought sensitive • Highly salt sensitive • Sandy loam • Soil pH (6.0-6.8)
  • 5. BANANA • Monocot • Tropical • Shrub like • Simple fruit (berry) • Climacteric • Day neutral • Moderately shade tolerant • Drought sensitive • Poor salt tolerant • Loamy • Soil pH (6.0-6.8)
  • 6. Black Berry • Rosacea family • Aggregate fruit (Not true berry) • Rambler • Tolerate sandy soil • Slightly acidic • Temperate region • Moderate tolerant to shade • Sensitive to salt tolerance • Lateral buds are formed • 5o g weight category • Vitamin K & C • Short day crop • Moderately drought tolerance
  • 7. Blue Berry • Perennial plant • Temperate region • Shrub • True berry • Ericaceae family • Climacteric • Seasonal flowering • 4.5 – 5.0 pH • Moderate tolerant to shade • Sensitive to salt tolerance • Moderately drought tolerance • Long day crop • 50 g weight category • Flower buds terminal • 30 – 70 years life
  • 8. Black current • Sensitive to salt tolerance • Shrub • Perennial • Grossuleriaceae family • Berry • Temperate region • Long day crop • Lateral buds on stems • Sandy or heavy loam • pH 6 • 70 years life • Medium drought tolerant • Highly shade tolerant • Loamy/clayey soil • 50 g weight category • Non-climacteric • Seasonal flowering
  • 9. BOYSEN BERRY • Rosacea family • Not true berry • Aggregate fruit • Perennial plant • Rambler • Tolerate sandy soil • Slightly acidic • Temperate region • Moderate tolerant to shade • Sensitive to salt tolerance • Lateral buds are formed • 5o g weight category • Vitamin K & C • Short day crop • Moderately drought tolerance
  • 10. Cherry • Sensitive to salt tolerance • Shrub • Perennial • Grossuleriaceae family • Berry • Temperate region • Hardy plant • Long day crop • Lateral buds on stems • Sandy or heavy loam • pH 6 • 70 years life • Medium drought tolerant • Highly shade tolerant • Loamy/clayey soil • 50 g weight category • Non-climacteric • Seasonal flowering
  • 11. Cantaloupe • Dicot • Tropical fruit • Vine • Simple fruit • Seasonal flowering • Climacteric fruit • Long day • Highly shade sensitive • Sandy or light soil • pH6.5-7.5 • Fruit size 500gm-5kg
  • 12. Canary melon • Dicot • Tropical fruit • Trailing or vine like • Simple fruit • Seasonal flowering • Climacteric fruit • Long day • Shade sensitive • pH 6-7.5
  • 13. Grapes • It is a dicot plant. • Family Vitaceae • Ecologically it is sub tropical and warm temperate fruit. • It is a vine. • It is simple fruit/ berry. • It has gregarious flowering habit. • It is short day plant. • It is moderately shade tolerance plant. • It is drought tolerant. • It is highly salt tolerant plant. • Grows best in loamy soil. • It is moderately tolerant to acidic condition (pH: 5-6) • On the basis of longevity, it can remain 100 years or more. • The size of fruit is very light (50g). • Nutritionally it is rich in vitamin C. • It is non climateric fruit.
  • 14. Guava • It is a dicot plant. • Family myrtaceae. • It is grown in tropical and sub-tropical regions. • Moderately develop stem. • It is simple fruit/berry. • Seasonal flowering. • It is day neutral plant. • It is highly shade sensitive. • It is moderately drought tolerant. • It is highly salt tolerant. • Heavy clay to light sandy soil. • It can tolerate both acidic and alkalinity condition (pH range is 4.5 acidic to 8.5 basic). • On the basis of longitivity, it remains 20-40 years. • Fruit size is medium light (100-250g) • Nutritionally,it is rich in vitamen C. • It is a climacteric fruit.
  • 15. Grape fruit • It is a dicot plant. • Family Rutaceae • It grows in subtropical areas. • It is a shrub like plant. • It is simple fruit/hespiridium. • It has seasonal flowering. • It is day neutral plant. • It is highly shade sensitive plant. • It is highly drought tolerance plant. • Highly salt sensitive plant. • Grows best in loamy soil. • It can tolerate moderately acidic and alkaline condition (pH 5-8). • On the basis of longivity it remais 20-40 years. • Fruit size is 250-500g. • Rich in vitamen C content. • Non-climateric fruit.
  • 16. Honeydew • It is eudicot. • Family cucurbitaceas. • It grows in tropical and sub-tropical regions. • It is a vine. • It is a pepo. • It has seasonal flowering habit. • It is long day plant • It is shade sensitive plant. • Sensitive to drought. • Moderately salt tolerant. • Grows best in loamy soil. • Require pH 6-6.5 • On the basis of longevity, it can remain 1 year. • Fruit size is 1800-3600g. • Non-climateric fruit. • Wonderful source of vitamin C.
  • 17. Huckle Berry • It is eudicot plant (eudicot: less specilaized dicot) • Family Eraceae • It belongs to temperate region. • They are ramblers. • They are simple fruits/berry(pepo). • It has gregarious flowering habit. • It is day neutral plant. • They are moderatly shade tolerance plants. • It is highly sensitive to drought. • They are highly salt sensitive. • Grow best in loamy soil. • They are highly acid loving plants (pH 4-5.5). • On the basis of longivity it remains 1000 years • Fruit size is 50g. • Rich in vitamen C content. • It is climacteric fruit.
  • 18. Jack fruit • It is eudicot. • Family Moraceae. • Tropical climte. • It has highly modified stem. • It is a fleshy multiple fruit. • Ever flowering plant. • It is day neutral plant. • It is shade sensitive. • moderately drought tolerant • Moderately salt tolerant. • Grow best in sandy soil. • pH 5-7.5 • Longevity, is 50 to 100 years. • Fruit size is 15000 to 40000g. • It is climateric food. • Rich in carbohydrate.
  • 19. Lemon • Dicot • Sub tropical • Shrub simple fruit (hesperidium) • Evergreen • Non Climacteric • Deep sandy loam + clayey loam • Moderately tolerant • Fruit weight 50-100 g
  • 20. Litchi • Dicot • Tropical and subtropical • Moderately developed stem • Simple fruit(drupe) • Seasonal flowering • Non Climacteric • Sandy + loamy + clayey • pH 5.5-6.8 • Poor salt tolerance • Drought sensitive • Longevity 50-100 yrs • Fruit weight 50 g
  • 21. Lime • Dicot • Sub tropical • Shrub • Simple fruit(hesperidium) • Thorny and Evergreen • Non Climacteric • Highly shade sensitive • Deep sandy loam + clayey loam • pH 5.5-8.5 • Fruit weight 50-100 g
  • 22. Loquat • Dicot • Sub tropical • Simple fruit (pome) • Non Climacteric • Sandy loam + heavy clay • Ph 5.5-6.8 • Medium salt tolerance • Moderately drought tolerant • Fruit weight 50 g
  • 23. Mulberry • Dicot • Temperate • Semi shrub branches • Multiple fruit • Non-climacteric • Short day • Highly salt tolerant • Clayey • Soil pH <5.0
  • 24. Mango • Dicot tropical • Highly developed • Simple fruit • Non seasonal • Climacteric fruit • Short day • Highly shade sensitive • Loamy • pH 6-6.8 • Highly salt sensitive • Moderately drought tolerant • 50-100 yrs longevity • 250-500 g weight
  • 25. Nectarine • Dicot temperate • Shrub like tree • Simple fruit • Climacteric fruit • Highly shade sensitive • Heavy soil + sandy loam • pH 6.5-7.0 • Poor salt tolerance
  • 26. Rock melon • Dicot • Tropical fruit • Vine like plant • Simple fruit (pepo/berry) • Climacteric fruit • Long day • Highly shade sensitive • Fruit weight 0.5kg-5kg
  • 27. Water melon • Dicot • Tropical fruit • Vine like • Simple fruit(pepo) • Seasonal flowering • Climacteric fruit • Long day plant • Partial shade sensitive • Drought sensitive • Moderately salt tolerance • Sandy or light soil • Ph 6.5-7.5 • Fruit weight 5000gm