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CHAPTER 19
EL FILIBUSTERISMO PUBLISHED IN GHENT(1891)
CONTINUATION . . . . . . . .
PREPARED BY ALVIN BUGAOISAN BSMT 3
The Manuscript
• The original manuscript of El Filibusterismo in Rizal’s own
handwriting is now preserved in the Filipiniana Division of the
Bureau of Public Libraries, Manila. It had been acquired by the
Philippine Government from Valentin Ventura for 10,000 pesos.
It consists of 279 pages of long sheets of paper.
• The title page of El Fili contains an inscription written by
Ferdinand Blumentritt
• Features that didn’t appear in the printed book:to save printing
cost
– Foreword
– Warning
The Manuscript
Synopsis of the El Filibusterismo: Characters
• Simoun – the main protagonist of the story a rich jeweler.
• Dona Victorina – ridiculously a pro-spanish woman
• Tiburcio de Espadana – husband of Dona Victorina
• Paulita Gomez – beautiful niece of Don Tiburcio
• Ben-Zayb – Spanish journalist who writes silly articles about Filipinos
• Padre Sibyla – Vice-Rector of UST
• Padre Camorra – spanish priest of Tiani
• Don Custodio – pro-spanish Filipino holding a high position in the
government
• Padre Salvi – Franciscan friar a former cura of San Diego
• Padre Irene – a kind friar who was a friend to Filipino students
• Padre Florentino – a retired scholarly and patriotic Filipino priest
• Isagani – nephew of Padre Florentino and lover of Paulita
• Basilio – son of Sisa a promising medical student
• Capitan Tiago – patron of Basilio
• Quiroga – rich Chinese merchant
• Cabesang Tales – father of Juli dispossessed of his land in Tiani by
friars
• Juli – the lover of Basilio
• Makaraig – rich and leader of Filipino students in their movement to
learn Spanish in the academy
• Padre Millon – teaches Physics in UST w/o experiments
• Placido Penitente – student of Padre Millon who bacame disoriented
bcause of the poor methods of instruction
• Senor Pasta – old Filipino lawyer who refuses to help Filipino
students in their advocacy
• Tandang Selo – grandfather of Juli
• Mr. American – owner of the sideshow at the fair of Quiapo exhibiting
an Egyptian Mummy.
• Sandoval – a Spanish student who supports the cause of the Filipino
students to propagate the teaching of Spanish
• Cabesa Andang – mother of Placido Penitente
• Pepay – pretty dancer and mistress of Don Custodio
• Padre Fernandez – a good dominican friar and friend of Isagani
• Don Timoteo – father of Juanito Pelaez
• Tano – son Cabesang Tales and brother of Juli
• Chichay – the silversmith who made the bridal earring for Paulita
Gomez
• Characters from El Filibusterismo were draw by Rizal from real life
– Padre Florentino was Father Leoncio Lopez
– Isagani ws Vicente Ilustre
– Paulita Gomez was Leonor Rivera
1. To defend Filipino people from foreign
accusations of foolishness and lack of
knowledge.
2. To show how the Filipino people live during
Spanish colonial period and the cries and
woes of his countrymen against abusive
officials.
3. To discuss what religion and belief can
really do to everyday lives.
4. To expose the cruelties, graft and corruption
of the false government and honestly show
the wrong doings of Filipinos that led to
further failure.
The book narrates the return of the
protagonist of Noli Me Tangere, Crisostomo Ibarra,
under the disguise of a wealthy jeweler named
Simoun. Disillusioned by the abuses of the
Spanish, Ibarra abandons his pacifist beliefs in
order to return to the Philippines and start a violent
revolution.
Noli Me Tangere’s Basilio, now a young man
and a skilled medical student, is recruited by Ibarra
to aid him in detoning a bomb at a social
gathering, signaling the beginning of the
revolution.
However, Basilio warns his friend Isagani.
Realizing that the woman he loves is in the
building, Isagani throws the bomb into the river,
averting the explosion and the revolution.
Implicated in these matters, Simoun commits
suicide by taking poison and finds resting place at
the home of a priest, Father Florentino, who hears
his last confession and assures him that not all
hope is lost.
The priest (Father Florentino), upon
Simoun’s death, commends the jewels into the
sea, remarking that the jewels once used to bribe
and corrupt people, would one day be hopefully
found to be used for a meaningful purpose.
Noli and Fili Compared
• The issue of which is the superior novel. Noli or the Fili is purely academic
• Both are good novels from the point of view of history
• Both depict with realistic colors the actual conditions of the Philippines and
the Filipinos during the decadent days of Spanish rule
• Both are instrumental in awakening the spirit of Filipino nationalism
• Bothe are responsible in paving the ground for Philippine Revolution that
brought about the downfall of Spain
• El Fili is a true twin of Noli
THE UNFINISHED 3RD NOVEL
• September 22, 1891 Rizal wrote to Blumetritt saying that he’s thinking of
writing a third novel where ethics will play principal role
• October 18, 1891 boarded the steamer Melbourne in Marseilles bound for
Hong Kong
• During the voyage he wrote the third novel in Tagalog in which he intended
for Tagalog readers
• In Hong kong he continued it, but did not finish it because his Tagalog was
inadequate for literary purposes
• The unfinished 3rd novel has no title
• It consists of 44 pages in Rizal’s handwriting
• The manuscript is still preserved in the Bureau of Public Libraries
• The hero of the novel was Kamandagan, a descendant of Lakan-Dula, last
king of Tondo. He plotted to regain the lost freedom of his fathers
• It is said that Rizal was fortunate not to finish this novel, because it would
have caused greater scandal and more Spanish vengeance on him
OTHER UNFINISHED NOVELS
• Makamisa
- a tagalog novel
- written in light sarcastic style
- incomplete with only 2 chapters
- consists of only of 20 pages
• Dapitan
- written in Ironic Spanish
- he wrote it while in Dapitan to depict the town life and
customs
- Consists of 8 pages
• A novel in Spanish about the life in Pili, a town in Laguna
- consist of 147 pages
- without title
• Another unfinished novel of Rizal, also without title, is about Cristobal, a
youthful Filipino student who has returned from Europe
- consists if 34 pages
• The beginning of another novel are contained in two notebooks. The first
notebook contains 31 written pages while the second contains 12 pages
- written in Spanish and the style is ironic
THANK YOU!!!
• Prepared by Alvin Bugaoisan Bsmt-3

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Chapter 19- el filibusterismo published in ghent(1891)

  • 1. CHAPTER 19 EL FILIBUSTERISMO PUBLISHED IN GHENT(1891) CONTINUATION . . . . . . . . PREPARED BY ALVIN BUGAOISAN BSMT 3
  • 2. The Manuscript • The original manuscript of El Filibusterismo in Rizal’s own handwriting is now preserved in the Filipiniana Division of the Bureau of Public Libraries, Manila. It had been acquired by the Philippine Government from Valentin Ventura for 10,000 pesos. It consists of 279 pages of long sheets of paper. • The title page of El Fili contains an inscription written by Ferdinand Blumentritt • Features that didn’t appear in the printed book:to save printing cost – Foreword – Warning
  • 4.
  • 5. Synopsis of the El Filibusterismo: Characters • Simoun – the main protagonist of the story a rich jeweler. • Dona Victorina – ridiculously a pro-spanish woman • Tiburcio de Espadana – husband of Dona Victorina • Paulita Gomez – beautiful niece of Don Tiburcio • Ben-Zayb – Spanish journalist who writes silly articles about Filipinos • Padre Sibyla – Vice-Rector of UST • Padre Camorra – spanish priest of Tiani • Don Custodio – pro-spanish Filipino holding a high position in the government • Padre Salvi – Franciscan friar a former cura of San Diego • Padre Irene – a kind friar who was a friend to Filipino students • Padre Florentino – a retired scholarly and patriotic Filipino priest
  • 6. • Isagani – nephew of Padre Florentino and lover of Paulita • Basilio – son of Sisa a promising medical student • Capitan Tiago – patron of Basilio • Quiroga – rich Chinese merchant • Cabesang Tales – father of Juli dispossessed of his land in Tiani by friars • Juli – the lover of Basilio • Makaraig – rich and leader of Filipino students in their movement to learn Spanish in the academy • Padre Millon – teaches Physics in UST w/o experiments • Placido Penitente – student of Padre Millon who bacame disoriented bcause of the poor methods of instruction • Senor Pasta – old Filipino lawyer who refuses to help Filipino students in their advocacy • Tandang Selo – grandfather of Juli
  • 7. • Mr. American – owner of the sideshow at the fair of Quiapo exhibiting an Egyptian Mummy. • Sandoval – a Spanish student who supports the cause of the Filipino students to propagate the teaching of Spanish • Cabesa Andang – mother of Placido Penitente • Pepay – pretty dancer and mistress of Don Custodio • Padre Fernandez – a good dominican friar and friend of Isagani • Don Timoteo – father of Juanito Pelaez • Tano – son Cabesang Tales and brother of Juli • Chichay – the silversmith who made the bridal earring for Paulita Gomez
  • 8. • Characters from El Filibusterismo were draw by Rizal from real life – Padre Florentino was Father Leoncio Lopez – Isagani ws Vicente Ilustre – Paulita Gomez was Leonor Rivera
  • 9. 1. To defend Filipino people from foreign accusations of foolishness and lack of knowledge. 2. To show how the Filipino people live during Spanish colonial period and the cries and woes of his countrymen against abusive officials.
  • 10. 3. To discuss what religion and belief can really do to everyday lives. 4. To expose the cruelties, graft and corruption of the false government and honestly show the wrong doings of Filipinos that led to further failure.
  • 11.
  • 12. The book narrates the return of the protagonist of Noli Me Tangere, Crisostomo Ibarra, under the disguise of a wealthy jeweler named Simoun. Disillusioned by the abuses of the Spanish, Ibarra abandons his pacifist beliefs in order to return to the Philippines and start a violent revolution.
  • 13. Noli Me Tangere’s Basilio, now a young man and a skilled medical student, is recruited by Ibarra to aid him in detoning a bomb at a social gathering, signaling the beginning of the revolution.
  • 14. However, Basilio warns his friend Isagani. Realizing that the woman he loves is in the building, Isagani throws the bomb into the river, averting the explosion and the revolution. Implicated in these matters, Simoun commits suicide by taking poison and finds resting place at the home of a priest, Father Florentino, who hears his last confession and assures him that not all hope is lost.
  • 15. The priest (Father Florentino), upon Simoun’s death, commends the jewels into the sea, remarking that the jewels once used to bribe and corrupt people, would one day be hopefully found to be used for a meaningful purpose.
  • 16. Noli and Fili Compared
  • 17. • The issue of which is the superior novel. Noli or the Fili is purely academic • Both are good novels from the point of view of history • Both depict with realistic colors the actual conditions of the Philippines and the Filipinos during the decadent days of Spanish rule • Both are instrumental in awakening the spirit of Filipino nationalism • Bothe are responsible in paving the ground for Philippine Revolution that brought about the downfall of Spain • El Fili is a true twin of Noli
  • 18. THE UNFINISHED 3RD NOVEL • September 22, 1891 Rizal wrote to Blumetritt saying that he’s thinking of writing a third novel where ethics will play principal role • October 18, 1891 boarded the steamer Melbourne in Marseilles bound for Hong Kong • During the voyage he wrote the third novel in Tagalog in which he intended for Tagalog readers • In Hong kong he continued it, but did not finish it because his Tagalog was inadequate for literary purposes • The unfinished 3rd novel has no title • It consists of 44 pages in Rizal’s handwriting
  • 19. • The manuscript is still preserved in the Bureau of Public Libraries • The hero of the novel was Kamandagan, a descendant of Lakan-Dula, last king of Tondo. He plotted to regain the lost freedom of his fathers • It is said that Rizal was fortunate not to finish this novel, because it would have caused greater scandal and more Spanish vengeance on him
  • 20. OTHER UNFINISHED NOVELS • Makamisa - a tagalog novel - written in light sarcastic style - incomplete with only 2 chapters - consists of only of 20 pages • Dapitan - written in Ironic Spanish - he wrote it while in Dapitan to depict the town life and customs - Consists of 8 pages
  • 21. • A novel in Spanish about the life in Pili, a town in Laguna - consist of 147 pages - without title • Another unfinished novel of Rizal, also without title, is about Cristobal, a youthful Filipino student who has returned from Europe - consists if 34 pages • The beginning of another novel are contained in two notebooks. The first notebook contains 31 written pages while the second contains 12 pages - written in Spanish and the style is ironic
  • 22. THANK YOU!!! • Prepared by Alvin Bugaoisan Bsmt-3