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POLLUTION A presentation on Sydney’s pollution Ben Magistrale & Benjamin Gresham
TYPES OF POLLUTION light noise air water
BACKGROUND Why is Sydney’s air pollution so bad?
SYDNEY’S GEOGRAPHICAL PROBLEM & AIR CIRCULATION CYCLE Source: Google, Gresham & Magistrale, 2009
Sydney’s Photochemical Smog problem  Source: ANSTO, 2000
WHERE DOES THE  POLLUTION COME FROM? Source: NSW DEC Atmospheric Science emissions data, 2003
HAS SUBURBIA CONTRIBUTED  TO SYDNEY’S SMOG PROBLEM? “ Millions of suburban houses means millions of cars, millions of smog belching passenger kilometres and millions of kids with chronic asthma and bronchitis” (Farrelly, 2009).  Source: ANSTO, 2000
IN A CRISIS If nothing is done to stop pollution... What could happen in South-West Sydney in 5 years time?
Respiratory illness The South-West Growth Sector Source: Wordpress, 2007 Source: NSW GCC, 2008
2014 – SOUTH WEST SYDNEY IN CRISIS
MORE HOUSES, MORE POLLUTION
WHAT COULD HAPPEN?? Source: NSW Cancer Council 2002 Incidence of Lung cancer in the Sydney Region in 1998 to 2002 Female Male
CARS
SOLUTIONS Can we prevent this crisis from happening? Is it possible to solve the pollution problem?
OBJECTIVE Reduce car usage and vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) within Sydney Metropolitan Area Lower Greenhouse gas emissions Cleaner Air
THE ‘ONE HOUSE, ONE CAR’ INITIATIVE A local council initiative Intended to reduce car numbers and VKT, therefore reduce air pollution. Designed to combat the increase in asthma and other respiratory illness. Also helps in addressing the issues of car dependency in light of peak oil and climate change concerns.
THE ‘ONE HOUSE, ONE CAR’ INITIATIVE  & GREEN POINTS Council offers  rebates  for residents that take up the initiative. The idea of  ‘green point’s  which can be gained through a number of council initiatives that are designed to tackle air pollution and climate change at a local level. The ‘one house, one car’ initiative is designed to start local then move throughout the greater Sydney Metropolitan region. This will further help tackle pollution.
Current Situation The number of cars in NSW between 2003 and 2008 has increased by 14.6% (ABS, 2009).  1.6 motor vehicles per dwelling in NSW (ABS, 2008).  5184 kg CO² per household in South-West Growth Centre.  ‘ One house, One Car’ Initiative Change to 1 motor vehicle per dwelling in South-West Growth Centre = 3240 kg CO².  SAVE 37.5% of emissions = less air pollution = lower rate of respiratory illnesses  WHAT’S POSSIBLE  WITH THE ‘ONE HOUSE, ONE CAR’ INITIATIVE?
 
SOLUTIONS POLICY & DESIGN
CHANGES TO LEP AND ZONING LAWS Clean Industrial Minimisation of land release areas Creation of Sustainable villages and town centres Increased density around transport hubs and town centres
“ ...one way of constructing a way of life which is more sustainable is to construct more local ways of living, for if the inhabitants of an are also work, play, go to school and shop within their locality then, obviously, they will travel less and so not draw on  non-renewable  and/or  polluting  energy resources to get around”  Barton, 2000 DESIGN SOLUTIONS: SUSTAINABLE  VILLAGES
SOLUTIONS How do we implement the solutions?
TACKLING AIR POLLUTION - A TIMELINE  PRESENT FUTURE 2014 Local ‘ One house, one car’ initiative Green points Changes to LEP and zoning laws 2019 Sustainable Villages established in South-West moving throughout Sydney City-wide implementation of ‘green points’ and ‘one house, one car’ Councils work with Heart Foundation & cancer council 2024 Cessation of land release areas Implementation of ‘greener’ new metro  strategy Expansion of parklands and ‘green’ reserves. Compulsory ‘one house, one car’
The Breathe Easy Foundation © 2009 Benjamin Gresham (3220356) & Ben Magistrale (3218963) THANK YOU
BIBLIOGRAPHY Air Pollution in Sydney Basin - Sources, Cycles and Health Impacts, J Barros 2001, viewed 13 January 2009, <  http://condellpark.com/bear/smogbasin.htm>.   Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006,  ‘Capital cities streets ahead with motor vehicle ownership ‘,  Motor Vehicle Census,  Australia, Mar 2003, viewed on 20 January 2009 <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mediareleasesbyReleaseDate/DEEABD21F88CDF3ACA256DEA0070DBD1?OpenDocument> Barros, JA 2001,  Sydney Basin: Air Toxic Emissions & Health Update ,  Alliance of Residents Concerning O'Hare Inc., viewed 13 January 2009, <www.areco.org/SYDNEY%20BASIN.pdf > .  Barton, H 2000,  Sustainable Communities: The Potential for Eco-Neighbourhoods , Earthscan Publications Ltd, London.  Crenson, A M 1971,  The UN-Politics of Air Pollution: A Study of Non-Decisionmaking in the Cities , The John Hopkins Press, London.   Curson, P 1993, ‘Climate and Chronic Respiratory Disease in Sydney – The Case of Asthma’,  Climatic Change , vol.23, no.3-4, December 1993, Springer Netherlands, p.405-420.     
BIBLIOGRAPHY Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW) 2005,  Air Pollution Economics: Health Costs of Air Pollution in the Greater Sydney Metropolitan Region ,  Department of Environment and Conservation NSW,  Sydney, viewed 13 January 2009, <mpcb.gov.in/airtrends/Links/Papers%20&%20Literatures%20.pdf>.    Environmental Protection Authority South Australia 2004,  Photochemical smog  — what it means for us , Government of South Australia, Adelaide, March 2004, viewed 13 January 2009, <www.epa.sa.gov.au/pdfs/info_photosmog.pdf>.   NSW Cancer Council 2002,  Cancer maps for New South Wales 1998 to 2002,  viewed 13 Januaray 2009, < http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/editorial.asp?pageid=2297>. State Pollution Control Commission 1979,  An Assessment of Photochemical Smog in the Sydney Region , Sydney Young, A 2000,  Environmental change in Australia since 1788,  2 nd  edn, Oxford Univeristy Press, Melbourne.
 

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Sydney’s Pollution | Biocity Studio

  • 1. POLLUTION A presentation on Sydney’s pollution Ben Magistrale & Benjamin Gresham
  • 2. TYPES OF POLLUTION light noise air water
  • 3. BACKGROUND Why is Sydney’s air pollution so bad?
  • 4. SYDNEY’S GEOGRAPHICAL PROBLEM & AIR CIRCULATION CYCLE Source: Google, Gresham & Magistrale, 2009
  • 5. Sydney’s Photochemical Smog problem Source: ANSTO, 2000
  • 6. WHERE DOES THE POLLUTION COME FROM? Source: NSW DEC Atmospheric Science emissions data, 2003
  • 7. HAS SUBURBIA CONTRIBUTED TO SYDNEY’S SMOG PROBLEM? “ Millions of suburban houses means millions of cars, millions of smog belching passenger kilometres and millions of kids with chronic asthma and bronchitis” (Farrelly, 2009). Source: ANSTO, 2000
  • 8. IN A CRISIS If nothing is done to stop pollution... What could happen in South-West Sydney in 5 years time?
  • 9. Respiratory illness The South-West Growth Sector Source: Wordpress, 2007 Source: NSW GCC, 2008
  • 10. 2014 – SOUTH WEST SYDNEY IN CRISIS
  • 11. MORE HOUSES, MORE POLLUTION
  • 12. WHAT COULD HAPPEN?? Source: NSW Cancer Council 2002 Incidence of Lung cancer in the Sydney Region in 1998 to 2002 Female Male
  • 13. CARS
  • 14. SOLUTIONS Can we prevent this crisis from happening? Is it possible to solve the pollution problem?
  • 15. OBJECTIVE Reduce car usage and vehicle kilometres travelled (VKT) within Sydney Metropolitan Area Lower Greenhouse gas emissions Cleaner Air
  • 16. THE ‘ONE HOUSE, ONE CAR’ INITIATIVE A local council initiative Intended to reduce car numbers and VKT, therefore reduce air pollution. Designed to combat the increase in asthma and other respiratory illness. Also helps in addressing the issues of car dependency in light of peak oil and climate change concerns.
  • 17. THE ‘ONE HOUSE, ONE CAR’ INITIATIVE & GREEN POINTS Council offers rebates for residents that take up the initiative. The idea of ‘green point’s which can be gained through a number of council initiatives that are designed to tackle air pollution and climate change at a local level. The ‘one house, one car’ initiative is designed to start local then move throughout the greater Sydney Metropolitan region. This will further help tackle pollution.
  • 18. Current Situation The number of cars in NSW between 2003 and 2008 has increased by 14.6% (ABS, 2009). 1.6 motor vehicles per dwelling in NSW (ABS, 2008). 5184 kg CO² per household in South-West Growth Centre. ‘ One house, One Car’ Initiative Change to 1 motor vehicle per dwelling in South-West Growth Centre = 3240 kg CO². SAVE 37.5% of emissions = less air pollution = lower rate of respiratory illnesses WHAT’S POSSIBLE WITH THE ‘ONE HOUSE, ONE CAR’ INITIATIVE?
  • 19.  
  • 21. CHANGES TO LEP AND ZONING LAWS Clean Industrial Minimisation of land release areas Creation of Sustainable villages and town centres Increased density around transport hubs and town centres
  • 22. “ ...one way of constructing a way of life which is more sustainable is to construct more local ways of living, for if the inhabitants of an are also work, play, go to school and shop within their locality then, obviously, they will travel less and so not draw on non-renewable and/or polluting energy resources to get around” Barton, 2000 DESIGN SOLUTIONS: SUSTAINABLE VILLAGES
  • 23. SOLUTIONS How do we implement the solutions?
  • 24. TACKLING AIR POLLUTION - A TIMELINE PRESENT FUTURE 2014 Local ‘ One house, one car’ initiative Green points Changes to LEP and zoning laws 2019 Sustainable Villages established in South-West moving throughout Sydney City-wide implementation of ‘green points’ and ‘one house, one car’ Councils work with Heart Foundation & cancer council 2024 Cessation of land release areas Implementation of ‘greener’ new metro strategy Expansion of parklands and ‘green’ reserves. Compulsory ‘one house, one car’
  • 25. The Breathe Easy Foundation © 2009 Benjamin Gresham (3220356) & Ben Magistrale (3218963) THANK YOU
  • 26. BIBLIOGRAPHY Air Pollution in Sydney Basin - Sources, Cycles and Health Impacts, J Barros 2001, viewed 13 January 2009, < http://condellpark.com/bear/smogbasin.htm>. Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006, ‘Capital cities streets ahead with motor vehicle ownership ‘, Motor Vehicle Census, Australia, Mar 2003, viewed on 20 January 2009 <http://www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/mediareleasesbyReleaseDate/DEEABD21F88CDF3ACA256DEA0070DBD1?OpenDocument> Barros, JA 2001, Sydney Basin: Air Toxic Emissions & Health Update , Alliance of Residents Concerning O'Hare Inc., viewed 13 January 2009, <www.areco.org/SYDNEY%20BASIN.pdf > . Barton, H 2000, Sustainable Communities: The Potential for Eco-Neighbourhoods , Earthscan Publications Ltd, London. Crenson, A M 1971, The UN-Politics of Air Pollution: A Study of Non-Decisionmaking in the Cities , The John Hopkins Press, London.   Curson, P 1993, ‘Climate and Chronic Respiratory Disease in Sydney – The Case of Asthma’, Climatic Change , vol.23, no.3-4, December 1993, Springer Netherlands, p.405-420.     
  • 27. BIBLIOGRAPHY Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW) 2005, Air Pollution Economics: Health Costs of Air Pollution in the Greater Sydney Metropolitan Region , Department of Environment and Conservation NSW, Sydney, viewed 13 January 2009, <mpcb.gov.in/airtrends/Links/Papers%20&%20Literatures%20.pdf>.   Environmental Protection Authority South Australia 2004, Photochemical smog — what it means for us , Government of South Australia, Adelaide, March 2004, viewed 13 January 2009, <www.epa.sa.gov.au/pdfs/info_photosmog.pdf>.   NSW Cancer Council 2002, Cancer maps for New South Wales 1998 to 2002, viewed 13 Januaray 2009, < http://www.cancercouncil.com.au/editorial.asp?pageid=2297>. State Pollution Control Commission 1979, An Assessment of Photochemical Smog in the Sydney Region , Sydney Young, A 2000, Environmental change in Australia since 1788, 2 nd edn, Oxford Univeristy Press, Melbourne.
  • 28.