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   EU - Energy policies for buildings
    IEA workshop on building envelope policies and technologies
    18 November 2011

    Emmanuel Cabau
 The EU 20-20-20 targets by 2020

                                                100%

    -20%




                 +20%          +20%
                                         8,5%
   Greenhouse     Energy     Renewables in
    gas levels   efficency    energy mix           2/26
 The EU 20-20-20 targets by 2020




                                    3/26
 Multiple needs for action
            Face climate change



            Face economic crisis



            Care for affordability



            Care for security
                                      4
 New strategies on EU level
   Energy efficiency is key priority on EU level

      “Energy 2020” - European Strategy for Energy

      Proposal of a new Energy Efficiency Plan (EEP)
       of 8 March 2011

      Buildings also part of the proposal for a new
       Energy Efficiency Directive, adopted by the COM
       at 22 June 2011 (repealing Directives 2004/8/EC
       and 2006/32/EC)

                                                         5
 New Energy Efficiency Plan (EEP)
   Policy concepts in the new EEP

      reach 20% - objectives

      mainstream energy efficiency in all relevant policy
       areas

      build up commitment towards further energy
       efficiency up to and beyond 2020

      EEP will address energy saving potential in all
       relevant sectors (buildings, transport, industry
       etc.)
                                                             6
 New Energy Efficiency Directive (EED)
   Policy concepts in the new EED
      Energy efficiency obligation: MS make sure that an
       equivalent of 1.5% of annually energy sales are saved
       through energy efficiency measures
      Public sector: lead by example: annual renovation works
       covering at least 3% of total floor area of their buildings
      Consumers: individual metering for better energy
       management
      Industry: obligations for larger companies to undergo
       energy audits, incentives for small and medium sized
       companies
      Energy generation: monitoring of new energy generation
       capacities
      Energy transmission and distribution: national energy
       regulators should decide taking energy efficiency criteria
       into account
                                                                     7
 Energy efficiency – EU buildings sector
                                   Buildings responsible for:

  EU 27
   total                           ~40 % of EU-Energy use
                                   ~36 % CO2-emissions


   EU-
                                   • 9% of EU 27 GDP
 Buildings                         • 8% der EU-employees
  sector
             40%        36%
                                    Basic European framework:
                                     Directive on the energy
             Energy     CO2-         performance of buildings
              use     emmissions     (EPBD)
                                                                8/26
 Energy efficiency – EU buildings sector
  Energy savings potential in the buildings sector

   Energetical refurbishment of the building stock

   Higher renovation rates towards low-energy buildings
    would speed up

   Main barriers: high upfront investment costs, low level
    of professional training, lack of information

   Possible answers: exemplary role of public sector,
    more financial support and targeted professional
    training
 EPBD: legislation on EE for buildings
   EPBD – Key elements (Directive 2002/91/EC)

      A methodology to calculate and rate the energy
       performance

      Minimum energy performance requirements for new
       and existing buildings that undergo major renovation

      Energy performance certificates

      Regular inspections of heating and air conditioning
       systems
 EPBD: legislation on EE for buildings
 EPBD: legislation on EE for buildings
   Recast EPBD (Directive 2010/31/EU)

      Directive 2010/31/EU = recast of Directive
       2002/91/EC on the energy performance of
       buildings

      July 2010 - Entry into force

      Implementation by Member States two years
       after entry into force (second half of 2012)
 Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU
  Recast EPBD - compared with Directive 2002/91/EC

  The whole principle is still the same:

     General framework (principle of subsidiarity)
     Minimum energy requirements
     Integration of alternative systems from RES
     Energy Performance Certificates (EPC)
     Inspection of the efficiency of heating and cooling
     Independent experts for certification
     Exemplary role of public sector
 Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU
  New in the Recast EPBD

   introduction of "nearly zero energy buildings" 2021
    (public sector 2019)
   Extension of minimum requirements to all buildings
   Methodology for calculating the cost-optimal level
   Strengthening Energy Performance Certificates (EPC)
   Independent control system for EPCs
   Publication of the EPCs in all commercial
    announcements
   Extension of display (>500m2, 2015>250m2)
 Near to zero – buildings after 2019
   “Nearly zero-energy” buildings from 2019/2021:

       Art. 9 (1): MS shall ensure, that

        By 31 December 2020 all new buildings occupied are
         nearly zero-energy buildings and
        after 31 Dezember 2018, new buildings occupied and
         owned by public authorities are nearly zero-energy
         buildings

       MS shall draw up national plans for increasing
        the number of nearly zero-energy buildings
 Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU
  Methodology for calculating the cost-optimal level

   EPBD gives instruction on how to set minimum
    performance requirements
   Rationale: equivalent level of ambition but no
    harmonisation
   Aim: Shift focus from upfront investment costs to life
    cycle costs
   Based on CEN standards
   MS complete framework with national parameters and
    report calculations + input data to the Commission
   Comparison of result with current requirements and
    adjust building codes if needed
 Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU
          50
  Costs



          40                 Investment +
                             maintenance
          30
                             costs
          20

          10
                                            Cost-effective
           0

          -10

          -20                       Net cost*                  Cost-optimal

          -30
                             Energy cost
          -40
                             savings
          -50
                                                   Ambition of requirements
                    e.g. Thickness of insulation and/or efficiency of systems
                * = sum of Investment/maintenance costs + Energy cost savings   17/26
 Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU
  Tasks of the Commission in the Recast EPBD

   New mandate for second generation of CEN-standards
   Framework for calculation methodology on cost-
    optimal levels (mid 2011)
   Voluntary EU labelling scheme
   every 3 years report of MS – improvement of
    monitoring
   examination of measures set by MS
 Financing and supporting measures
  Promotion of energy efficiency at EU-level

      ERDF: since 2009 for EE/RES in retrofitting,
       since 2010 new financial instruments (JESSICA)
      ELENA: since 2009 grant for technical assistance
       for EE/RES on regional und local level
      EEE-F: New European Energy Efficiency Facility:
       ~200 Mio.€ in cooperation with EIB for technical
       assistance, investment facilitation, contracting
      Impact assessment: financing instruments for EE
      Analysis of the appropriateness of EU funding for
       the EPBD as requested by the EPBD
 Support with Implementation
     EPBD        • Committees     • CEN EPBD
implementation   • Concerted        standards
    support      Action EPBD


                 • Cohesion       Possibilities for   • IEE programme
  Financial &
                   policy funds   • State Aid         • Research FP
     fiscal      • ELENA          • VAT reduced       •EU CONCERTO
 instruments     • EEE-F            rates             initiative

                                  • Sustainable       • ManagEnergy
 Networks                           Energy Europe       network
                                    Campaign
Thank you!

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EU Energy policies for buildings

  • 1. EU - Energy policies for buildings IEA workshop on building envelope policies and technologies 18 November 2011 Emmanuel Cabau
  • 2.  The EU 20-20-20 targets by 2020 100% -20% +20% +20% 8,5% Greenhouse Energy Renewables in gas levels efficency energy mix 2/26
  • 3.  The EU 20-20-20 targets by 2020 3/26
  • 4.  Multiple needs for action  Face climate change  Face economic crisis  Care for affordability  Care for security 4
  • 5.  New strategies on EU level Energy efficiency is key priority on EU level  “Energy 2020” - European Strategy for Energy  Proposal of a new Energy Efficiency Plan (EEP) of 8 March 2011  Buildings also part of the proposal for a new Energy Efficiency Directive, adopted by the COM at 22 June 2011 (repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC) 5
  • 6.  New Energy Efficiency Plan (EEP) Policy concepts in the new EEP  reach 20% - objectives  mainstream energy efficiency in all relevant policy areas  build up commitment towards further energy efficiency up to and beyond 2020  EEP will address energy saving potential in all relevant sectors (buildings, transport, industry etc.) 6
  • 7.  New Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) Policy concepts in the new EED  Energy efficiency obligation: MS make sure that an equivalent of 1.5% of annually energy sales are saved through energy efficiency measures  Public sector: lead by example: annual renovation works covering at least 3% of total floor area of their buildings  Consumers: individual metering for better energy management  Industry: obligations for larger companies to undergo energy audits, incentives for small and medium sized companies  Energy generation: monitoring of new energy generation capacities  Energy transmission and distribution: national energy regulators should decide taking energy efficiency criteria into account 7
  • 8.  Energy efficiency – EU buildings sector Buildings responsible for: EU 27 total ~40 % of EU-Energy use ~36 % CO2-emissions EU- • 9% of EU 27 GDP Buildings • 8% der EU-employees sector 40% 36%  Basic European framework: Directive on the energy Energy CO2- performance of buildings use emmissions (EPBD) 8/26
  • 9.  Energy efficiency – EU buildings sector Energy savings potential in the buildings sector  Energetical refurbishment of the building stock  Higher renovation rates towards low-energy buildings would speed up  Main barriers: high upfront investment costs, low level of professional training, lack of information  Possible answers: exemplary role of public sector, more financial support and targeted professional training
  • 10.  EPBD: legislation on EE for buildings EPBD – Key elements (Directive 2002/91/EC)  A methodology to calculate and rate the energy performance  Minimum energy performance requirements for new and existing buildings that undergo major renovation  Energy performance certificates  Regular inspections of heating and air conditioning systems
  • 11.  EPBD: legislation on EE for buildings
  • 12.  EPBD: legislation on EE for buildings Recast EPBD (Directive 2010/31/EU)  Directive 2010/31/EU = recast of Directive 2002/91/EC on the energy performance of buildings  July 2010 - Entry into force  Implementation by Member States two years after entry into force (second half of 2012)
  • 13.  Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU Recast EPBD - compared with Directive 2002/91/EC The whole principle is still the same:  General framework (principle of subsidiarity)  Minimum energy requirements  Integration of alternative systems from RES  Energy Performance Certificates (EPC)  Inspection of the efficiency of heating and cooling  Independent experts for certification  Exemplary role of public sector
  • 14.  Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU New in the Recast EPBD  introduction of "nearly zero energy buildings" 2021 (public sector 2019)  Extension of minimum requirements to all buildings  Methodology for calculating the cost-optimal level  Strengthening Energy Performance Certificates (EPC)  Independent control system for EPCs  Publication of the EPCs in all commercial announcements  Extension of display (>500m2, 2015>250m2)
  • 15.  Near to zero – buildings after 2019 “Nearly zero-energy” buildings from 2019/2021:  Art. 9 (1): MS shall ensure, that  By 31 December 2020 all new buildings occupied are nearly zero-energy buildings and  after 31 Dezember 2018, new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities are nearly zero-energy buildings  MS shall draw up national plans for increasing the number of nearly zero-energy buildings
  • 16.  Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU Methodology for calculating the cost-optimal level  EPBD gives instruction on how to set minimum performance requirements  Rationale: equivalent level of ambition but no harmonisation  Aim: Shift focus from upfront investment costs to life cycle costs  Based on CEN standards  MS complete framework with national parameters and report calculations + input data to the Commission  Comparison of result with current requirements and adjust building codes if needed
  • 17.  Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU 50 Costs 40 Investment + maintenance 30 costs 20 10 Cost-effective 0 -10 -20 Net cost* Cost-optimal -30 Energy cost -40 savings -50 Ambition of requirements e.g. Thickness of insulation and/or efficiency of systems * = sum of Investment/maintenance costs + Energy cost savings 17/26
  • 18.  Recast EPBD - Directive 2010/31/EU Tasks of the Commission in the Recast EPBD  New mandate for second generation of CEN-standards  Framework for calculation methodology on cost- optimal levels (mid 2011)  Voluntary EU labelling scheme  every 3 years report of MS – improvement of monitoring  examination of measures set by MS
  • 19.  Financing and supporting measures Promotion of energy efficiency at EU-level  ERDF: since 2009 for EE/RES in retrofitting, since 2010 new financial instruments (JESSICA)  ELENA: since 2009 grant for technical assistance for EE/RES on regional und local level  EEE-F: New European Energy Efficiency Facility: ~200 Mio.€ in cooperation with EIB for technical assistance, investment facilitation, contracting  Impact assessment: financing instruments for EE  Analysis of the appropriateness of EU funding for the EPBD as requested by the EPBD
  • 20.  Support with Implementation EPBD • Committees • CEN EPBD implementation • Concerted standards support Action EPBD • Cohesion Possibilities for • IEE programme Financial & policy funds • State Aid • Research FP fiscal • ELENA • VAT reduced •EU CONCERTO instruments • EEE-F rates initiative • Sustainable • ManagEnergy Networks Energy Europe network Campaign