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Introduction
What is an essay ?
An essay is a piece of writing that usually has five or more
paragraphs. An essay is written about one topic that has
several main points. The main points are introduced in an
introductory paragraph and supported in body
paragraphs. The conclusion is the last paragraph.
Essay
Introduction
_____________
Body Paragraph 1
_____________
Body Paragraph 2
_____________
Body Paragraph 3
_____________
Conclusion
_____________
Essay Format
Introduction
Body
Conclusion
Thesis Statement
Introduction
0 First part of an essay
0 Try to capture the reader’s attention
Introduction Format
0 1. Attention getter
0 2. State your problem
0 3. Bridge or transition sentences
0 4. Thesis statement (always at the end)
Ways to Start Your Introduction
0 Strategy
0 Provide some interesting
background about the topic in
the form of a general statement
0 Use a thought-provoking
quotation
0 Ask a question about your topic
0 State a surprising fact or a
puzzling statement
0 Start with a short story
0 Examples
0 Today’s gnome owners become
tomorrow’s leaders.
0 “Gnomes are creatures to be
loved, not feared!”
Dr. S. Rosner
0 Why don’t many people like
gnomes?
0 In 1693, the first gnome was
brought to America.
0 Little Susie looked out her
window, only to see her precious
gnome, Willard, was being
stolen….
Ways to Start Your Introduction
0 Strategy
0 State a common
misconception
0 Describe a problem
0 Give an analogy
0 Show how the topic is
related to the reader’s
experience
0 Examples
0 People don’t learn bad
habits from gnomes.
0 Everyone knows what a
problem gnome-napping
has become in our society.
0 Gnomes are just like
children.
0 Most people know how
difficult it is to take care of
garden gnomes.
Introduction
0 Make a bridge to connect the attention getting
sentence(s) to your thesis statement
0 Common way to make a bridge is to explain why the
topic is important.
0 This bridge is often a few sentences long.
0 Conclude introductory paragraph with the most
important idea of the essay-THE THESIS
STATEMENT
The Parts of a Thesis Statement
Topic Opinion
3
Reasons
The Functions of a Thesis
Statement
To announce the topic to the reader
To reflect a judgment about the topic
To provide the reader with a blueprint
of what is to come in the paper
Example of an Introduction
0 Example
Gnome-Phobia in America
1. In 2004, the Gnome Liberation Front (GLF) was created. This group of people believes that
gnomes should be free, not prisoners of their owner’s garden. 2. The GLF has now begun
gnome-napping, the act of stealing gnomes and “freeing them” in the wilderness; however, the
law is unwilling to do anything. 3. Many police state that the gnomes are not a serious enough
offense to deal with and that they have larger crimes to deal with. This is not acceptable. The
law should be taking the gnome-napping more seriously because people are committing a
crime. 4. Gnome-napping is stealing personal property, and is illegal, morally wrong, and
disrespectful.
0 1. Attention getter
0 2. State your problem.
0 3. Bridge or transition sentences
0 4. Thesis statement
0 **NOTE: This doesn’t mean your intro is 4 sentences long. It just has 4 parts.
Example
An Introduction
Attention-Getter
Thesis Statement
“Metropolitan City is full of charm and scenic beauty, so visitors
from around the world come to enjoy its famous theaters,museums,
countless ethnic restaurants, and scenic wonders. Although
Metropolitan City seems like a paradise, it isn’t. The city has
several serious problems: poor public transportation, congested
streets, and expensive housing”
(Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 92).
The Body
0The body is a set of paragraphs that develop
the idea expressed in the thesis statement.
0Make a list of main ideas that support the thesis statement.
Each main idea becomes the main idea sentence for a body
paragraph.
0Arrange the main ideas in logical order (time, place,
importance)
0Plan out each body paragraph by listing major details that
support each main idea
0Order the details within each paragraph in a logical way.
Each body paragraph may end with a concluding sentence.
Example Essay Outline
Thesis Statement
Gnome-napping is stealing personal property, and is illegal, morally wrong, and
disrespectful.
Body Paragraph 1
Topic Sentence: Gnome-napping is stealing someone’s personal property, and stealing is illegal.
Main Points: 1.
2.
3.
Body Paragraph 2
Topic Sentence: It is morally wrong to take anyone’s property, whether it is a gnome or a car.
Main Points: 1.
2.
3.
Body Paragraph 3
Topic Sentence: The GLF is incredibly disrespectful because they take items that don’t belong them.
Main Points: 1.
2.
3.
The Writing Stage
0 After planning and arranging your main ideas and
major details, begin writing your body paragraphs.
0 The number of paragraphs depends on the topic’s
complexity, inclusiveness, and your purpose for
writing.
0 Usually a short essay contains 3 to 5 body
paragraphs, plus an introduction and conclusion
0 Remember to use signal words to make smooth
transitions between sentences and paragraphs.
Signal/Transition Words
0For examples: For example, for instance, to
illustrate
0For organization or chronological order: The
six steps are…, next, finally first, secondly,
third
0For additional points: Furthermore, in
addition, also, moreover
0For opposing ideas: On the other hand, in
contrast, although, however
0For similar ideas: Likewise, similarly, in
comparison
Signal/Transition Words
0For exceptions: However, nevertheless, but,
yet, still
0For emphasis: Above all, finally, more
importantly
0For understanding: In other words, in essence,
briefly
0For summarizing: In conclusion, to sum up, for
these reasons, in a nutshell
0For exams: Remember this, this is important,
this could be on the test
Example
Body Paragraph
Topic Sentence
Supporting Sentences
Concluding Sentence
“The first and most important problem is Metropolitan City’s inadequate
public transportation system. Thousands of residents rely on the city’s buses
and streetcars to travel throughout this large city, but Metro Transportation
System’s daily schedules are totally unreliable. A bus or streetcar that should
arrive at 7:45 may not arrive until 8:00 or later. Moreover, it is not unusual
for a bus driver to pass up groups of people waiting for the bus, because he
wants to make up for lost time. Unfortunately, people often end up going to
work late or missing important appointments. In order for people to get to
their destinations on time, people must allow for waiting time at the bus and
streetcar stops” (Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 79).
Parts of an Essay
Conclusion
The conclusion paragraph is the last paragraph in the essay. It
completes the essay by summarizing or repeating the most
important ideas. The conclusion can also include an opinion, a
prediction, or a solution to a problem.
Body Paragraph 1
Introduction
Conclusion
Body Paragraph 2
Body Paragraph 3
Conclusion
0Leave the reader thinking about your topic. Leave
an impression on them!
0No new information in conclusion
0Be sure to recap your ideas
0Should follow logically from the body of the essay
0Restate your thesis statement in different words
0You might want to have your reader do something
after reading (“call to action” – Example: Go write
your Senator about this problem.)
Example
Conclusion
Summary of Main Ideas
Prediction
“In conclusion, Metropolitan City must improve its public transit system,
clear up the massive traffic jams caused by slow-moving traffic in the
downtown areas, and keep rentals down to affordable levels. In other words,
Metropolitan City must improve its image, or it will soon become just another
mediocre city due to the lack of administrative responsibility to solve these
unfortunate problems”
(Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 79).
Example
An Introduction
Attention-Getter
Thesis Statement
Going to a new school can be exciting, but for an international
student, the years of education in a different country can be
difficult and tumultuous. When I first arrived in the U.S. to attend a
university, I was overwhelmed and confused by everything new.
Fortunately, I met three very special friends who made a positive
impact on my life during those years and helped me survive the
trials of being a foreigner in a completely different educational
system.
Example
Body Paragraph
Topic Sentence
Supporting Sentences
Concluding Sentence
One of the first people I met was Joe Frieda. I first met Joe standing in a
line at the bookstore. I was having a difficult time finding the books for the
English classes I was taking my first semester here. He not only helped me
find my books, but he also gave me some good advice on where to get
tutorial help on campus and where I could find some good restaurants.
We’ve become better friends since then and he has been so helpful in
answering any questions I have about going to school in the U.S. and about
American culture. If I hadn’t met Joe that day, I might still be looking for the
right books for my classes!
“The significance of the kindness that these three people showed me and
the impact that it has made on my life during my experience as an
international student at State University cannot be underestimated. I will
never forget their friendship and will remember their examples of kindness to
me whenever I encounter other foreigners in my own country.
Example
Conclusion
Summary of Main Ideas
Promise or Resolution
Overview of an Essay
Body Paragraphs
Support the main
ideas of the thesis
statement
Begin with topic
sentences
Introduction
General statements
and information
about the topic
Thesis statement-
lists the main ideas
in the essay
Conclusion
Brief summary of
main points of the
essay
Body
Paragraph 1
Body
Paragraph 2
Body
Paragraph 3

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1. how to write an essay.ppt

  • 1.
  • 2. Introduction What is an essay ? An essay is a piece of writing that usually has five or more paragraphs. An essay is written about one topic that has several main points. The main points are introduced in an introductory paragraph and supported in body paragraphs. The conclusion is the last paragraph. Essay Introduction _____________ Body Paragraph 1 _____________ Body Paragraph 2 _____________ Body Paragraph 3 _____________ Conclusion _____________
  • 4. Introduction 0 First part of an essay 0 Try to capture the reader’s attention Introduction Format 0 1. Attention getter 0 2. State your problem 0 3. Bridge or transition sentences 0 4. Thesis statement (always at the end)
  • 5. Ways to Start Your Introduction 0 Strategy 0 Provide some interesting background about the topic in the form of a general statement 0 Use a thought-provoking quotation 0 Ask a question about your topic 0 State a surprising fact or a puzzling statement 0 Start with a short story 0 Examples 0 Today’s gnome owners become tomorrow’s leaders. 0 “Gnomes are creatures to be loved, not feared!” Dr. S. Rosner 0 Why don’t many people like gnomes? 0 In 1693, the first gnome was brought to America. 0 Little Susie looked out her window, only to see her precious gnome, Willard, was being stolen….
  • 6. Ways to Start Your Introduction 0 Strategy 0 State a common misconception 0 Describe a problem 0 Give an analogy 0 Show how the topic is related to the reader’s experience 0 Examples 0 People don’t learn bad habits from gnomes. 0 Everyone knows what a problem gnome-napping has become in our society. 0 Gnomes are just like children. 0 Most people know how difficult it is to take care of garden gnomes.
  • 7. Introduction 0 Make a bridge to connect the attention getting sentence(s) to your thesis statement 0 Common way to make a bridge is to explain why the topic is important. 0 This bridge is often a few sentences long. 0 Conclude introductory paragraph with the most important idea of the essay-THE THESIS STATEMENT
  • 8. The Parts of a Thesis Statement Topic Opinion 3 Reasons
  • 9. The Functions of a Thesis Statement To announce the topic to the reader To reflect a judgment about the topic To provide the reader with a blueprint of what is to come in the paper
  • 10. Example of an Introduction 0 Example Gnome-Phobia in America 1. In 2004, the Gnome Liberation Front (GLF) was created. This group of people believes that gnomes should be free, not prisoners of their owner’s garden. 2. The GLF has now begun gnome-napping, the act of stealing gnomes and “freeing them” in the wilderness; however, the law is unwilling to do anything. 3. Many police state that the gnomes are not a serious enough offense to deal with and that they have larger crimes to deal with. This is not acceptable. The law should be taking the gnome-napping more seriously because people are committing a crime. 4. Gnome-napping is stealing personal property, and is illegal, morally wrong, and disrespectful. 0 1. Attention getter 0 2. State your problem. 0 3. Bridge or transition sentences 0 4. Thesis statement 0 **NOTE: This doesn’t mean your intro is 4 sentences long. It just has 4 parts.
  • 11. Example An Introduction Attention-Getter Thesis Statement “Metropolitan City is full of charm and scenic beauty, so visitors from around the world come to enjoy its famous theaters,museums, countless ethnic restaurants, and scenic wonders. Although Metropolitan City seems like a paradise, it isn’t. The city has several serious problems: poor public transportation, congested streets, and expensive housing” (Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 92).
  • 12. The Body 0The body is a set of paragraphs that develop the idea expressed in the thesis statement. 0Make a list of main ideas that support the thesis statement. Each main idea becomes the main idea sentence for a body paragraph. 0Arrange the main ideas in logical order (time, place, importance) 0Plan out each body paragraph by listing major details that support each main idea 0Order the details within each paragraph in a logical way. Each body paragraph may end with a concluding sentence.
  • 13. Example Essay Outline Thesis Statement Gnome-napping is stealing personal property, and is illegal, morally wrong, and disrespectful. Body Paragraph 1 Topic Sentence: Gnome-napping is stealing someone’s personal property, and stealing is illegal. Main Points: 1. 2. 3. Body Paragraph 2 Topic Sentence: It is morally wrong to take anyone’s property, whether it is a gnome or a car. Main Points: 1. 2. 3. Body Paragraph 3 Topic Sentence: The GLF is incredibly disrespectful because they take items that don’t belong them. Main Points: 1. 2. 3.
  • 14. The Writing Stage 0 After planning and arranging your main ideas and major details, begin writing your body paragraphs. 0 The number of paragraphs depends on the topic’s complexity, inclusiveness, and your purpose for writing. 0 Usually a short essay contains 3 to 5 body paragraphs, plus an introduction and conclusion 0 Remember to use signal words to make smooth transitions between sentences and paragraphs.
  • 15. Signal/Transition Words 0For examples: For example, for instance, to illustrate 0For organization or chronological order: The six steps are…, next, finally first, secondly, third 0For additional points: Furthermore, in addition, also, moreover 0For opposing ideas: On the other hand, in contrast, although, however 0For similar ideas: Likewise, similarly, in comparison
  • 16. Signal/Transition Words 0For exceptions: However, nevertheless, but, yet, still 0For emphasis: Above all, finally, more importantly 0For understanding: In other words, in essence, briefly 0For summarizing: In conclusion, to sum up, for these reasons, in a nutshell 0For exams: Remember this, this is important, this could be on the test
  • 17. Example Body Paragraph Topic Sentence Supporting Sentences Concluding Sentence “The first and most important problem is Metropolitan City’s inadequate public transportation system. Thousands of residents rely on the city’s buses and streetcars to travel throughout this large city, but Metro Transportation System’s daily schedules are totally unreliable. A bus or streetcar that should arrive at 7:45 may not arrive until 8:00 or later. Moreover, it is not unusual for a bus driver to pass up groups of people waiting for the bus, because he wants to make up for lost time. Unfortunately, people often end up going to work late or missing important appointments. In order for people to get to their destinations on time, people must allow for waiting time at the bus and streetcar stops” (Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 79).
  • 18. Parts of an Essay Conclusion The conclusion paragraph is the last paragraph in the essay. It completes the essay by summarizing or repeating the most important ideas. The conclusion can also include an opinion, a prediction, or a solution to a problem. Body Paragraph 1 Introduction Conclusion Body Paragraph 2 Body Paragraph 3
  • 19. Conclusion 0Leave the reader thinking about your topic. Leave an impression on them! 0No new information in conclusion 0Be sure to recap your ideas 0Should follow logically from the body of the essay 0Restate your thesis statement in different words 0You might want to have your reader do something after reading (“call to action” – Example: Go write your Senator about this problem.)
  • 20. Example Conclusion Summary of Main Ideas Prediction “In conclusion, Metropolitan City must improve its public transit system, clear up the massive traffic jams caused by slow-moving traffic in the downtown areas, and keep rentals down to affordable levels. In other words, Metropolitan City must improve its image, or it will soon become just another mediocre city due to the lack of administrative responsibility to solve these unfortunate problems” (Hogue, A. & Oshima, A., 1991, p. 79).
  • 21. Example An Introduction Attention-Getter Thesis Statement Going to a new school can be exciting, but for an international student, the years of education in a different country can be difficult and tumultuous. When I first arrived in the U.S. to attend a university, I was overwhelmed and confused by everything new. Fortunately, I met three very special friends who made a positive impact on my life during those years and helped me survive the trials of being a foreigner in a completely different educational system.
  • 22. Example Body Paragraph Topic Sentence Supporting Sentences Concluding Sentence One of the first people I met was Joe Frieda. I first met Joe standing in a line at the bookstore. I was having a difficult time finding the books for the English classes I was taking my first semester here. He not only helped me find my books, but he also gave me some good advice on where to get tutorial help on campus and where I could find some good restaurants. We’ve become better friends since then and he has been so helpful in answering any questions I have about going to school in the U.S. and about American culture. If I hadn’t met Joe that day, I might still be looking for the right books for my classes!
  • 23. “The significance of the kindness that these three people showed me and the impact that it has made on my life during my experience as an international student at State University cannot be underestimated. I will never forget their friendship and will remember their examples of kindness to me whenever I encounter other foreigners in my own country. Example Conclusion Summary of Main Ideas Promise or Resolution
  • 24. Overview of an Essay Body Paragraphs Support the main ideas of the thesis statement Begin with topic sentences Introduction General statements and information about the topic Thesis statement- lists the main ideas in the essay Conclusion Brief summary of main points of the essay Body Paragraph 1 Body Paragraph 2 Body Paragraph 3