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The hedonic scale values actions on how much
they create of these two states.
The hedonic scale values actions on how much
they create of these two states.
Pleasure & Pain

Act Consequentialism
This philosopher who gives us a purely
quantitative hedonic utilitarianism.
This philosopher who gives us a purely
quantitative hedonic utilitarianism.
Bentham

Act Consequentialism
This philosopher said that it is better to be
Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied; better
to be a man unhappy than a pig happy in his
slop.
This philosopher said that it is better to be
Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied; better
to be a man unhappy than a pig happy in his
slop.
John Stuart Mill

Act Consequentialism
This is the word meaning a duty above and
beyond the normal call of duty in utilitarianism.
This is the word meaning a duty above and
beyond the normal call of duty in utilitarianism.
Supererogation

Act Consequentialism
These are the criterion in which something is
measured in its propensity to beget like
outcomes and dissimilar ones.
These are the criterion in which something is
measured in its propensity to beget like
outcomes and dissimilar ones.
Fecundity & Purity

Act Consequentialism
In rule consequentialism, the rightness or
wrongness of an action depends on whether it is
prohibited or required by this.
In rule consequentialism, the rightness or
wrongness of an action depends on whether it is
prohibited or required by this.
An Ideal Code of Rules

Rule Consequentialism
This is an example of a “prevent disaster” rule.
This is an example of a “prevent disaster” rule.
Ex.: Always keep your promise;
unless keeping your promise results in
disaster.

Rule Consequentialism
The issue that enough people in a society would
obey a particular rule in rule consequentialism is
called this “problem.”
The issue that enough people in a society would
obey a particular rule in rule consequentialism is
called this “problem.”
The Problem of Partial Compliance

Rule Consequentialism
This is an example of a rule that collapses rule
consequentialism into act consequentialism
(Not really about rule consequentialism)
This is an example of a rule that collapses rule
consequentialism into act consequentialism
(Not really about rule consequentialism)
Ex.: You should always keep your promises;
unless another choice would provide a better
outcome ( higher utility ) like lying to save a life pg 157

Rule Consequentialism
This kind of consequentialism sets a minimum
acceptable value for actions, as a defense
against excessive obligation.
This kind of consequentialism sets a minimum
acceptable value for actions, as a defense
against excessive obligation.
Satisficing Consequentialism
Good Enough

Rule Consequentialism
Rather than a normative theory about what is
right and wrong, psychological egoism is this
kind of theory.
Rather than a normative theory about what is
right and wrong, psychological egoism is this
kind of theory.
Descriptive

Psychological Egoism
This is the opposite of psychological egoism.
This is the opposite of psychological egoism.
Psychological Altruism

Psychological Egoism
The theory that people are sometimes driven by
charitable motives but are most of the time
driven by self-interest the kind of account.
The theory that people are sometimes driven by
charitable motives but are most of the time
driven by self-interest the kind of account.
Motivational Pluralism

Psychological Egoism
As with the principle of doctrine of double
effect, psychological egoism places high
importance on the difference between ultimate
or final ends and these.
As with the principle of doctrine of double
effect, psychological egoism places high
importance on the difference between ultimate
or final ends and these.
Intermediate Ends

Psychological Egoism
That obligation implies capability is often called
this shorthand argument.
That obligation implies capability is often called
this shorthand argument.
Ought implies Can

Psychological Egoism
Ethical egoism places this person as the agent of
primary importance in deciding the
permissibility of an action.
Ethical egoism places this person as the agent of
primary importance in deciding the
permissibility of an action.
The individual self

Ethical Egoism
Unlike traditional ethical egoism, this is the form
of the moral theory that focuses on the agent’s
beliefs regarding outcomes rather than the
actual outcomes of action.
Unlike traditional ethical egoism, this is the form
of the moral theory that focuses on the agent’s
beliefs regarding outcomes rather than the
actual outcomes of action.
Subjective Ethical Egoism

Ethical Egoism
This is the name for the intuitively plausible
principle that seems to contradict consistency
for ethical egoism.
This is the name for the intuitively plausible
principle that seems to contradict consistency
for ethical egoism.
Principle of Non-Interference (195)

Ethical Egoism
Ethical egoism, according to Timmons fails this
standard of evaluation, introduced in chapter
seven.
Ethical egoism, according to Timmons fails this
standard of evaluation, introduced in chapter
seven.
Publicity

Ethical Egoism
The non-moral theory with ties to ethical egoism
that seeks to provide logical permissibility for
certain actions is called this.
The non-moral theory with ties to ethical egoism
that seeks to provide logical permissibility for
certain actions is called this.
Rational Egoism or Rational Ethical Egoism

Ethical Egoism
Between Rawls and Rand, this philosopher
wrote our supplementary text first.
Between Rawls and Rand, this philosopher
wrote our supplementary text first.
Rand

Rawls & Rand
In Rawls, the pre-society state in his thought
experiment is called this.
In Rawls, the pre-society state in his thought
experiment is called this.
The Original Position

Rawls & Rand
This brand of ethics says that the facts of our
being determines how we ought to be morally.
This brand of ethics says that the facts of our
being determines how we ought to be morally.
Objectivism aka Objectivist Ethics

Rawls & Rand
For Rawls, these are the two rules that are
agreed upon in the pre-societal condition.
For Rawls, these are the two rules that are
agreed upon in the pre-societal condition.
Difference Principle
&
The Equal Access to Institutions ( Equal Rights )

Rawls & Rand
According to Ayn Rand, these are two of the
three true virtues.
According to Ayn Rand, these are two of the
three true virtues.
Reason - Rationality
Purpose - Productiveness
Self Esteem - Pride

Rawls & Rand
Robert Nozick’s experience machine was meant
as a critic of this kind of consequentialism.
Robert Nozick’s experience machine was meant
as a critic of this kind of consequentialism.
Hedonism

Secondary Sources
Brad Hooker was a prominent advocate of this
ethical theory, developed primarily in the 1950s
and 60s.
Brad Hooker was a prominent advocate of this
ethical theory, developed primarily in the 1950s
and 60s.
Rule Consequentialism

Secondary Sources
C. Daniel Batson’s experiments sought to prove
that humans have this kind of response to other
people in pain.
C. Daniel Batson’s experiments sought to prove
that humans have this kind of response to other
people in pain.
Empathy

Secondary Sources
David Shoemaker’s presentation of the
prisoner’s dilemma says that this action is the
one justified if you and Fabio are both egoists.
David Shoemaker’s presentation of the
prisoner’s dilemma says that this action is the
one justified if you and Fabio are both egoists.
To Confess ( sing, sell out buddy, take a deal )

Secondary Sources
David Brink was cited in our book for his
contributions to this kind of consequentialism,
one that focuses more on the reflective pursuit
of “personal projects”
David Brink was cited in our book for his
contributions to this kind of consequentialism,
one that focuses more on the reflective pursuit
of “personal projects”
Value Pluralism ( 165 )
Utility Calculation
Using expected consequence utilitarianism, and
the probabilities from our book, explain why the
mine shaft problem justifies the pressing of the
third switch.
Utility Calculation
Using expected consequence utilitarianism, and
the probabilities from our book, explain why the
mine shaft problem justifies the pressing of the
third switch.
( see page 132-3)

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Exam 2 Study Guide

  • 1. The hedonic scale values actions on how much they create of these two states.
  • 2. The hedonic scale values actions on how much they create of these two states. Pleasure & Pain Act Consequentialism
  • 3. This philosopher who gives us a purely quantitative hedonic utilitarianism.
  • 4. This philosopher who gives us a purely quantitative hedonic utilitarianism. Bentham Act Consequentialism
  • 5. This philosopher said that it is better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied; better to be a man unhappy than a pig happy in his slop.
  • 6. This philosopher said that it is better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied; better to be a man unhappy than a pig happy in his slop. John Stuart Mill Act Consequentialism
  • 7. This is the word meaning a duty above and beyond the normal call of duty in utilitarianism.
  • 8. This is the word meaning a duty above and beyond the normal call of duty in utilitarianism. Supererogation Act Consequentialism
  • 9. These are the criterion in which something is measured in its propensity to beget like outcomes and dissimilar ones.
  • 10. These are the criterion in which something is measured in its propensity to beget like outcomes and dissimilar ones. Fecundity & Purity Act Consequentialism
  • 11. In rule consequentialism, the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on whether it is prohibited or required by this.
  • 12. In rule consequentialism, the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on whether it is prohibited or required by this. An Ideal Code of Rules Rule Consequentialism
  • 13. This is an example of a “prevent disaster” rule.
  • 14. This is an example of a “prevent disaster” rule. Ex.: Always keep your promise; unless keeping your promise results in disaster. Rule Consequentialism
  • 15. The issue that enough people in a society would obey a particular rule in rule consequentialism is called this “problem.”
  • 16. The issue that enough people in a society would obey a particular rule in rule consequentialism is called this “problem.” The Problem of Partial Compliance Rule Consequentialism
  • 17. This is an example of a rule that collapses rule consequentialism into act consequentialism (Not really about rule consequentialism)
  • 18. This is an example of a rule that collapses rule consequentialism into act consequentialism (Not really about rule consequentialism) Ex.: You should always keep your promises; unless another choice would provide a better outcome ( higher utility ) like lying to save a life pg 157 Rule Consequentialism
  • 19. This kind of consequentialism sets a minimum acceptable value for actions, as a defense against excessive obligation.
  • 20. This kind of consequentialism sets a minimum acceptable value for actions, as a defense against excessive obligation. Satisficing Consequentialism Good Enough Rule Consequentialism
  • 21. Rather than a normative theory about what is right and wrong, psychological egoism is this kind of theory.
  • 22. Rather than a normative theory about what is right and wrong, psychological egoism is this kind of theory. Descriptive Psychological Egoism
  • 23. This is the opposite of psychological egoism.
  • 24. This is the opposite of psychological egoism. Psychological Altruism Psychological Egoism
  • 25. The theory that people are sometimes driven by charitable motives but are most of the time driven by self-interest the kind of account.
  • 26. The theory that people are sometimes driven by charitable motives but are most of the time driven by self-interest the kind of account. Motivational Pluralism Psychological Egoism
  • 27. As with the principle of doctrine of double effect, psychological egoism places high importance on the difference between ultimate or final ends and these.
  • 28. As with the principle of doctrine of double effect, psychological egoism places high importance on the difference between ultimate or final ends and these. Intermediate Ends Psychological Egoism
  • 29. That obligation implies capability is often called this shorthand argument.
  • 30. That obligation implies capability is often called this shorthand argument. Ought implies Can Psychological Egoism
  • 31. Ethical egoism places this person as the agent of primary importance in deciding the permissibility of an action.
  • 32. Ethical egoism places this person as the agent of primary importance in deciding the permissibility of an action. The individual self Ethical Egoism
  • 33. Unlike traditional ethical egoism, this is the form of the moral theory that focuses on the agent’s beliefs regarding outcomes rather than the actual outcomes of action.
  • 34. Unlike traditional ethical egoism, this is the form of the moral theory that focuses on the agent’s beliefs regarding outcomes rather than the actual outcomes of action. Subjective Ethical Egoism Ethical Egoism
  • 35. This is the name for the intuitively plausible principle that seems to contradict consistency for ethical egoism.
  • 36. This is the name for the intuitively plausible principle that seems to contradict consistency for ethical egoism. Principle of Non-Interference (195) Ethical Egoism
  • 37. Ethical egoism, according to Timmons fails this standard of evaluation, introduced in chapter seven.
  • 38. Ethical egoism, according to Timmons fails this standard of evaluation, introduced in chapter seven. Publicity Ethical Egoism
  • 39. The non-moral theory with ties to ethical egoism that seeks to provide logical permissibility for certain actions is called this.
  • 40. The non-moral theory with ties to ethical egoism that seeks to provide logical permissibility for certain actions is called this. Rational Egoism or Rational Ethical Egoism Ethical Egoism
  • 41. Between Rawls and Rand, this philosopher wrote our supplementary text first.
  • 42. Between Rawls and Rand, this philosopher wrote our supplementary text first. Rand Rawls & Rand
  • 43. In Rawls, the pre-society state in his thought experiment is called this.
  • 44. In Rawls, the pre-society state in his thought experiment is called this. The Original Position Rawls & Rand
  • 45. This brand of ethics says that the facts of our being determines how we ought to be morally.
  • 46. This brand of ethics says that the facts of our being determines how we ought to be morally. Objectivism aka Objectivist Ethics Rawls & Rand
  • 47. For Rawls, these are the two rules that are agreed upon in the pre-societal condition.
  • 48. For Rawls, these are the two rules that are agreed upon in the pre-societal condition. Difference Principle & The Equal Access to Institutions ( Equal Rights ) Rawls & Rand
  • 49. According to Ayn Rand, these are two of the three true virtues.
  • 50. According to Ayn Rand, these are two of the three true virtues. Reason - Rationality Purpose - Productiveness Self Esteem - Pride Rawls & Rand
  • 51. Robert Nozick’s experience machine was meant as a critic of this kind of consequentialism.
  • 52. Robert Nozick’s experience machine was meant as a critic of this kind of consequentialism. Hedonism Secondary Sources
  • 53. Brad Hooker was a prominent advocate of this ethical theory, developed primarily in the 1950s and 60s.
  • 54. Brad Hooker was a prominent advocate of this ethical theory, developed primarily in the 1950s and 60s. Rule Consequentialism Secondary Sources
  • 55. C. Daniel Batson’s experiments sought to prove that humans have this kind of response to other people in pain.
  • 56. C. Daniel Batson’s experiments sought to prove that humans have this kind of response to other people in pain. Empathy Secondary Sources
  • 57. David Shoemaker’s presentation of the prisoner’s dilemma says that this action is the one justified if you and Fabio are both egoists.
  • 58. David Shoemaker’s presentation of the prisoner’s dilemma says that this action is the one justified if you and Fabio are both egoists. To Confess ( sing, sell out buddy, take a deal ) Secondary Sources
  • 59. David Brink was cited in our book for his contributions to this kind of consequentialism, one that focuses more on the reflective pursuit of “personal projects”
  • 60. David Brink was cited in our book for his contributions to this kind of consequentialism, one that focuses more on the reflective pursuit of “personal projects” Value Pluralism ( 165 )
  • 61. Utility Calculation Using expected consequence utilitarianism, and the probabilities from our book, explain why the mine shaft problem justifies the pressing of the third switch.
  • 62. Utility Calculation Using expected consequence utilitarianism, and the probabilities from our book, explain why the mine shaft problem justifies the pressing of the third switch. ( see page 132-3)