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USI.7 The Articles of Confederation The United States Constitution and Bill of Rights Political Parties The First Five Pre...
The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Provided for a weak national government </li></ul><ul><li>Gave Congress no power to ...
The Articles of Confederation <ul><ul><li>Why do you think they wanted a weak national government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Changes…to the government of the United States <ul><li>Separation of Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on James Madison’s ...
Legislative Branch (Congress) Makes Laws <ul><li>Congress is made up of two houses (bicameral) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House...
Judicial Branch (Supreme Court) <ul><li>Determines if laws made by the Congress are Constitutional </li></ul>
Executive Branch <ul><li>President  </li></ul><ul><li>Carries out laws made by Congress </li></ul>
Checks and Balances <ul><li>Each branch can check the power of the other (vetoes, appointments) </li></ul><ul><li>These ch...
Bill of Rights  (The First 10 Amendments) <ul><li>James Madison  was the author of the Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
The Federalists ~ Alexander Hamilton <ul><li>Favored a strong national government </li></ul><ul><li>Favored development of...
Democratic Republicans ~  Thomas Jefferson <ul><li>Favored a weak national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Supported States’ Powers...
The First Five Presidents <ul><li>George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Court System was established. </li></ul><ul>...
George Washington
John Adams <ul><li>A Two-Party system emerge during his administration </li></ul>
Thomas Jefferson <ul><li>He bought Louisiana from France (Louisiana Purchase, 1803) </li></ul><ul><li>Lewis and Clark expl...
Lewis and Clark
James Madison <ul><li>The  War of 1812  caused European nations to gain respect for the United States. </li></ul>
James Monroe <ul><li>He wrote the Monroe Doctrine warning European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere. </l...
The Monroe Doctrine
<ul><li>All of the following were weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation  EXCEPT  </li></ul><ul><li>A. it provided fo...
<ul><li>The Articles of Confederation provided for no </li></ul><ul><li>F. legislative branch of government </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Upon what was the structure of the new government of the United States based? </li></ul><ul><li>A. The “Virginia P...
<ul><li>The new government established a legislative branch which </li></ul><ul><li>F. carries out the laws </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Each state is represented by  </li></ul><ul><li>A. two senators </li></ul><ul><li>B. as many senators are needed t...
<ul><li>Which branch of the government decides if laws have been broken or are constitutional? </li></ul><ul><li>F. execut...
<ul><li>What is the name of the system in our government that prevents one branch of government from becoming too powerful...
<ul><li>Who wrote the Bill of Rights? </li></ul><ul><li>F. George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>G. Thomas Jefferson </li></...
<ul><li>What is the guarantee of individual rights in the United States Constitution called? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the 13th...
<ul><li>A strong national government, a limit on states’ rights, development of industry on a national scale, and a nation...
<ul><li>All of the following were parts of the program of the Democratic Republicans  EXCEPT  </li></ul><ul><li>A. they fa...
<ul><li>What was  NOT  an accomplishment of President George Washington during his  administration? </li></ul><ul><li>F. t...
<ul><li>What was a feature of the administration of President John Adams? </li></ul><ul><li>A. France sold Louisiana to th...
<ul><li>What was the reason for writing the Monroe Doctrine? </li></ul><ul><li>F. President Madison did not want European ...
<ul><li>What was the relationship of Lewis and Clarke to the Louisiana Purchase? </li></ul><ul><li>A. President Adams want...
<ul><li>The British invaded New York, burned the White House and the Capitol in 1814 during the administration of Presiden...
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  1. 1. USI.7 The Articles of Confederation The United States Constitution and Bill of Rights Political Parties The First Five Presidents Template from BrainyBetty.com
  2. 2. The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Provided for a weak national government </li></ul><ul><li>Gave Congress no power to tax or regulate commerce among the states </li></ul><ul><li>Provided for no common currency </li></ul><ul><li>Gave each state one vote, regardless of size </li></ul><ul><li>Provided for no executive or judicial branch </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Articles of Confederation <ul><ul><li>Why do you think they wanted a weak national government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How would these conditions cause problems? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the Articles of Confederation make a good government? Why or Why not? How would you suggest changing it? </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Changes…to the government of the United States <ul><li>Separation of Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on James Madison’s Virginia Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called for three separate branches of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative, Executive and Judicial </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Legislative Branch (Congress) Makes Laws <ul><li>Congress is made up of two houses (bicameral) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>House of Representatives & Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Senate: all states are represented equally (2 per state) </li></ul><ul><li>House of Representatives: each state is represented based on population ( Virginia has 11 members in the House) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Judicial Branch (Supreme Court) <ul><li>Determines if laws made by the Congress are Constitutional </li></ul>
  7. 7. Executive Branch <ul><li>President </li></ul><ul><li>Carries out laws made by Congress </li></ul>
  8. 8. Checks and Balances <ul><li>Each branch can check the power of the other (vetoes, appointments) </li></ul><ul><li>These checks can keep/prevent any one branch from gaining too much power. </li></ul>Why do you think they created this system?
  9. 9. Bill of Rights (The First 10 Amendments) <ul><li>James Madison was the author of the Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>They provide a written guarantee of individual rights </li></ul><ul><li>NOT a part of the Constitution, the Bill of Rights were added to the Constitution in 1789 </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Most representatives to the Constitutional Convention would not agree to approve the Constitution until there were written guarantees of people’s rights </li></ul>Why were people's rights important?
  10. 10. The Federalists ~ Alexander Hamilton <ul><li>Favored a strong national government </li></ul><ul><li>Favored development of industry on a national scale </li></ul><ul><li>Favored a National Bank </li></ul>
  11. 11. Democratic Republicans ~ Thomas Jefferson <ul><li>Favored a weak national bank </li></ul><ul><li>Supported States’ Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Favored Small businesses and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed National Bank </li></ul>
  12. 12. The First Five Presidents <ul><li>George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Court System was established. </li></ul><ul><li>Political Parties grew out of the disagreements between Hamilton and Jefferson over the proper role of the national government. </li></ul><ul><li>Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution of the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Plans were initiated for development of the national capital in Washington, D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Benjamin Banneker, an African American astronomer and surveyor, helped complete the design for the city. </li></ul>
  13. 13. George Washington
  14. 14. John Adams <ul><li>A Two-Party system emerge during his administration </li></ul>
  15. 15. Thomas Jefferson <ul><li>He bought Louisiana from France (Louisiana Purchase, 1803) </li></ul><ul><li>Lewis and Clark explored this new land west of the Mississippi River </li></ul>
  16. 16. Lewis and Clark
  17. 17. James Madison <ul><li>The War of 1812 caused European nations to gain respect for the United States. </li></ul>
  18. 18. James Monroe <ul><li>He wrote the Monroe Doctrine warning European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Monroe Doctrine
  20. 20. <ul><li>All of the following were weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation EXCEPT </li></ul><ul><li>A. it provided for a weak national government </li></ul><ul><li>B. it gave Congress no power to tax or regulate commerce among the states </li></ul><ul><li>C. it provided for no common currency </li></ul><ul><li>D. it gave each state a vote according to its population </li></ul>D
  21. 21. <ul><li>The Articles of Confederation provided for no </li></ul><ul><li>F. legislative branch of government </li></ul><ul><li>G. executive branch of government </li></ul><ul><li>H. judicial branch of government </li></ul><ul><li>J. both G and H </li></ul>J
  22. 22. <ul><li>Upon what was the structure of the new government of the United States based? </li></ul><ul><li>A. The “Virginia Plan” of James Madison that called for three branches of government </li></ul><ul><li>B. all states were represented by one senator </li></ul><ul><li>C. all states were represented equally in the House of Representatives </li></ul><ul><li>D. each state had a Supreme Court which was the “law of the land ” </li></ul>A
  23. 23. <ul><li>The new government established a legislative branch which </li></ul><ul><li>F. carries out the laws </li></ul><ul><li>G. determines if laws have been broken </li></ul><ul><li>H. makes the laws </li></ul><ul><li>J. decides if the people are represented in the House of Representatives by the population of each state </li></ul>H
  24. 24. <ul><li>Each state is represented by </li></ul><ul><li>A. two senators </li></ul><ul><li>B. as many senators are needed to represent the population of the state </li></ul><ul><li>C. more senators if their population is larger </li></ul><ul><li>D. at least three senators </li></ul>A
  25. 25. <ul><li>Which branch of the government decides if laws have been broken or are constitutional? </li></ul><ul><li>F. executive branch </li></ul><ul><li>G. legislative branch </li></ul><ul><li>H. judicial branch </li></ul><ul><li>J. administrative branch </li></ul>H
  26. 26. <ul><li>What is the name of the system in our government that prevents one branch of government from becoming too powerful? </li></ul><ul><li>A. Senate review </li></ul><ul><li>B. the amendment process </li></ul><ul><li>C. checks and balances </li></ul><ul><li>D. the filibuster </li></ul>C
  27. 27. <ul><li>Who wrote the Bill of Rights? </li></ul><ul><li>F. George Washington </li></ul><ul><li>G. Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>H. James Madison </li></ul><ul><li>J. Benjamin Franklin </li></ul>H
  28. 28. <ul><li>What is the guarantee of individual rights in the United States Constitution called? </li></ul><ul><li>A. the 13th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>B. the 14th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>C. the 15th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>D. the Bill of Rights </li></ul>D
  29. 29. <ul><li>A strong national government, a limit on states’ rights, development of industry on a national scale, and a national bank were features of the </li></ul><ul><li>F. Democratic Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>G. Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>H. Anti-Federalists </li></ul><ul><li>J. Republicans </li></ul>G
  30. 30. <ul><li>All of the following were parts of the program of the Democratic Republicans EXCEPT </li></ul><ul><li>A. they favored a weak national government </li></ul><ul><li>B. they supported states’ rights </li></ul><ul><li>C. they favored small business and farmers </li></ul><ul><li>D. they favored a strong national bank </li></ul>D
  31. 31. <ul><li>What was NOT an accomplishment of President George Washington during his administration? </li></ul><ul><li>F. the federal court system was established </li></ul><ul><li>G. a two-party system developed </li></ul><ul><li>H. the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>J. plans were developed to build the national capital in Washington, D.C. </li></ul>G
  32. 32. <ul><li>What was a feature of the administration of President John Adams? </li></ul><ul><li>A. France sold Louisiana to the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>B. the Monroe Doctrine was written </li></ul><ul><li>C. the U.S. fought in the War of 1812 </li></ul><ul><li>D. a two-party system developed </li></ul>D
  33. 33. <ul><li>What was the reason for writing the Monroe Doctrine? </li></ul><ul><li>F. President Madison did not want European nations to interfere in the Western Hemisphere </li></ul><ul><li>G. President Jefferson wanted to increase the size of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>H. President Washington did not want a king to rule the United States </li></ul><ul><li>J. President Monroe did not want European nations to interfere in the Western Hemisphere </li></ul>J
  34. 34. <ul><li>What was the relationship of Lewis and Clarke to the Louisiana Purchase? </li></ul><ul><li>A. President Adams wanted them to explore the land west of the Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>B. President Madison wanted them to explore the land west of the Mississippi so it could be given to England </li></ul><ul><li>C. President Jefferson wanted them to explore the land west of the Mississippi after he bought it from France </li></ul><ul><li>D. They formed the first political parties in the Louisiana Purchase </li></ul>C
  35. 35. <ul><li>The British invaded New York, burned the White House and the Capitol in 1814 during the administration of President </li></ul><ul><li>F. Washington </li></ul><ul><li>G. Adams </li></ul><ul><li>H. Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>J. Madison </li></ul>J

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