Federalists vs.Federalists vs.
An indepth presentationAn indepth presentation
This powerpoint, based on the Federalist and
Republican Party, reflects the different points of
view from both sides. In addition to learning
about the Federalists and the Republicans, you
will learn about the formation of the two, and
how it effected our lives today. You will also learn
about a national debate from Hamilton and
Jefferson and what happened before and after.
You will learn back from the Federalist Papers to
today. Lastly, you’ll learn about our leaders’ lives,
their differences and similarities, and the
summary of the political parties.
Table of ContentsTable of Contents
1. Title Page
3. Table of Contents
4. Summary of Party
5. Federalists vs. Anti-
6. Federalists and Republicans
7. How Federalists Were
8. How Republicans Were
9. Biography of Thomas
10. Biography of Alexander
11. Venn Diagram
12. Federalists Papers Info.
13. Concept Map
14. Table of Contents
15. Matching Game
16. Answers to Game
17. 20 Question Test
18. 20 Question Test (cont.)
21. Made By.
Summary of PartySummary of Party
In the party, Federalists vs. Republicans, two
groups of people try to prove that their way of
government is the right way. The leader of the
Federalists was Thomas Jefferson and the leader
of the Republicans was Alexander Hamilton. The
Federalists wanted a strong central government
and a loose interpretation of the Constitution. The
Republicans favored states' rights more than a
central government and they had a strict
interpretation of the Constitution. Another big
difference was that the Federalists encouraged
commerce and manufacturing. While the
Republicans preferred agriculture. These two
sides had totally different points of view of how
the country should be run. What do you think
would be best for the time era 1780-1801?
Federalist Arguments Anti-Federalist Arguments
•A listing of rights can be a
dangerous thing. If the national
government were to protect
specific listed rights, what would
stop it from violating rights other
than the listed ones? Since we
can’t list all the rights, the
Federalists argued that it’s better
to list none at all.
•The separation of powers into
three independent branches
protected the rights of the
people. Each branch represents a
different aspect of the people,
and because all three branches
are equal, no one group can
assume control over another.
•The Constitution gave too much
power to the national government
at the expense of the state
•There was no Bill of Rights.
•The national government could
maintain an army in peacetime
•Congress, because of the
“necessary and proper clause,”
wielded too much power.
•The executive branch held too
Federalists & RepublicansFederalists & Republicans
•Favored strong central
•“Loose” interpretation of the
•Encouragement of commerce
•Strongest in Northeast.
•Favored close ties with
•Emphasized order and
•Emphasized states’ rights.
•“Strict” interpretation of
•Preference for agriculture
and rural life.
•Strength in South and
sympathized with France.
•Stressed civil liberties and
trust in the people.
How the Federalist PartyHow the Federalist Party
was Formedwas Formed
• The Federalist Party appeared during George
term as President as a result of
the Jay Treaty
• The Federalist Party wasn’t started because of the
differences between Jefferson and Hamilton, but
Hamilton’s views did strengthen the party.
• The Northeast states and New Jersey, Delaware,
and Maryland supported the Federalist Party
because they were dominated with commercial
• When John Adams was elected, he let George
Washington’s Cabinet stay as his Cabinet. The
Cabinet members were strong Federalists.
How the Republican PartyHow the Republican Party
was Formedwas Formed
Madison started the party among Congressmen in
Philadelphia as the Republican Party. Then he,
Jefferson, and others reached out to include state
and local leaders around the country, especially
New York and the South. The precise date of
founding is undecided, but around 1792 is a
reasonable estimate; some time in the early
1790s is certain. The new party set up
newspapers that made withering critiques of
Hamilton’s ideas, extolled the yeomen farmer,
argued for strict construction of the Constitution,
supported neutral relations with European
powers, and called for stronger state
governments than the Federalist Party was
Biography of ThomasBiography of Thomas
Year Public Private
1735 Peter Jefferson buys Monticello
1743 Thomas Jefferson born.
1757 Peter Jefferson dies.
1760-62 Thomas goes to College.
1762 Began law studies.
1764 Came into inheritance at 21.
1767 Practices law before General Court.
1768 Elected to House of Burgesses Leveling of Monticello begins
Biography (cont.)Biography (cont.)
1770 Construction begins @ Monticello
1772 Marries Martha. Daughter born.
1773 Graveyard @ Monticello established
1774 Wrote A Summary View of the Rights
of British America
Retired from legal practice.
1775 Elected to Continental Congress Daughter Jane died.
1776 Wrote Declaration of Independence Mother Jane died.
1777 Virginia Statue passed Son born and died.
1778 Drafted an education bill. Daughter Mary born.
1779 Elected as governor
180 Daughter Lucy born.
Biography Cont.Biography Cont.
1781 Daughter died.
1782 Wife died.
1783 Elected to Congress
1801 Elected as U.S. President
1803 Louisiana Purchase, Lewis
and Clark out.
Biography of AlexanderBiography of Alexander
Alexander Hamilton, an individual with strong thoughts about a central
government, had a tremendous influence on the first political party. He was
born in 1757 on the island of Nexis, British West Indies to a poor Scottish
merchant. His mother provided for his education and that's how he learned to
speak French. Hamilton had an ambition and urge for intelligence, especially
government. At fifteen years old he attended Barber's Academy at
Elizabethtown and met William Livingston, who would later become a signer of
the Constitution. In the year of 1773, while Hamilton was at King's College, the
Revolution put his studies to a halt. During this time he wrote several pro- Whig
pamphlets and fought in principal campaigns. Then he join George
Washington's staff as a secretary. In 1780, Alexander Hamilton married New
Yorker Elizabeth Schuyler. In 1782-83, he was elected to the Continental
Congress because of his interests in strengthening the central government.
Since he wanted a successful campaign, he got together with John Jay and
James Madison to write the Federalist Papers in 1787. As a result, his work paid
off and he won the position of Secretary of the Treasury. While he was at this
position he began to organize the country's finances into a powerful, industrial
nation. He did this by establishing a national bank, funding the national debt,
and encouraged manufacturing. Hamilton's policies brought him into conflict
with Jefferson and Madison. They were against his pro-business economic
program, sympathy for Great Britain, and disdain for the common man. This
was the start of the Federalists against Democratic-Republicans. In 1795,
Hamilton had to leave his office for family and financial needs. Hamilton wanted
to prevent John Adams from winning the presidential election in 1796, but he
failed. In the next presidential debate, between Aaron Burr and Jefferson,
Hamilton supported Jefferson. Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel held in
Weehawken, New Jersey. On July twelfth, Hamilton died from severe injuries.
Federalist Papers Info.Federalist Papers Info.
• The Federalist Papers are a series of 85 articles
supporting the ratification of the United States
Constitution. Seventy-seven of the essays were
published in The Independent Journal and The
New York Packet between October 1787 and
August 1788 . A compilation of these and eight
others, called The Federalist, was published in
1788 by J. and A. McLean.
• The Federalist Papers serve as a primary source
for interpretation of the Constitution, as they
outline the philosophy and motivation of the
proposed system of government. The authors of
the Federalist Papers wanted to both influence
the votes in favor of ratification and form future
interpretations of the Constitution.
Venn DiagramVenn Diagram
•Power in the South
•Supported state rights
•Favored strict interpretation
of the Constitution
•Wanted low tariffs on import
goods to keep prices cheap
•Depended on Farmers since
they were the most
•Believed that National
Bank gave Federalists too
•Feared tyranny & thought
in terms of freedom.
•Supported by Bonnie
•Worked to move
•They were both
members of Cabinet
•They both signed the
•Supported a national
•Supported strong central
•Power in Northeast
•Wanted U.S industrialization
•Wanted high tariffs on
import goods so U.S. could
•Wanted national money
produced by the government
•Wanted federal government
to pay off war debts
•Favored the rich
•Feared anarchy & thought in
terms of order
•Supported by John
Concept MapConcept Map
Though the people
did the exact
Arguments over Ratification
Linking PageLinking Page
Republicans and Federalist Parties
Different Points of
Statement of staying away
from political parties
Hamilton vs. Mason
Ratifying of the
Directions: Choose the best answer, and write it on aDirections: Choose the best answer, and write it on a
separate sheet of paper.separate sheet of paper.
1. Which political party
favored a strong central
c) Anti federalist
2. Which political party was
strong in the Northeast?
c) Anti federalist
3. Thomas Jefferson is know
for being a strong
4. Alexander Hamilton a known
a) State rights
b) Agriculture and rural life
c) A national bank and mint
5. Where was Thomas Jefferson
a) New Hampshire
b) New York
d) South Carolina
6. Republicans want to establish
a weak central government,
just live the_______.
a) Bill of Rights
b) Articles of Confederation
c) English Bill of Rights
d) Magna Carta
Test continued…Test continued…
7. Federalist emphasized on
a) Order and stability
b) Foreign policy with France
c) Civil liberties
d) Foreign policy with Spain
8. Who Wrote the Federalist
a) Alexander Hamilton, John
Jay, and Thomas Jefferson
b) Henry Clay, John Jay, and
c) Alexander Hamilton, James
Madison, and George
d) Alexander Hamilton, John
Jay, and James Madison
9. Who tried to organize a national
bank and mint?
a) George Washington
b) James Madison
c) Alexander Hamilton
d) Thomas Jefferson
10. Republican such as ______,
used ______ interpretations of
a) Jefferson, “Loose”
b) Hamilton; “strict”
c) Clay; “strict”
d) Jefferson; “Strict”
11. How long did the Federalist
and Republican parties
Test Continued…Test Continued…
12. What document created the
arguments of the Federalist
Party and Republican Party?
Articles of Confederation
Declaration of Independence
The Olive Branch Petition
13. What is the name of the
country’s first national bank?
Bank of United States
Bank of America
14. Where was the Republican
a) South and Northeast
d) South and West
15. What did Hamilton have in
mind in paying off state war
Create a national bank
Make sates pay for their
Make the federal government
pay for state debs
None of the above
16. What did the Anti-Federalist
demand to be in the
Constitution before they
Bill of Rights
Powers of the Presidency
Test Continued…Test Continued…
State if the sentence is true or false.
17. Federalists, including Alexander Hamilton, encouragement
of commerce and manufacturing.
18. The Federalist and Republican party formed before George
Washington’s term as president.
Essay Question: Answer the following questions in
several sentences to get full credit, and with as much detail
19. What did George Washington warn the people about in his
Farwell Address, when leaving his office for presidency?
20. Why did the Federalist write the Federalist Papers? Explain.
Answer KeyAnswer Key
Answer Key Continued…Answer Key Continued…
Essay Questions: Answer should be similar or along the lines of
this prompted answer to be counted correct.
19. George Washington warns the people a number of things not to do, which include the dangers
of political parties. He states, “ …[to] warn you in the most solemn manner against the baneful
effects of the spirit of party, generally.” Wahington worried about growing political conflicts that
were within the nation. He believed that conflicts between political parties weakened the
government and did no help it. Washington thought political unity was the key to a successful
nation, and warned the nation to work out its differences and protect its independence. Besides
warning the people about political parties, he also warned them about not to make permanent
contracts between foreign nations as for it could cause a war based on taking sides, and to
avoid too much public debt and borrowing money. George Washington’s advice is proved to be
a logical way to run a country.
20. The Federalist Papers, written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, wrote the
Federalist Papers in order to convince the public to support the Constitution, as well as the
Federalist Papers. It was one of the most important defenses toward the Constitution during the
ratification process. For the Constitution to be ratified nine states had to approve of it, so as a
result the Federalist Papers helped convey the public to ratify the Constitution. Finally, Madison,
along with several other federalists, were able to convince Virginia to ratify the Constitution.
Photos: Thomas JeffersonPhotos: Thomas Jefferson
Pictures: AlexanderPictures: Alexander
Pictures: Lewis and ClarkPictures: Lewis and Clark
Pictures: Sacagawea andPictures: Sacagawea and
Pictures: GeorgePictures: George