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Taking Forward the Implementation of the Agriculture Priority Actions in NCCAP (2013–2017) Kenyan Experience


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Taking Forward the Implementation of the Agriculture Priority Actions in NCCAP (2013–2017) Kenyan Experience
A presentation from CCAFS East Africa Regional Program.

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Taking Forward the Implementation of the Agriculture Priority Actions in NCCAP (2013–2017) Kenyan Experience

  1. 1. Taking Forward the Implementation of the Agriculture Priority Actions in NCCAP (2013–2017) Kenyan Experience Mary Nyasimi Gender & Policy Specialist CCAFS-East Africa 29 April 2014
  2. 2. Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) Research Program of CGIAR Adapting Agriculture to Climate Variability and Change Technologies, practices, partnerships and policies for: 1. Adaptation to Progressive Climate Change 2. Adaptation through Managing Climate Risk 3. Pro-poor Climate Change Mitigation Improved Environmental Health Improved Rural Livelihoods Improved Food Security Enhanced adaptive capacity in agricultural, natural resource management, and food systems 4. Integration for Decision Making • Linking Knowledge with Action • Assembling Data and Tools for Analysis and Planning • Refining Frameworks for Policy Analysis
  3. 3. 1. Identify and develop pro-poor adaptation and mitigation practices, technologies and policies for agriculture and food systems. 1. Support the inclusion of agricultural issues in climate change policies, and of climate issues in agricultural policies, at all levels. CCAFS Research Objectives
  4. 4. Where CCAFS works Latin America West Africa East Africa South Asia Southeast Asia
  5. 5. Led by CCAFS East Africa CCAFS EA program works in at 2 levels - Community and National in 4 countries  Uganda (Hoima and Rakai districts)  Kenya (Nyando and Wote Districts)  Tanzania (Lushoto district)  Ethiopia (Borana)
  6. 6. Kenya’s National Climate Change Response Strategy  The National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS 2010) - a key policy document that also addresses measures for mitigation and adaptation in the main economic sector  A comprehensive National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP 2013-2017) was written to operationalize NCCRS  The National Adaptation Plan (NAP) was developed to amplify the adaptation issues highlighted in the NCCAP. Its aligned with national development objectives (2013-2017) and priorities outlined in Vision 2030 and other sectoral plans.
  7. 7. Agriculture in the Climate Change Action Plan  The agriculture sector offers great potential for synergies among the objectives of food security, poverty reduction, adaptation and mitigation.  Adaptation is first priority, but many actions have mitigation benefits - Climate Smart Agriculture can help meet both adaptation and mitigation goals.
  8. 8. Agriculture Priority Actions in Kenya’s NAP …..  Promote climate smart agriculture (KES 15B)  Coordination and mainstreaming of climate change into agricultural extension (KES 4.5B)  Establishment and maintenance of climate change related information for agriculture (KES 9.5B)  Up-scaling specific adaptation actions – Promotion and bulking of drought tolerant traditional high value crops; Water harvesting for crop production; Index-based weather insurance; Conservation agriculture; Agro-forestry; and Integrated soil fertility management (KES 14.5B)  Development and application of Performance Benefit Measurement methodologies for adaptation, mitigation and development (KES 1.41B)
  9. 9. Cont’d  Grazing management systems, fodder banks and strategic reserves (KES 12.5B)  Price stabilization schemes and strategic livestock based food reserves (KES 4B)  Selection and breeding animals to adapt to climate change (KES 4.5B)  Livelihood diversification (camels, indigenous poultry, beekeeping, rabbits, emerging livestock – quills, guinea fowls, ostriches, etc) (KES 2.1B)  Capacity building – Inventory of indigenous knowledge, livestock insurance schemes, early warning systems, stocking rates, vaccination campaigns, disease control (KES 4B)  Enhance irrigation and drainage to increase agricultural production and address water requirements for livestock production (KES 63.4B)
  10. 10. Taking Forward the Implementation of the Agricultural Priority Actions in Kenya’s NCCAP 2013 – 2017  The Ministry Agriculture, Livestock & Fisheries (MoALF) and the CGIAR Research Program on CCAFS-East Africa initiated a process of taking forward the implementation of actions through a Roundtable meeting in July 2013  Other key partners include: • Government Ministries (e.g., MEWNR; Min. of Finance-Treasury) • Government Parastatal (Kenya Forest Services; NEMA; Kenya Met) • National Research Organizations (e.g., KARI; KEFRI) • CGIAR Centers (e.g., ILRI, ICRISAT, ICRAF, CIFOR) • NGOs and CSOs, Farmer organizations • Private sector • Universities
  11. 11. Roundtable Meeting – July 2013  Agenda - to discuss the modalities of supporting the implementation the NCCAP 2013 – 2017 focusing on the priority actions fro agriculture.  Meeting agreed to create thematic working groups which would focus on:  identifying mechanisms for supporting the implementation of Agricultural components of the National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP)  defining a national vision for Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) defined as agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes GHGs (mitigation), and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals-FAO 2010  .
  12. 12. Key Thematic Areas  Climate Smart Agriculture (MALF)  Finance and investments (Min. of Finance-Treasury)  Knowledge and capacity building (University of Nairobi)  Policies and legal frameworks (KIPPRA)
  13. 13. Kenya National Adaptation Planning Event –Sept 2013 120 Participants attended and Outcomes of Event were:  CSA should be defined in the context of a national vision (Kenya Vision 2030)  Create synergy between seemingly quite different agricultural sub-sectors (crops, livestock, fisheries, water)  CSA can merge the modern science and indigenous knowledge and practices into formal climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies,  CSA to link to other sectors of the economy e.g., energy & water.  Formation of a consortium to spearhead implementation Blog: Tackling climate change: Kenya holds first national adaptation planning meeting for agriculture - meeting-agriculture#.UooQmuK2X7A
  14. 14. Priority Actions Identified by Consortium Priority Action-1: Climate smart agriculture; technologies and practices to build resilience to climate impacts, enhance food security and contribute to lowering the national emissions intensity in the agriculture and food sector Priority Action-2: Strengthening the national capacity to respond to climate change and variability through improved access to knowledge and scientific evidence to better inform planning and decision-making Priority Action-3: Enabling institutional, policy and legal frameworks to support the scaling up/out of climate informed services and safety nets for risk reduction in agriculture with a focus on county governments Priority Action-4: Expanding access to rural finance and broadening mechanisms for attracting investments in climate smart agricultural product value chains leveraged through public, private partnerships
  15. 15. CSA Investments Investment 1: Increasing resilience to climate impacts and enhancing food security through crop and livestock breeding and mitigating emissions intensity through sustainable land management practices. Investment 2: Utilizing the ASALs to bolster farmers’ adaptive capacity and improve livelihoods, through water harvesting, management and utilization and aquaculture, & increasing carbon sequestration through agroforestry & forest management in medium potential agricultural lands. Investment 3: Managing climate risks through mainstreaming and strengthening delivery of climate informed services, access to micro-credit, index-based insurance, and agro-advisory services into new agricultural investments Investment 4: Scaling up proven successful adaptation and mitigation strategies by creating public-private platforms to promote value chains and provide appropriate training and regulatory processes
  16. 16. Post-National Workshop Activities  Formation of a taskforce to develop a list of criteria to select the pilot 12 counties.  Consortium with MoALF to support the process of getting buy-in from the selected counties.  Complete investment framework and share with relevant government ministries, private sector and Donors  Reach out to County Governors through a participatory process.  Hold a series of briefing meetings with Private sectors & Policy makers  MoALF is working with CCAFS to organize a a dialogue on ‘The impacts of climate change on agriculture in Kenya’ = June/July 2014  Continue to define a national vision for Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) 1 January 2013
  17. 17. Thank You