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Production management system, plant location

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Production management system - Best Presentation in the class BBA FY

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Production management system, plant location

  1. 1. Welcome to Presentation of Production Management System
  2. 2. INDEX Chapter – 1 Production Management 1.1 What is Production? 1.2What is Production Management? 1.3 Objectives of Production Management 1.4 Process of Production Management 1.5 Classification of Production system 1.6 Features of Production system 1.7 Importance of Production Management
  3. 3. What is Production? A production system takes inputs and converts them into outputs. 1) Creation of good & services 2) To satisfy needs 3) Conversion 4) Final goods & services
  4. 4. What is Production Management? Management Principles – How to manage the production ? ~ Application of Principles ~ Conversion/ Operation ~ Final goods & services
  5. 5. Objectives of Production Management  To satisfy customer needs  To minimize waste & cost cutting  To manage materials  To utilize recourses  To minimize cost of production To smooth production process To use new technology  To get maximum output
  6. 6. • Inputs Resources Process • Conversion sub-system • Output Finished goods Production as a system
  7. 7. Inputs of a Production System  External Legal, Economic, Social, Technological  Market Competition, Customer Desires, Product Info.  Primary Resources Materials, Personnel, Capital, Utilities
  8. 8. Conversion Subsystem  Physical (Manufacturing)  Locational Services (Transportation)  Exchange Services (Retailing)  Storage Services (Warehousing)  Other Private Services (Insurance)  Government Services (Federal, State, Local)
  9. 9. Outputs of a Production System  Direct Products & Services  Indirect Waste, Pollution & Technological Advances
  10. 10. Classification of Production System Production System Intermittent Production system Job Shop System Batch Production Continuous flow Shop production system Mass Production Process Production Analytical Synthetic Assembly Production
  11. 11. Classification of Production System Feature of Intermittent production system ~  Flow of production is not continuous.  Verity of products are produced.  Volume of production is small.  General purpose machines are used.  Sequence of operation changes as per design.  Production depends on customer orders.
  12. 12. Classification of Production System Feature of continuous production system ~ Flow of production is continuous & intermittent.  Products are standardized.  Products are produced as per quality standers.  Products are produced in anticipation of demand.  Standardized routing sheets & schedules are prepared .
  13. 13. Importance of Production Management Standard of Living ~ • Increases with good quality of goods & services  Competitive Advantage ~ • Greater flexibility • Shorter lead time • Reduced Wastage • Better Customer Services • Higher inventory terms
  14. 14. Chapter No. 2 Plant Location
  15. 15. INDEX Chapter – 2 Plant Location 2.1 What is Plant Location 2.2 Need for selection of a plant 2.3 Factors affects to the plant 2.4 End of the presentation
  16. 16. What is Plant/Facility Location? Facility Location Geographical site Operation Achievement of maximum production & Economy effectiveness
  17. 17. Need for location decision  Starting a new business  Expansion  Not able to achieve the demand  Due to rising cost of production  Market test, preferences, etc.  Social & economical reasons  Does not renew the lease  Depends on company
  18. 18. Factors affecting plant location decision 1) Law & Order situation 2) Availability of infrastructure facility 3) Good industrial relations 4) Availability of skilled workforce 5) Social infrastructure
  19. 19. Factors affecting plant location decision(cont.) 6) Investor friendly attitude 7) Nearness to market 8) Nearness to raw materials’ source 9) Nearness to supportive industrial & services 10) Must meet safety requirements & 11) Miscellaneous factors
  20. 20. Plant location decision need detailed analysis because - 1) Wrong plant location = Higher cost 2) If shifting = very disturbing & largely affect on cycle of production 3) Big multinational companies invest millions of rupees if so it will affect. etc
  21. 21. Examples of Plant Location in India 1) Textile Mills = Mumbai, Ahmedabad 2) Nuclear power plant = Environmental safety, socio-economic etc. 3) Steel plant = Jharkhand, Bengal, Chattisgad, Orissa 4) Cement industries = Coal deposites 5) Coal based fertilizer = Ramagundam 6) Gas based fertilizer = Namroop, Tal Vaishet 7) Oil based fertilizer = Naptha (Mangalore, Madras, Cochin) 8) Software Companies = Pune, Banglore, etc.
  22. 22. Presented by, Mr. Rahul Shrinivas Boddhul BBA MBA Solapur University, SOLAPUR Thank you! Have a nice day!

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