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California 10-12


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California 10-12

  1. 1. Chapters 10-12 •O B R A V E N E W W O R L D ! •A N I M A G I N E D P L A C E •E C U M E N O P O L I S
  2. 2. Chapter 10  Engineering and Technology  The completion of the trans-Sierra portion of the transcontinental railroad  The development of the mining technology that led to the Pelton turbine  By the 1930’s Californians were taking the lead in smashing the atom  By the 1950’s Californians were bringing the digital revolution  Biotechnology, in which California has always led the nation
  3. 3. Chapter 10  Aviation in California  August 18, 1883, on the edge of Otay Mesa south of San Diego, brothers John and James Montgomery assembled a glider  Besides the successful experimentation, this also confirmed something vital to the state, that air travel (as engineering and as in science) was entirely dwelled in the identity of California  Over the next century, aviation would shape California, and vice versa.  By the Mid 1920’s a third of the aviation traffic was in the US
  4. 4. Chapter 10  Electronics in California  At Palo Alto California, new inventions would soon be making a new world of transcontinental phone calls, radio, television, and high speed electronics  As well across the Bay in Berkeley, releasing the power of the atom was also being studied. US Berkeley physics professor Ernest Lawrence had developed by 1931 a cyclotron that generated high energy beams that made possible the exploration of the atomic nucleus  Making computer power personally available was also a large factor being played out in this new electronics age. Two Californians by the names of Wozniak and Jobs has invented that personal computer called the ―Apple‖.
  5. 5. Chapter 11  As the 1930’s progressed, California began to make its debut into the arts, and with the push from technologies: film, radio, and television was introduced.  As well, art began to flourish and redefine itself in California as an ―imagined‖ place.  Painting was embracing Expressionism and abstraction at this point, and then diversified itself into many styles at the end of the century.
  6. 6. Chapter 11  Motion Pictures wasn’t initially established in California, yet as time went by they began to like Los Angeles as a location and established a Selig operation there.  Not only did the Selig staff enjoy and appreciate the warm Los Angeles Weather, but they also relished the distance from Edison’s lawyers that were sent out for their share of licensing and reel footage fees
  7. 7. Chapter 11  Through the 1920’s and early 1930’s the film studios– such as Fine Arts, Fox, Famous Players, and Metro Goldwyn- Mayer, Warner Bros, Twentieth Century Fox, Paramount, Universal, United Artists, and Columbia were managing to hold to their own and develop as very sophisticated corporations.  Even though after many decades, what was amazing about Hollywood was its inability to fall into any sort of slump, and its connection with the masses was incredible.  Photography in California entered the 20th century, and was on its way to rid itself of the of the Pictorial style, and find it’s equivalent of the Postimpressionism style present in Painting at the time. Photography wanted to find its own artistic value, and started within California.
  8. 8. Chapter 12  One aspect California truly relies on for its background and identity is it’s large array of ethnic diversity  American Californian was based and founded on racial distinctions and repressions: the ―disenfranchisement‖ of Asians and blacks, aggression against Mexican land titles, the lynch law in Mines that had a special reference to Hispanics. The Lynching of Chinese in Los Angeles in the ―Chinese Must Go!‖ Crusade, and the anti-Japanese movement of ―White California‖ in San Francisco are just some of the oppressions California has
  9. 9. Chapter 12  In the 1990’s another issue arose: the flood of illegal immigrants.  the anxiety from Californian citizens rested on but three issues: public aid to the immigrants, affirmative action, and bilingual education.  In the 1960’s reform of immigration laws due to Kennedy administration, White California was increasingly changing to a more ―yellow & brown‖.
  10. 10. Chapter 12  As the anti-illegal campaign was gaining momentum, it focused up on illegal’s from Mexico.  Now as the Mexican American Californians were becoming proud of their place in California and as well as their identities, their bilingualism, their culture, religion, family ties, and capacity for hard work—this campaign was finally calling their place and validity in California to question.  Even though the distinction between legal and illegal migrants was repeated, there were many who saw the anti-illegal crusade as an opportunity to vent of the pervasive dislike of the entire race.