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  1. 1. California <ul><li>Brooke Soto </li></ul><ul><li>M. Arguello </li></ul>
  2. 2. Great Expectations Chapter 7 Chapter 7 <ul><li>California started to lay the foundation of its political and socioeconomic structures in 1890s. </li></ul><ul><li>The public works infrastructure created dams, aqueducts, reservoirs, power plants,bridges, roadways, buildings, and stadiums. </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Rush technology made it possible for irrigation; this would stabilize the metropolitan infrastructure of San Francisco & Los Angeles. </li></ul><ul><li>It took over 6 years to build the L.A. aqueduct, which was over 235 miles of canals, conduits, and tunnels. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Great Expectations Chapter 7 Chapter 7 <ul><li>Architects started building the surrounding city and schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Stanford University was build in 1891 with beautiful landscapes & vivid mediterranean implements. </li></ul><ul><li>The building of Stanford inspired the dramatic effort to upgrade University of California at Berkeley. </li></ul><ul><li>The architect John Galen Howard transformed the university of Berkeley with a campanile, stadium, outdoor greek theater, and lined plazas. </li></ul><ul><li>American cities started to build and rebuild in San Francisco and San Diego. </li></ul><ul><li>Goodhue’s California building was the master icon for the development of Southern California for the next two decades. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Great Expectations Chapter 7 Chapter 7 <ul><li>Population continued to grow until it reached 6.9 million in 1940. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people that migrated were of white or European descent. </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese, Mexican American, and African American eventually made its way to California. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Japanese women migrated over, there were multiple marriages and child-bearing. </li></ul><ul><li>The Mexican-Americans got blue-collar jobs, while some were sent back to Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans were still ridiculed and segregated during 1926. </li></ul><ul><li>People that migrated to California became Americanized after a short time. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Great Expectations Chapter 7 Chapter 7 <ul><li>The white majority of Southern California was divided into three categories: Oligarchs, Babbitts, and Folks. </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchs were the older southern California families in their 2nd or 3rd generation of wealth. </li></ul><ul><li>Babbitts were newly arrived middle class that consisted of corporation executives, bankers, lawyers, doctors, and real estate developers. </li></ul><ul><li>Folks were the white anglo-saxon protestants from the midwest. </li></ul><ul><li>The booming economy provided jobs for everyone. </li></ul>
  6. 6. An Imagined Place Chapter 11 Chapter 11 <ul><li>The 20th century debuted three entertainment media that included film, radio, and television. </li></ul><ul><li>The motion picture camera was first established in France, then England and the U.S. in 1895. </li></ul><ul><li>Earlier studios were found in New York, Philadelphia, and New Jersey. </li></ul><ul><li>L.A. became the new place for making movies when people realized that it was great for outside filmmaking. </li></ul>
  7. 7. An Imagined Place Chapter 11 Chapter 11 <ul><li>Seeing a movie brought people together during the 2nd world war. </li></ul><ul><li>Movie genres ranged to both sides of the spectrum, which inspired writers to start creating new works. </li></ul><ul><li>Movies expressed as brooding dramas that expressed political and racial tensions like The Ten Commandments spurred writers like John Steinbeck and Ernest Hemingway to create hard-boiled detective stories. </li></ul>
  8. 8. An Imagined Place Chapter 11 Chapter 11 <ul><li>Poets, photographers, and painters brought new styles that created new realms of vigor for the time period. </li></ul><ul><li>Each artistic movement seemed to inspire the next. </li></ul><ul><li>Music also fit into the transformation from conservative to avant-garde. </li></ul><ul><li>Opera houses and orchestras became popular, which were being put into movies with sound like Walt Disney’s Fantasia . </li></ul><ul><li>The architect Frank Gehry built one of the greatest building in 2004, The Disney Hall. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Arnold! Chapter 13 Chapter 13 <ul><li>Is California governable? What kind of government do Californians want? </li></ul><ul><li>Despite its reputation, California for its first 110 years was a Republican state. </li></ul><ul><li>The more suburbanized California became, the more Republican it became. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1960s Republicanism became populist and antigovernment, while the Democrats went the opposite direction. </li></ul><ul><li>The second half of the 1900s an explosion of disagreement affected every major category of the state: politics, feminism, sexuality, education, literary and artistic value, drugs, and the military. </li></ul><ul><li>The rest of the nation by the 21st century had become “California-ized”. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Arnold! Chapter 13 Chapter 13 <ul><li>The Free Speech Movement of 1964 at UC Berkeley started a riot among students. </li></ul><ul><li>There was an expression of opposition to the Vietnam war, fear of being drafted, desire for more sex, drugs, and rock n’ roll. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a mass arrest of about 750 students. </li></ul><ul><li>The movement helped launch a sensibility and an attitude in the baby boomer generation that would affect behavior and values in the next 40 years. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Arnold! Chapter 13 Chapter 13 <ul><li>The Hippie Movement also happened in 1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Hippies became attached to the symbols of peace and friendship </li></ul><ul><li>They dressed in motley arrangements like tie-dyed fabrics, beads, headbands, and flowers. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1967, the Summer of Love mass rally happened. Psychedelic music and marijuana smoke appeared as a layer of San Francisco fog. </li></ul><ul><li>Hippie movement turned into drug-driven society. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Arnold! Chapter 13 Chapter 13 <ul><li>Primary task of the government is to do day to day work necessary to keep society functioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Politics is the theater of opinion and it requires a drama with a plot. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration has always been an issue along with environment, education, social programs, and taxation. </li></ul><ul><li>Everything costs money $$$ </li></ul><ul><li>California was given a glimmer of hope when Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor. </li></ul><ul><li>He called California the golden dream by the sea, which no one had referred our state to in a long time. </li></ul>