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Chapter 8 Section 1

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Chapter 8 Section 1

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Section 1 Science and Urban Life
  2. 2. The Brooklyn Bridge <ul><li>Opened in 1883 </li></ul><ul><li>Took 14 years to build </li></ul><ul><li>Carried 30 million travelers each year. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Skyscrapers <ul><li>2 Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invention of Elevators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Development of Internal Steel Skeletons </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Louis Sullivan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wainwright Building in St. Louis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Stories High </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Electric Transit <ul><li>Railroads fed the growth of suburbs. </li></ul><ul><li>3 new types of transit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Streetcars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>El Trains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subway </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1888, Richmond, Virginia became the 1 st city to have electric transit. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Urban Planning <ul><li>Crowded cities need open spaces. </li></ul><ul><li>People need recreational areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Central Park, NY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frederick Olmsted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1857 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Olmsted also planned parks in Washington D.C., St. Louis, and Boston. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Central Park, NY
  7. 8. World’s Columbian Exposition 1893 <ul><li>Celebrated What? </li></ul><ul><li>White City – Created by Daniel Burnham </li></ul><ul><li>Cool Stuff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ferris Wheel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cracker Jacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Juicy Fruit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aunt Jemima </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hamburgers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post Cards & Commemorative Stamps </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. New Technologies <ul><li>Airplanes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orville and Wilbur Wright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kitty Hawk, NC – December 17, 1903 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 2 years, their flights could cover 24 miles. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. New Technologies <ul><li>Printing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Literacy rate almost 90% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electrically powered web-perfecting press. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper from wood-pulp. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Photography <ul><li>George Eastman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1888 Kodak Camera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>$25 for camera and 100 film roll </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Millions of Americans became amateur photographers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>San Antonio Walmart Spring Photo Contest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spring 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Place – Coach Lindsey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prize = $25 gift card </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Homework <ul><li>Have a great weekend. </li></ul><ul><li>Test next Thursday!!! </li></ul>

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